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Politics of Colombia

The Politics of Colombia take place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Colombia is both head of state and head of government, of a multi-party system. Executive power is carried out by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives of Colombia; the Judiciary is independent of the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Colombia a "flawed democracy" in 2019. Colombia's present constitution, enacted on July 5, 1991, strengthened the administration of justice with the provision for introduction of an adversarial system, to replace the existing Napoleonic Code. Other significant reforms under the new constitution provide for civil divorce, dual nationality, the election of a vice president, the election of departmental governors; the constitution expanded citizens' basic rights, including that of "tutela," under which an immediate court action can be requested by an individual if he or she feels that their constitutional rights are being violated and if there is no other legal recourse.

The national government has separate executive and judicial branches. The president is elected for a four-year term and, since 2005, can be re-elected for one consecutive term; the 1991 constitution reestablished the position of vice president, elected on the same ticket as the president. By law, the vice president will succeed in the event of the president's resignation, illness, or death. Colombia's bicameral Congress consists of a 108-member Senate of Colombia and a 172-member Chamber of Representatives of Colombia. Senators are elected on the basis of a nationwide ballot, while representatives are elected in multi member districts co-located within the 32 national departments; the country's capital elects its own representatives. Members may be re-elected indefinitely, and, in contrast to the previous system, there are no alternate congressmen. Congress meets twice a year, the president has the power to call it into special session when needed; the civilian judiciary is a independent branch of government.

Guidelines and the general structure for Colombia's administration of justice are set out in Law 270 of March 7, 1996. Colombia's legal system has begun to incorporate some elements of an oral, accusatory system; the judicial branch's general structure is composed of four distinct jurisdictions. Colombia's highest judicial organs are the Supreme Court, the Council of State, the Constitutional Court, the Superior Judicial Council. Although all the high courts technically oversee separate jurisdictions, the Constitutional Court has a broad spectrum of judicial oversight which allows it to rule on issues overseen by different jurisdictions and weigh in directly in the rulings of other high courts. BCIE, CAN, CDB, CSN, FAO, G-3, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ITUC, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNASUR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO House of Representatives of Colombia Senate of Colombia Presidency of Colombia Supreme Court of Justice of Colombia

Suzain Fatima

Suzain Fatima is a Pakistani actress. She has "acted in many dramas in Pakistan" and played in Parwaaz, she is known for her role as Fatima in Meri Mehru in Behnein Aisi Bhi Hoti Hain. She is doing modeling for many years now. From bridal to causal Still shoots she has done all of them. Suzain is yet to make her debut on Ramp, she has done many commercials as well in Pakistan such as Olpers, Mobilink Jazz, Askari Bank and many others. She started her Professional career in 2004 and her first play was “Mohabbet Hai Zindagi”, on aired on PTV Home, she has worked in drama serial Parwaaz, on air on Zee TV. Her latest drama was "Behnein Aisi Bhi Hoti Hain", on air on ARY Zindagi. In 2015, she has hosted the season 2 of Haan Qabool hai on ATV Pakistan Official site

Roc Oliva

Roc Oliva Isern known as "Metra", is a Spanish field hockey player who plays as a midfielder or forward for Real Club de Polo and the Spanish national team. He played most of his career for Atlètic Terrassa HC but from the 2018-19 season onwards he played for Real Club de Polo, his father Jordi and sister Georgina are both Olympic hockey players. Oliva was a member of the Spanish National Team that claimed the silver medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, PR China, he competed at the 2012 and 2016 Olympics. After the 2016 Olympic Games, he did play for the national team for three years. In October 2019, he was brought back into the national team for the 2019 Men's FIH Olympic Qualifiers. Roc Oliva at the International Hockey Federation Roc Oliva at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com

Yang Xiong (politician)

