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Point of sale

The point of sale or point of purchase is the time and place where a retail transaction is completed. At the point of sale, the merchant calculates the amount owed by the customer, indicates that amount, may prepare an invoice for the customer, indicates the options for the customer to make payment, it is the point at which a customer makes a payment to the merchant in exchange for goods or after provision of a service. After receiving payment, the merchant may issue a receipt for the transaction, printed but can be dispensed with or sent electronically. To calculate the amount owed by a customer, the merchant may use various devices such as weighing scales, barcode scanners, cash registers. To make a payment, payment terminals, touch screens, other hardware and software options are available; the point of sale is referred to as the point of service because it is not just a point of sale but a point of return or customer order. POS terminal software may include features for additional functionality, such as inventory management, CRM, financials, or warehousing.

Businesses are adopting POS systems, one of the most obvious and compelling reasons is that a POS system does away with the need for price tags. Selling prices are linked to the product code of an item when adding stock, so the cashier needs to scan this code to process a sale. If there is a price change, this can be done through the inventory window. Other advantages include the ability to implement various types of discounts, a loyalty scheme for customers, more efficient stock control, these features are typical of all modern ePOS systems. Retailers and marketers will refer to the area around the checkout instead as the point of purchase when they are discussing it from the retailer's perspective; this is the case when planning and designing the area as well as when considering a marketing strategy and offers. Some point of sale vendors refer to their POS system as "retail management system", a more appropriate term given that this software is no longer just about processing sales but comes with many other capabilities such as inventory management, membership system, supplier record, issuing of purchase orders and stock transfers, hide barcode label creation, sale reporting and in some cases remote outlets networking or linkage, to name some major ones.

It is the term POS system rather than retail management system, in vogue among both end-users and vendors. The basic, fundamental definition of a POS System, is a system which allows the processing and recording of transactions between a company and their consumers, at the time in which goods and/or services are purchased. Early electronic cash registers were controlled with proprietary software and were limited in function and communication capability. In August 1973, IBM released the IBM 3650 and 3660 store systems that were, in essence, a mainframe computer used as a store controller that could control up to 128 IBM 3653/3663 point of sale registers; this system was the first commercial use of client-server technology, peer-to-peer communications, local area network simultaneous backup, remote initialization. By mid-1974, it was installed in Pathmark stores in New Dillard's department stores. One of the first microprocessor-controlled cash register systems was built by William Brobeck and Associates in 1974, for McDonald's Restaurants.

It used the Intel 8008, a early microprocessor. Each station in the restaurant had its own device which displayed the entire order for a customer — for example, Vanilla Shake, Large Fries, BigMac — using numeric keys and a button for every menu item. By pressing the button, a second or third order could be worked on while the first transaction was in progress; when the customer was ready to pay, the button would calculate the bill, including sales tax for any jurisdiction in the United States. This made it accurate for McDonald's and convenient for the servers and provided the restaurant owner with a check on the amount that should be in the cash drawers. Up to eight devices were connected to one of two interconnected computers so that printed reports and taxes could be handled from any desired device by putting it into Manager Mode. In addition to the error-correcting memory, accuracy was enhanced by having three copies of all important data with many numbers stored only as multiples of 3. Should one computer fail, the other could handle the entire store.

In 1986, Gene Mosher introduced the first graphical point of sale software featuring a touchscreen interface under the ViewTouch trademark on the 16-bit Atari 520ST color computer. It featured a color touchscreen widget-driven interface that allowed configuration of widgets representing menu items without low level programming; the ViewTouch point of sale software was first demonstrated in public at Fall Comdex, 1986, in Las Vegas Nevada to large crowds visiting the Atari Computer booth. This was the first commercially available POS system with a widget-driven color graphic touch screen interface and was installed in several restaurants in the US and Canada. In 1986, IBM introduced its 468x series of POS equipment based on Digital Research's Concurrent DOS 286 and FlexOS 1.xx, a modular real-time multi-tasking multi-user operating system. A wide range of POS applications have been developed on platforms such as Unix; the availability of local processing power, local data storage and graphical user interface made it possible to develop flexible and highly


KESZ is an Mainstream AC radio station based in Phoenix, Arizona. The station is operated by iHeartMedia, its studios are located in Phoenix near Sky Harbor Airport and its transmitter is in South Mountain Park. The station signed on the air in 1982 as a Spanish-language station, it exited the format with a sale to TransCOM in 1984, which changed the callsign to KLZI and the format to adult contemporary. It made the evolution to its current format in 1988. In 1999, Clear Channel Communications added the station to its Phoenix cluster; the station was anchored by the successful "Beth and Bill Show," its Morning Drive Program since 1990. The show was renamed Friends after Bill Austin retired in early 2010 due to his cancer. On June 2, 2010, Bill Austin died of bladder cancer; each year after Thanksgiving, the station has a tradition of playing "Non-Stop Christmas Music". Beth and Friends still air as scheduled but the songs they play are Christmas music. Since 2008, the music has started prior to Thanksgiving.

