A rigid bus is a vehicle used in public transportation services with a single, rigid chassis. A bus of this type is to be contrasted with an articulated or bi-articulated bus, which will have two or more two rigid sections linked by a pivoting joint,also with a trailer bus, formed out of a bus bodied semi-trailer pulled by a conventional tractor unit; the term "rigid bus" is used in British English and Australian English and only when distinguishing such buses from articulated buses, such as describing a fleet that includes both types. In the case of two-axle buses, which must be single-chassis, rigid vehicles, British English refers to such vehicles as "two-axle" buses, only using the term "rigid" when referring to vehicles with three or more axles, which can be either rigid or articulated; the term "rigid bus" is not used in American English, where the distinction is made using the term "non-articulated" bus or, when the context is clear, "standard bus". However, the term "standard bus" can be confusing, because it is sometimes used, in other English-speaking countries, referring to a uniform bus design developed for and by a number of European bus manufacturers, in two model generations, between the 1960s and the end of the 20th century.
The German VöV-Standard-Bus includes the Mercedes-Benz O305 and the Mercedes-Benz O405 types, each of which, in both rigid and articulated forms, was acquired and used by bus operators in English-speaking countries outside North America. Rigid buses may be of either single-deck or double-deck design, may have either two axles or multi-axles. However, the expression "rigid bus" is used to describe a double-decker bus, because few double-decker buses have anything other than a rigid chassis. Single-decker rigid buses are used on bus lines with an average ridership, or as coaches. Bus High-floor Low-floor bus Media related to Buses at Wikimedia Commons
A single-decker bus or single-decker is a bus that has a single deck for passengers. The use of the term single-decker refers to a standard two-axled rigid bus, in direct contrast to the use of the term double-decker bus, a bus with two passengers decks and a staircase; these types of single-deckers may feature one or more doors, varying internal combustion engine positions. In regions where double-deckers are not common, the term single-decker may lack common usage, as in one sense, all other main types of bus have a single deck; the term may become synonymous with the name transit bus or related terms, which can be applied to double-deckers too. With the exception of regions of major double deck or articulated bus operation urban areas, the single decker is the standard mode of public transport bus travel with low floor features. With their origins in van chassis, minibuses are not considered single-deckers, although modern minibus designs blur this distinction. Midibuses can be regarded as both included with and separate from standard single-deckers, in terms of full size length and vehicle weights, although again design developments have seen this distinction blurred.
Some coach style buses that do not have underfloor luggage space can be termed as single-deckers, with some sharing standard bus chassis designs, such as the Volvo B10M, with a different body style applied. Alexander Dennis Enviro300 Alexander Dennis Enviro350H DAF SB220 Dennis Falcon Dennis Lance/Lance SLF Irisbus Agoraline MAN NL262 MAN NLxx3F Mercedes-Benz Citaro Mercedes-Benz O305 Mercedes-Benz O405 Mercedes-Benz O500M/U Mercedes-Benz OC 500 LE Mercedes-Benz OF-OH Optare Excel Optare Tempo Scania Citywide Scania K UB Scania L113 Scania L94UB Scania N UB Scania N113 Scania N94UB Scania OmniCity VDL SB200 VDL SB250 Volvo B7RLE Volvo B10B Volvo B10BLE Volvo B10M Volvo B12BLE Tram Bus rapid transit List of buses
Penzance is a town, civil parish and port in Cornwall, in England, United Kingdom. It is the most westerly major town in Cornwall and is about 64 miles west-southwest of Plymouth and 255 miles west-southwest of London. Situated in the shelter of Mount's Bay, the town faces south-east onto the English Channel, is bordered to the west by the fishing port of Newlyn, to the north by the civil parish of Madron and to the east by the civil parish of Ludgvan; the civil parish includes the town of Newlyn and the villages of Mousehole, Paul and Heamoor. Granted various royal charters from 1512 onwards and incorporated on 9 May 1614, it has a population of 21,200. Penzance—Pennsans. There are no early documents mentioning an actual dedication to St Anthony which seems to depend on tradition and may be groundless; the only remaining object from this chapel is a carved figure, now eroded, known as "St Raffidy" which can be found in the churchyard of the parish church of St Mary's near the original site of the chapel.
