Plano is a city in the U. S. state of Texas, located 20 miles north of downtown Dallas. The city of Plano is a part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. Plano lies within Collin County, but includes a small portion that extends into Denton County; the city is a hub for many corporate headquarters. Plano was considered to be the safest city in the nation by Forbes in 2011. European settlers came to the area near present-day Plano in the early 1840s. Facilities such as a sawmill, a gristmill, a store soon brought more people to the area. A mail service was established, after rejecting several names for the nascent town, residents suggested the name Plano, as a reference to the local terrain and devoid of any trees; the name was accepted by the post office. In 1872, the completion of the Houston and Central Texas Railway helped the city to grow, it was incorporated in 1873. By 1874, the population had grown to more than 500. In 1881, a fire raged through the business district; the town was rebuilt and business again flourished through the 1880s.
In 1881, the city assumed responsibility for what would become Plano Independent School District, ending the days of it being served only by private schools. At first, the population of Plano grew reaching 1,304 in 1900, rising to 3,695 in 1960. By 1970, Plano began to feel some of the boom its neighbors had experienced after World War II. A series of public works projects and a change in taxes that removed the farming community from the town helped increase the overall population. In 1970, the population reached 17,872, by 1980, it had exploded to 72,000. Sewers and street development kept pace with this massive increase because of Plano's flat topography, grid layout, planning initiatives. During the 1980s, many large corporations moved their headquarters to the city, including J. C. Penney and Frito-Lay, which encouraged further growth. By 1990, the population reached 128,713. In 1994, the city was recognized as an All-America City. By 2000, the population grew to 222,030. Plano is surrounded by other municipalities and therefore cannot expand in area, there is little undeveloped land remaining within the city limits.
However, as of July 2012, one large tract of land was being developed: Turnpike Commons at the intersection of Renner Road and the George Bush Turnpike. The development is expected to feature apartments, medical facilities, restaurants, a Race Trac gas station, a hotel. There was an epidemic of heroin abuse among young people in the 1990s; the Plano authorities created an anti-drug campaign with the name "Operation Rockfest."In 2013, Plano received top-scoring nationally in a livability index according to an algorithm created by AreaVibes.com, a Toronto-based company specializing in such data. AreaVibes ranked Plano at the top of the list of U. S. cities with populations between 100,000 and 10 million. Another chart, "Best Places to Live in 2013" has Plano ranked number 1. In September 2017, a mass shooting occurred. According to the United States Census Bureau, Plano has a total area of 71.6 square miles. Plano is about 17 miles from Downtown Dallas. Plano is in the humid subtropical climate zone.
The highest recorded temperature was 118 °F in 1936. On average, the coolest month is January and the warmest is July; the lowest recorded temperature was -7 °F in 1930. The maximum average precipitation occurs in May; as of the census of 2010, Plano had 259,841 people, 99,131 households and 69,464 families, up from 80,875 households and 60,575 families in the 2000 census. The population density was 3,629.1 people per square mile. There were 103,672 housing units at an average density of 1,448.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 66.9% White, 7.6% Black, 0.36% Native American, 16.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.86% from other races, 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino made up 14.7% of the population As of 2009 western Plano has a higher concentration of Asians, while eastern Plano has a higher concentration of Hispanics and Latinos. Of the 99,131 households, 35.8% had children under the age of 18. Married couples accounted for 56.7%. 24.4% of all households were individuals, 5.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.61, the average family size was 3.15. Data indicates that 28.7% of Plano's population was under the age of 18, 7.0% was 18 to 24, 36.5% was 25 to 44, 22.9% was 45 to 64, 4.9% was 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males. According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $84,492, the median income for a family is $101,616. About 3.0% of families and 4.3% of the population live below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over. In 2007, Plano had the highest median income of a city with a population exceeding 250,000 in the nation, at $84,492; as of 2010, Plano has a median income of $103,913 annually. According to crime statistics, there were four homicides in
Sergio Canavero is an Italian neurosurgeon known for making questionable claims about his ability to perform head transplantations. Canavero grew up in Turin to a poor family, he has described his upbringing as rough. He graduated. In the mid-1980s, he began to train as a functional neurosurgeon at the University Hospital in Turin before being employed at the same venue, he worked for 22 years as a neurosurgeon until his contract was terminated in February 2015 due to increased opposition to his work from multiple quarters. After his termination from the University Hospital, he was inducted as an honorary professor by Harbin Medical University. Canavero has two children, he has been described as an idiosyncratic personality. Canavero has been described to have completed influential studies about central pain syndrome and Parkinson's disease, he started his work on head transplantation in 1982. After his termination of contract in 2015, he had collaborated with Xiaoping Ren of Harbin Medical University, who were working on a similar locus.
