Politics of Edinburgh

The politics of Edinburgh are expressed in the deliberations and decisions of the City of Edinburgh Council, in elections to the council, the Scottish Parliament and the UK Parliament. As Scotland's capital city, Edinburgh is host to the Scottish Parliament and the main offices of the Scottish Government; the City of Edinburgh became a unitary council area under the Local Government etc.. Act 1994, with the boundaries of the post-1975 City of Edinburgh district of the Lothian region; as one of the unitary local government areas of Scotland, the City of Edinburgh has a defined structure of governance under the Local Government etc. Act 1994, with The City of Edinburgh Council governing on matters of local administration such as housing, local transport and local economic development and regeneration. For such purposes the City of Edinburgh is divided into 17 wards; the next tier of government is that of the Scottish Parliament, which legislates on matters of Scottish "national interest", such as healthcare, the environment and agriculture, devolved to it by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

For elections to the Scottish Parliament, the city area is divided among six Scottish Parliament constituencies, each returning one Member of the Scottish Parliament, is within the Lothians electoral region. The Parliament of the United Kingdom legislates on matters such as taxation, foreign policy, defence and trade. For elections to the House of Commons of this parliament, the city area is divided among five United Kingdom Parliamentary constituencies, with each constituency returning one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election. On 18 September 2014, Edinburgh voted "No" in the Scottish Independence Referendum by 61.1% to 38.9% with an 84.4% turnout rate. The current Lord Provost of Edinburgh is Frank Ross, who replaced Donald Wilson in 2017. In Scotland, the Lord Provost fulfils many similar roles to that of a Mayor in some other countries. Elections to the Council are held every four/five years electing 63 councillors; the most recent elections took place in May 2017 and the next election will be in May 2022.

Prior to May 2017, the Council was controlled by a Labour/Scottish National Party coalition which continues following the 2017 election except that the SNP is now the single-largest party. The Council is the second-largest employer in Edinburgh, with a total of 18,617 employees. Prior to the Local Government Act 1973 Edinburgh was administered by the single tier "Edinburgh Corporation", which covered the "City and Royal Burgh of Edinburgh"; as such, the Edinburgh Corporation was responsible for local government services, such as the Edinburgh Corporation Transport Department. The Edinburgh Corporation had the power to make'Burgess' of the City of Edinburgh and to grant "Seals of Cause" to Guilds and trade organisations; the Edinburgh Corporation awarded Burgess Ticket through the Lord Dean of Guild, an office in the Corporation. Like the Corporation of the City of London, Burgess Tickets were awarded along with a'Freedom Casket' – a container to hold the ticket. Bodies such as the Merchant Company of Edinburgh, the Incorporated Trades of Edinburgh and The High Constables of Edinburgh formed part of the corporation, contributing councilors and law enforcement officers.

The Edinburgh Corporation had the power to institute these organisations via the granting of a "Seal of Cause". This empowered the societies as "a legal corporation with power to hold property, make its own by-laws and regulations". Other organisations to receive the "Seal of Cause" include The Royal Burgess Golfing Society of Edinburgh, who received their seal on 2 July 1800; the history of the corporation lives on elsewhere around the city, for example in the name of the members of Muirfield golf club, who were granted a charter by the corporation in 1800 becoming "The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers". Many of Edinburgh's ceremonies and traditions date back to the days of the Edinburgh Corporation, such as the Edinburgh Ceremony of the Keys, where the Lord Provost symbolically hands the keys to the City of Edinburgh to the monarch, who hands them back to the Lord Provost proclaiming "that they cannot be placed in better hands than those of the Lord Provost and Councillors of my good City of Edinburgh".

In 1975, Edinburgh Corporation was abolished. The new two-tier system consisted of Lothian Regional Council and the City of Edinburgh District Council; the City of Edinburgh became a single-tier council area under the Local Government etc.. Act 1994, with the boundaries of the City of Edinburgh district of the Lothian region; the district had been created in 1975, under the Local Government Act 1973, to include the former county of city of Edinburgh. For elections to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the city is divided among five constituencies, each of which elects one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election. All five constituencies are within the city area. Prior to the 2005 United Kingdom general election, Edinburgh House of Commons constituencies had the same names and boundaries as the Scottish Parliament constituencies listed above. However, in order to reduce

Rockwall, Potts Point

Rockwall is a heritage-listed house and former school at 7 Rockwall Crescent in the inner city Sydney suburb of Potts Point in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by John Verge and built from 1831 to 1837, it was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. In the 1830s the whole area from Potts Point to Kings Cross and up to Oxford Street was known as Darlinghurst- named in honour of Governor Ralph Darling's wife, Eliza; the rocky ridge that extended inland from Potts Point was called Eastern or Woolloomooloo Hill from the early days of white settlement. The earliest grant of land on Woolloomooloo Hill was made to Judge-Advocate John Wylde in 1822. In 1830 Wylde sold six of his 11 acres on the Point to Joseph Hyde Potts, accountant to the Bank of NSW, after whom Potts Point is named. By the late 1820s Sydney was a crowded and unsanitary town settled around the Rocks and Sydney Cove, with a European population of around 12000.