Until the 1930s this history was reflected in the choice of symbol for the town, the severed "holy head" of St John the Baptist. It can still be seen on the civic regalia of the Mayor of Penzance and on several important landmarks in the town. About 400 prehistoric stone axes, known as Group 1 axes and made from greenstone, have been found all over Britain, which from petrological analysis appear to come from west Cornwall. Although the quarry has not been identified, it has been suggested that the Gear, a rock now submerged half a mile from the shore at Penzance, may be the site. A significant amount of trade is indicated; the earliest evidence of settlement in Penzance is from the Bronze Age. A number of bronze implements such as a palstave, a spear-head, a knife, pins, along with much pottery and large quantities of charcoal were discovered when building a new housing estate, at Tredarvah, to the west of Alverton; the defensive earthwork known as Lescudjack Castle is not excavated, but certainly belongs to the Iron Age.
A single rampart encloses three acres of hilltop, would have dominated the approach to the area from the east. There are no signs of the additional ramparts reported by William Hals in about 1730, the site is now surrounded by housing with allotments. Excavations in 2008, 1 kilometre to the west at Penwith College found an enclosure ditch and pottery indicating a settlement, an evolving field system with ditches and interconnecting pits suggesting water management. There are traces of a rampart and ditch to the west of Penzance at Mount Misery, an oval rampart and ditch at Lesingey above the St Just road, which together with Lescudjack, overlook the coast of Penzance and Newlyn; until there was little evidence for anything but an early and short Roman occupation of Cornwall, there have so far been only three finds in Penzance. In August 1899 two coins of Vespasian were found in an ancient trench in Penzance Cemetery; the coins were eight feet below ground together with some cow bones, are now in the Penlee House Museum.
Another coin, found in 1934 in the Alverton area, depicts the Roman sun god. It is described as a ″coin of the reign of Constantine the Great″, was donated to the museum. A 30 mm sestertius was found on a building site in or around Penzance about ten years and was presented to the Royal Institution of Cornwall. Larger quantities of Roman coins have been found nearby, at Marazion Marsh and Kerris in Paul parish, but there is no evidence of any Roman settlement in the area, although nearby villages such as Chysauster were occupied at this time; the Hundred of Penwith had its ancient centre at Connerton, now buried beneath the sands of Gwithian Towans at Gwithian. A Hundred was a Saxon administrative unit, sub-divided into tithings; the Manor of Alverton, with an area of 64 Cornish acres, gave its name to the second largest tithing in Penwith. The manor included Penzance as well as parts of Paul, St Buryan and Sancreed. Although Penzance is not mentioned in the survey document the Domesday Book, it is that the area would have been included.
Domesday records that in 1066 the Manor of Alwarton was owned by Alward, dispossessed by Robert, Count of Mortain, a half-brother of William the Conqueror. The name Alward and tun, a personal name combined with a town or settlement suffix, indicate Saxon land ownership. In Cornwall the tun indicates a manorial centre such as Connerton; the change of ownership in 1066 was a change from one alien landlord to another, the name Alverton lives on as the western part of Penzance from St John’s Hall, to the housing estate on the west side of the River Laregan. The first mention of the name Pensans is in the Assize Roll of 1284, the first mention of the actual church that gave Penzance its name is in a manuscript written by William Borlase in 1750: ″The ancient chapel belonging to the town of Penzance may be seen in a fish cellar, near the key. In around 1800 the chapel was converted to a fish cellar. A carving in "Ludgvan granite" thought to be of St Anthony was removed in about 1830 and was used in the wall of a pig sty, further vandalised in 1850 when "a stranger... taking fancy to the stony countenance and rough hands
A low-floor bus is a bus or trolleybus that has no steps between the ground and the floor of the bus at one or more entrances, low floor for part or all of the passenger cabin. A bus with a partial low floor may be referred to as a low-entry bus in some locations. Low floor refers to a bus deck, accessible from the sidewalk with only a single step with a small height difference, caused by the difference between the bus deck and sidewalk; this is distinct from high-floor, a bus deck design that requires climbing one or more steps to access the interior floor, placed at a higher height. Being low-floor improves the accessibility of the bus for the public the elderly and people with disabilities, including those using wheelchairs and walkers. All are rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout with no drive shaft. Low-floor buses are divided into two major types: low-floor buses with a low floor throughout the length of the bus, low-entry buses with step-free access to only a part of the bus, most between the front door and the middle door.
