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Plutarch

Plutarch named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, was a Greek biographer and essayist, known for his Parallel Lives and Moralia. He is classified as a Middle Platonist. Plutarch's surviving works were intended for both Greek and Roman readers. Plutarch was born to a prominent family in the small town of Chaeronea, about 80 kilometres east of Delphi, in the Greek region of Boeotia, his family was wealthy. The name of Plutarch's father has not been preserved, but based on the common Greek custom of repeating a name in alternate generations, it was Nikarchus; the name of Plutarch's grandfather was Lamprias, as he attested in Moralia and in his Life of Antony. His brothers and Lamprias, are mentioned in his essays and dialogues, which speak of Timon in particular in the most affectionate terms. Rualdus, in his 1624 work Life of Plutarchus, recovered the name of Plutarch's wife, from internal evidence afforded by his writings. A letter is still extant, addressed by Plutarch to his wife, bidding her not to grieve too much at the death of their two-year-old daughter, named Timoxena after her mother.

He hinted at a belief in reincarnation in that letter of consolation. The exact number of his sons is not certain, although two of them and the second Plutarch, are mentioned. Plutarch's treatise De animae procreatione in Timaeo is dedicated to them, the marriage of his son Autobulus is the occasion of one of the dinner parties recorded in the "Table Talk". Another person, Soklarus, is spoken of in terms which seem to imply that he was Plutarch's son, but this is nowhere stated, his treatise on marriage questions, addressed to Eurydice and Pollianus, seems to speak of the latter as having been an inmate of his house, but without any clear evidence on whether she was his daughter or not. Plutarch was the uncle of Sextus of Chaeronea, one of the teachers of Marcus Aurelius, who may have been the same person as the philosopher Sextus Empiricus. Plutarch studied mathematics and philosophy at the Academy of Athens under Ammonius from 66 to 67. At some point, Plutarch received Roman citizenship; as evidenced by his new name, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, his sponsor for citizenship was Lucius Mestrius Florus, a Roman of consular status whom Plutarch used as a historical source for his Life of Otho.

He lived most of his life at Chaeronea, was initiated into the mysteries of the Greek god Apollo. For many years Plutarch served as one of the two priests at the temple of Apollo at Delphi, the site of the famous Delphic Oracle, twenty miles from his home, he took part in the Eleusinian Mysteries. By his writings and lectures Plutarch became a celebrity in the Roman Empire, yet he continued to reside where he was born, participated in local affairs serving as mayor. At his country estate, guests from all over the empire congregated for serious conversation, presided over by Plutarch in his marble chair. Many of these dialogues were recorded and published, the 78 essays and other works which have survived are now known collectively as the Moralia. In addition to his duties as a priest of the Delphic temple, Plutarch was a magistrate at Chaeronea and he represented his home town on various missions to foreign countries during his early adult years. Plutarch held the office of archon in his native municipality only an annual one which he served more than once.

He undertook the humblest of duties. The Suda, a medieval Greek encyclopedia, states that Emperor Trajan made Plutarch procurator of Illyria. However, most historians consider this unlikely, since Illyria was not a procuratorial province, Plutarch did not speak Illyrian. According to the 8th/9th-century historian George Syncellus, late in Plutarch's life, Emperor Hadrian appointed him nominal procurator of Achaea – which entitled him to wear the vestments and ornaments of a consul. Plutarch spent the last thirty years of his life serving as a priest in Delphi, he thus connected part of his literary work with the sanctuary of Apollo, the processes of oracle-giving and the personalities who lived or traveled there. One of his most important works is the "Why Pythia does not give oracles in verse". More important is the dialogue "On the E in Delphi", which features Ammonius, a Platonic philosopher and teacher of Plutarch, Lambrias, Plutarch's brother. According to Ammonius, the letter E written on the temple of Apollo in Delphi originated from the following fact: the wise men of antiquity, whose maxims were written on the walls of the vestibule of the temple, were not seven but five: Chilon, Thales and Pittakos.

