click links in text for more info


A'plotter' produces vector graphics drawings. Plotters draw lines on paper using a pen. In the past, plotters were used in applications such as computer-aided design, as they were able to produce line drawings much faster and of a higher quality than contemporary conventional printers, small desktop plotters were used for business graphics. Although they retained a niche for producing large drawings for many years, plotters have now been replaced by wide-format conventional printers. Digitally controlled plotters evolved from earlier analog XY-writers used as output devices for measurement instruments and analog computers. Pen plotters print by moving a pen or other instrument across the surface of a piece of paper; this means that plotters are vector graphics devices, rather than raster graphics as with other printers. Pen plotters can draw complex line art, including text, but do so because of the mechanical movement of the pens, they are incapable of efficiently creating a solid region of color, but can hatch an area by drawing a number of close, regular lines.

Plotters offered the fastest way to efficiently produce large drawings or color high-resolution vector-based artwork when computer memory was expensive and processor power was limited, other types of printers had limited graphic output capabilities. Pen plotters have become obsolete, have been replaced by large-format inkjet printers and LED toner-based printers; such devices may still understand vector languages designed for plotter use, because in many uses, they offer a more efficient alternative to raster data. Electrostatic plotters used a dry toner transfer process similar to that in many photocopiers, they were faster than pen plotters and were available in large formats, suitable for reproducing engineering drawings. The quality of image was not as good as contemporary pen plotters. Electrostatic plotters were made in both drum types; the electrostatic plotter uses the pixel as a drawing means. The plotter head consists of a large number of tiny styluses embedded in it; this head traverses over the width of the paper.

The resolutions available may be 100 to 508 dots per inch. Electrostatic plotters are fast with plotting speed of 6 to 32 mm/s, depending on the plotter resolution. Cutting plotters use knives to cut into a piece of material, lying on the flat surface area of the plotter, it is achieved because the cutting plotter is connected to a computer, equipped with specialized cutting design or drawing computer software programs. Those computer software programs are responsible for sending the necessary cutting dimensions or designs in order to command the cutting knife to produce the correct project cutting needs. In recent years the use of cutting plotters has become popular with home enthusiasts of paper crafts such as cardmaking and scrapbooking; such tools allow desired card and decal shapes to be cut out precisely, repeated identically. A number of printer control languages were created to operate pen plotters, transmit commands like "lift pen from paper", "place pen on paper", or "draw a line from here to here".

Three common ASCII-based plotter control languages are Hewlett-Packard's HP-GL, its successor HP-GL/2, Houston Instruments DMPL. Here is a simple HP-GL script drawing a line: SP1. Programmers using FORTRAN or BASIC did not program these directly, but used software packages, such as the Calcomp library, or device independent graphics packages, such as Hewlett-Packard's AGL libraries or BASIC extensions or high end packages such as DISSPLA; these would establish scaling factors from world coordinates to device coordinates, translate to the low level device commands. For example, to plot X*X in HP 9830 BASIC, the program would be 10 SCALE -1,1,1,1 20 FOR X = -1 to 1 STEP 0.1 30 PLOT X, X*X 40 NEXT X 50 PEN 60 END Early pen plotters, e.g. the Calcomp 565 of 1959, worked by placing the paper over a roller that moved the paper back and forth for X motion, while the pen moved back and forth on a track for Y motion. The paper was supplied in roll form and had perforations along both edges that were engaged by sprockets on the rollers.

Another approach, e.g. Computervision's Interact I, involved attaching ball-point pens to drafting pantographs and driving the machines with stepper motors controlled by the computer; this had the disadvantage of being somewhat slow to move, as well as requiring floor space equal to the size of the paper, but could double as a digitizer. A change was the addition of an electrically controlled clamp to hold the pens, which allowed them to be changed, thus create multi-colored output. Hewlett Packard and Tektronix produced small, desktop-sized flatbed plotters in the late 1960s and 1970s; the pens were mounted on a traveling bar, whereby the y-axis was represented by motion up and down the length of the bar and the x-axis was represented by motion of the bar back and forth across the plotting table. Due to the mass of the bar, these plotters operated slowly. In the 1980s, the small and lightweight HP 7470 introduced the "grit wheel" mechanism, eliminating the need for perforations along the edges, unlike the Cal