Governor Darling was receiving applications from prominent Sydney citizens for better living conditions. The ridge of Woolloomooloo Hill beckoned, offering proximity to town and incomparable views from the Blue Mountains to the heads of Sydney Harbour. In 1828 Darling ordered the subdivision of Woolloomooloo Hill into suitable "town allotments" for large residences and extensive gardens, he issued "deeds of grant" to select members of colonial society. The first 7 grants were issued in 1828, with the other allotments formally granted in 1831; the private residences that were built on the grants were required to meet Darling's so-called "villa conditions" which were determined and overseen by his wife, who had architectural skills. These ensured that only one residence was built on each grant to an approved standard and design, that they were each set within a generous amount of landscaped land and that, in most cases, they faced the town. By the mid-1830s the parade of "white" villas down the spine of Woolloomooloo Hill presented a picturesque sight, was visible from the harbour and town of Sydney.

John Busby was civil engineer. In 1823 he was appointed to manage the colony's coal mines and to find a new supply of fresh water, as the Tank Stream had become too polluted. Busby became famous for overseeing construction of "Busby's Bore" a tunnel which brought fresh water from the Lachlan Swamps into the city when the Tank Stream, the city's original water supply, became polluted and inadequate to serve the city's water needs. Busby received a grant of over 8 acres in 1828. Architect John Verge started plans for Busby's house, a cottage in 1830. Verge's plans for the house were approved by the Governor the same year. However, in the early 1830s Busby found himself in financial difficulties, was forced to sell his grant. From 1835, Verge altered the existing plans for the new owner of Rockwall, Hamilton Collins Sempill, a grazier and merchant. Verge supervised the works for Sempill through to completion in 1837. A c. 1840 painting shows it with extensive gardens including a carriage loop and Norfolk Island pines.

One of the earliest surviving Verge-designed buildings, Rockwall is amongst the few surviving of the once many villas which once dotted Potts Point's "Woolloomooloo Hill". In the 1920s and 1930s, the original villas and the grand 19th century residences were demolished to make way for blocks of flats and soaring towers of units. Today only 5 of the original 17 villas still stand, with the lost villas and other grand houses commemorated in the names of the streets of Potts Point and Kings Cross. Rockwall is one of these surviving five villas. According to Verge's ledger, work was commenced on Rockwall prior to 1835. Sempill bought the property in January 1835. Sempill entered into an arrangement with Verge for'Plans and Agreements for altering and completing house at Wooloomooloo and Superintending Works of the same'. Stabling was to be designed and constructed on the property. By the time of Sempill's ownership - as depicted in a contemporary watercolour - Rockwall's grounds boasted a circular driveway facing Macleay Street, balanced on the Sydney side by a circular drive and garden featuring, among other exotic plantings, Norfolk Island pines.

In Sydney, these trees had become a symbol of vice-regal residences and of harbourside villas and private pleasure grounds. The grounds surrounding Rockwall re-emphasised its strong axis from the front to the back door and thus its design as a villa "in the round". Moreover, in obeying fashionable domain, external offices for stables and domestic economy'. Alterations and repairs "in the completion of premises" were recorded in Verge's ledger. Heralding the boom in subdivision and sales, to transform Woolloomooloo Hill in the 1840s, Ryder put Rockwall up for public auction on one half of the original estate on 14 December 1837: the other portion was sold off as "Thirty allotments of Garden and Building Ground", two of which had a

Yance Ford

Yance Ford is an African-American transgender producer and director. Ford graduated from Hamilton College in 1994. Beginning in 2002 he worked as a series producer at PBS for ten years. In 2011 he was named one of Filmmaker magazine's 25 New Faces of Independent Film, he received the 2011–2012 Fledgling Fund Fellowship at MacDowell. In 2017 he was #97 on The Root 100, an "annual list of the most influential African Americans, ages 25 to 45."In 2018, he and Joslyn Barnes were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature for producing Strong Island, which he directed. As such, he was the first transgender man to be nominated for any Academy Award, the first transgender director to be nominated for any Academy Award. In 2018, he and Joslyn Barnes were awarded an Emmy for Exceptional Merit in Documentary Filmmaking for producing Strong Island, which made him the first transgender man and the first black transgender person to win an Emmy award, as well as the first transgender filmmaker to win a Creative Arts Emmy.

Strong Island is about the murder of his brother William Ford, which occurred in 1992. He has received a Creative Capital Award, a Sundance Documentary Film Program Fellowship. List of LGBT firsts by year List of LGBT Academy Award winners and nominees Yance Ford on IMDb