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Pocket PC

A Pocket PC known by Microsoft as a Windows Mobile Classic device, is a kind of personal digital assistant that runs the Windows Mobile operating system. It has some of the abilities of modern desktop PCs; as of 2010, thousands of applications existed for handhelds adhering to the Microsoft Pocket PC specification, many of which were freeware. Some of these devices are mobile phones. Microsoft-compliant Pocket PCs can be used with many add-ons such as GPS receivers, barcode readers, RFID readers, cameras. In 2007, with the advent of Windows Mobile 6, Microsoft dropped the name Pocket PC in favor of a new naming scheme: Windows Mobile Classic: devices without an integrated phone; the Pocket PC was an evolution from prior calculator-sized computers. Keystroke-programmable calculators which could do simple business and scientific applications were available by the 1970s. In 1982, Hewlett Packard's HP-75 incorporated a 1-line text display, an alphanumeric keyboard, HP BASIC language and some basic PDA abilities.

The HP 95LX, HP 100LX and HP 200LX series packed a PC-compatible MS-DOS computer with graphics display and QWERTY keyboard into a palmtop format. The HP OmniGo 100 and 120 used a pen and graphics interface on DOS-based PC/GEOS, but was not sold in the United States; the HP 300LX built a palmtop computer on the Windows CE operating system, but not until the form factor and features of the Palm platform were adapted that it was named the Pocket PC. Prior to the release of Windows Mobile 2003, third-party software was developed using Microsoft's eMbedded Visual Tools, eMbedded Visual Basic and eMbedded Visual C. eVB programs can be converted easily to NS Basic/CE. Or to Basic4ppc. According to Microsoft, the Pocket PC is "a handheld device that enables users to store and retrieve e-mail, appointments, play multimedia files, exchange text messages with Windows Live Messenger, browse the Web, more." From a technical standpoint, "Pocket PC" is a Microsoft specification that sets various hardware and software requirements for mobile devices bearing the "Pocket PC" label.

For instance, any device, to be classified as a Pocket PC must: Run Microsoft's Windows Mobile, Pocket PC edition Come bundled with a specific suite of applications in ROMNote: the name Windows Mobile includes both the Windows CE operating system and a suite of basic applications along with a specified user interfaceInclude a touchscreen Include a directional pad or touchpad Include a set of hardware application buttons Be based on an ARM version 4 compatible CPU, Intel XScale CPU, MIPS CPU or SH3 CPU. The Pocket PC/Windows Mobile OS was superseded by Windows Phone on February 15, 2010 when the latter was announced at Mobile World Congress that year. No existing hardware was supported for a Windows Phone 7 upgrade. Additionally, not a single one of the thousands of apps available for Windows Mobile would run unaltered on Windows Phone; the first Windows Mobile 6.5 device was first shown in September 2009. Leaked ROMs surfaced in July 2009 for specific devices; the generic ROM images for Mobile 6.5 are available as part of the distributed and downloadable development kit.

Several phones running Windows Mobile 6.1 can be updated to Windows Mobile 6.5. Microsoft's Windows Mobile 6.1 was announced on April 1, 2008 and introduced instant messaging-like texting. Windows Mobile 6.1 was built upon Windows CE 5. Microsoft's Windows Mobile 6, internally code-named'Crossbow', was released by Microsoft on February 12, 2007. Mobile 6 was still based on Windows CE 5 and was just a face-lift of Windows Mobile 5. With Mobile 6 came Microsoft's new naming conventions and devices were no longer called Pocket PCs: devices with no phone abilities were named Windows Mobile Classic, devices with phone abilities were named Windows Mobile Professional. Windows Mobile 5 for Pocket PC was based on Windows CE 5 and contained many fixes and improvements over Windows Mobile 2003. Pocket PCs running prior versions of the operating system stored user-installed applications and data in RAM, which meant that if the battery was depleted the device would lose all of its data. Windows Mobile 5.0 solved this problem by storing all user data in persistent memory, leaving the RAM to be used only for running applications, as it would be on a desktop computer.

