DJ Hero is a music video game, developed by FreeStyleGames and published by Activision as a rhythm game spin-off of the Guitar Hero franchise. It was released on October 27, 2009 on October 29, 2009 in Europe; the game is based on turntablism, the act of creating a new musical work from one or more recorded songs using record players and sound effect generators, features 94 remixes of two different songs from a selection of over 100 different songs across numerous genres. To score points, the player must press buttons to activate accented beats, adjust their crossfade between the two songs, "scratch" the turntable on the game's custom controller in time to marks that scroll on the screen to score points and perform well for the virtual crowd; the game features both a single player Career mode and cooperative and competitive multiplayer modes. The game features a mode for selected songs for a DJ player to play alongside another player using a Guitar Hero guitar controller. Many DJ and mix artists have contributed to the game both in the game's development, the creation of mixes, in lending their images for playable avatars in the game.
DJ Hero was well received by game journalists, praising the departure from the Guitar Hero series–style of gameplay, they use of the turntable controller to simulate the motions of a DJ and how the game's difficulty curve helps the player to become skilled on it, the game's soundtrack. However, the game did not perform as as expected by industry analysts, believed to be due to the waning interest in music games during 2009. DJ Hero simulates turntablism, a musical style used by disc jockeys to create a new mashup song by incorporating one or more recorded songs played on record players along with sound effect generators; the game features score attack gameplay similar to the Guitar Hero games. The controller consists of a wireless deck consisting of a movable turntable that supports 3 "stream" buttons, an effects dial, a crossfader, a "Euphoria" button. A portion of the controller can be detached and reattached to adapt the unit for left-handed players. Notes travel in an arc across a spinning record on screen, the player holds down one of the 3 stream buttons to play notes.
The player must constantly adjust the crossfader to match onscreen symbols, which alters the relative volume of the songs as to bring one song to the forefront of the mix for a short time. Certain tracks are shown on screen as a series of up or down arrow, representing scratching sections, requiring the player to turn the turntable in the direction of the arrows while holding down the button to score points, mimicking the scratching of the record needle on vinyl albums. "Euphoria" is equivalent to Guitar Hero's Star Power, collected by completing specific phrases in the song mix, called Perfect Regions, can be released by pressing the Euphoria button, doubling the player's current multiplier as well as automatic crossfading when active. There is a "Rewind" meter that builds through consistent successful playing, once full, allows the player to rewind the song to fix errors in their performance; the player must continue to perform well or their performance meter will drop and the music track will cut out.
Failing the song is not possible, unlike in Guitar Hero games. A single player career mode is available, as well both competitive and cooperative multiplayer modes, playable locally or remotely. Ten songs have been specially mixed to support gameplay with Guitar Hero and other compatible guitar controllers in a "DJ vs Guitar" mode. Players can use a microphone for a non-scoring addition to the mix. A Party Play mode allows the game to automatically play the songs with the ability for a player to jump in and play at any time. Activision had applied for a trademark on the name DJ Hero in early 2008, leading to speculation that Activision was making plans to compete against Konami's Beatmania series of music video games with their own DJ game as a possible spinoff of their popular Guitar Hero series. FreeStyleGames, a small developer of music games, was employed to help produce localized downloadable content for Guitar Hero games and develop another yet-to-be announced music game; this game was revealed to be DJ Hero.
Activision CEO Robert Kotick confirmed the existence of DJ Hero in an interview with CNBC on January 20, 2009, revealing a release "later this year". Activision CFO Thomas Tippl stated that DJ Hero would be aimed at a broader audience than the Guitar Hero games through the use of more contemporary music in its soundtrack. Producer Will Townsend stated they opted for a wide variety of music to "make sure that everybody has something in there that they want." DJ Hero was designed as a party game and to make the player "the life of the party", giving ways for them to be "in control of the music", according to Townsend. FreeStyleGames teamed up with London based music production company Crossfade Cartel owned by Ofei Sakyi and Dan Neil to ensure the overall quality of the soundtrack; the 16 man music production team used a combination of MIDI software along with the music sequencer program, Ableton Live.
