SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Polish Army Stadium

Marshal Józef Piłsudski Legia Warsaw Municipal Stadium, traditionally referred to as the Polish Army Stadium in Warsaw, Poland, is an all-seater, highest fourth category football-specific stadium. The venue is located on Łazienkowska street in Śródmieście district, it is the home ground of Legia Warsaw football club, who have been playing there since August 9, 1930. The stadium underwent a two-stage, complete reconstruction in the years 2008–2011. Only a small part of the main building facade was preserved from the old construction. With space for 31,103 spectators it is the 5th biggest football stadium in Ekstraklasa and the 7th biggest in the country; the stadium is equipped with a heated pitch, training pitch, underground parking, sport bar, club museum and other facilities. The stadium, which for decades belonged to the Polish Army, is owned by the City of Warsaw; the necessity to build a new stadium for Legia Warszawa players increased in the mid-1990s, when Legia had one of the most successful periods in its history.

Polish championship, Polish Cup, semi-final of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and the quarter-final of the UEFA Champions League strengthened the demand to modernize or replace the old facility. However, until 1997 nothing on this subject has been done; the complicated legal status of the land, which belonged to the military discouraged potential investors. The new hope came together with the new owners - Daewoo company, which bought the majority stake in Legia in the late 1996; the Korean club owners lobbied the City of Warsaw to take over the property and invests in the new facility, the owners of the site - the Military Property Agency - was not willing to sell the property. The deadlock existed for the next 5 years; the sale went through on July 29, 2002, when the City of Warsaw acquired the title to the land. Although the market value was estimated at 60 million PLN, the purchase price was agreed at 16 million PLN. In October 2004, Warsaw's chief architect Michał Borowski gave permission to build a new stadium on the said land.

The decision led to the announcement of tender for redevelopment of the Legia's facilities. On September 25, 2006 the City of Warsaw dismissed the offer of the German consortium: HMB Stadien GmbH und Sportstättenbau with Wayss Schlüsselfertigbau und Freytag AG and Krupp Stahlbau Hannover GmbH, which had won the tender, their project planned the construction of a building with a capacity of 30,500 to 35,000 spectators, with underground parking, - a first at a Polish sports facility - was supposed to have a retractable roof. The City, did not accept the consortium's condition that all the funds for the construction be secured by the investor prior to the construction; the Polish side cancelled the deal. On September 26, 2006 Legia's new owners - ITI Group - during a meeting with the acting President of Warsaw Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, in the club premises presented their own idea of rebuilding the stadium, their idea provided for the construction of the stadium in stages, with the capacity between 31,800 and 34,000 seats.

In November of that year, the club signed a 23-year lease with the City of Warsaw. In June 2007, the Warsaw City Council allocated 360 million PLN in funding for the construction of the new stadium according to the club's proposed design. In April 2008 the President of Warsaw Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz issued a permit for the construction of the stadium. On November 12, 2008 the investor - the City of Warsaw - signed an agreement with a consortium Polimex-Mostostal for the construction works. On November 17, 2008 the first stage of the new stadium construction began; this stage provided for the demolition and construction of three stands: the southern, the eastern, the northern one. Works began of the eastern stand; the first stage was completed and taken over by the investor on May 10, 2010. The stadium was opened by a match against Arsenal F. C. on August 7, 2010. The second stage of construction, which provided for the demolition and construction of the eastern stand was completed and taken over by the investor on May 10, 2011.

Pepsi Arena at Łazienkowska Street is located in Warsaw, in the Śródmieście district, Powiśle area, within the square of the streets: Łazienkowska, Kusocińskiego and Myśliwiecka. It was opened on August 9, 1930, since it has been modernized and reconstructed; the most recent reconstruction, November 2008 to March 2011, involved the demolition of all the stands and the construction of brand new ones, with only the historic façade of the main "Kryta" grandstand preserved. The stadium is referred to as the "Nowy Stadion" in its current form; the new stadium, designed by the German studio JSK Architekten, meets the criteria for the UEFA Elite class, which allows it to host semi-finals of the Champions League. The facility is five-storeys high and is roofed with its maximum height not allowed to be higher than nearby Ujazdów Castle; the stadium includes press boxes, office spaces, as well as a fitness and wellbeing center for players and coaching staff. There are 12 catering stands, a

Christmas Tree (Lady Gaga song)

"Christmas Tree" is a song by American singer Lady Gaga. It was released on December 2008 for digital download, it was written and produced by Gaga, Martin Kierszenbaum, Space Cowboy, who provides guest vocals. Musically, "Christmas Tree" is a Christmas song with synthpop influences, it samples the classic Christmas song "Deck the Halls", as well as using the lyrics "Rum pum pum pum" from the Christmas song "The Little Drummer Boy" in its intro. Lyrically, the song uses sexual innuendos; the song received mixed reviews from music critics, with some commending its creativity and individuality from other Christmas songs and others criticizing its sexual innuendos and deeming it "not for the family". Due to strong digital sales, it reached number 79 on the Canadian Hot 100 chart in January 2009, it reached number 18 on the Japanese RIAJ Digital Track Chart and number 23 on the Billboard Holiday/Seasonal Digital Songs chart in the United States in late 2010. In December 2009, it was available for free download on Amazon as part of the site's "25 Days of Free" promotion.