2012 Asian Junior Badminton Championships – Mixed doubles

The Mixed Doubles tournament of the 2012 Asian Junior Badminton Championships was held from July 3–7 in Gimcheon, South Korea. The gold medalist in the last edition were Lukhi Apri Ririn Amelia from Indonesia; the top seeded Edi Subaktiar / Melati Daeva Oktaviani from Indonesia beaten by Chinese pair, eventual silver medalist Wang Yilu / Huang Dongping in the quarterfinals round. Vietnamese and Chinese pairs Do Tuan Duc / Le Thu Huyen and Liu Yuchen / Chen Qingchen finished in the semifinals round, settle for the bronze medal. Host players, the second seeded Choi Sol-gyu / Chae Yoo-jung emerged as the champion after beat Wang / Huang of China in the finals with the rubber games 17–21, 25–23, 23–21. Main Draw

Aílton (footballer, born 1973)

Aílton Gonçalves da Silva is a Brazilian former professional football striker. A journeyman, Aílton began his career in Brazil where he played for Ypiranga, Mogi Mirim, Santa Cruz, Guarani. Following a stint with Tigres UANL in Mexico, he moved to Germany joining SV Werder Bremen, he spent six seasons with Werder Bremen, winning the double of Bundesliga and cup in the 2003–04 season, before transferring to league rivals FC Schalke 04. In the latter stages of his career he played for Beşiktaş, Hamburger SV, Red Star Belgrade, Grasshoppers Zürich, MSV Duisburg, Metalurh Donetsk, SCR Altach and Chongqing Lifan, he ended his career in the lower leagues with Uerdingen 05, Rio Branco-SP, Hassia Bingen. After Robert Lewandowski, Claudio Pizarro, Giovane Élber, Stéphane Chapuisat, he is only the fourth foreign player to have scored more than 100 goals in the German Bundesliga. Aílton's career began in Brazil, he played in his homeland with Mogi Mirim Esporte Clube, Santa Cruz and Guarani, he moved to Tigres UANL in Mexico, which made way to a 1998–99 move to SV Werder Bremen in Germany.

He had some difficulties in his first season, managing only two league goals, but developed into a strong service provider. Werder Bremen won the DFB-Pokal in 1999. However, Aílton did not take part in the final, won on penalties against Bayern Munich. In 1999–00 he scored twelve goals, 13 in 2000–01, 16 in 2001–02 and 2002–03, the following season bringing with it 28 goals, he won the German Cup with Werder Bremen. Due to his achievements at Bremen, he was selected in 2004 as the first foreigner to win the German Footballer of the Year award; the 2004–05 season saw a lucrative move to FC Schalke 04. Aílton has been known as an enfant terrible, giving emotional interviews full of melodrama when at both Bremen and Schalke. In July 2005, Rıza Çalımbay brought him to Beşiktaş for €3.5 million, but he failed to show his full potential. Beşiktaş management brought him to the team with high hopes but his lack of scoring touch turned the fans against him and they wanted him replaced with another quality striker as soon as possible.

Having failed to find himself a club in January 2006, Aílton had undertaken an escape attempt toward Brazil, but was stopped at the airport by Beşiktaş' interim manager Mehmet Eksi. However, because he had not found a new club during the winter, he returned to Istanbul and faced his old team Werder Bremen in the Efes Cup, scoring a hat trick for Beşiktaş, he returned to Germany on loan to Hamburger SV in January 2006, but broke his jaw in only his second appearance for the club – an away game against Hannover 96 – and missed most of the remaining season. He scored three times upon his return; as a result, Hamburg did not decide to buy Aílton for a agreed sum of €1.75 million. Aílton had to return to Beşiktaş; as a result, he was transferred to Serbian side Red Star Belgrade where he signed on 31 August 2006. In the winter break of the 2006–07 season Aílton was loaned out to Grasshopper Club Zürich, he managed to score eight goals during his spell in Switzerland. Grasshopper announced not to renew Aílton's contract and he was signed by newly promoted Bundesliga side MSV Duisburg in July 2007 on a one-year contract.

He didn't meet the expectations at his new club. He showed unprofessional conduct by arriving late from the winter break; the contract was cancelled at end of February 2008, he turned to the Ukraine and Austria before than signed with Campinense on 12 March 2009. In the summer of 2009, he signed a contract with Chinese side Chongqing Lifan. On 2 December 2009 KFC Uerdingen 05 signed the Brazilian forward until 30 June 2011 but he left on 22 July 2010 for FC Oberneuland; the contract with Oberneuland was terminated in mutual agreement on 4 February 2011. He joined sixth division side Hassia Bingen for the 2012–13 season where he scored two goals on debut after being substituted in the 68th minute and helped the club attract a league record 1,300 spectators for the game, his wife Rosseli Judith Rodriguez is Mexican and the couple have four children. In January 2012, he took part in the German version of the TV show I'm A Celebrity... Get Me Out Of Here!. Werder Bremen Bundesliga: 2003–04 DFB-Pokal: 1998–99, 2003–04 DFB-Ligapokal runner-up: 1999Red Star Belgrade Serbian SuperLiga: 2007 Bundesliga top scorer: 2003–04 Footballer of the Year in Germany: 2004 kicker Bundesliga Team of the Season: 2003–04 Aílton at Sambafoot Aílton at Aílton at

