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Pohnpei

Pohnpei "upon a stone altar" is an island of the Senyavin Islands which are part of the larger Caroline Islands group. It belongs to one of the four states in the Federated States of Micronesia. Major population centers on Pohnpei include Palikir, the FSM's capital, Kolonia, the capital of Pohnpei State. Pohnpei Island is the largest, with a highest point, most populous, most developed single island in the FSM. Pohnpei contains a wealth of biodiversity, it is one of the wettest places on Earth with annual recorded rainfall exceeding 7,600 millimetres each year in certain mountainous locations. It is home to the ka tree found only in Kosrae; the highest point of the island is Mount Nanlaud at 782 metres. Pohnpei is home to several dozen bird species including four endemic species, the Pohnpei lorikeet, the Pohnpei fantail, the Pohnpei flycatcher and the long-billed white-eye. A fifth endemic, the Pohnpei starling, is thought to have gone extinct; the only land reptiles are a few species of lizard.

Only three mammals existed: rats and dogs. Pigs were introduced, some are now feral, as are the deer brought during German times; the lagoons are rich in fish, mollusks and other marine fauna. Pohnpei belongs to the Tropical rainforest climate zone, it is one of the wettest places on earth with an average annual recorded rainfall of 4,775 mm in towns along the coast and about 7,600 mm each year in certain mountainous locations. The natives of Pohnpei the'older' generations refer to events in their past as having occurred, e.g. in "German times" or "before the Spaniards," which identifies the historical periods as follows: The earliest settlers were Lapita culture people from the Southeast Solomon Islands or the Vanuatu archipelago. Pre-colonial history is divided into three eras: Mwehin Aramas. Pohnpeian legend recounts that the Saudeleur rulers, the first to bring government to Pohnpei, were of foreign origin; the Saudeleur centralized form of absolute rule is characterized in Pohnpeian legend as becoming oppressive over several generations.

Arbitrary and onerous demands, as well as a reputation for offending Pohnpeian deities, sowed resentment among Pohnpeians. The Saudeleur Dynasty ended with the invasion of Isokelekel, another semi-mythical foreigner, who replaced the Saudeleur rule with the more decentralized nahnmwarki system in existence today. Pohnpeian historic society was structured into five tribes, various clans and sub-clans; the tribes were organized on a feudal basis. In theory, "all land belonged to the chiefs, who received regular tribute and whose rule was absolute." Punishments administered by chiefs included banishment. Tribal wars included destruction of houses and canoes and killing of prisoners. Pre-Spanish population estimates are deemed unreliable. Pohnpei's first European visitor was Spanish navigator Álvaro de Saavedra on 14 September 1529 shortly before his death, when trying to find the way back to New Spain, he charted it as San Bartolomé and called this one and the surrounding islands as Los Pintados because the natives were tattooed.

It was visited by the navigator Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, commanding the Spanish ship San Jeronimo. On 23 December 1595. There is good documentation about Australian sailor John Henry Rowe, who arrived in his barque John Bull on 10 September 1825, though he did not land as his vessel was chased off by native canoes; the first lengthy description of the island and its inhabitants is presented by the Russian explorer Fyodor Litke, whose ship Senyavin gave the island group of Pohnpei and Pakin its name. From 14 to 19 January 1828, his boats attempted to land but could not due to the hostility shown by the islanders, but natives came aboard his ship, "some trading occurred, a short vocabulary was compiled, a map made." F. H. von Kittlitz, a member of the Litke expedition made a further descriptive account, including the offshore ruins of Nan Madol, the two reports together provided the first real knowledge of Pohnpei. It is not clear. H. Eagleston of the barque Peru sighted the island on 3 January 1832 it was on his charts as "Ascension Island.

From this time onward whaling and trading vessels came in increasing numbers. Soon a "large colony of beachcombers, escaped convicts, ship's deserters became established ashore," identified as "chiefly bad characters," according to the log of the Swedish frigate Eugenie; the first missionary to arrive was a Roman Catholic priest. He had sailed from Honolulu on the schooner Notre Dame de Paix and began his efforts in December 1837, but he departed on 29 July 1838 for Valparaíso after seven unsuccessful months. In his company were "several Mangarevans and Tahitians," some of whom remained on Pohnpei and left descendants. Ten years Maigret returned to the Hawaiian kingdom as Bishop of Honolulu. A group of Protestant missionaries from New England established themselves permanently on Pohnpei in 1852, their letters and journals contain a wealth of information about the isla

Maria Lettberg

Maria Lettberg is a Swedish pianist, resident in Berlin. Maria Lettberg is the daughter of a university professor of a mathematician; when she was seven, Maria's talent was fostered. She gave her graduate recital at the Conservatory in Saint Petersburg. Following that, she pursued her studies further in Stockholm, in Helsinki, her most important teachers were Tatyana Zagorovskaja, Andrei Gavrilov, Paul Badura-Skoda, Menahem Pressler, Emanuel Krasovsky, Roland Pöntinen and Matti Raekallio. Maria Lettberg's concert repertoire focuses on Brahms, Liszt and Scriabin, but Debussy, Prokofiev and Bach. Besides these composers, she regularly plays the work of less well-known ones, in particular, those of Scandinavian and Russian origin. Ms. Lettberg has worked with Deutschlandradio for many years. Maria Lettberg has been nominated for the 60th Annual Grammy Awards – category Best Classical Instrumental Solo for her performance of Zara Levina's two piano concertos with the Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester Berlin.