As a result, Windows Mobile 5.0 Pocket PCs had more flash memory, less RAM, compared to earlier devices. Windows Mobile 2003 consisted of the Windows CE. NET 4.2 operating system bundled with scaled-down versions of many popular desktop applications, including Microsoft Outlook, Internet Explorer, Excel, Windows Media Player, others. Windows Mobile 2003 Second Edition added native landscape, square screen and VGA support as well as other fixes and changes to those features present in the original release of Windows Mobile 2003. Pocket PC 2000 was launched April 2000, ran Windows CE 3.0. Pocket PC 2000 featured a mobile version of Microsoft Office, a chief feature being the ability to password-protect Excel files. Pocket PC 2002 was launched October 2001, was powered by Windows CE 3.0, as with its predecessor. Some Pocket PC 2002 devices were sold as "Phone Editions", which included cell phone functionality in addition to the PDA abilities. Before the Pocket PC brand was launched, there were other Windows-based machines of the same form factor made by HP, others called Palm-size PCs

Il Cromuele

Il Cromuele is a tragedy in five acts, released in 1671. It was conceived and written by Girolamo Graziani, through the sixties of the 17th century, in Modena, during the troubled reign of Laura Martinozzi; the first information on the composition of the Il Cromuele appears in the preface to Graziani's Varie Poesie e Prose. Since 1666 the writing of Il Cromuele is accompanied by an extensive correspondence with Jean Chapelain, as Graziani was waged by Colbert on behalf of Louis The Great. Henrighetta, Queen of England has escaped from Cromuele, the tyrant usurper who imprisoned her husband king Carlo in the Tower of London. After useless petitions to the Government of Edinburgh and to the one of Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, she has sailed towards France in order to ask for help her nephew Louis XIV, she is with a young Irish girl just known during the trip. The two women, for their security, are travelling as Dutch Merchants. During the voyage, their ship has been wrecked, their lifeboat was pushed by the wind to English coast, from where they reached London under the identities of Henrico and Edmondo.

In this guise, they have been housed in the Palace of Odoardo and Anna Hide, a family in pectore still loyalist despite it shows fidelity to the usurper Cromuele. The beauty and the singing qualities of Edmondo/Delmira, have meant that the two women were both introduced in Whitehall to attend a major Costume party that Cromuele has ordered, to distract Londoners from the consequences of his despotic government and a looming plague. So far the Backstory. With the arrival at Palace Edmondo/Delmira and Henrico/Henrighetta tragedy begins. It's the eve of King's decapitation; the death sentence has not yet been issued. Elisabetta, the wife of Cromuele, wants her husband to postpone the decision because she's secretly in love with the King, her confidant Orinda, an elder widow sensitive to love affairs, combines her clandestine meeting with Carlo within the prison, where Elisabetta will be able to offer him clemency in change of love. To arrange such an encounter, Orinda asks for help to Edmondo/Delmira and to Henrico/Henrighetta, reassured by their seeming foreigner.

The two heroines take this opportunity to groped to free Carlo, with the help of Odoardo and Anna Hide, to which in the meantime have revealed their true identities. But the discovery of the conspiracy precipitates the fate of Carlo, executed at dawn as well as Edmondo/Delmira who, has time to prove her identity, through some details of her story, Orinda supposes to recognize her daughter, sent abroad when young, to save her from a prophecy of die at home by relatives. Overwhelmed with grief, Orinda committees suicide on. After the regicide. Cromuele can sleep, but his sleep is interrupted by a nightmare in which Mary Stuart heralds the end of his power. Upon awakening, Cromuele receives the glad tidings of the existence of a newborn daughter believed dead, but still alive because exchanged with Orinda's one while in bassinet, but his happiness is short-lived because the anagnorisis plunges him into utter turmoil, when he discovers that his beloved daughter was the Edmondo/Delmira he has just executed.

With the Restoration, on the anniversary of the regicide the corpse of Oliver Cromwell had been exhumed and subjected to Posthumous execution. In the year of the publication of Il Cromuele, his head was still exposed in Westminster; the event is evoked through the premonition of Mary Stuart. Along with Oliver Cromwell, Charles I and their respective wives Elizabeth Bourchier and Henrietta Maria of France, we find Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon which after giving initial support for Commonwealth, changed his party back to Cavaliers, his daughter Anne Hyde, first wife of James II of which in fact in the drama appears in love. Appear, or are mentioned in their proper political position, generals of New Model Army such as John Lambert, Henry Ireton, Thomas Harrison and Thomas Fairfax; the two characters only required by the fiction, therefore presented only with their first name, have a precise reference to history or to contemporary chronicle. The death of Delmira caused by her father Cromuele, plungs him in total despair, Orinda elderly widow but hypersensitive to matters of love, becomes herself a victim of love if Platonic, for a woman.

They both recalled the viewer and the contemporary reader to real people: The first is a direct quote to the favorite daughter of Cromwell, Elizabeth Claypole that had broken off relations with her father not forgiving him his murderous methods. Elizabeth died when she was twenty-nine, as well as Delmira, her death after a long and painful illness, seemed having given the fatal blow to the health of her father, who died a month later; the episode, struck the imagination of his contemporaries who found in it a form of nemesis for regicide committed. The second, Orinda is a direct reference to the Welsh poet Katherine Philips, whose poetic production concerned only about love, marriage, on love relationships in general, arousing interest and scandal for his theories on Love between women, whose nom de plume was The Matchless Orinda; the Preface to the second edition of Il Cromuele, shows no trace of its premiere, there is no trace in the rich documentation in the Este's National Archives in Modena.