Most in 2019, the station made the switch on November 6th. The station competes with two of its sister stations. One competitor is KMXP, Hot AC and excludes the 1970s' hits on KESZ. Another competitor is KYOT. KESZ's HD Radio signal is multiplexed; the main signal is a simulcast of KESZ's adult contemporary programming. The second channel carried KEZ's Classic Channel programmed by iHeartMedia's Format Lab classic hits format consisting of songs from the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s; as of April 2017, this changed to iHeart 70s. On October 1, 2017, KESZ-HD2 switched to a Christmas music format and continued to do so until November 14, 2018, when the primary station went Christmas for the holiday season, the HD2 moved to soft adult contemporary as "99.9 HD2 The Breeze." The move gave iHeart the right to use the "Breeze" name in the state of Arizona, preventing any other station group to use the name in the case of another station flipping to soft AC, which has seen a renewed interest in late 2018. In September 2019, KESZ added a simulcast of KGMEFox Sports 910” to its HD2 stream, bumping The Breeze format to HD3.

Station website Query the FCC's FM station database for KESZ Radio-Locator information on KESZ Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KESZ

Caucasian wisent

The Caucasian wisent was a subspecies of European bison that inhabited the Caucasus Mountains of Eastern Europe. It was hunted by the Caspian tiger and the Asiatic lion in the Caucasus, as well as other predators such as wolves and bears. In the 17th century, the Caucasian wisent still populated a large area of the Western Caucasus. After that human settlement in the mountains intensified and the range of the Caucasian wisent became reduced to about one tenth of its original range at the end of the 19th century. In the 1860s the population still numbered about 2,000, but was reduced to only 500-600 in 1917 and to only 50 in 1921. Local poaching continued. Only one Caucasian wisent bull is known to have been kept in captivity; this bull, named Kaukasus, was born in the Caucasus Mountains in 1907 and brought to Germany in 1908 where he lived until 26 February 1925. While in captivity, he bred with cows from the lowland subspecies Bison bonasus bonasus. Thus, he became one of the twelve ancestors of the present lowland-Caucasian breeding line of the European wisent pedigree book.

In 1940, a group of wisent-American bison hybrids were released into the Caucasian Biosphere Reserve and in 1959 in the Nalchik Forestry Game Management Unit. Some pure-blood wisent of the lowland-Caucasian breeding line were released there to form a single mixed herd together with the hybrids. In 2000, these hybrids were described as a different subspecies, the highland bison Bison bonasus montanus. List of extinct animals of Europe Carpathian wisent The Extinction Website - Caucasian European Bison - Bison bonasus caucasicus. European bison / Wisent History of the Caucasian European Bison


Canva is a multimedia design platform that allows users to create social media graphics, presentations and other visual content. It is available on web and mobile, integrates millions of images, fonts and illustrations. Users can choose from many professional designed templates, edit the designs and upload their own photos through a drag and drop interface; the platform is free to use, paid subscriptions like Canva Pro and Canva for Enterprise offer additional functionality. Users can pay for physical products to be printed and shipped; as of 2019, Canva last raised at a $3.2 billion valuation and has over 20 million users across 190 countries. The company was founded on 1 January 2012 in Sydney, Australia by Melanie Perkins, Cliff Obrecht and Cameron Adams. In its first year, Canva had more than 750,000 users. Social-media and technology expert Guy Kawasaki joined the company as chief evangelist in April 2014. In 2015, Canva for Work was launched. During the 2016-17 financial year, revenue increased from $AU 6.8m to $AU 23.5m, with losses of $3.3m.

In 2017, the company had 294,000 paying customers. In January 2018, Perkins announced that the company had raised $40 million from Sequoia Capital, Blackbird Ventures, Felicis Ventures, it was valued at $1 billion. In May 2019, Canva experienced a security breach in which data of 139 million users was hacked; the exposed data included real names, usernames and geographical information, password hashes for some users. During May 2019, the company raised another round of funding of $70m from General Catalyst and Bond and its existing investors Blackbird Ventures and Felicis Ventures, valuing Canva at $2.5 billion. It was reported that Canva, among other Australian businesses, supported employees attending the Global Climate Strikes that took place on September 20 and 27, 2019; the strikes called for the Australian Government to take greater action on climate change and transition to renewable energy. In October 2019, Canva announced that it raised an additional $85 million at a valuation of $3.2 billion, launched an enterprise product.

