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Playa Girón

Note: "Playa Girón" is the title of a song included in the album "Días y Flores", by Silvio Rodriguez. Playa Girón is a beach and village on the east bank of the Bahia de Cochinos, located in the province of Matanzas, on the southern coast of Cuba, it is part of the municipality of Ciénaga de Zapata. Playa Girón is located in one of the largest wetlands in the Ciénaga de Zapata; the adjoining village of Girón was named after the notorious French pirate Gilberto Giron. In April 1961, Playa Girón was one of two landing sites for seaborne forces of about 1,500 armed Cuban exiles in the Bay of Pigs Invasion, an American CIA-sponsored attempt to overthrow the new government of Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro. Over 72 hours, fighting took place in many parts of the Cienaga de Zapata, Playa Girón being the last remaining area occupied by the invaders. Today, the Museo Girón is a small museum dedicated to the historical conflict; the Cuban folk singer Silvio Rodríguez composed a song called Playa Girón, dedicated to the fishermen in a boat with that name in which he worked from 1969 to 1970.

This song was included in the album Dias y Flores, published in 1975. However, the Playa Girón theme has a double meaning, it refers to the conflict won by Cuban government forces. Not to be confused with Prelude Giron, another song by Silvio Rodríguez that addresses the issue of the Bay of Pigs invasion. Another possible explanation, suggested by the lyrics themselves, is that the song is a reference to the preludes of the infamous Quinquenio Gris, the Grey Quinquennial. Rodriguez, Juan Carlos. 1999. Bay of Pigs and the CIA. Ocean Press. Melbourne. ISBN 1-875284-98-2 Geography of Cuba Playa Girón on EcuRed

Hoyvík Agreement

The Hoyvík Agreement is a free trade agreement between the Faroe Islands and Iceland. The agreement was signed 31 August 2005 in the town of Hoyvík in the Faroe Islands; the Faroese Løgting ratified the agreement on 2 May 2006 and the Icelandic Alþingi did the same on 3 June. On 21 August 2006, a statement was made by the annual general meeting of the West Nordic Council that the possibility of extending the agreement to include Greenland should be studied, it was noted at Løgting that the agreement could be extended to Canada in the future. It is the most extensive free trade agreement, it guarantees complete freedom of goods, services and capital. It deals with competition and government subsidies and prohibits any kind of discrimination based on nationality except when it is specially provided for by the agreement; the agreement is unique for Iceland as it the first such agreement establishing free trade in agricultural products, a sector that sees a lot of protection from the Icelandic authorities.

A notable exception to the free trade agreement is the special status of the fisheries industry. Pre-existing restrictions on foreign investment in the industry present in both countries will not be abolished. In addition to free trade, the agreement provides a framework for increased cooperation between the nations regarding all the common interests of the nations. Mentioned fields of cooperation include: culture, sports, health care, communications, environmental issues and resource management. Foreign relations of Iceland Representation of the Faroes, Reykjavík West Nordic Council The draft legislation for ratifying the agreement, includes the full text of the agreement in Icelandic A press release from the Faroese government about the signing of the agreement A West Nordic free trade area possible

Treasons Act 1571

The Treasons Act 1571 was an Act of the Parliament of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. It restored the provisions of the Treasons Act 1534, passed by Parliament during the reign of her father, King Henry VIII, repealed by the Treason Act 1547 at the beginning of the reign of her half-brother, King Edward VI; the long title of the Act was "An Acte whereby certayne Offences be made Treason". It became high treason to intend bodily harm to the Queen, or to levy war against her, or incite others to levy war against her, or to say that she ought not to enjoy the Crown, or publish in writing that she is a heretic, tyrant or usurper, or to claim a right to the Crown or usurp it during the Queen's life, or to assert that somebody else has the right of succession to the throne, or to say that the laws enacted by Parliament do not govern the succession to the throne; the Act was repealed on 28 July 1863. However until 1967 it remained treason under the Succession to the Crown Act 1707 to say that Parliament could not control the succession to the Crown.