The cause of the probable non-representation is the dynastic marriage occurred in 1673 between Maria Beatrice d'Este and James Stua

American robin

The American robin is a migratory songbird of the true thrush genus and Turdidae, the wider thrush family. It is named after the European robin because of its reddish-orange breast, though the two species are not related, with the European robin belonging to the Old World flycatcher family; the American robin is distributed throughout North America, wintering from southern Canada to central Mexico and along the Pacific Coast. It is the state bird of Connecticut and Wisconsin. According to some sources, the American robin ranks behind only the red-winged blackbird as the most abundant extant land bird in North America, it has seven subspecies, but only T. m. confinis of Baja California Sur is distinctive, with pale gray-brown underparts. The American robin is active during the day and assembles in large flocks at night, its diet consists of invertebrates and berries. It is one of the earliest bird species to lay its eggs, beginning to breed shortly after returning to its summer range from its winter range.

The robin's nest consists of long coarse grass, twigs and feathers, is smeared with mud and cushioned with grass or other soft materials. It is among the earliest birds to sing at dawn, its song consists of several discrete units that are repeated; the adult robin's main predators are hawks, domestic cats, snakes. When feeding in flocks, it can be vigilant. Brown-headed cowbirds lay eggs in robin nests, but the robins reject the eggs; this species was first described in 1766 by Carl Linnaeus in the twelfth edition of his Systema Naturae as Turdus migratorius. The binomial name derives from two Latin words: turdus, "thrush", migratorius from migrare "to go"; the term robin for this species has been recorded since at least 1703. There are about 65 species of medium to large thrushes in the genus Turdus, characterized by rounded heads, longish pointed wings, melodious songs. A study of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene indicates that the American robin is not part of the Central/South American clade of Turdus thrushes.

This conflicts with a 2007 DNA study of 60 of 65 Turdus species which places the American robin's closest relative as the rufous-collared thrush of Central America. Though having distinct plumage, the two species are similar in behavior. Beyond this, it lies in a small group of four species of otherwise Central American distribution, suggesting it spread northwards into North America. Seven subspecies of American robin are recognized; these subspecies are only weakly defined. T. m. migratorius, the nominate subspecies, breeds in the US and Canada, other than down the west coast, to the edge of the tundra from Alaska and northern Canada east to New England and south to Maryland, northwest Virginia, North Carolina. It winters in southern coastal Alaska, southern Canada, most of the US, the Bahamas and eastern Mexico. T. m. nigrideus breeds from coastal northern Quebec to Labrador and Newfoundland and winters from southern Newfoundland south through most of the eastern US states to southern Louisiana, southern Mississippi and northern Georgia.

It is uniformly darker or blackish with a dark gray back. The underparts are more red than those of the nominate subspecies. T. m. achrusterus breeds from southern Oklahoma east to Maryland and western Virginia and south to northern Florida and the Gulf states. It winters through much of the southern part of the breeding range, it is smaller than the nominate subspecies. The black feathers of the forehead and crown have pale gray tips; the underparts are paler than those of the nominate subspecies. T. m. caurinus breeds in southeast Alaska through coastal British Columbia to Washington and northwest Oregon. It winters from southwest British Columbia south to central and southern California and east to northern Idaho, it is slightly smaller than the nominate subspecies and dark-headed. The white on the tips of the outer two tail feathers is restricted. T. m. propinquus breeds from southeast British Columbia, southern Alberta, southwest Saskatchewan south to southern California and northern Baja California.

It winters throughout much of south to Baja California. It is the same size as or larger than nominate T. m. migratorius, but paler and tinged more brownish-gray. It has little white on the tip of the outermost tail feather; some birds females, lack any red below. Males are darker and may show pale or whitish sides to the head. T. m. confinis breeds above 1,000 m in the highlands of southern Baja California. This form is distinctive, with pale gray-brown underparts, it is small, the palest subspecies, with uniform pale gray-brown on the head and upperparts. It lacks any white spots to the tips of the outer tail feathers, which have white edges, it is sometimes classed as a separate species, the San Lucas robin, but the American Ornithologists' Union regards it as only a subspecies, albeit in a different group from the other races. T. m. phillipsi is resident in Mexico south to central Oaxaca. It is smaller than propinquus but has a larger bill; the nominate subspecies of the American robin is 23 to