Maria Lettberg is an interpreter of Alexander Scriabin. In 2007, she recorded Scriabin's solo piano work on eight CDs; this was followed in 2012 by the recording of “Opus Posthum” – the early piano works of Alexander Scriabin which are not numbered and the compositions of Scriabin's son Julian. Inspired by Scriabin's ideas, Maria Lettberg initiated and led two projects under the title of “Mysterium”. In both productions, a synaesthetic experience of art was achieved by the linking of musical and visual aspects. In 2008 Maria Lettberg did her PhD at the Sibelius Academy; the subject of her PhD dissertation was “An Historical Overview of Tendencies in the Interpretation of Alexander Scriabin’s piano sonata Nr. 10. - a comparative pianistic analysis.”. 2007: Alexander Scriabin: The Solo Piano Works, Complete Recording 8 CD-Box + DVD „Mysterium – The Multimedia Project“ 2008: Alfred Schnittke: The Piano Concertos Nos. 1–3. Ewa Kupiec and Maria Lettberg, Rundfunk - Sinfonieorchester Berlin /Frank Strobel.

2011: Erkki Melartin: The Solo Piano Works, 2 CD-Set 2011: Alfred Schnittke: Chamber Concerto, Trio for piano and cello, Quartet for piano, violin and cello. 2012: „Opus Posthum“: Alexander und Julian Scriabin, Early Piano Works 2013: „The Enchanted Garden“: Piano transcriptions of Russian stage works, Mikhail Glinka, Nikolai Rimski-Korsakov and Igor Stravinsky. 2015: „Poème de l'extase“: Works of Alexander Scriabin, Olivier Messiaen, Franz Liszt, Manfred Kelkel and Harald Banter. 2017: Zara Levina: The Piano Concertos Nos. 1–2. Maria Lettberg, Rundfunk - Sinfonieorchester Berlin/ Ariane Matiakh. Lettberg, Maria: Alfred Schnittke's Piano Trio: Learning and Performing in: The Practice of Practising, Leuven University Press, 2011. Lettberg, Maria: Alexander Skrjabin som pianist. Tekniska aspekter och estetiska principer. Finaali, Journal of Musical Performance and Research, Sibelius Akademie, 2004. Lettberg, Maria: Tendenser inom interpretationer av Alexander Skrjabins pianosonat nr 10: En jämförande pianistisk analys.

Sibelius Akatemia, DokMus-tohtorikoulu, EST numero 20, 2012. Http://ethesis.siba.fi/showrecord.php? ID=371162; the Penguin Guide to the 1000 Finest Classical Recordings: The Must-Have CDs and DVDs, IVAN MARCH, London 2011: John Sheppard: Article „Scriabin, Alexander“, S.307. Maria Lettberg: formidable. Gramophone, BRYCE MORRISON Gruß vom Chamäleon, ganz ohne Starrummel ist die Pianistin Maria Lettberg erfolgreich. Der Spiegel, Beilage "Der Kultur Spiegel ``. Die Zeit, MIRKO WEBER Große Taten. Maria Lettberg widmet sich Skrjabins Klavierwerk, Süddeutsche Zeitung, WOLFGANG SCHREIBER Porträt: Anwältin des Besonderen - MARIA LETTBERG. Piano News, HELMUT PETERS Maria Lettbergs Klavierkonzert abseits des Wohlgefälligen. Hamburger Abendblatt, TOM SCHULZ Klangmagische Stimmungen, Maria Lettbergs Skrjabin-Abend in der Oetkerhalle. Neue Westfälische Lettbergs Spiel: wie ein zarter Windhauch, Schwedische Pianistin sorgte bei den „Mittelrhein Musik Momenten“ für eine echte Sternstunde. Rhein-Zeitung, CHRISTIANE HAUSDING „Stämningbilder“.