In North America, both types are called low-floor, as the majority of the vehicle has a low floor, without steps at the doors. The main reason for choosing a low-entry configuration is to allow better placement for the powertrain and other technical equipment in the raised floor section, in addition to allowing a more comfortable ride on rough roads; some manufacturers use the initials LF or L in their model designations for low-floor models, in North America buses that are low-floor are also designated LF. In some countries, LE, short for Low Entry, is used by some manufacturers in their model designations for low-entry buses. Most bus manufacturers achieve a low floor height by making rear-engined rear-wheel drive buses with independent front suspension, so that no axle is needed to pass under the floor of the front part of passenger compartment, or a lowered front axle; some full low-floor buses have a lowered rear axle, while the rear axle is not an issue on a low-entry bus. Many low-floor buses, including the Irisbus Citelis, has the engine in a vertical cabinet at the rear of the bus.
Van Hool have a series of "side-engine mid-drive" buses that puts the engine off to one side of the cabin longitudinally between the first and the second axle, to maximize usable cabin space. The same concept was utilized by Volvo on their B9S articulated chassis. For smaller buses, such as midibuses, the low-floor capability is achieved by placing the front wheels ahead of the entrance. One of the last types of buses to gain low-floor accessibility as standard was the minibus, where a similar front-wheel arrangement allows around 12 seats and a wheelchair space to be accommodated in small low-floor minibuses, such as the Optare Alero and Hino Poncho. Accessibility was achieved in paratransit type applications, which use small vehicles with the fitment of special lifts; the inception of small low-floor buses has allowed the development of several accessible demand-responsive transport schemes using standard'off-the-shelf' buses. A disadvantage of the low floor is accommodating the bus's own wheels.
With the low floor, the wheels protrude into the passenger cabin, need to be contained in wheel pockets of waist height, this occupies space which would otherwise be used for seating. To allow space for technical equipment, many low-floor buses have the seats mounted on podiums, making a small step up from the floor, while others are able to mount the seats directly to the floor, avoiding the step. Seating layout for a low-floor bus therefore requires careful design. Low floor configuration is known to have poor side to side dead load distribution within the chassis due to the asymmetrical off-centre placement of driveline components - engine and transmission; as a result, many of such buses require electronically controlled air suspension to compensate the lopsided configuration. Low-floor buses include an area without seating next to at least one of the doors, where wheelchairs, strollers/prams, where allowed bicycles, can be parked; this is sometimes not the only purpose of this area, though, as many operators employ larger standee areas for high occupancy at peak times.
Despite the space existing, operators may insist that only one or two wheelchairs or pushchairs can be accommodated unfolded, due to space/safety concerns. Low floors can be complemented by a hydraulic or pneumatic'kneeling device', which can be used when the bus is not in motion, tilting it or lowering it at the front axle further down to normal curb height. Depending on how close to the curb the bus is parked and wheelchair design, this can allow wheelchair users to board unaided. Though such technology has been available and in use on high-floor buses since the 1970s, it is of significant utility on low-floor vehicles only where it enables less-mobile passengers to board and leave the vehicle without help from others. Many vehicles are equipped with wheel-chair lifts, or ramps which, when combined with a low floor, can provide a nearly level entry. An interesting implementation of the low floor design exists in Australia, where Custom Coaches makes a "Hybrid" variant of its CB60 bodywork.
These buses combine a smaller low floor area with a small underfloor bin for some luggage. Whilst these buses do not provide a full amount of luggage space, they can be used to house more luggage than what can be held inside the bus itself. Another drawback
Arriva North East
Arriva North East is a bus operator in North East England. It is a subsidiary of Arriva UK Bus. In the 1980s as part of the privatisation of the National Bus Company, United Automobile Services was split in two with the northern part sold in a management buyout to Proudmutual as Northumbria Motor Services. In 1994 it was sold to British Bus; the County Durham, North Yorkshire and Teesside operations upon privatisation in 1987 were sold in a management buyout to Caldaire Holdings. In 1992 it was sold to the Westcourt Bus Group, in 1995 to National Express and again in July 1996 to the Cowie Group. Following the Cowie Group purchasing British Bus in August 1996, both were once again under common ownership, although North East Bus and Northumbria Motor Services continued to operate as separate entities. In November 1997 Cowie was rebranded as Arriva and new trading names introduced: North East Bus became Arriva North East United Motor Services became Arriva Durham County Tees & District became Arriva Tees & District Teesside Motor Services became Arriva Teesside Northumbria Motor Services became Arriva NorthumbriaWilson and reeves motor services Gradually, the operations of Arriva North East and Arriva Northumbria were integrated, with common fleet numbering and management.
Arriva North East is a major operator around County Durham and the Tees Valley and runs regular buses as far north as Berwick-upon-Tweed, west to Carlisle and as far south as Scarborough in North Yorkshire. Arriva North East operates over 400 buses on a mixture of interurban work. Depots in company ownership are as follows: Darlington Faverdale - ex Stagecoach in Darlington depot Durham - Stockton-on-Tees - Redcar - Whitby - Garnetts depot tindale outstation of Darlington Ashington - Blyth Newcastle - Arriva Northumbria has a small number of vehicles based at a sub-depot in Alnwick; this facility is owned by local coach company Rothbury Motors. A bus depot operated at Richmond until 4 March 2006. From that date, the depot was closed with the only remaining Arriva services through Richmond being the routes X26/27/28 which were transferred to Faverdale depot. At this time most of the council supported services run by Arriva were taken on by Dales & District to the same timetables and staffed by many of the drivers from the former Richmond depot.
The Eden Bus Company was purchased by North East Bus in 1995 and operated from a base at West Auckland. This depot was subsequently closed and the operations moved to the Bishop Auckland depot, taking on the function of a "low cost unit". Of the Eden fleet, only the Leyland Nationals served for any length of time after the take over, though some native United vehicles did carry Eden fleet names. By the time the Arriva identity appeared, the Eden brand had ceased to be used; the Eden name was subsequently purchased from Arriva by Graeme Scarlett, who now operates a small fleet in a red and ivory livery. In March 2006, Go North East announced it was withdrawing from Bishop Auckland with the exception of three flagship routes those linking to Durham and Newcastle, which were transferred to their Chester-le-Street depot; the bulk of its operations, taken over from OK Travel by Go-Ahead Northern in March 1995, were transferred to Arriva Bishop Auckland. The Go North East depot in Bishop Auckland has since been demolished.
On 9 May 2007 it was announced that Arriva North East would take over Stagecoach North East's operations in Darlington, pending Office of Fair Trading approval. By 26 August 2007 all Stagecoach Darlington services and vehicles were transferred to Arriva North East and the ex Stagecoach fleet was repainted. From 9 March 2008 all Darlington operations moved to the Faverdale depot. Arriva's previous depot at Feethams briefly operated as an administrative outpost, until the Tubwell Row offices were refurbished; the Feethams depot has been demolished. The site now belongs to Darlington Borough Council, a car park was built on the site; this car park has now been replaced with a restaurant complex, now open. Loftus depot closed on 17 January 2009. Prior to this, services X3/X4 Loftus – Middlesbrough and 789 Redcar – Easington were transferred to the Redcar depot with effect from 17 November 2008. After the closure, services 56/X56 Middlesbrough – Whitby were shared between Stockton depot and Whitby outstation, while Redcar gained services 65/65A Middlesbrough – Loftus and Whitby outstation gained service 828 Laurence Jackson School – Lingdale and kept all of their existing work.
In March 2010 Arriva North East took over Go North East's Ashington depot in exchange for the operation of Hexham depot. Arriva jointly operates service 685 Newcastle – Hexham – Carlisle service with Stagecoach in Cumbria, with Arriva's buses on the route operating from the Jesmond depot. On 1 December 2012 Durham – was closed with the completion of the new Belmont depot, despite being only one minute away from Durham bus station. By July 2013 it had been demolished with the site being redeveloped for residential use. During March 2014, all buses and employees transferred to the new depot on Lintonville Parkway, a five-minute walk and drive from the original depot; the new depot was opened by Ashington's longest serving driver and engineer. The drivers' rest room and supervisor's office remained in the old depot building until November 2014, when a nearby derelict building was refurbished for the drivers' rest room; the supervisor's office
Citybus (Hong Kong)
Citybus Limited is one of the three major bus operators in Hong Kong. It provides both non-franchised bus service; the franchised route network serves Hong Kong Island, cross-harbour routes, North Lantau and Hong Kong International Airport. The non-franchised routes serve City One Sha Tin, it provides bus rental services and staff bus services for some large companies such as TVB and China Light and Power. The company is wholly owned by NWS Holdings, who owns the third largest operator, New World First Bus. From 1984 to 2001 the company offered a cross-border service between Hong Kong and China using Leyland Olympians, but this was discontinued due to stiff competition. However, in 2007, Citybus began operating route B3. Citybus was founded on 5 August 1979 by former China Motor Bus employee Lyndon Rees with one Volvo B55 double deck bus, providing a shuttle service for the Hong Kong United Dockyard in Hung Hom. In 1981 it commenced operating a residential bus route between City One Shatin and Kowloon Tong MTR station.