Shasta traditional narratives

Shasta traditional narratives include myths, legends and oral histories preserved by the Shasta people of northern California and southern Oregon. Shastan oral literature reflects the position of the group in an area where cultural influences converged from several different regions, including central California, Pacific Northwest and Great Basin. "Indian Myths of South Central California" by Alfred L. Kroeber Myths and Legends of California and the Old Southwest by Katharine Berry Judson The North American Indian by Edward S. Curtis Shastan languages Clark, Ella E. 1953. Indian Legends of the Pacific Northwest. University of California Press, Berkeley. Curtis, Edward S. 1907-1930. The North American Indian. 20 vols. Plimpton Press, Massachusetts. Dixon, Roland B. 1905. "The Mythology of the Shasta-Achomawi". American Anthropologist 7:607-612. Dixon, Roland B. 1910. "Shasta Myths". Journal of American Folklore 23:8-37. Erdoes and Alfonso Ortiz. 1984. American Indian Legends. Pantheon Books, New York. Ferrand, Livingston.

1910. "Shasta and Athapascan Myths from Oregon". Edited by Leo J. Frachtenberg. Journal of American Folklore 28:207-242. Gifford, Edward Winslow, Gwendoline Harris Block. 1930. California Indian Nights. Arthur H. Clark, California. Graves, Charles S. 1929. Lore and Legends of the Klamath River Indians. Press of the Times, California. Holt, Permelia Catharine. 1942. The Relations of Shasta Folk Lore. Unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley. Holsinger, Rosemary. 1982. Shasta Indian Tales. Naturegraph, Happy Camp, California. Judson, Katharine Berry. 1912. Myths and Legends of California and the Old Southwest. A. C. McClurg, Chicago. Kroeber A. L. 1907. "Indian Myths of South Central California". University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 4:167-250. Berkeley. Kroeber, A. L. 1925. Handbook of the Indians of California. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78. Washington, D. C. Powers, Stephen. 1877. Tribes of California. Contributions to North American Ethnology, vol.

3. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. Reprinted with an introduction by Robert F. Heizer in 1976, University of California Press, Berkeley. Ramsey, Jarold. 1977. Coyote Was Going There: Indian Literature of the Oregon Country. University of Washington Press, Seattle. Silver and Clara Wicks. 1977. "Coyote Steals the Fire". In Northern Californian Texts, edited by Victor Golla and Shirley Silver, pp. 121–131. International Journal of American Linguistics Native American Texts Series No. 2. University of Chicago Press. Thompson, Stith. 1929. Tales of the North American Indians. Harvard University Press, Massachusetts. Voegelin, Erminie W. 1947. "Three Shasta Myths, Including'Orpheus'". Journal of American Folklore 60:52-58

This Ole House

"This Ole House" is a popular song written by Stuart Hamblen, published in 1954. Rosemary Clooney's version reached the top of the popular music charts in both the US and the UK in 1954; the song again topped the UK chart in 1981 in a recording by Shakin' Stevens. Hamblen was out on a hunting expedition when he and his fellow hunter, actor John Wayne, came across a hut in the mountains. Inside was the body of a man, the man's dog was still there, guarding the building; this inspired Hamblen to write "This Ole House". The lyric picks up a standard Gospel theme of the "old house" – the mortal body – being left behind when the soul of the believer goes to "meet the saints"; the recorded version of "This Ole House" by Rosemary Clooney, featuring bass vocals by Thurl Ravenscroft, reached No. 1 on the Billboard on chart in 1954 as the flip side to her previous No. 1 song, "Hey There." Clooney's version topped the UK Singles Chart, although there were other UK hit versions around by Billie Anthony and Alma Cogan, both recorded in 1954.

The recording by Alma Cogan with Felix King was made in London on September 2, 1954. The song was released by EMI on the His Master's Voice label as catalogue numbers B 10761 and 7M 269; the flip side was "Skokiaan." The German version "Das alte Haus von Rocky Docky" was recorded by Bruce Low in 1955 and was covered by Peter Kraus in 1981In 1979, NRBQ released a rock-a-billy arrangement of "This Old House" on their LP Kick Me Hard. In March 1981, Shakin' Stevens released a cover of that arrangement, which held the No. 1 spot for three weeks in the United Kingdom. It was re-released in 2005 after his appearance in the TV show Hit Me Baby One More Time and reached No. 20 in the UK Singles Chart. The song was covered by the Cathedral Quartet and Hovie Lister and the Statesmen. Both groups made the song a medley with "When the Saints Go Marching In." The song was recorded by Bette Midler on her 2003 tribute to Rosemary Clooney, "Bette Midler Sings the Rosemary Clooney Songbook," and included on her compilation "Jackpot: The Best Bette" in 2008.