It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia
It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia is an American sitcom that premiered on FX on August 4, 2005, moved to FXX beginning with the ninth season in 2013. It was created by Rob McElhenney, it is executive produced and written by McElhenney and Charlie Day, all of whom star alongside Kaitlin Olson and Danny DeVito. The series follows the exploits of "The Gang," a group of self-absorbed friends who run the Irish bar Paddy's Pub in South Philadelphia. On April 1, 2016, the series was renewed for a 13th and 14th season, which will tie it with The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet as the longest-running live-action sitcom in American TV history. Season 13 premiered on September 5, 2018; the series follows "The Gang," a group of five fictional misfit friends: twins Dennis and Deandra "Sweet Dee" Reynolds, their friends Charlie Kelly and Ronald "Mac" McDonald, Frank Reynolds, Dennis' and Dee's legal father. The Gang runs a dilapidated Irish bar in South Philadelphia; each member of "The Gang" shows behavior that would be considered unethical by today's standards, such as excessive drinking and traits such as dishonesty and egotism.
Episodes find them hatching elaborate schemes and conspiring against one another and others for personal gain, vengeance, or the entertainment of watching another's downfall. They habitually inflict mental and physical pain on each other and anyone who crosses their path, they regularly use blackmail to manipulate one another and others outside of the group. The Gang's unity is never solid, any of them would dump any of the others for quick profit or personal gain regardless of the consequences. Everything they do results in contention among themselves, much of the show's dialogue involves the characters arguing or yelling at one another. Despite their lack of success or achievements, they maintain high opinions of themselves and display an obsessive interest in their reputations and public images; the Gang has no sense of shame when attempting to get what they want and engage in activities that others would find humiliating, disgusting, or shocking. Some of these situations include becoming addicted to crack cocaine and pretending to be mentally challenged in order to qualify for welfare, attempted cannibalism, blackface, hiding naked inside a couch in order to eavesdrop on people, tricking a man into giving his daughter a lap dance, forcing each other to eat inedible items, huffing paint, foraging in the sewers for rings and coins, sleeping with each other's romantic interests, seducing a priest, secretly feeding someone their dead pet, plugging their open wounds with trash, grave robbing, setting a room full of people on fire and locking the door to avoid an uncomfortable Thanksgiving meal, fantasizing about killing each other, pretending to have AIDS in order to get priority access to water park rides, taking out life insurance on a suicidal person, orally siphoning gasoline, stalking their crushes.
During the Season 7 episode "The Gang Gets Trapped," in which The Gang breaks into a family's home and has to hide from them when they return, an angry monologue by Dennis captures the essence of The Gang's modus operandi: Charlie Day as Charlie Kelly – Charlie was a co-owner of Paddy's Pub, but traded his capital investment for "goods and services," half a sandwich, other undisclosed compensation. He is a childhood friend of Mac, high school friend of Dennis and Dee, he is the roommate of Frank, who may be his biological father. Charlie does most of the actual maintenance at the pub, he is unable to properly read or write, is an alcoholic substance abuser seen huffing glue or paint, as well as eating various items not meant for human consumption, such as cat food. He lives in squalor with Frank in a run-down, vermin-infested apartment and has deep-seated psychological problems, believing his dreams to be haunted by a figure known as "The Nightman," which other characters believe represents childhood molestation/rape, the perpetrator of, implied to be Charlie's Uncle Jack.
Charlie has unresolved anger issues screaming to get his point across. He has an unhealthy obsession with "The Waitress," a recurring character who finds Charlie repulsive and shows no interest in him until Season 13. Glenn Howerton as Dennis Reynolds -- Dennis is a co-owner of Dee's twin brother; the most sociopathic of the characters, Dennis is narcissistic, hypersexual and abrasive. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania with a minor in psychology, it is at times hinted that Dennis may be a serial killer. In season 10, he is diagnosed with borderline personality disorder, which explains his abrupt mood changes between feeling too much or too little, fears of abandonment and unstable relationships. In the season 12 finale, he discovers he moves to North Dakota to be a father, he returns to Philadelphia in season 13. Rob McElhenney as Ronald "Mac" McDonald – Mac is a co-owner of Paddy's Pub, he is Charlie's childhood friend and Dennis's high school friend and roommate. The son of a convicted felon, in prison for much of Mac's life, he attempts to demonstrate his toughness and refers to himself as the "sheriff of Paddy's."
