Poetics is the theory of literary forms and literary discourse. The term "poetics" comes from the Greek ποιητικός poietikos "pertaining to poetry," "creative, productive," from ποιητός poietos "made," verbal adjective of ποιεῖν poiein "to make."Scholar T. V. F. Brogan identifies three major movements in Western poetics over the past 3,000 years, beginning with the formalist, objectivist Aristotelian tradition. During the Romantic era, poetics tended toward expressionism and emphasized the perceiving subject; the 20th century witnessed a return to the Aristotelian paradigm, followed by trends toward metacriticality, or the establishment of a theory of poetics. Eastern poetics developed with reference to the lyric, as opposed to the mimetic. Poetics is distinguished from hermeneutics by its focus not on the meaning of a text, but rather its understanding of how a text's different elements come together and produce certain effects on the reader. Most literary criticism combines hermeneutics in a single analysis.

Olson, Charles. Projective Verse. New York, NY: Poetry New York. Ciardi, John. How Does a Poem Mean?. Cambridge, MA: The Riverside Press. Drew, Elizabeth. Discovering Poetry. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. Harmon, William. Classic Writings on Poetry. New York: Columbia University Press. Hashmi, Alamgir. "Eponymous Écriture and the Poetics of Reading a Transnational Epic". Dublin Quarterly, 15. Hobsbaum, Philip. Metre and Verse Form. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-12267-8. Kinzie, Mary. A Poet's Guide to Poetry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-43739-6. Norman, Charles. Poets on Poetry. New York: Collier Books. Original texts from 8 English poets before the 20th Century and from 8 20th Century Americans. Oliver, Mary. A Poetry Handbook. New York: Harcourt Brace & Co. ISBN 0-15-672400-6. Oliver, Mary. Rules for the Dance. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-85086-X. Pinsky, Robert; the Sounds of Poetry. New York: Farrar and Giroux. ISBN 0-374-52617-6. Quinn, Arthur. Figures of Speech. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

ISBN 1-880393-02-6. Iturat, Isidro. Poetics. Brazil:

Jani Wickholm

Jani Wickholm is a Finnish pop/rock singer. He came in second place on the Finnish MTV3 show Finnish Idols in 2004 after Hanna Pakarinen. Both Wickholm and Pakarinen had worked as truck-drivers. Wickholm's albums have been comparably successful to the albums of Hanna Pakarinen, his debut album Kaikki muuttuu topped the Finnish album chart. Wickholm's second album Alumiinitähdet stayed on the chart for three weeks. Wickholm lives in Jämsä in 2012. Kaikki muuttuu Alumiinitähdet Yhden lauseen mies Ranta-ahon valot Jouluksi kotiin Aivan eri mies "Hukun" "Kaikki muuttuu" "Siivet" "Langennut sinuun" "Alumiinitähdet" "Suomenneito" "Kuu" "Jukeboksin runoilija" "Kaikki muuttuu" "Suomenneito" Official website Jani Wickholm

Phil Gilchrist

Philip Alexander Gilchrist is an English footballer and was manager at Woking. He played as a defender. Gilchrist first joined Oxford United from Hartlepool United for £100,000 in February 1995, he soon formed one of the best defensive partnerships seen at The Manor Ground, alongside Matt Elliott, it was this partnership that formed the basis for the promotion winning side of 1995–96. Predominantly left sided, Gilchrist continued to flourish after the sale of Elliott, moved on to Leicester for £500,000 in 1999. In total he had made 201 starts for the U's in scoring eleven goals. Gilchrist was an unused substitute as Leicester won the 2000 Football League Cup Final, he made 23 Premier League starts for Leicester, scoring once in a 2–0 win over Liverpool at Anfield, before moving on to West Bromwich Albion for £500,000 in March 2001. He made his debut for Albion in a 2–1 win over Tranmere Rovers on 25 March 2001, he was a regular during 2001–02, forming part of a solid defence which notched up a club record 27 clean sheets and helping Albion win promotion to the Premiership.

In all, Gilchrist made over 100 appearances for Albion in all competitions. Three years he joined Rotherham United on a month's loan. Gilchrist made his debut for the Millers in a 1–0 defeat away at Derby County on 13 March 2004; the success of his loan spell led to a permanent move. He scored his first and only goal for the club in a 2–1 loss to Burnley in March 2005. Rotherham released Gilchrist in May 2006. Gilchrist returned to Oxford in June 2006 for his second spell at the club, was made club captain. Gilchrist announced his retirement from football on 6 December 2007. However, in May 2008, he was appointed as assistant-manager at Conference National club Woking, where it was shortly after announced he would be registered as a player. In September 2008 it was announced that following the departure of Kim Grant as manager and Andy Cook were to be placed in temporary charge of Woking. On 23 September 2008, he was confirmed as the permanent manager until the end of the season. However, Woking sacked him on 2 April 2009.

Phil Gilchrist at Soccerbase