However, the tyrants Cleobulos and Periandros used their political power in order to be incorporated in the list. Thus, the E, which corresponds to number 5, constituted an acknowledgment that the Delphic maxims originated from the five real wise men; the portrait of a philosopher exhibited at the exit of the Archaeological Museum of Delphi, dating to the 2nd century AD, had been in the past identified with Plutarch. The man, although bearded, is depicted at a young age, his hair and beard are rendered in thin incisions. The gaze is due to the heavy eyelids and the incised pupils; the portrait is no longer thought to represent Plutarch. But a fragmentary hermaic stele next to the portrait did once bear a portrait of Plutarch, since it is inscribed, "The Delphi

Matthew Campbell (Australian footballer)

Matthew Campbell is a former Australian rules footballer in the Victorian and Australian Football Leagues and is now a media representative for a sports betting agency. Campbell was recruited from South Australian National Football League club North Adelaide, made his senior VFL debut with the Brisbane Bears in their inaugural match in 1987. Campbell made a name for himself as a quick wingman, went on to play 79 games for the club between 1987 and 1993, his career highlights include being selected as goalkeeper in International Rules Tests against Ireland in 1987 and 1990. Following his retirement from football, Campbell has worked as a television sports commentator for Australian rules football, first with the Seven Network Fox Footy. Based in Brisbane, he moved to Melbourne in early 2002. Campbell has performed as an MC at sporting events, most at boxing matches, including the Anthony Mundine-Darmel Castillo fight on 2 February 2005. In January 2006, Campbell was a replacement host on SEN 1116's Hungry for Sport program, but the closure of Fox Footy in October 2006 left him without regular TV commentary work.

In 2007 he provided occasional commentary for ABC-TV telecasts of the Victorian Football League Match of the Day. With the sudden death of friend and former colleague Clinton Grybas in early 2008, Campbell joined the Fox Sports regular AFL commentary team. In the late 2000s he became a spokesman for online Australian sports betting agency Sportsbet. Matt is now the main spokesman for BetEasy, used on Seven Sport's AFL broadcasts. Matthew Campbell's playing statistics from AFL Tables

Bugongi, Kabale, Uganda

Bugongi is a neighborhood in the town of Kabale, the largest urban center and district headquarters of Kabale District in Uganda. Bugongi is located in the Northern Division in the town of Kabale 2 kilometres north of the town's central business district; the geographical coordinates of the Bugingo neighborhood are: 01°14'44.0"S, 29°59'17.0"E. Lower Bugongi Ward is located above sea level. In 2012, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics estimated the population of Bugongi at 25,000; the national population census and household survey of 2014, enumerated the neighborhood's population at 36,000. Bugongi is divided into Upper Bugongi Ward, whose Local Council 1 chairperson is Eric Kalemera, Lower Bugongi Ward, chaired by Joyce Ndibwami, at the LC1 administrative level. In the past, circa 2005 and before, Bugongi had a bad reputation as a slum neighborhood, infiltrated by thieves and marijuana smokers. However, since new improved residences have been built, the number of churches has increased and the new educational institutions in the neighborhood have attracted students and improved the neighborhood's reputation and standards of living.

The neighborhood is connected to the national electricity grid and is serviced by the National Water and Sewerage Corporation. Bugongi is home to two medical facilities: Kabale Regional Referral Hospital, the 280-bed teaching hospital of Kabale University School of Medicine and Rugarama Hospital, the 150-bed community hospital administered by the Church of Uganda. Many students reside in the neighborhood in apartments attached to residential houses. Only has the construction of student hostels started in Bugongi. Land for sale is available, with a 5,000 square feet plot selling for between UShs25 million and UShs50 million, depending on the location. A 10,000 square feet lot sells for between UShs80 Shs200 million. Note: On 8 August 2018, US$1.00 = USh3,675 Upper Bugongi is home to several educational institutions, including the Kabale campus of Bishop Barham University College of Uganda Christian University the campus of Kigezi High School and the clinical campus of Kabale University School of Medicine.

The min road through the neighborhood is Bugongi Road. Until 2018, most of the roads in the neighborhood were murram-surfaced; as of August 2018, the Kabale Town Council had started improvement of some of the roads to tarmac. In the 2010s, Bugongi Central Market was undergoing renovations and modernization, albeit with varying degrees of community resistance. Doctor Ruhakana Rugunda, the current Prime Minister of Uganda was born in Bugongi and he maintains an ancestral home in the neighborhood. Kabale University Kabale University School of Medicine Photograph of Bugongi, Uganda As Depicted In The Daily Monitor Newspaper On 8 August 2018