Insecure, Mac seeks the approval of those around him his father, his apathetic and absent mother, Dennis. He often brags about his hand-to-hand combat skills, but flees from physical confrontation. Mac is a Roman Catholic, though he of
A Different World
A Different World is an American sitcom that aired for six seasons on NBC from September 24, 1987 to July 9, 1993. The series centered on Denise Huxtable and the life of students at Hillman College, a fictional black college in Virginia, it was inspired by student life at black colleges and universities. After Bonet's departure in the first season, the remainder of the series focused more on Southern belle Whitley Gilbert and math whiz Dwayne Wayne. While it was a spin-off from The Cosby Show, A Different World addressed issues that were avoided by The Cosby Show writers. One episode that aired in 1990 was one of the first American network television episodes to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic; the original premise was to have a white student there and have Lena Horne as an acting teacher, but in production, the premise changed from being a story about a white girl in a black college to a black girl in a black college with a white friend. It was decided that Denise, of college age, would be spun off and have a white roommate in order to show the dynamic of a white girl in predominantly black surroundings.
Meg Ryan was cast for this role, but she decided to pursue a film career, so Marisa Tomei was cast. The first season of Hillman's student body consisted of both black and white students, but this was changed at the beginning of the second season and a predominantly black student body maintained until the series ended. After the first season, it came to Cosby's and the producers' attention that the series was not portraying a black college and life on campus, so Debbie Allen, an alumna of Howard University, was hired as the chief creative force to revamp the show. During the summer of 1988, Lisa Bonet announced that she and husband Lenny Kravitz were having a baby. Allen was in favor of having a young pregnant student in the show, but Cosby said that Lisa Bonet may be pregnant but not Denise Huxtable, it was felt that viewers would not accept Denise as an unwed mother, having grown to know her as a "good girl" after four seasons of The Cosby Show. Thus it was decided that Denise would drop out of Hillman, return home to her family, travel to Africa throughout the fifth season of The Cosby Show, ensuring that viewers would not see a pregnant Denise.
Allen was in favor of keeping Tomei, as she herself recalls a white student at Howard and wanted to relate that in the show and had possible premises for her character, such as meeting Dwayne's parents and seeing the other side of racism. However, Tomei left the show, she and Marie-Alise Recasner were replaced by Cree Summer and Charnele Brown, respectively. Darryl M. Bell and Sinbad were promoted to the principal cast, Glynn Turman and Lou Myers were added as supporting cast members; these changes led to the placement of Whitley and Dwayne at the center of a wider ensemble, dealing with more relevant issues of the day. Cory Tyler as Terrence Taylor Patrick Malone as Terrell Walker Bumper Robinson as Dorian Heywood Michael Ralph as Spencer Boyer, various characters Gary Dourdan as Shazza Zulu Marie-Alise Recasner as Millie Andrew Lowery as Matthew Kim Wayans as Allison Alisa Gyse Dickens as Kinu Owens Jenifer Lewis as Dean Dorothy Dandridge Davenport Diahann Carroll as Marion Gilbert Patti LaBelle as Adele Wayne Roger Guenveur Smith as Prof. Howard Randolph Rosalind Cash as Dean Hughes Ron O'Neal as Mercer Gilbert Phylicia Rashad as Clair Huxtable Jonell Green as Dashawn Curtis Bill Cosby as Cliff Huxtable Keshia Knight Pulliam as Rudy Huxtable Robert Guillaume as Dean Winston and Professor Murphy Harold Sylvester as Woodson Wayne Malcolm-Jamal Warner as Theo Huxtable Vanessa Bell Calloway as Lily Connors & Jaleesa's sister Tisha Campbell-Martin as Josie Webb Nestor Carbonell as Malik Velasquez Art Evans as Mr. Johnson IMx as Whitley's students Richard Roundtree as Clinton Reese Halle Berry as Jaclyn The Boys as Mice 2 Men Dean Cain as Brian Wayne Federman as A&M Wolf Ernie Sabella as Campus Security En Vogue as Faith, Hope and Henrietta Whoopi Goldberg as Dr. Jordan David Alan Grier as Professor Byron Walcott James Avery as bowler Alfonso Ribeiro as Zach Duncan Heavy D as himself Lena Horne as herself Jesse Jackson as himself Trina McGee as Gennifer Khandi Alexander as Theressa Stone Gladys Knight as herself Kris Kross as Dwayne's juvenile mentees Tupac Shakur as Piccolo Obba Babatundé as Frank Blair Underwood as Zelme
In the music industry, a single is a type of release a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats. In most cases, a single is a song, released separately from an album, although it also appears on an album; these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular. In other cases a recording released. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks; the biggest digital music distributor, iTunes Store, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as does popular music player Spotify. Any more than three tracks on a musical release or thirty minutes in total running time is either an extended play or, if over six tracks long, an album; when mainstream music was purchased via vinyl records, singles would be released double-sided.
