A politburo or political bureau is the executive committee for communist parties. It is present in existing communist states. Under Trotskyism, the Politburo is a bureau of the Central Committee; the term "politburo" in English comes from the Russian Politbyuro, itself a contraction of Politicheskoye Byuro. The Spanish term Politburó is directly loaned from Russian. Chinese uses a calque, from which the Vietnamese, Korean terms derive; the first politburo was created in Russia by the Bolshevik Party in 1917 to provide strong and continuous leadership during the Russian Revolution occurring during the same year. The first Politburo had seven members: Lenin, Kamenev, Stalin and Bubnov. During the 20th century, nations that had a politburo included the USSR, East Germany, Afghanistan and China, among others. Today, there are five countries that have a politburo system: China, North Korea, Laos and Cuba. In Marxist–Leninist states, the party is seen as the vanguard of the people and from that legitimizes itself to lead the state.

The party officials in the Politburo informally lead the state. The Party Congress elects a Central Committee which, in turn, elects the Politburo and General Secretary in a process termed democratic centralism; the Politburo was theoretically answerable to the Central Committee. In Trotskyist parties, the Politburo is a bureau of the Central Committee tasked with making day-to-day political decisions, which must be ratified by the Central Committee, it is appointed by the Central Committee from among its members. The post of General Secretary carries far less weight in this model. See, for example, the Lanka Sama Samaja Party. Eastern Bloc politics Executive committee Orgburo Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Politburo of the Communist Party of China Politburo of the Communist Party of Cuba Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam Politburo of the Communist Party of India Politburo of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party Politburo of the Party of Labour of Albania Politburo of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan Politburo of the Polish United Workers' Party Politburo of the Workers' Party of Korea Political Bureau of the Central Committee of FRELIMO Politburo of the Zimbabwe African National UnionPatriotic Front Presidium

Lucille La Verne

Lucille La Verne was an American actress known for her appearances in silent, obnoxious, sarcastic and vengeful roles in early color films, as well as for her triumphs on the American stage. She is most remembered as the voice of the first Disney villain Queen Grimhilde from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Walt Disney's first feature film. La Verne was born in Nashville, Tennessee, on November 7, 1872, she began her career as a child in local summer stock. As a teenager, she performed in small touring theater troupes; when she was 14, she played both Lady Macbeth back to back. Her ability to play any part caught the attention of more prolific companies, she made her Broadway debut in 1888, she became a leading lady with some of the best stock companies in America, scoring triumphs in San Francisco and other cities. She ran her own successful stock company. On the New York stage, she was known for her versatility. Among her hits on Broadway were principal roles in Uncle Tom's Cabin, Seven Days and Way Down East.

She was known for her blackface roles. Her biggest stage triumph came in 1923 when she created the role of Widow Caggle in the hit play Sun Up. With her Broadway run, US tour, European tour, La Verne gave over 3,000 performances, she worked on Broadway as a playwright and director. In the late 1920s, a Broadway theater was named for her for a short period of time, she made her motion picture debut in. She performed a small part in the movie Orphans of the Storm, directed by D. W. Griffith, her best known part is that of the voice of Queen Grimhilde, her alter ego the old hag, from Disney's 1937 animated film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. La Verne died at the age of 72 in Culver City, California on March 4, 1945 after suffering from cancer, she was interred at Inglewood Park Cemetery. Lucille La Verne on IMDb Lucille La Verne at the Internet Broadway Database Lucille La Verne at AllMovie Lucille La Verne at Find a Grave

Right Now (Korn song)

"Right Now" is a song written and recorded by American nu metal band Korn for their sixth studio album, Take a Look in the Mirror. It was released as the album's official first single in October 2003, it is used as an opening to Korn's concerts. "It’s about me waking up pissed off at the world, hating everyone and everything around me. I think everyone’s had one of those days when you wake up and you don’t want to talk to no one and you’re just pissed. I had one of those days and I wrote about it. I was venting out all of my frustrations towards everyone." – Jonathan Davis. "Right Now" peaked at number 11 and number 13 on Billboard's Mainstream Rock Songs and Alternative Songs, respectively. The single was released in the UK and Australia, but it failed to chart in both countries; the video was chosen through an online contest which encouraged fans and independent directors to create the video from scratch. However, this version of "Right Now", by Internet user Junoon, never aired on television. A version containing grotesque animation from Lloyd's Lunchbox, a series of cartoons that were created by Spike & Mike's Animation, received heavy airplay on MTV2's Headbangers Ball, whereas a "mirror mix" directed by Nathan Cox was included on limited pressings of Take a Look in the Mirror.

The Lunchbox version of the video depicts Lloyd, a mentally-ill man who does such harmful and gross things to his body, such as squeezing his eyeball, removing his fingernails, eating the pus from his acne, sneezing out his lungs. At the end, Lloyd's skull is pulled out when he swings the door shut with a string tied to his teeth; the song was used in the Xbox video game MechAssault 2: Lone Wolf, played during the credits and during the final boss battle. The song is on the soundtrack to A Man Apart; the song was used for a WWE Wrestlemania 25 promo, appears in the video game Fight Club. "Right Now" Official music video on YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics