Polish Special Forces

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Polish Special Forces
Wojska Specjalne
POL Wojska Specjalne.svg
Wojska Specjalne Eagle
Active 2007–present
Country  Poland
Allegiance Polish Armed Forces
Type special forces
Size 2,700 (February 2017)[1]
Garrison/HQ Kraków
Engagements War in Afghanistan, Iraq War, Syrian civil war (Personnel recovery, Emergency evacuation)
Commanders
Commander gen. bryg. Piotr Patalong
Chief of Staff gen. bryg. Jerzy Gut

Wojska Specjalne, WS (en. Special Troops) is the 4th military branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland formed in early 2007. It is composed of special forces units and command:

Structure[edit]

Equipment[edit]

Firearms[edit]

Name Type Notes
Standard Firearms of Polish Armed Forces
AKM 7.62×39mm Assault Rifle Virtually phased out
Kbs wz. 1996 Beryl 5.56×45mm Assault Rifle Most commonly used weapon.
Pallad grenade launcher 40×47mm Grenade Launcher
SWD 7.62×54mmR Sniper Rifle
Sako TRG 7.62×51mm Sniper Rifle
PKM 7.62×54mmR General Purpose Machine Gun
UKM-2000 7.62×51mm General Purpose Machine Gun
Standard (most common) Firearms of Polish Special Forces
Heckler & Koch USP/Heckler & Koch MK23 9×19mm and 11.43×23mm Semi-Auto Pistol Standard pistol in JW Grom
Glock 17 9×19mm Semi-Auto Pistol Standard pistol in JW Komandosów and JW Agat
SIG P226 9×19mm Semi-Auto Pistol Standard pistol in JW Formoza
FN Five-seven 5.7×28mm Semi-Auto Pistol Standard pistol for close protection in JW Grom
CZ Scorpion Evo 3 9×19mm Submachine Gun New addition SMG for direct force operations in JW Grom
Heckler & Koch MP5 9×19mm Submachine Gun Standard SMG for direct force operations in JW Grom
FN P90 5.7×28mm Submachine Gun Standard SMG for close protection in JW Grom
Kbs wz. 1996 Beryl 5.56×45mm Assault Rifle
Colt M4A1 5.56×45mm Assault Rifle Mostly supplanted the Beryl in JW GROM. Less prevalent in other units.
Heckler & Koch HK416 5.56×45mm Assault Rifle Assault rife used by Polish SOF, used by JW Grom, JW Komandosów and JW Agat; various barrel options used (10, 14.5 and 16.5 inch) Most commonly used assault rifle of the Special Forces
Heckler & Koch AG-C/GLM 40×46SR mm Grenade Launcher Standard grenade launcher used with HK416
Heckler & Koch G36 5.56×45mm Assault Rifle used in JW Formoza
Heckler & Koch AG36 40×46mmSR Grenade Launcher Standard grenade launcher used with G36
FN Minimi 5.56×45mm and 7.62×51mm Light Machine Gun Most common light machine gun in Polish SOF
Carl Gustav 84×246mmR Recoilless Rifle
Other Firearms (less common)
Beretta 92 9×19mm Semi-Auto Pistol
M4 Carbine 5.56×45mm Assault Rifle Clones made by KAC and Bushmaster
F2000 5.56×45mm Assault Rifle
M14 rifle 7.62×51mm Battle Rifle Upgraded to EBR standard
M203 40×46mmSR Grenade Launcher
H&K MZP-1 40×46mmSR Grenade Launcher
Remington 870 12 gauge Shotgun
Heckler & Koch PSG-1 7.62×51mm Sniper Rifle
Remington 700 Sniper Rifle
Mauser SP66 Sniper Rifle
Mauser 86 Sniper Rifle
Barrett M82 12.7×99mm Anti-Material Rifle

Vehicles[edit]

Name Type Variant In Service Notes
HMMWV Four-wheel Drive Multi-Purpose Vehicle M1165A1 5 Polish Armed Forces currently operate 222 different variants of HMMWVes (217 are operated by the Polish Land Forces).
Oshkosh M-ATV MRAP 45 Donated by the USA.[2]
Toyota Four-wheel Drive Vehicle Land Cruiser
Hilux[3]
Used by GROM and 1 Pułk Specjalny Komandosów
Land Rover Defender Four-wheel Drive Vehicle 90
110
4[4]
6
Used by GROM and Formoza
Mercedes-Benz Four-wheel Drive Vehicle
Truck
G-class
Atego 1323AK
6
10[5]
Polish Armed forces currently operate a total number of 140 G-class vehicles.[6] The Land forces operate 121 GD 290s and MB290GD WDs.[5] The military police uses 13 GD 290s.[5]
Tarpan Honker 4x4 Honker Skorpion 3 special version Used by 1 Pułk Specjalny Komandosów
Star Truck Star 1444 (MAN TGM 18.280 BB) 1[5]
Volvo Truck Volvo FM 8x4
Volvo FM 6x6
Volvo FM 4x4
10[5]
11[5]
2[5]

Rank insignia[edit]

Officers
NATO Code OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
POL Wojska Specjalne.svg
Special Forces
Army-POL-OF-09.svg Army-POL-OF-08.svg Army-POL-OF-07.svg Army-POL-OF-06.svg Army-POL-OF-05.svg Army-POL-OF-04.svg Army-POL-OF-03.svg Army-POL-OF-02.svg Army-POL-OF-01a.svg Army-POL-OF-01b.svg
Polish name generał1 generał
broni
generał
dywizji
generał
brygady
pułkownik podpułkownik major kapitan porucznik podporucznik
Abbreviation gen. gen.broni gen.dyw. gen.bryg. płk ppłk mjr kpt. por. ppor.
U.S./U.K. equivalent General Lieutenant
General
Major
General
Brigadier
General
,
Brigadier
Colonel Lieutenant
Colonel
Major Captain First
Lieutenant
,
Lieutenant
Second
Lieutenant

1 Until 2004 Generał armii

Enlisted
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
POL Wojska Specjalne.svg
Special Forces
Army-POL-OR-09a.svg Army-POL-OR-09b.svg Army-POL-OR-08.svg Army-POL-OR-07.svg Army-POL-OR-06.svg Army-POL-OR-05.svg Army-POL-OR-04a.svg Army-POL-OR-04b.svg Army-POL-OR-03.svg Army-POL-OR-02.svg Army-POL-OR-01.svg
Polish name starszy
chorąży
sztabowy
starszy
chorąży
chorąży młodszy
chorąży
starszy
sierżant
sierżant plutonowy starszy
kapral
kapral starszy
szeregowy
szeregowy
Abbreviation st.chor.szt. st.chor. chor. mł.chor. st.sierż. sierż. plut. st.kpr. kpr. st.szer. szer.
U.S./Commonwealth equivalent Command
Sergeant
Major
Sergeant
Major
Master
Sergeant
Sergeant
1st Class
Staff
Sergeant
Sergeant Corporal Specialist
Lance Corporal
Private
1st Class
Private E-1 Private
E-2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.dz.urz.mon.gov.pl/zasoby/dziennik/pozycje/zalaczniki/2014/02/Zal._do_poz._45_dec._budzet.pdf
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Nowa Technika Wojskowa magazine, issue 03/09
  4. ^ "Nadjeżdża Huzar". 4 January 2005. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Zakupy pojazdów dla Wojska Polskiego". Gdzie zaczyna się wojsko... 
  6. ^ Nowa Technika Wojskowa magazine, issue 03/09 96

External links[edit]