Yang Xiong is a Chinese politician and business executive who served as Mayor of Shanghai, prior to that, Chairman of Shanghai Airlines. Yang is a graduate of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences with a master's degree in economics. Yang Xiong traces his ancestry to the Hangzhou area of Zhejiang province, but was born in Nanhui County, Jiangsu province, he completed a graduate degree from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in July 1985. He worked in a variety of positions including chairman of Shanghai Airlines. In February 2001 he was transferred to the municipal government of Shanghai. In February 2003 he became a vice mayor of Shanghai and in January 2008 was promoted to executive vice mayor. On 26 December 2012 Yang's predecessor Han Zheng, elevated to the position of Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai, resigned as mayor and Yang was appointed the acting mayor of Shanghai in place of Han. On 1 February 2013, he was elected Mayor of Shanghai by the Municipal People's Congress. On 17 January 2017, Yang resigned as mayor.

He was replaced by Ying Yong. Unusual for an official of his rank, Yang has never been a full nor alternate member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Heaven and a Dixie Night

Heaven and a Dixie Night is an album recorded by the American country music group Pirates of the Mississippi. Released in 2006, it was their first album since the original group disbanded in 1996. Here, Pirates of the Mississippi has been reunited as a duo composed of lead singer Bill McCorvey and guitarist/vocalist Rich Alves; this album produced the non-charting singles "Drinkin' Money", "Kickin' Up Dust", "Fish Bait", the title track. All songs composed by Rich Alves, Bill McCorvey, Don Goodman except where noted. "Drinkin' Money" – 3:20 "Kickin Up Dust" – 3:28 "Heaven and a Dixie Night" – 3:19 "Fish Bait" – 4:04 "Is This Country or What?" – 3:49 "When Love Is Meant to Be" – 4:35 "A Nickel's Worth of Your Love" – 2:58 "Rollin'" – 4:31 "I Wouldn't Change a Thing" – 3:18 "Me" – 3:45 "Gravy" – 2:43 "A Snowman in Birmingham" – 4:08

Salih Yoluç

Salih Yoluç is a Turkish racing driver. In 2016 he raced for TF Sport in Michelin GT3 Le Mans Cup; the team clinched the team championship, Yoluç finished second in the drivers' standings in the Michelin GT3 Le Mans Cup with his teammate, Euan Hankey. The pair won the 2015 Dubai 24 Hour in the SP3 class, with British GT regulars Adrian Barwick and Bradley Ellis. In 2017, Yoluç competed in European Le Mans Series in an Aston Martin Vantage V8 GTE, partnered by regular teammate Hankey and 2016 FIA WEC GTE-Pro Champion, Aston Martin Racing works driver Nicki Thiim, where the team finished second in the LMGTE class. Yoluç is the first Turkish driver to compete in 24 Hours of Le Mans. Now with victories in the International GT Open, Michelin Le Mans Cup, European Le Mans Series and the FIA World Endurance Championship, Salih is setting his sights on the LMGTE Am crown in just his second attempt. In addition, Salih is the defending FIA Nations Cup winner with Team Turkey and the 2019 Blancpain GT Series Endurance Cup Champion and SPA 24 hour Winner.

2015 Dubai 24 hours: Winner Gulf 12 hours: 2nd Place 2016 Michelin Le Mans Cup: Champion 2017 European Le Mans Series GTE: 2nd Place Blancpain Endurance Cup PRO/AM: 3rd Place SPA 24 hours PRO/AM: 2nd Place Gulf 12 hours: 3rd Place 2018 FIA GT Nations Cup: WINNER 2019 Total 24hrs of Spa: WINNER Blancpain Endurance Cup PRO/AM: CHAMPION FIA WEC Fuji Speedway - first Turkish: WINNER 2016 International GT Open2016 Michelin GT3 Le Mans Cuphttp://www.gt3lemanscup.com/en/news/tf-sport-win-in-portugal-to-claim-teams’-title/248 22.10.2016http://gtopen.net/article.php?cont=1816 01.10.2016 Salih Yoluc career statistics at Driver Database