In 1982, the United Transport group purchased a 49% shareholding. In 1984, Citybus began a cross-boundary coach service between Hong Kong and Shenzhen with ex National Trabel West and West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive Eastern Coach Works bodied Leyland Olympians. In 1985, the company introduced five air-conditioned Olympian coaches. Since it has continued to expand its fleet of air-conditioned buses. In the late 1980s, Citybus was purchased by Tsui Tsin-tong's CNT Group, it commenced operating residential bus services with 100 new Olympians linking housing estates to MTR stations. In December 1990, Citybus launched Capital Citybus in London with an all-yellow livery for the routes in North and East London and a red and yellow livery for central London; this was renamed First Capital. In 1991, the Hong Kong Government awarded Citybus its first franchised route, 12A on Hong Kong Island, operated by China Motor Bus and withdrawn in the 1980s. In September 1993 Citybus took over 26 franchised routes from China Motor Bus after winning a competitive tender.
These were branded as Network 26. To operate these a fleet of 101 Leyland Atlanteans was purchased from Singapore Bus Service. A further 14 franchised routes were awarded to the company in 1995 without tendering, with the fleet now expanded to more than 500 buses. During these years Citybus expanded its penetration of the Hong Kong Island market pushing nearly all China Motor Bus routes into low profitability. In 1996, with the Tsing Ma Bridge coming into operation and commencement of settlement in the Tung Chung new town, Citybus won another tender to operate 13 new franchised routes serving Tung Chung and the new Hong Kong International Airport. In 1998 the airport Cityflyer service commenced, part of Citybus and is used for Airport express routes to the city; the Cityflyer service consisted of a series of four routes: A11, A12, A21 and A22, with A10 being added in 2006. Citybus operates various Overnight Airport routes and Airport Shuttle Routes. In 1998, following the expiry of the franchise of China Motor Bus, a further 12 routes were transferred to Citybus.
Citybus's fleet was up to 1,100 buses. The remaining routes of China Motor Bus were transferred to New World First Bus, its business was expanded into mainland China with a joint venture operation in Beijing through Citybus Limited. It was not only Beijing's first joint venture bus operation, but it marked the introduction of air-conditioned buses for the first time in the capital city. Following the success of this route, a second urban express coach route was introduced in Beijing. However, the services in Beijing were terminated shortly after the disposal of shares of Citybus Limited from Citybus to Kingsman Global Limited, another Hong Kong company, in June 2004. Citybus had once operated a route in Tianjin; the service is now operated by another company after Citybus disposed all its interest in Citybus Limited. In July 1999, Citybus was purchased by Stagecoach Group of Scotland. In 2001, the cross-boundary coach service between China and Hong Kong was discontinued. In June 2003, Stagecoach Group sold Citybus to Chow Tai Fook Enterprises, the parent company of the major rival operator New World First Bus.
And after a series of restructurings, Citybus is now a subsidiary of NWS Transport Services Limited, the parent company of New World First Bus and New World First Ferry. As of 2015 Citybus operates 108 routes, it operates two franchises: Franchise 1: 1 July 2006 – 31 May 2016 extended for another 10 years starting 1 June 2016 Franchise 2: 1 May 2013 – 30 April 2023 Cityflyer is an airport coach service in this operator. The service was started during the opening of the Hong Kong International Airport in 1998; this service is operated using 90 Alexander Dennis Enviro500s. As at 2015, the fleet consisted of 981 buses. Most buses are from British manufacturers or European busmakers, but CityBus has ordered five single deck K9R buses from Chinese manufacturers like BYD Auto as well as Youngman JNP6120GR. Operation Department One Chai Wan – 38 Sheung on Street Wong Chuk Hang – Next to Aberdeen Police Office Ocean Park -Next to Ocean Park MTR StationOperation Department Two West Kowloon – Hing Wah Street West off West Kowloon Highway Siu Ho Wan – Sham Fung Road off North Lantau Expressway Tuen Mun – Hoi Wong Road near Tuen Mun Swimming Pool L
Cummins B Series engine
The Cummins B Series is a family of diesel engines produced by American manufacturer Cummins. In production since 1984, the B series engine family is intended for multiple applications on and off-highway, light-duty, medium-duty. In the automotive segment, it is best known for its use in Dodge/Ram pickup trucks. Since its introduction, three generations of the B series engine have been produced, offered in both inline-four and inline-six configurations in multiple displacements; the B-series features. It was set apart by the use of a shallow one-piece head, requiring closer tolerances than in other Cummins products; the engine was first manufactured in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, other plants were added in Mexico and Darlington, UK. Every Cummins powered Dodge Pickup has come equipped with a turbocharger, it uses a gear-drive camshaft for extra reliability. Specified is a deep-skirt engine block and extra-strong connecting rods. A Holset turbocharger is used; the original B Series was updated with 24 valves and an electronic engine management system to become the ISB in 1998.