Pedro Joaquín Galván

Pedro Joaquín Galván is an Argentine football player who plays for Club Olimpo. Galván started his career in 2003 with Club de Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata. In 2005, he joined San Martín de San Juan, he spent 2007 in Ecuador playing for Olmedo before returning to San Martín. After San Martín were relegated from the Argentine Primera Galván joined Bnei Yehuda. At the end of the 2012–13 season, Galván joined Maccabi Petah Tikva. On February 22, 2014, he scored his 71st goal in the Israeli Premier League, becoming the league's best scoring foreign player in history, beating former Maccabi Haifa star Đovani Roso. In the summer of 2014, Galván left Israel for French Ligue 2 side Nîmes. In the end he had to return to play in Israel and signed for Bnei Yehuda and played there for two seasons; when Borak Obramov became the owner of the team, Galv'an said that he is going to leave the club on summer. Bnei YehudaIsrael State Cup: 2016–17 As to 7 August 2014: Pedro Joaquín Galván – Israel Football Association league player details Pedro Joaquín Galván – Argentine Primera statistics at Fútbol XXI

Amanda Abbington

Amanda Abbington is an English actress. She is best known for playing Miss Mardle in Mr Selfridge and Mary Watson in the BBC adaptation of Sherlock. Abbington was brought up in Hertfordshire, she appeared in the TV series The Bill until 2007 playing various characters. During that time she appeared in the TV series Wycliffe, Dream Team, The Sins, Doc Martin and Teachers, she appeared in the 2005 comedy sketch show Man Stroke Woman and the 2007–2008 comedy After You've Gone with Nicholas Lyndhurst. She has appeared in recurring series such as Bernard's Watch and Case Histories. In 2013, she began appearing in the television series Mr Selfridge as Miss Mardle alongside Jeremy Piven and Frances O'Connor. In 2014, Abbington appeared in the third series of Sherlock as Mary Morstan, the wife of John Watson, played by her real-life partner Martin Freeman. In 2015 she appeared in the BBC drama Cuffs. On stage Abbington appeared in August 2018 in the role of Annette in God of Carnage at the Theatre Royal, in 2019 as the character Anne in Florian Zeller's play The Son at the Kiln Theatre in Kilburn, London which that year transferred to the The Duke of York's Theatre in London's West End.

Abbington was the partner of British actor Martin Freeman, whom she met on the set of the film Men Only in 2000. The couple appeared together on screen in productions such as The Debt, The Robinsons, The Good Night and Sherlock, they lived in Hertfordshire before announcing their separation in 2016. Abbington and Freeman have two children. Amanda Abbington on IMDb Amanda Abbington on Twitter

Mervyn Haisman

Mervyn Haisman was a British screenwriter of film and television. Prior to this career he worked as an actor and managed a theatre company as well as working in insurance. Haisman was born in 1928 in London. An early television credit was an episode of Dr. Finlay's Casebook called The Forgotten Enemy. At about the same time he formed a writing partnership with Henry Lincoln, together they were the authors of three 1960s Doctor Who stories during the Patrick Troughton years: The Abominable Snowmen, The Web of Fear and The Dominators; the latter script was their last contribution to the programme and, after disagreements with the production office, it was cut by an episode and credited to the pseudonym Norman Ashby. Haisman and Lincoln worked together on episodes of Emergency Ward 10, but their writing partnership ended in the mid 1970s. Haisman wrote for many British television shows including The Onedin Line, Howards' Way, Swallows and Amazons Forever!. Mervyn provided script for the popular BBC series Jane, starring Glynis Barber as the wartime comic strip pin up.

He was to write the second series Jane in the Desert. The success of the TV series lead to Haisman writing for the movie Jane and the Lost City, this time featuring Kirsten Hughes in the lead role. Although Haisman died at the end of October 2010, his death was not reported by media until 9 December, he died in Spain. Mervyn Haisman on IMDb Obituary in The Guardian by Anthony Hayward