The song has been included in several Christmas compilation albums, including Now That's What I Call Christmas! 4. "Christmas Tree" is a Christmas music-themed song, featuring vocals from Space Cowboy. It was produced by Gaga, Space Cowboy and Martin Kierszenbaum. Space Cowboy, whose real name is Nick Dresti, Gaga were introduced in Los Angeles by Martin Kierszenbaum, the head of Gaga's label, Cherrytree Records, an imprint of Interscope Records. Kierszenbaum recommended a collaboration between them after hearing Space Cowboy's single "My Egyptian Lover", released in January 2007 and featuring vocalist Nadia Oh. Kierszenbaum contacted Space Cowboy during December 2007 and Space Cowboy first spoke to Gaga by phone on New Year's Eve, " along so well right away" talking about sequins, disco balls, David Bowie and body paint; the pair worked together in Los Angeles to create "Christmas Tree" and "Starstruck", a song from some editions of Lady Gaga's then-current album The Fame. Space Cowboy commented of working with Lady Gaga: We figured out that we shared pretty much the same experiences.

I got invited to the studio to write some songs with Lady Gaga. "Christmas Tree" is a version of the traditional Christmas song "Deck the Halls", with the same melody but with lyrics changed to be sexually suggestive, with many sexual innuendos and metaphors. Lyrically, the song is "lewdly celebratory" with lines such as "Light me up put me on top/ Let's fa-la-la-la-la-, la-la, la, la". In an analysis by Stelios Phili of the Washington Square News, Phili jokes that the meaning of the song is closer to the original version of "Deck the Halls", a Welsh folk song called "Nos Galan" traditionally sung at New Year's Eve, than the English Christmas version, he cites the original first line, "Cold is the man who can't love", says that Gaga "seeks not to warn against becoming a cold, loveless man, but to prevent that fate by way of some hot lovin'". The Christmas song contains dance-pop and synthpop music with synthesizers and a "pounding, grind-worthy beat". Space Cowboy described the song as "futuristic".

Referenced in the song lyrics is producer Kierszenbaum's nickname of "Cherry Cherry Boom Boom". Describing the song in episode 25 of her YouTube broadcast series Gaga-vision, Gaga said: ""Christmas Tree" is about the spirit of celebrating the most joyous holiday and I'll tell you why: because Christmas is the holiday that most makes boys and girls feel randy." "Christmas Tree" was released as a digital download-only single on December 16, 2008 on Interscope Records while Gaga's first single "Just Dance", was charting. It was made available as an MP3 from iTunes Store; the song was not included in Gaga's album The Fame. One year in December 2009, it was one of the songs free to download from Amazon.com as part of its "25 Days of Free" offer, whereby for the first twenty-five days in December a Christmas-themed song is made free to download from the website. "Christmas Tree" was made available on December 6. The song was included on several compilation albums: Canadian compilation album NOW! Christmas 4, Taiwanese compilation album Christmas 101 and the seasonal compilation album It's Christmas Time, all released for Christmas 2009.

It was included in the compilation albums Merry Xmas! and Now That's What I Call Christmas! 4, part of the Now That's What I Call Music series of compilation albums, both released for Christmas 2010. "Christmas Tree" was included on The Singles, a box set of CD singles released in Japan in December 2010. It is on the ninth and last CD, which includes the three live tracks from The Cherrytree Sessions. "Christmas Tree" received mixed reviews from critics. Alex Rawls of OffBeat gave a positive review as part of the "25 Days of Free" offer from Amazon.com. Joking that the artists of the more religious songs must be "praying" for Lady Gaga, Rawls described the song as "not so po-faced" as the five songs released before it was made available on December 6, 2009. Estrella Adeyeri, the music editor of Nouse, gave the song a positive review, complimenting its "synth beats and numerous yuletide innuendos". Ryan Brockington of the New York Post praised the song, describing it as a "favorite holiday jam" and a "subliminal lady parts pine-tree jingle".

A reviewer from gay.com described the song as "merry" and a "naughty choice", praising its "dark decadence". Gino dela Paz of The Philippine Star described the song as going from "zero to crazy" and Diana Nabiruma o

Koenigia phytolaccifolia

Koenigia phytolaccifolia is a species of flowering plant in the knotweed family, known by the common name poke knotweed. Koenigia phytolaccifolia is a perennial herb up to 200 cm tall; the lance-shaped or pointed oval leaves are 10 to 20 centimeters long and borne on petioles. The leaves have large stipules; the inflorescence is a long array of branching cluster of many greenish flowers. Each flower is about 4 millimetres wide and has tiny protruding stamens tipped with yellow or pink anthers. Koenigia phytolaccifolia is native to the western United States: California, Washington, Nevada and Montana. SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona Chapter photos of herbarium specimens