Plaquemines Parish is a parish located in the U. S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census the population is 23,042; the parish seat is Pointe à la Hache. The parish was formed in 1807. Plaquemines Parish is part of the New Orleans -- LA Metropolitan Statistical Area, it was damaged in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005, in hurricane events in 2011. The name "Plaquemines," in French Creole, was derived from the Atakapa word, meaning the local fruit persimmon; the French used it to name a military post they built on the banks of the Mississippi River, as the site was surrounded by numerous persimmon trees. The name was applied to the entire parish and to a nearby bayou; the oldest European settlement in the parish was La Balize, where the French built and inhabited a crude fort by 1699 near the mouth of the Mississippi River. The name in French meant "seamark", a tall structure of wood built as a guide for ships. By 1721 the French built one 62 feet high. A surviving map from about 1720 shows the island and fort, the mouth of the river.
As traffic and trade on the river increased, so did the importance of river pilots who were knowledgeable about the complicated, ever-changing currents and sandbars in the river. They lived at La Balize with their families; the village was destroyed and rebuilt numerous times, but it was abandoned for good after being destroyed by a September 1860 hurricane. The pilots moved upriver and built the settlement they named Pilottown, which reached its peak of population in the 19th century; the river pilots' expertise continues to be critical, but now they live with their families in more populated areas. They stay at Pilottown temporarily for work. An important historical site is Fort Jackson, built in 1822 as recommended by General Andrew Jackson, hero of the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812. In 1861, Fort Jackson served as an important Confederate defense for the city of New Orleans during the Civil War because it was at the mouth of the Mississippi River; the US Army used it as a training base during World War I, 1917-1918.
Plaquemines is one of only two parishes that have kept their same boundaries from the beginning of Louisiana's parishes in 1807 to today, the other being St. Bernard Parish; because Plaquemines Parish encompasses the last 70 miles of the Mississippi River before it reaches the Gulf of Mexico, it is the site of several oil refineries, which rely on the shipping lanes for moving their product. The Mississippi River Delta of Plaquemines is a base for assistance to offshore oil rigs. Plaquemines Parish was the first place in the United States where shippers used a container for cargo in foreign trade; the area is known for having the southernmost point in Louisiana, at just under 29 degrees north. The August 1901 Hurricane caused damage, including 4 feet of water in Buras; the Great Hurricane of 1915 devastated much of the parish, with multiple levee breaches on both sides of the Mississippi, a 12-foot storm surge, hundreds of deaths. Homelessness was widespread, many people were reduced to starvation until charitable aid arrived.
The old Parish Courthouse in Pointe à la Hache was among the many buildings destroyed in the storm, but a new one was completed within the year. In the early 1900s, Plaquemines was an exporter of citrus. Farmers used the Mississippi to ship the large annual harvest to markets. Commercial fisheries for oysters, have been important in the parish economy. From 1924 to 1969, Plaquemines and St. Bernard parishes were the domain of the political boss Leander Perez, who established a strong hold over the area, he was notorious for enforcing strict racial segregation. Upon his death, his sons Leander Perez, Jr. and Chalin O. Perez were elected as the dominant political figures of the parish as district attorney and parish president, respectively. Interpersonal feuding weakened the family's hold on power. After another decade, by 1980 political opponents had begun to win local elections. In 1969, Hurricane Camille devastated portions of Plaquemines Parish. Storm surge over 10 feet, winds over 100 miles per hour, peak pressure at 941 hPa devastated Buras, Venice and many more towns and cities.
During the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, city and state leaders used dynamite to breach a levee at Caernarvon, thirteen miles below Canal Street, in order to save the city of New Orleans from flooding. This action resulted in the flooding of much of the less-populated St. Bernard and Plaquemines parishes, causing widespread destruction to agriculture and housing; the Civil Rights struggle for African-Americans to become registered voters in Plaquemines Parish begin in October 1946, under the guidance of Dr. Rev. Percy Murphy Griffin. With the aid of Attorneys Earl Amedee and Louis Berry from New Orleans and twenty-six African-Americans from Plaquemines Parish organized the Plaquemines Parish Civil and Political Organization, Inc. to fight racial barriers established by Perez. In the summer of 1953, the group organized a voter registration drive for African Americans. In 1954, Irene Griffin became the first black woman to register to vote in the parish; the organization filed class-action suits against Leander Perez and in 1953, several African-Americans became registered voters in Plaquemines Parish.
In 1966, the organization led the fight to integrate public schools. The movement worked to get Seymourville and another small community included within the parish boundaries; the Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended legal segreg
Abcon Complex & Towers is a planned building complex in Nairobi, Kenya's capital and largest city. The building complex would sit on 3.57 acres, in the Upper Hill neighborhood of Nairobi, the capital and largest city in the country 3.7 kilometres, southwest of the city's central business district. The skyscraper would lie at the junction of Lower Hill Road; the coordinates of the proposed building are: 1°17'39.0"S, 36°48'55.0"E. The development would consist of an 18-floor hotel residential apartments occupying 17 floors office space on 22 floors parking space for 1,320 vehicles an amphitheater and retail space on three floors; the budgeted construction cost is KSh5.52 billion. Note:US$1.00 = KSh99.46 on 26 April 2016. The development is owned by a consortium of seven investors, under the service vehicle called Greenfield Developers Limited; the shareholding in the project is as depicted in the table below: List of tallest buildings in Nairobi Nairobi
Bragg City is a city in Pemiscot County, United States. The population was 149 at the 2010 census. Bragg City was named Owl City, under the latter name was laid out in 1894 when the railroad was extended to that point. Another early variant name was "Clayroot". A post office called Clayroot was established in 1911, the name was changed to Bragg City in 1917; the present name honors the original owner of the site. Bragg City is located at 36°16′07″N 89°54′42″W; the city is situated in western Pemiscot County, northeast of Kennett. State Route K traverses Bragg City. State Route A runs through the northwestern part of Bragg City, connecting it with Wardell to the northeast and U. S. Route 412 to the southwest. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.20 square miles, all land. At the 2010 census, there were 149 people, 53 households, 32 families living in the city; the population density was 745.0 per square mile. There were 61 housing units at an average density of 305.0 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 87.92% White, 4.03% Black or African American, 2.01% Native American, 3.36% Asian, 2.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population. There were 53 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.8% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 39.6% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.59. The median age was 35.8 years. 32.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 51.0% male and 49.0% female. At the 2000 census, there were 69 households and 56 families living in the town; the population density was 923.5 per square mile. There were 76 housing units at an average density of 371.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 91.01% White, 5.29% African American, 1.06% Native American, 0.53% from other races, 2.12% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.70% of the population. There were 69 households of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.4% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.00. 28.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 15.3% from 45 to 64, 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males. The median household income was $26,042 and the median family income was $26,042. Males had a median income of $28,750 females $17,917; the per capita income was $12,214. About 20.5% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.7% of those under the age of eighteen and 15.8% of those sixty five or over.
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