That is to say, they were released with an A-side and B-side, on which two singles would be released, one on each side. Moreover, only the most popular songs from a released album would be released as a single. In more contemporary forms of music consumption, artists release most, if not all, of the tracks on an album as singles; the basic specifications of the music single were set in the late 19th century, when the gramophone record began to supersede phonograph cylinders in commercially produced musical recordings. Gramophone discs were manufactured in several sizes. By about 1910, the 10-inch, 78 rpm shellac disc had become the most used format; the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century. The crude disc-cutting techniques of the time and the thickness of the needles used on record players limited the number of grooves per inch that could be inscribed on the disc surface, a high rotation speed was necessary to achieve acceptable recording and playback fidelity.
78 rpm was chosen as the standard because of the introduction of the electrically powered, synchronous turntable motor in 1925, which ran at 3600 rpm with a 46:1 gear ratio, resulting in a rotation speed of 78.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format and performers tailored their output to fit the new medium; the 3-minute single remained the standard into the 1960s, when the availability of microgroove recording and improved mastering techniques enabled recording artists to increase the duration of their recorded songs. The breakthrough came with Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone". Although CBS tried to make the record more "radio friendly" by cutting the performance into halves, separating them between the two sides of the vinyl disc, both Dylan and his fans demanded that the full six-minute take be placed on one side, that radio stations play the song in its entirety; as digital downloading and audio streaming have become more prevalent, it has become possible for every track on an album to be available separately.
The concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a more promoted or more popular song within an album collection. The demand for music downloads skyrocketed after the launch of Apple's iTunes Store in January 2001 and the creation of portable music and digital audio players such as the iPod. In September 1997, with the release of Duran Duran's "Electric Barbarella" for paid downloads, Capitol Records became the first major label to sell a digital single from a well-known artist. Geffen Records released Aerosmith's "Head First" digitally for free. In 2004, Recording Industry Association of America introduced digital single certification due to significant sales of digital formats, with Gwen Stefani's "Hollaback Girl" becoming RIAA's first platinum digital single. In 2013, RIAA incorporated on-demand streams into the digital single certification. Single sales in the United Kingdom reached an all-time low in January 2005, as the popularity of the compact disc was overtaken by the then-unofficial medium of the music download.
Recognizing this, On 17 April 2005, Official UK Singles Chart added the download format to the existing format of physical CD singles. Gnarls Barkley was the first act to reach No.1 on this chart through downloads alone in April 2006, for their debut single "Crazy", released physically the following week. On 1 January 2007 digital downloads became eligible from the point of release, without the need for an accompanying physical. Sales improved in the following years, reaching a record high in 2008 that still proceeded to be overtaken in 2009, 2010 and 2011. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, 12-inch vinyl discs. Other, less common, formats include singles on Digital Compact Cassette, DVD, LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc; the most common form of the vinyl single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its play speed, 45 rpm, the standard diameter, 7 inches; the 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable and higher-fidelity replacement for the 78 rpm shellac discs.
