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Politics of Ivory Coast

The Politics of Ivory Coast takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Ivory Coast is both head of state and head of government, of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Government. Legislative power is vested in both the parliament; the capital since 1983 is Yamoussoukro. Most countries maintain their embassies in Abidjan. A civil war was fought in Ivory Coast between 2002–2004 and a second civil war broke out in March 2011 following contested elections that saw president-elect Alassane Ouattara come into power in 2011 and reelected in 2015. Troops hailing from the north of the country, mutinied in the early hours of September 19, 2002, they soon after launched attacks including Abidjan. By lunchtime, they had control of the north of the country, their principal claim relates to the definition of, a citizen of Ivory Coast, voting rights and their representation in government in Abidjan. The events in Abidjan shows that it is not a tribal issue, but a crisis of transition from a dictatorship to a democracy, with the clashes inherent in the definition of citizenship.

Forces involved in the conflict include: Government forces, the National Army called loyalists and equipped since 2003 The Young Patriots: nationalist groups aligned with President Laurent Gbagbo Mercenaries recruited by President Gbagbo: Belarusians some former combatants of Liberia, including under-17 youths, forming the so-called "Lima militia" New Forces, ex-northern rebels, who hold 60% of the country. Ivory Coast's 1959 constitution provides for strong presidency within the framework of a separation of powers; the executive is personified in the president, elected for a five-year term. The president is commander in chief of the armed forces, may negotiate and ratify certain treaties, may submit a bill to a national referendum or to the National Assembly. According to the constitution, the President of the National Assembly assumes the presidency in the event of a vacancy, he completes the remainder of the deceased president's term; the cabinet is responsible to the president. Changes are being proposed to some of these provisions, to extend term of office to 7 years, establish a senate, make president of the senate interim successor to the president.

Laurent Gbagbo took power following a popular overthrow of the interim leader Gen. Robert Guéï who had claimed a dubious victory in presidential elections. Gbagbo was elected president in 2000 in an election boycotted by many oppositional forces; the president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The prime minister is appointed by the president. Alassane Ouattara is the president of Ivory Coast, he was reelected in the 2015 Ivorian presidential election. After a new constitution was approved by referendum, it is expected President Alassane Ouattara would appoint a Vice-President before 2020; the President and Vice-President will run on a joint ticket from 2020. They will be both elected with only one possible reelection; the Vice-President will replace the President in case of death and any other vacancy. Parliament of Ivory Coast is a bicameral body composed by the National Assembly and the Senate of Ivory Coast. Prior to November 2016 and the future creation of the Senate, the Parliament of Ivory Coast was only composed of the National Assembly.

The National Assembly has 255 members, elected for a five-year term in single-seat constituencies. It passes on legislation introduced by the president although it can introduce legislation; the Senate of Ivory Coast will have two third of senators indirectly elected and one third appointed by the president-elect, elected five-year term in single-seat constituencies. Ivory Coast is a one party dominant state with the Rally of the Republicans in power; the judicial system culminates in the Supreme Court of Ivory Coast. The High Court of Justice is competent to try government officials for major offenses; the Supreme Court or Court Supreme consists of four chambers: Judicial Chamber for criminal cases, Audit Chamber for financial cases, Constitutional Chamber for judicial review cases, Administrative Chamber for civil cases. After five years of delays, new elections were held in 2010; the first round of elections were held peacefully, hailed as free and fair. Runoffs are scheduled for 28 November 2010, after being delayed one week from the original date of 21 November.

Laurent Gbagbo will defend his post as president against former Prime Minister Alassane Ouattara. For administrative purposes, Ivory Coast is divided into 58 departments, each headed by a prefect appointed by the central government. There are 196 communes, each headed by the city of Abidjan with ten mayors; the 58 departments are listed in the article Departments of Ivory Coast. ACP, AfDB, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, ID

David Williams (footballer, born 1955)

David Michael Williams is a former Welsh international footballer who played as a midfielder. He is assistant manager at Doncaster Rovers. Williams started off in amateur football with Clifton Athletic before joining Bristol Rovers in 1975. Unusually, he began with the League club as an amateur, combining playing League football with studying on a teacher training course, with teaching at Mostyn High School in Cardiff. After making 113 League appearances, he turned professional in 1978. In May 1983, he was promoted to the position of player-manager, he won 51 of his 108 games in the post, won the Gloucestershire Cup twice. He was still player-manager of Rovers when Norwich City manager Ken Brown took him to Carrow Road before the start of the 1985-86 season. Williams won a second division championship medal in his first season with the Canaries and went on to serve the club as player-coach, assistant manager and, for one game, caretaker manager before he left in 1992, it was during his time with Norwich in Division 1.

In 1988, he coached the Wales national football team as caretaker manager, including a 1−3 loss against Yugoslavia, prior to the appointment of Terry Yorath. In July 1992 Williams was appointed assistant manager at Bournemouth. In February 1994 he took on the same position at Everton before becoming reserve team coach at Leeds United. After completing a youth team coaching role at Manchester United in 2002, he spent some time as a driving instructor in Harrogate, returning to Norwich to as Assistant Academy Manager in the summer of 2004. In addition to his role at Carrow Road, he coached the Welsh international youth sides as assistant to Brian Flynn. In May 2007 at the age of 52 Williams left Norwich and retired from club coaching though continued his involvement with the Welsh youth squads, he became assistant manager of the Welsh team when Flynn was appointed caretaker in September 2010. In February 2013, soon after Flynn had been made manager of Doncaster Rovers, he appointed Williams as his assistant.