Some of the wording of section V. of the Treasons Act of 1571 has drawn attention for its description of the legal line of succession. In the twenty-first century, academic scholarship and proponents of the Oxfordian theory of Shakespearean authorship noted the departure of the terms "heirs of the body" to the introduction of the phrase "natural issue" to refer to the line of succession, or Queen's heir to the throne: that any one particular person, whosoever it be, is or ought to be the right heir and successor to the Queen's Majesty that now is except the same be the natural issue of her Majesty's body Proponents contend this wording meant that any illegitimate child, or "natural issue", born to Queen Elizabeth I, would be legal successor to the monarchy; as of 2016, scholarship continues to debate the implications of the change in the legal language, but agree its inclusion in the Act was meant to prevent a crisis of succession. High treason in the United Kingdom Treason Act Succession to the British throne Oxfordian theory of Shakespeare authorship Treasons Act 1570, Danby Pickering, The Statutes at Large, 1763, vol.

6, pp. 257 Regnier, Thomas. "Did Tudor Succession Law Permit Royal Bastards to Inherit the Crown?" 2012-2013. Brief Chronicles IV. pp. 39–58. Tanner, J. D. Tudor Constitutional Documents, A. D. 1485-1603. 1922. University of Cambridge Press, London. Pp. 413–417. Internet Archive

Bradley Hudson-Odoi

Bradley Hudson-Odoi is a Ghanaian footballer who last played as a striker for National League South side, Woking. Born in Accra, Hudson-Odoi is the son of former Hearts of Oak midfielder Bismark Odoi. and the older brother of Chelsea forward Callum Hudson-Odoi. He never played for the first team, he signed for Hereford United on 16 July 2008. He made his debut for Hereford in a 2–1 defeat against Leyton Orient. In March 2009, Hudson-Odoi signed for Grays Athletic on an initial one-month loan with a view to a permanent deal after spending two weeks on trial with the Conference National club, he made his debut on 7 March 2009 in the 2–1 home win over Altrincham, supplying Jamie Slabber with a cross to score Grays' second goal. He joined Histon on a contract until January 2010 in August 2009, he rejoined Grays on a month's loan on 27 November. He rejoined Grays Athletic for a third time on 26 October 2010, before joining Conference South club Thurrock in December. After a stint abroad at Hungarian side Vasas, Bradley joined Metropolitan Police on trial, before signing a contract in January 2014.

Playing for Wealdstone in the 2015–16 season, Bradley was voted their player of the season. After the season ended, Wealdstone announced Bradley's departure for a team in the National League announced as Sutton United. Hudson-Odoi made his first league appearance for Sutton as a substitute on their opening day defeat of the 2016–17 season to Solihull Moors on 6 August 2016, coming on for Roarie Deacon, before making his first full appearance and debut in a 2–0 win over Torquay United on 16 August. On his third appearance for Sutton, he scored his first league goal for the club and the winner in a 1–0 home victory over Dagenham & Redbridge on 29 August 2016 when he connected with Ross Stearn's cross and struck a half volley 11 minutes into the game. On 10 November 2016 Hudson-Odoi joined Maidstone United on loan for one month. Hudson-Odoi appeared in Sutton's historic run to the fifth round of the FA Cup for the first time including a 3–1 victory over League One side and local rivals AFC Wimbledon in the third round on 17 January 2017, a 2–0 defeat to Premier League team Arsenal in the fifth round on 20 February.

On 23 February 2018, he was signed for Hampton & Richmond Borough. On 22 May 2018, Hudson-Odoi returned to Wealdstone.. On 25 January 2019, Hudson-Odoi left Wealdstone after an injury hit season and soon reunited with former manager, Alan Dowson at fellow National League South side, Woking. However, just after featuring twice for the Surrey-based side, Hudson-Odoi opted to leave the club in February 2019, he was part of the Ghana U20 squad for the 2007 Toulon Tournament. As of match played 17 February 2019. Bradley Hudson-Odoi at Soccerbase

Concession (contract)

A concession or concession agreement is a grant of rights, land or property by a government, local authority, individual or other legal entity. Public services such as water supply may be operated as a concession. In the case of a public service concession, a private company enters into an agreement with the government to have the exclusive right to operate and carry out investment in a public utility for a given number of years. Other forms of contracts between public and private entities, namely lease contract and management contract, are related but differ from a concession in the rights of the operator and its remuneration. A lease gives a company the right to operate and maintain a public utility, but investment remains the responsibility of the public. Under a management contract the operator will collect the revenue only on behalf of the government and will in turn be paid an agreed fee. A grant of land or property by a government may be in return for services or for a particular use, a right to undertake and profit by a specified activity, a lease for a particular purpose.