The first 45
Devin Star Tailes, better known as Dev, is an American singer, rapper and radio host. She was discovered by the record label, Indie-Pop, The Cataracs via Myspace after her friend Shane Crislip, posted her singing. Dev's song "Booty Bounce" was sampled in Far East Movement's hit single "Like a G6" which reached number one in the US, sold over four million downloads in the country. Dev was signed to Universal Republic in October 2010, released her debut single "Bass Down Low" in November 16, 2010 which reached the top 10 in the United Kingdom, her debut album The Night the Sun Came Up was released on March 27, 2012. The second single, "In the Dark", peaked at number 11 in the US chart, making it her most successful solo single to date. Dev in 2014 released Bittersweet July and the second part as a follow-up to part one. She's a radio host of the popular radio Beats 1 by Apple, founded in 2015. In mid-2016, Dev started promoting her album with an opening single called "#1" featuring Nef the Pharaoh which reached the top 15 on the Billboard Rhythmic Songs chart.
Dev's sophomore studio album I Only See You When I'm Dreamin' was made available for pre-order in July 2017, it includes the singles "All I Wanna Do" and "Come at Me" and is her first full-length project since 2011's The Night the Sun Came Up. Dev was born to Lisa, a real estate agent, Riki Tailes, a painting contractor, she has Sierra Sol and Maezee Lua. Dev is of Mexican descent, she grew up in the city of Manteca. At the age of four, she started swimming and was part of the U. S Olympic development program, she attended Brock Elliott Elementary and graduated from Sierra High School in 2007, where she was a member of band and choir. She attended San Joaquin Delta College, she went to her senior formal with Ryan Fisher, a former professional baseball player for farm teams under the Miami Marlins. In 2009 she made a cover of Amy Winehouse' "Blonde Trick" and, after a friend posted the song into MySpace, the production team The Cataracs noticed it and contacted Dev. To Fashion Indie Magazine she said: "I decided to put up this song on MySpace.
It was a "diss track" and I didn't expect anything out of it. It was just to make me feel good like how music do but Niles came across to my page and was into my voice and they kind of got me into singing and opened up my eyes to business opportunities", she dropped out of college in her first year to pursue her singing career and was signed by the Los Angeles-based record label and management team, Indie-Pop, who discovered The Cataracs. Six months Dev and The Cataracs' song "2Nite" began to gain exposure on the radio, the television channel MtvU and the Billboard Hot Dance Airplay chart. In 2009, Dev moved to Los Angeles to produce music with the Cataracs and work directly with Indie-Pop. In 2010, the Cataracs produced "Like a G6" with Far East Movement and decided to use a verse from Dev's single "Booty Bounce" as the chorus; the two songs were made in the same summer, at the time where Dev and the Cataracs "were grinding it out in the studio pretty tough together," making a couple of "simplistic random tracks."
"Like a G6", which features Far East Movement and Dev, was released in April 2010, reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart. The song went on to sell over four million downloads in the US. In August 2010, a music video was made for "Booty Bounce" directed by Ethan Lader, uploaded it onto YouTube, where it has generated over twenty million views. In October 2010, Dev was signed to Universal Republic and her first official single, "Bass Down Low", was serviced to rhythmic radio stations in November, it was released digitally in select territories on December 6, 2010 and one day in the United States. The song reached sixty one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and number two on the Heatseekers Songs chart. In Canada, the song peaked at number thirty five in its fifth week on the Canadian Hot 100 chart. However, "Bass Down Low" saw massive success in the United Kingdom, where it peaked at number ten on the UK Singles Chart. On April 25, 2011, she released the single "In the Dark"; the song enjoyed commercial success in the United States, peaking at number 11 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and the summit of Hot Dance Club Songs and peaked in the top forty in Canada, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
The song's music video features shots of black-painted hands that touch Dev while she is standing naked. Dev's debut album The Night the Sun Came Up has been released in United Kingdom on September 20, 2011. Since 2009, Dev has been working on her debut album with The Cataracs. In March 2011, Dev and The Cataracs traveled to Costa Rica for three weeks where they recorded and produced most of the material for the new album, she said. In March 2011, New Boyz's single "Backseat", featuring Dev and The Cataracs, was released; the song peaked at number twenty-six on the Billboard Hot 100. She was featured on Demi Lovato's album "Unbroken" on a song called "Who's That Boy", she featured on a song by British boy band JLS, "She Makes Me Wanna", which peaked at the top of the UK Singles Chart in the United Kingdom. Dev released two more promotional singles through Twitter, "Poison" and "Call Me" both covers of Bell Biv Devoe and Blondie respectively, she featured in EDM artist David Guetta's album, Nothing But the Beat on a song called "I Just Wanna F" with Timbaland and Afrojack.