The 3.9L/4BT Cummins is an engine in the same family as the 5,883 cc Cummins turbo-diesels. The 3.9L/4B is an inline four-cylinder turbodiesel, popular for many step van applications, including bread vans and other commercial vehicles. It has gained popularity as an engine swap into smaller trucks; the lowest powered 4B produces 55 hp. The 5,883 cc 6BT known as the Cummins "12-valve" was the first member of the "B" engine family to be used in a light truck vehicle; the 6BT used Bosch fuel systems, VE rotary pump and P7100 inline injection pumps. Some early 6BTs were supplied with CAV rotary pumps instead, before the Bosch system became the sole standard; this engine started life in 1984 designed as an agricultural engine, for use in Case agricultural equipment. After 1989, the 6BT engine was used in light duty, medium duty and select heavy duty trucks and buses; the 6BT engine has become popular for use in repowering various vehicles, in the UK they have proven popular in the Land Rover community known as the ‘superior’ conversion.
Appearing in the 1989–1998 Dodge Ram pickup truck, it became a popular alternative to the large gasoline V8 engines used in full-size pickup trucks, since it produced the torque at low engine speeds, better fuel mileage. During that time, the Dodge Ram was the only diesel pickup that did not rely on glowplugs for cold weather starting; the 5.9 L. One unusual feature of the ISB is; the engine displaces 5,883 cubic centimetres, with a 102 mm × 120 mm cylinder bore and piston stroke. A turbocharger is used to increase the output in the high-compression diesel, it is an all-iron engine with forged steel connecting rods, an assembled camshaft, a cast aluminum intake manifold. The engine is produced in Indiana; the ISB uses electronically controlled Bosch fuel systems, unlike the 6BT systems which were mechanical. Early ISB engines utilize a Bosch VP44 high pressure pump. ISB designs have common rail fuel injection, Bosch injectors, a Bosch CP3 high pressure pump; the 5.9 L. Used in marine and construction applications, these engines share many of the same parts as the ISB and utilize the same Bosch fuel system.
Midway through model year 1998, the Dodge Ram switched from the 6BT to the ISB to meet updated emissions requirements. Like other ISB's, these engines started out using the Bosch VP44 rotary injection pump; the VP44 setup meant that timing and fuel could be controlled, which led to cleaner emissions. However, VP44 failure rates were higher than the older P7100 injection pump; the compression ratio in these engines was 17.2:1. The 1998–2000 ISB was rated at 215 hp and 420 lb⋅ft when equipped with the 47RE automatic transmission; the 1998 ISB was rated at 460 lb ⋅ ft when equipped with the manual transmission. The 1999 -- 2000 ISB was rated at 235 hp and 460 lb ⋅ ft. For the 2001–2002 model years, a standard output and a high output ISB Cummins engine were offered; the standard output, the same as the previous engines was rated to 235 hp and 460 lb⋅ft when equipped with either a manual transmission or automatic. The high output ISB was rated at 245 hp and 505 lb⋅ft, with only a NV5600 six-speed manual transmission available.
The high output engine was different in a few ways from the standard output engine. For the 2003 model year, the Cummins was introduced with Bosch high pressure common rail fuel injection, again increasing power output. On automatic equipped vehicles, the 47RE was upgraded internally to increase durability and torque capacity, now known as the 48RE; the 2003 rating for the Dodge truck was released at 305 hp and 555 lb⋅ft. Midway through the 2004 model year