Canva received praise in January 2020 for releasing a comprehensible privacy policy written in both Legal English and common language, with the intention of abiding by their brand mission of simplicity while making their practices understandable to everyday users. In 2018, the company acquired presentations startup Zeetings for an undisclosed amount, as part of its expansion into the presentations space. In May 2019, the company announced acquisitions of Pixabay and Pexels, two free stock photography sites based in Germany; these sites allow individual photographers to share their work for free, the photos can be used by Canva users in their designs. Official website

Appleton Locks 1–3 Historic District

Appleton Locks 1–3 Historic District is a historic district in the city of Appleton, Wisconsin. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places for its significance in transport and engineering; the district includes three locks on the Lower Fox River: Appleton Lock 1 in the Lower Fox River Valley, west of Oneida Street in the City of Appleton, at the river's 31.7 mile marker, Lock 2 at the 31.5 mile marker in Appleton, Lock 3 at the 31.3 mile marker in Appleton. The latter two are in "Appleton Flats", an industrial area where the Fox River Paper Corporation, the Appleton Machine Company and the Riverside Paper Company are located. Included are a canal, a dam, three lockshacks, three sheds, two garages and two lockkeepers' houses

Mykhailo Zghurovsky

Mykhailo Zakharovych Zghurovskyi is a Ukrainian scientist. Mykhailo Zghurovsky is the President of the National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute", Scientific Supervisor of the Institute for Applied System Analysis, former Ukrainian education minister. Mykhailo Zghurovsky is a scientist in the fields of mathematics and System analysis, his research focuses in methodology of system analysis, theory of decision making under uncertainty conditions and modeling of complex systems of various natures. On 29th May, 2017, as Rector of NTUU "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute", Mykhailo Zghurovsky attended The Independence Day of Montenegro hosted by Honorary Consul of Ukraine in Montenegro, Predrag Milović. Medal: For Services to Poznań Technological University<ref- Retrieved 2019-01-31</ref> Zgurovsky M. Z. Mel’nik V. S. Nonlinear Analysis and Control of Physical Processes and Fields. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2004.- 508 p. Zgurovsky M. Z. General pattern of global system conflicts and global threats of the 21st century, Cybern. and Syst.

Analysis, 43, No.5,687–695 Zgurovsky M. Z. Pankratova N. D. System Analysis: Theory and Applications. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2007.- 447 p. Zgurovsky M. Z. Interrelation between Kondratieff cycles and global systemic conflicts. Cybern. and Syst. Analysis. 45, No.5, 742–749 Zgurovsky M. Z. Metric aspects of periodic processes in economy and society. Cybern. and Syst. Analysis. 46, No.2, 167–172 Zgurovsky M. Z. Mel’nik V. S. Kasyanov P. O. Evolution Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Ears Data Processing I. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2011.- 247 p. Zgurovsky M. Z. Mel’nik V. S. Kasyanov P. O. Evolution Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Ears Data Processing II. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg,2011.- 274 p. Zgurovsky M. Z. Kasyanov P. O. Kapustyan O. V. Valero J. Zadoianchuk N. V. Evolution Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Ears Data Processing III. Springer- Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2012.- 330 p. Zgurovsky M. Z. Sadovnichiy V. A. Continuous and Distributed Systems. Theory and Applications.

Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2014. – 333 p. Sadovnichiy V. A. Zgurovsky M. Z. Continuous and Distributed Systems II. Theory and Applications. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2015. – 387 p. Zgurovsky M. Z. Zaychenko Y. P; the Fundamentals of Computational Intelligence: System Approach. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2016. – 375 p. Sadovnichiy V. A. Zgurovsky M. Z. Advances in Dynamical Systems and Control. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2016. – 471 p. Zgurovsky M. Z. Kasyanov. P. O. Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Nonlinear Systems. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2018. – 240 p. Sadovnichiy V. A. Zgurovsky M. Z. Modern Mathematics and Mechanics: Fundamentals and Challenges. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2019. – 557 p. Zgurovsky M. Z. Pavlov A. A. Combinatorial Optimization Problems in Planning and Decision Making: Theory and Applications. Springer Nature Switzerland, 2019. – 518 p. Zgurovsky M. Z. Zaychenko Y. P. Big Data: Conceptual Analysis and Applications.

Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2019. – 277 p. Mykhailo Zghurovsky. National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Mykhailo Zakharovych Zghurovsky. Naukovtsi Ukrayiny