1954: Billie Anthony 1954: Bing Crosby recorded the song in 1954 for use on his radio show and it was subsequently included in the CD Bing & Rosie: The Crosby-Clooney Radio Sessions. 1956: Stuart Hamblen on It Is No Secret 1960: Wilma Lee Cooper & Stoney Cooper on 7" b/w'Heartbreak Street' 1962: Hovie Lister & The Statesmen Quartet on Stop, Look & Listen for the Lord 1963: Jimmy Dean on Everybody's Favorite 1964: Johnny Tillotson on The Tillotson Touch 1965: Cathedral Quartet on The Cathedral Quartet With Strings 1965: Wilf Carter on 32 Wonderful Years 1966: The Statler Brothers on Flowers on the Wall 1967: Mrs. Miller on The Country Soul of Mrs. Miller 1977: Bill Gaither Trio on My Heart Can Sing – The Inspiring Songs of Stuart Hamblen 1979: NRBQ on Kick Me Hard 1981: The Shadows on Hits Right Up Your Street 1981: Shakin' Stevens had a No. 1 single in the UK and other countries 1984: Carl Perkins on Disciple in Blue Suede Shoes 1995: The Mom and Dads on Love Letters in the Sand 1998: Brian Setzer Orchestra on The Dirty Boogie 2000: George Younce on Out Front 2002: Jessica King on Where Angels Are 2004: Loretta Lynn on Van Lear Rose 2006: Allison Durham Speer on This Old House 2007: Brenda Lee & Dolly Parton on Gospel Duets with Treasured Friends 2010: Ernie Haase & Signature Sound on A Tribute to the Cathedral Quartet 2011: Willie Nelson on Remember Me, Vol. 1 2016: Ray Stevens on Just a Closer Walk with Thee/Gospel Favorites 2017: Bill Gaither & Gloria Gaither & Colet Selwyn on Give The World A Smile Lyrics to "This Ole House"

Caudron C.270

The Caudron C.270 Luciole was a sporting and trainer aircraft produced in France in the 1930s, derived from the C.230. It was a conventional biplane with unstaggered wings of equal span; the pilot and a single passenger sat in tandem open cockpits. It featured a fabric-covered fuselage in place of the C.230's wooden one, other refinements including revised control surfaces and undercarriage, an improved and simplified wing-folding mechanism. The type proved immensely successful, with over 700 machines built in the decade leading up to World War II. Of these, 296 were purchased by the French government for its pilot training programme, the Aviation Populaire. Many examples saw wartime service as liaison aircraft, those surviving the conflict saw postwar use as glider tugs in the Ecole de l'Air. 20th Century Fox used 2 Lucioles in their 1965 film The Blue Max. These had the rear seat converted into a machine-gun position. One of these survives on the American registry. C.270 - first production version with Salmson 7Ac radial engine C.270/1 - version with Salmson 7Ac2 engine C.271 - version with Lorraine 5Pc engine C.271/2 - version with Lorraine 5Pb engine C.272 - version with Renault 4Pb inline engine C.272/2 - version with Renault 4Pci engine and taller, more pointed tail fin C.272/3 - version with Renault 4Pdi engine and wheel brakes C.272/4 - version with Renault 4Pei engine and wheel brakes C.272/5 - version with Renault 4Pgi engine C.273 - version with Michel 4A-14 engine C.274 - version with Chaise 4Ba engine for 1932 Paris Salon de l'Aéronautique C.275 - main production version derived from C.272/5 but without wing folding C.276 - version with de Havilland Gipsy III engine C.276H - version with Hirth HM 504A-2 engine C.277 - similar to C.272/4 with non-folding wings C.272R - C.275 re-engined with Renault 4Po3 after the war C.278 - version with new undercarriage and Salmson 9Nc engine to compete in Challenge 1932 FranceFrench Air Force SpainSpanish Republican Air Force General characteristics Crew: One pilot Capacity: 1 passenger Length: 7.67 m Wingspan: 9.90 m Height: 2.76 m Wing area: 24.0 m2 Empty weight: 516 kg Gross weight: 780 kg Powerplant: 1 × Renault 4Pb, 71 kW Performance Maximum speed: 158 km/h Range: 500 km Service ceiling: 4,000 m Armament Related lists List of Interwar military aircraft List of aircraft of the Spanish Republican Air Force Taylor, Michael J. H..

Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. P. 240. World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. Pp. File 891 Sheet 14. Caudron aircraft on Aviafrance.com