Fono Forum, GREGOR WILLMES www.lettberg.com https://www.grammy.com/grammys/news/2018-grammy-nominations-best-classical-instrumental-solo-roundup

Mary-Ellis Bunim

Mary-Ellis Bunim was an American television producer and co-creator of MTV's The Real World and Road Rules. A native of Massachusetts, Bunim began her career in daytime dramas, she oversaw more than 2,500 hours of programming as executive producer of Search for Tomorrow, As the World Turns, Santa Barbara and Loving. She subsequently developed numerous shows in her job as VP of tape programs for New World Entertainment. Bunim founded Bunim-Murray with business partner Jonathan Murray. Agent Mark Itkin of the William Morris Agency put the two together to develop a scripted soap opera for MTV. When, too expensive, they decided to try an unscripted soap and The Real World was born. "We knew within 20 minutes of shooting that we had a show," Bunim said. Her company, Bunim/Murray Productions, spearheaded. Among the numerous other reality programs and reality game show programs that Bunim co-created over the years, include: Road Rules. Bunim died in Los Angeles after a lengthy battle with breast cancer.

She is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park. Bunim and Murray were inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame in 2012. Mary-Ellis Bunim on IMDb

North Washington, Iowa

North Washington is a city in Chickasaw County, United States. The population was 117 at the 2010 census. North Washington is located at 43°6′59″N 92°24′55″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.20 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 117 people, 43 households, 31 families living in the city; the population density was 585.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 45 housing units at an average density of 225.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 1.7% African American, 0.9% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population. There were 43 households of which 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.1% were married couples living together, 2.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 27.9% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.19. The median age in the city was 38.2 years. 29.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 118 people, 47 households, 32 families living in the city; the population density was 601.2 people per square mile. There were 49 housing units at an average density of 249.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.31% White, 1.69% from two or more races. There were 47 households out of which 53.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.8% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.03. In the city, the population was spread out with 31.4% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $38,542, the median income for a family was $41,667. Males had a median income of $29,306 versus $26,250 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,611. There were 7.9% of families and 5.8% of the population living below the poverty line, including 5.9% of under eighteens and 11.1% of those over 64. Joe Meyers, American football coach

Christian Social Party (Germany)

The Christian Social Party was a right-wing political party in the German Empire founded in 1878 by Adolf Stoecker as the Christian Social Workers' Party. The party combined a strong Christian and conservative programme with progressive ideas on labour and tried to provide an alternative for disillusioned Social Democrat voters. Part of the Berlin movement, it focused on the Jewish question with a distinct antisemitic attitude. In December 1877, Adolf Stoecker, domestic chaplain at the court of Emperor Wilhelm I and board member of the Evangelical Church of the Prussian Union, together with the economist Adolph Wagner had founded the Central Association for Social Reform, dealing with injustice and poverty after the Industrial Revolution; the organization was meant to counter the rise of the revolutionary Social Democratic Party and to answer the urging social question on the basis of Protestant religion and monarchism. It was constituted as a laborers' party on 1 February 1878; the program of the CSP included: Founding of mandatory specialized cooperatives Settlement of the apprenticeship system Commercial arbitration Social insurance: mandatory widows and orphans and pension funds Eight-hour day Factory Acts Restoring laws against usury Progressive income and inheritance taxesIn turn, Social Democrats like Johann Most led a large conjugation in protesting against the party and its Christianity while the reformist approach repelled social conservative voters.

In the 1878 elections, the party obtained less than 1% of the vote, thereby failing to enter the German Reichstag parliament. Upon their defeat, the CSP gave up its stance as a workers' party and concentrated on petit-bourgeois sections of the electorate. Although antisemitism was only a minor theme in the early stages of the party, the antisemitic message was carried by the so-called Berlin movement of the 1880s, which gathered considerable support; the party linked criticism of capitalism with hatred toward Jews, denoting both big business and social liberal or socialist movements as Judaized and fulfilling the plans of the world Jewry to exterminate the German people. The party never gained mass support, but Stoecker from 1879 onwards was able to obtain a seat in the Reichstag after an electoral coalition with the German Conservative Party. In the parliament, he acted as a DKP far-right, advocating the abolition of universal suffrage and intriguing against the policies of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck until his resignation in 1890.

Stoecker was able to include some antisemitic remarks in the DKP's 1892 party manifesto, but when the Conservatives became worried with the over-tones in his messages the Christian Socials were forced from the coalition in 1896 and approached to the antisemitic German Social Party. In turn, a left-wing group around Friedrich Naumann split off to found the National-Social Association; the final demise of the Christian Social Party came in the early 1900s. Stoecker died in 1909 and in November 1918 most members of the CSP under lead of Reichstag member Reinhard Mumm stepped over to the German National People's Party in 1918; the group separated itself again, emerging as the Christian Social People's Service in 1929 after the business magnate Alfred Hugenberg had become DNVP chairman. Adolf Stoecker Friedrich Naumann Hellmut von Gerlach