Canavero attracted media attention in 2015 after claiming to be near towards the successful execution of a human head transplant and detailed out a rough version of the proposed surgical procedure. Numerous neuroscientists and surgeons had rejected the claims, he was notably against any experimentation on animals. The first person to volunteer for Canavero's procedure for head transplantation was Valery Spiridonov, a Russian program manager who suffers from spinal muscular atrophy, a muscle-wasting disease. However, Spiridonov cancelled his participation. In January 2016, Canavero and his team issued a press release wherein they claimed to have performed a successful head transplant on a monkey who survived the procedure without any neurological injury and was kept alive for 20 hours. However, the spinal cord was not re-joined and the monkey was unconscious throughout; the release claimed that they were experimenting on human cadavers prior to their scheduled human head transplant around Christmas 2017.
The claims were criticized and dismissed. Arthur Caplan, a bioethicist, criticized their press releases prior to publishing in peer-reviewed journals and remarked it to be "science through public relations". Thomas Cochrane, a neurologist at Harvard Medical School's Centre for Bioethics criticized the press release for generating unwarranted excitement and commented that the operation was majorly about "publicity rather than the production of good science". In November 2017, Canavero claimed to have performed a successful head transplant. Writing in The Guardian in 2017, neuroscientist Dean Burnett noted that head transplantation procedures present challenges that are beyond the ability of known science and that Canavero has "offered no feasible explanation or science for his claims to be able to overcome these hurdles". Arthur Caplan, a bioethicist, has dismissed Canavero's claims, writing "Head transplants are fake news; those who promote such claims and who would subject any human being to unproven cruel surgery merit not headlines but only contempt and condemnation."
Razaaq Adoti is a British actor and screenwriter. Adoti was born in London of Nigerian descent, he landed his first professional screen role on the British television show, Press Gang, playing a police officer. After a season with the National Youth Music Theatre winning the Edinburgh Festival Fringe First Award with Aesop, A New Opera and playing the lead Nathan Detroit in Guys and Dolls, Adoti was accepted into the Central School of Speech and Drama where he studied for three years earning his Degree in Acting. Adoti was cast as Yamba in Steven Spielberg’s feature epic, Amistad alongside Anthony Hopkins, Morgan Freeman and Matthew McConaughey. After completing Amistad, he returned to London where he worked on various television and film projects; this included. Paul McGuigan's Gangster No. 1, Black Hawk Down with director Ridley Scott, playing the antagonist Yousuf Dahir Mo'alim. Since Adoti has starred in numerous productions including Paul W. S. Anderson’s Resident Evil: Apocalypse, Haven and The Hard Corps.
Adoti starred as Dutch Maas in Bill Duke’s 2008 film, Cover. Adoti, through his Area Boyz production company, has written a screenplay Sons of the Soil to be shot in England and Nigeria, he is the host and co-producer on the new Fox Soccer Channel television show titled Extra Time set for a summer 2008 premiere. Razaaq Adoti on IMDb
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1927, adopted unanimously on June 4, 2010, after recalling previous resolutions on Haiti, including resolutions 1542, 1576, 1608, 1658, 1702, 1743, 1780, 1840, 1892 and 1908, the Council authorised an additional deployment of 680 police as part of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti. The Security Council was concerned at new challenges and dangers in the aftermath of the earthquake in January; the presence of MINUSTAH peacekeepers would continue to focus on the security and stability of the country. It noted that there were more international efforts to ensure the functioning of state institutions and basic services. At the same time, the Council welcomed the Haitian government's "Action Plan for National Recovery and Development" and contributions presented at the International Donors' Conference "Towards a New Future for Haiti" on March 31, 2010 that totalled around US$15 billion over a decade, it was stressed that the Haitian government had a leading role in the post-disaster recovery, protection of human rights and holding general elections in a timely manner.
Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council authorised a temporary surge of a further 680 police with a focus on building the capacity of the Haitian National Police. A report by the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon recommended the increase after a number of dangerous criminals escaped from prison during the earthquake. MINUSTAH would consist of 8,940 military personnel and 4,391 police where numbers would be kept under constant review during the electoral period, it was to continue assisting the Haitian people vulnerable groups such as displaced persons and children due to risks from gang violence, organised crime and child trafficking, support the relief operations. MINUSTAH was required to support preparations for the general elections. Humanitarian response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1901 to 2000 Text of the Resolution at undocs.org
The Shaximiao Formation is a Middle to Late Jurassic geological formation in Sichuan, most notable for the wealth of dinosaurs fossils that have been excavated from its strata. The Shaximiao Formation is exposed in and around the small township of Dashanpu, situated seven kilometres north-east from Sichuan's third largest city, Zigong, in the Da'an District; the Shaximiao Formation includes two distinct subunits: The upper and lower Shaximiao Formations, although they are referred to as one being called the "Shaximiao Formation". The upper Shaximiao Formation is known as the Shangshaximiao Formation, the lower Shaximiao Formation is known as the Xiashaximiao Formation. Both subunits consist of purple-red mudstones, with variable sand inclusion, and siltstones with interbedded sandstones. The Shaximiao Formation has produced sauropods, but has held numerous other dinosaur types, such as theropods and stegosaurians amongst others. In total, over 8,000 pieces of bone have been unearthed from the area – amounting to nearly 40 tonnes.
The site was unknown until the early 1970s, when a Chinese gas company unearthed Gasosaurus in 1972. It would be the first of the many dinosaurs to be uncovered from the area. Most specimens found are held at the Zigong Dinosaur Museum, placed on the area during the mid-1980s. Despite being a frequented "dinosaur-quarry" at present, the Shaximiao Formation was once a lush forest, evidence of, found alongside dinosaur remains in the form of fossilised wood. Paleontologists speculate that the area had a lake, fed by a large river. Dinosaur remains would have been swept toward the lake over millions of years, thus accounting for the hundreds of specimens found. Based on biostratigraphy, the Lower Shaximiao Formation has been seen to date to 168 to 161 million years old, between the Bathonian to Callovian stages of the Mid Jurassic, while the Upper Shaximiao was thought to be Oxfordian in age. A paper by Wang et al. reported a zircon U-Pb age of 159 ± 2 mya for the lower part of the Shaximiao Formation, suggesting that the Shaximiao Formation is younger than thought.
However, this has been challenged, with other U-Pb data supporting the traditional Middle Jurassic age for the lower part of the formation. The paleontologist who has made the largest contribution to the formation and its excavation is Dong Zhiming, he first examined the formation in 1975, after bone fragments were found embedded in rock from the area. The site was being demolished to make way for both a natural gas field facility and a vehicle park when Dong first saw the area. Amongst the extensive clearings, Dong found numerous bone fragments. However, the specimens were being damaged due to bulldozers in the area and there would be little chance of closing the area as the state had invested millions of yuan in the site already, it was not until 1985 that the government agreed to close the construction on the site, by Dong and his team had excavated over 100 dinosaurs from the area, including several rare sauropod skulls. A dinosaur found in the Shaximiao Formation, Dashanpusaurus dongi, was named in tribute of both Dashanpu and Dong Zhiming.
In addition to dinosaur finds, many other prehistoric finds have been uncovered from the Shaximiao Formation. Amongst these finds are fishes, turtles, marine reptiles such as crocodiles and pterosaurs. Bienotheroides, a Tritylodont Synapsid has been found there, as well as Sinobrachyops, a Labyrinthodont. List of dinosaur-bearing rock formations Dong Zhiming account of Shaximiao Formation
After Dark is a VHS/DVD release by the band Type O Negative, released in 1998 and 2000. This video contains live footage of the band performing on stage, back stage antics, music videos, cynical humor, it features an onstage food fight/altercation with the heavy metal band Pantera. The cover art features an 1810 oil painting by Caspar David Friedrich titled The Abbey in the Oakwood All songs written by Peter Steele except where noted. "Black No.1" "Christian Woman" "My Girlfriend's Girlfriend" "Love You to Death" "Cinnamon Girl" Neil Young cover "Christian Woman" Naildriver version "Everything Dies" Bonus video Peter Steele – bass guitar, lead vocals Kenny Hickey – guitar, backing vocals, co-lead vocals on "Black No.1" Josh Silver – keyboards, backing vocals Sal Abruscato – drums on track 1, 2 and 6 Johnny Kelly – drums and backing vocals on tracks 3-5, 7 After Dark on IMDb After Dark at Rotten Tomatoes After Dark at AllMusic