Dev has featured on a single b
Hindsight (TV series)
Hindsight is an American comedy-drama television series that premiered on VH1 on January 7, 2015 and ended on March 11, 2015. The series was created by Emily Fox and stars Laura Ramsey in the lead role of Becca Brady, while wrestling with doubts on the eve of her second wedding, finds herself sent back to 1995. Becca finds that she has time traveled to the day of her first wedding, a marriage that ended in divorce. Upon her arrival in 1995, Becca reunites with her best friend Lolly, breaks off her engagement to her first husband, resolves to use her trip back in time to correct what she sees as personal and professional mistakes; the show featured a companion/spin-off web series during its run called Planet Sebastian. The companion series played as a public access style talk show hosted by Sebastian Wexler, a character featured on "Hindsight." Episodes of "Planet Sebastian" streamed on the VH1 website. On March 16, 2015, VH1 announced that the show was renewed for a second season, but after a change in leadership at VH1 Hindsight was cancelled in August 2015.
Main Laura Ramsey as Becca Brady Sarah Goldberg as Lolly Lavigne Craig Horner as Sean Reeves Nick Clifford as Andy Kelly John Patrick Amedori as Jamie Brady Jessy Hodges as Melanie Morelli Drew Sidora as Paige HillRecurring Donna Murphy as Georgie Brady Adam Herschman as Sebastian Wexler Collins Pennie as Xavier Alexandra Chando as Noelle Steve Talley as Kevin Joshua Mikel as Stanton Brian Kerwin as Lincoln Brady Lauren Boyd as Lois Liz Holtan as Phoebe Briana Venskus as Victoria Charlie Bodin as Chester Dominick Vicchiullo as Grumpy Rick The series has received a score of 72 on Metacritic, indicating favorable reviews based on eight critics. The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports an average score of 7.5 out of 10 from six reviews and a 100% positive review rate from approved critics. Reviews of the series seem positive in general. Variety called the show “breezy” with an intriguing premise while pointing out that, like many time travel stories, the narrative doesn’t stand up to scrutiny.
Rolling Stone praised the relationship between Becca and Lolly while noting the show’s use of ‘90s pop culture archetypes to invoke nostalgia. Vulture called the show’s vision “perfect,” while The New York Times called the show "clever and sly" and a "credible period dramedy, somewhere between Beverly Hills, 90210 and Friends, an armchair rumination on destiny and will." Music music from the ‘90s, is used in the series and as a significant part of the network's promotion of the show. Music used during the series includes: In Southeast Asia, the series is being aired on cable and satellite channel Star World since August 2016. In Germany, the series is aired on the Disney Channel since March 30, 2017. Hindsight on IMDb
New jack swing
New Jack Swing or swingbeat is a fusion genre spearheaded by Teddy Riley and Bernard Belle that became popular from the mid 1980s into the early 1990s, the style originated from Janet Jackson's third studio album, Control from 1986. Its influence, along with hip hop, seeped into pop culture and was the definitive sound of the inventive New York club scene, it fuses the rhythms and production techniques of hip hop and dance-pop with the urban contemporary sound of R&B. The new jack swing style developed as many previous music styles did, by combining elements of older styles with newer sensibilities, it used R&B style vocals sung over hip dance-pop style influenced instrumentation. The sound of new jack swing comes from the hip hop "swing" beats created by drum machine, hardware samplers, which were popular during the Golden Age of Hip Hop, with contemporary R&B style singing. Merriam-Webster's online dictionary defines new jack swing as "pop music performed by black musicians that combines elements of jazz, funk and rhythm and blues".