Valixir

Valixir is an Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He was trained for most of his career in France where he won two minor races and finished second in the Prix des Chenes as a juvenile in 2003; when campaigned over middle distances in 2004 he won the Prix Matchem, Prix Eugene Adam and Prix Niel as well as being placed in both the Prix du Jockey Club and the Prix Lupin. He was better when brought back to shorter distances in the following year and recorded Group One victories in the Prix d'Ispahan and the Queen Anne Stakes, he showed no worthwhile form in three starts. Valixir was retired from racing to become a breeding stallion in Australia. Valixir is a bay horse with a white blaze and three white socks bred in Ireland by Lagardere Elevage the breeding operation of his owner Jean-Luc Lagardère. After Lagardere's death in March 2003 the ownership of the colt passed to the Lagardere Family, he was sent into training with Andre Fabre. Valixir was sired by Trempolino who won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and finished second in the Breeders' Cup Turf as a three-year-old in 1987.

As a breeding stallion, his other offspring included Arkadian Hero and Germany. Valixir's dam Vadlamixa showed ability as a racehorse, winning the Listed Prix de Lieurey as a three-year-old in 1995, was a half-sister to Val Royal. In 2003 Valixir was ridden in all of his three races by Christophe Soumillon, he made his racecourse debut in the Prix Hunyade over 1200 metres at Maisons-Laffitte Racecourse on 15 July and won by three lengths from nine opponents. He followed up at Deauville Racecourse in August when he won the Prix Irish River over the same distance. On 20 September the colt was moved up in class and distance for the Group Three Prix des Chenes over 1600 metres at Longchamp Racecourse and was made the 1.7/1 favourite in a seven-runner field. After racing in fourth place he took the lead 200 metres from the finish but was overtaken in the closing stages and beaten into second place by Bago; the American jockey Gary Stevens took over from Soumillon when Valixir made his first appearance of 2004 in the Listed Prix Matchem over 1800 metres at Maisons-Laffitte on 20 April.

Starting the odds-on favourite, Valixir took the lead 300 metres from the finish and accelerated clear of his rivals to win "easily" by four lengths from Red Tune. He was stepped up to Group One class for the final running of the Prix Lupin over 2100 metres at Longchamp on 18 May and finished third behind Voix du Nord and Millemix after leading in the straight. On 6 June, Eric Legrix took over from Stevens when Valixir started at odds of 7.5/1 for the 167th running of the Prix du Jockey Club over 2400 metres at Chantilly Racecourse. After racing in mid-division he stayed on in the straight to finish third, beaten a head and half a length by Blue Canari and Prospect Park. Legrix was again in the saddle when Valixir started 3/5 favourite for the Group Two Prix Eugene Adam over 2000 metres at Maisons-Laffitte on 14 July, he led from the start, went clear of his rivals in the last 300 metres and won "easily" by three lengths from the Prix La Force winner Delfos with the British challengers Hazyview and African Dream in third and fourth.

After a late summer break Valixir returned on 12 September for the Group Two Prix Niel over 2400 metres at Longchamp and started the 11/2 fourth choice in the betting behind Bago, Prospect Park and Blue Canari. After racing in fourth place he moved up to second in the straight and caught Prospect Park in the final strides to win by a nose with Bago a length away in third. After the race Legrix said "There is still a lot to come from this horse and he must have a good chance in the Arc, he was relaxed today. When I asked him to go 250 meters out, he passed his rivals well, he lost concentration when he got to the front, but came back again". In the 2004 Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe at Longchamp on 2 October Valixir started the 9/1 fourth favourite in a nineteen-runner field but never looked to win and finished tenth behind Bago. At the end of the year Valixir was bought by the Aga Khan, but remained in Fabre's stable for the 2005 season. Valixir began his third season with a trip to England for the Earl of Sefton Stakes over nine furlongs at Newmarket Racecourse on 13 April and finished third of the ten runners behind Norse Dancer.

After this race Soumillon resumed his partnership with Valixir and rode him in all of his subsequent races that year. On 22 May the colt contested the Group One Prix d'Ispahan over 1800 metres at Longchamp and started 2.5/1 joint favourite alongside his stablemate Cacique. The other six runners included the Australian champion Elvstroem, Touch of Land, Fort Dignity and Tolpuddle. After tracking the leaders, Valixir made progress in the straight, overtook Elvstroem just inside the last 200 metres and won by two lengths with Cacique taking third ahead of Touch of Land. After the race the Aga Khan's representative said "Valixir won nicely and to reduce him in distance was a good idea" whilst Soumillon commented "He had a lovely run but he is a strange horse to ride, Halfway up the straight there wasn't enough room on the rail but the Australian horse left us a gap and we went. Valixir is a horse who doesn't like contact with others". In June Valixir was sent back to England for the Group One Queen Anne Stakes over one mile and started the 4/1 second choice in the betting behind the odds-on favourite Rakti.

The other eight runners included Starcraft, Pastoral Pursuits, Prince Kirk (2004 Prix d'Ispa