A concession may include the right to use some existing infrastructure required to carry out a business. In the private sector, the owner of a concession — the concessionaire — pays either a fixed sum or a percentage of revenue to the owner of the entity from which it operates. Examples of concessions within another business are concession stands within sporting venues and movie theaters and concessions in department stores operated by other retailers. Short term concessions may be granted as promotional space for periods as short as one day. Depending on what the law, related to a sector states, concession can either allow the authority to retain or keep ownership of the assets, turning over to the concessionaire and reverting the ownership back to an authority once the duration of their concession ended, or both the authority and concessionaire own the facilities. Muhammad Ali of Egypt used contracts called concessions to build cheap infrastructure - dams and railroads - whereby foreign European companies would raise capital, build projects, collect most of the operating revenue but would provide Ali's government with a portion of that revenue.

For other examples of concessions, see Gibbons v. Ogden and United States railroad policy. Within the European Union, the granting of concessions by public bodies is subject to regulation. Works concessions have been subject to award rules for some time as Directive 2004/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the European Council on public procurement applied to works concessions, the award of services concessions with a cross-border interest has been subject to the principles of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. However, the European Parliament and the European Council issued a further Directive 2014/23/EU on the award of concession contracts on 26 February 2014, which required EU member states to introduce national legislation covering the award of concession contracts in excess of EUR 5,186,000 awarded on or after 18 April 2016. In the UK, the threshold for concession contracts is £4,104,394. Public-private partnership Private finance initiative Production sharing agreement

E04 expressway (Sri Lanka)

The Central Expressway, is a proposed road project that will link the Sri Lankan capital, with Kandy. It will provide a fast alternative to the existing A1 Road, which has a lot of bottlenecks and difficult terrain near Kandy; the idea was proposed by the UNP government under Ranil Wickremesinghe. In 2002, a Malaysian company had discussions with the United National Party government over the Kandy-Colombo Expressway; however the project was not able to commence due to the elections and the fall of the UNP government. The expressway was supposed to connect the Western Region Megapolis project with the "Greater Kandy Development Project" both projects were cancelled after the fall of the government. In November 2013 the Project Minister for Highways announced that construction work on the expressway now known as the Northern Expressway would commence in January 2015; the first phase of the works will link the E03 expressway at Kadawatha through to Kurunegala via Ederamulla and Mirigama. The next stage will see the road extended to Katugastota in Kandy.

The Minister advised that the expressway would be built in three stages with financial assistance from China. On 14 December 2014 the President Mahinda Rajapaksa, launched the construction of the expressway by laying a foundation stone at the Senkadagala entrance of the expressway; the total cost of the expressway was estimated to be Rs.200 billion and the works were scheduled to be completed by 2018. After the new government came into power in 2015, expressway was re-named back to the'Central Expressway' from'Kandy Expressway', Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe again launched the construction of the expressway by laying a foundation stone in February 2017 with the first phase expected to be completed in 2.5 years.. The final environment impact assessment made by May 2016. Construction of the Central Expressway will be carried out in four Stages as follows: Stage 1 - Kadawatha to Meerigama Stage 2 - Meerigama to Kurunegala and Ambepussa link road Stage 3 - Pothuhera to Galagedara Stage 4 - Kurunegala to Dambulla The construction of first stage from Kadawatha to Mirigama will be a four lane divided carriageway for a length of 48.2 km.

There are proposed to be interchanges at Kadawatha, Gampaha and Mirigama, with fifty overpasses and thirty underpasses along the route. The initial estimated cost of Phase One was approx. Rs. 70.0bn, with more recent costs estimated at Rs. 130bn. Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe launched the construction of the expressway by laying a foundation stone in August 2015 for this phase. Construction of the second stage of the project from Mirigama to Katugastota, will be a four-lane divided carriageway for a length of 50.7 km, with thirty overpasses and five underpasses. Interchanges are proposed at Dewalegama, Rambukkana and Hedeniya; the tentative cost of construction for Phase Two is Rs. 90.0bn. Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe launched the construction of the expressway by laying a foundation stone in February 2017 for this Phase and will be completed in 2021 This Phase will be completed by local construction companies for the 1st time in Sri Lanka. Cost for this stage 3 stretch of the expressway has been estimated at Rs.135 billion.

Awarding of the contract for Central Expressway Stage III have stirred up questions and controversy. It was revealed that funding for the third phase from commercial loan with a high interest rates. President Maithripala Sirisena had said the tender procedure was violated when awarding the contract for the expressway. In September 2017, Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe had to make a parliament statement regarding this. Roads portal Sri Lanka portal