Encyclopædia Britannica calls it the "most pop-oriented rhythm-and-blues music since 1960s Motown", since its "performers were unabashed entertainers, free of artistic pretensions. New jack swing did take up the trend of using sampled beats and tunes, created beats using the then-new SP-1200 sampler and the Roland TR-808 drum machine to lay an "insistent beat under light melody lines and enunciated vocals." The Roland TR-808 was sampled to create distinctive, swung rhythms, with its snare sound being prominent. Two examples would be "Groove Me" by Guy which samples "Funky President", "My Thang" and "The Champ" as well as its own swing drums and "Right or Wrong" by Mind which fuses sharp drum reverb effects and a hidden looped sample of the Funky Drummer; the key producers were Babyface & L. A. Reid, Bernard Belle, Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, Teddy Riley. A collaboration between former members of Minneapolis music group The Time, Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, Janet Jackson originated the style that came to be known as new jack swing with Jackson's third studio album, Control.
Jam and Lewis used similar influences with hip-hop influenced drums with smoother R&B stylings in the production. Though Jackson had been popular in R&B music, Control established her crossover appeal in the popular music market. Musicologist Richard J. Ripani PhD, author of The New Blue Music: Changes in Rhythm & Blues, 1950–1999, observed that the album was one of the first successful records to influence the rise of new jack swing by creating a fusion of R&B, funk and synthesized percussion; the new jack swing sound is evident in the second single, "Nasty". The success of Control, according to Ripani, bridged the gap between rap music, he asserts that "since Jackson's album was released in 1986 and was hugely successful, it is not unreasonable to assume that it had at least some impact on the new jack swing creations of Teddy Riley." Mantronix's early records in the mid-1980s had new jack elements. The term "new jack swing" was coined in an October 18, 1987, Village Voice profile of Teddy Riley by Barry Michael Cooper.
"New Jack" was a slang term used in a song by Grandmaster Caz of the Cold Crush Brothers, "swing" was intended by Cooper to draw an "analogy between the music played at the speakeasies of F. Scott Fitzgerald's time to the crackhouses of Teddy Riley's time."Teddy Riley's original name for the music was'sophisticated bubblegum music.' The term "new jack swing" describes the sound produced and engineered by R&B/hip hop artist and producer Teddy Riley. Riley is an American R&B and hip hop singer-songwriter and record producer, he led the band Guy in Blackstreet in the 1990s. Riley said, "I define the term as a new kid on the block who's swinging it." The defining feature of Riley's music was the introduction of swingbeats, "a rhythmic pattern using offbeat accented 16th note triplets." In an interview with Revolt TV in 2017, Andre Harrell called Riley the inventor of the sound, hailing him "the king of New Jack Swing, because he invented it."Music website VH1.com notes that while in the 2000s "hip-hop and R&B are kissing cousins," in the early 1980s, "the two genres were mentioned in the same breath."
However, in the late 1980s, "during the era of high-top fades, parachute pants, producer Teddy Riley and label boss Andre Harrell fused and marketed the two sounds in a sexy, exclamatory music that critics termed new jack swing. It sparked a revolution." Riley stated that before new jack swing, "Rappers and singers didn't want anything to do with one another," because "Singers were soft, rappers were street." Riley's new style blended "sweet melody and big beats." The sensibilities of Riley's fusion of the styles would forever change pop music/hip-hop music pairing and was further popularized with Bad Boy's dominance of the late'90s through much of the same techniques. Riley, a 19-year-old kid from Harlem became an A-list producer and commanded big fees to add his sound to major artist projects; the aesthetic of the culture spread to mainstream white audiences through popular groups such as New Kids on the Block. In October 2004, a variety of classic new jack swing tracks are used in the popular video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas.
The songs appear on fictional radio station the soundtrack. Bell Biv DeVoe member Michael Bivins portrays a self-absorbed DJ named Phillip "P. M." Michaels, aspiring to become an actor. New jack swing staged a revival of sorts in the mid-2000s, fueled by the 2