Williams left the role at the end of the 2012/13 season. Norwich CityFootball League Second Division Champions: 1985–86Williams was voted into the Norwich City F. C. Hall of Fame in 2002 in recognition of his contribution to the club as a player and a coach. Canary Citizens by Mike Davage, John Eastwood, Kevin Platt, published by Jarrold Publishing, ISBN 0-7117-2020-7 Career information at

Aculepeira ceropegia

Aculepeira ceropegia, the oak spider, is an orb-weaving spider species belonging to the family Araneidae. This species has a Palearctic distribution, it is present in most of Europe. This quite common species live in low bushes, wet meadows, near streams and gardens in sunny and windy areas, it can be found in mountain areas at altitudes of up to 3600 meters. Aculepeira ceropegia presents a marked sexual dimorphism; these spiders can reach a length of 6 -- 8 millimetres of 15 -- 17 millimetres in females. They are easy to identify due to their unique abdominal marking in the form of an oak leaf; the head is covered by a grayish-brown hairs, chelicerae are light legs are dark ringed. The abdomen is oval-shaped. Adults are visible from May to September. Early in the summer the oak spiders are sexually mature. Before mating, the male produces a sperm supply, transferred during mating to the female epigynum; the mating occurs during the summer. Eggs are deposited on the bark of a tree; these orb-weaving spiders build a spiral vertical web close to the ground between herbaceous plants or on bushes at about 0.5-1.5 meters above ground level.

They remain motionless for a long time with head down. They inject venom in their victims with chelicerae; this venom paralyzes the preys and causes the external digestion with the incorporated gastric juices. Ceropegia is a genus of succulent plants with about 200 species. Heiko Bellmann: Kosmos Atlas Spinnentiere Europas. 3. Aufl. 2006. Kosmos, Stuttgart. ISBN 978-3-440-10746-1 Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W.: Spinnen Mitteleuropas. - Hamburg & Berlin: Parey. ISBN 3489535340 Online-Schlüssel Jones D: "Der Kosmos-Spinnenführer". Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege in Brandenburg 8, Heft 2. Roberts, M. J.: Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. - Bath: Ramsbury. ISBN 0-00-219981-5

Sydney Taylor Book Award

The Sydney Taylor Book Award recognizes the best in Jewish children's literature. Medals are awarded annually for outstanding books; the award was established in 1968 by the Association of Jewish Libraries. It is named in memory of author of the classic All-of-a-Kind Family series. Taylor's were some of the first children's books with Jewish characters that were of literary interest to readers of all backgrounds; the award was first established by the Association of Jewish Libraries in 1968. It was known as the Shirley Kravitz Children's Book Award and was renamed in honor of Sydney Taylor in 1978; the award recognized books for older children, but in 1981, the award committee started to recognize books for younger readers and in 2007, began to recognize young adult literature. In 1988, Honor Award Winners were added and these books receive a silver seal. Awards are presented in three categories: Older Readers and Teen Readers. In each category, a single gold medalist is named annually; each year there may be several silver medalists named in each category.

A list of ten to twenty Notable Children's Books of Jewish Content is named in each category, but these titles do not receive medals. The award committee is made up of volunteers from the Association of Jewish Libraries. Books are evaluated based on certain criteria one of, literary merit. Books must be appropriate to the age level, rooted in "authentic and accurate detail" and have a positive and/or authentic Jewish religious or cultural content. Books nominated are newly published books for the year. Books can be picture books, non-fiction and poetry. Most Sydney Taylor Book Award winning titles are universal in theme while Judaic in specific content, will be of interest to Jewish and non-Jewish readers alike. Pinchuck, Kathe. "Recognizing Jewish Children's Literature For Forty Years: The Sydney Taylor Book Award". Judaica Librarianship. 14: 27–34. Doi:10.14263/2330-2976.1071. Official site News related to the award List of all winners 1968-present

Colton Harris Moore

Colton Harris Moore is an American former fugitive. He was charged with the theft of hundreds of thousands of dollars in property, including several small aircraft and multiple cars, all committed while still a teenager, he fled to the Bahamas on July 4, 2010 in a plane stolen from Bloomington, Indiana. He was indicted on July 6, 2010, by a U. S. Federal Court in Seattle, Washington, on charges of transporting another stolen aircraft in that state. Moore, still only 19, was arrested in Harbour Island, Bahamas, on July 11, 2010, after police shot out the engine of the boat in which he was attempting to flee. Two days he was extradited from Nassau, Bahamas, to Miami and transferred on July 21 to the Federal Detention Center, SeaTac in Washington. On December 16, 2011, Moore was sentenced to more than seven years in prison for dozens of consolidated charges brought against him from three different counties. On January 27, 2012, he was sentenced to six and a half years for related federal crimes, he became known as the "Barefoot Bandit" by committing some of his crimes barefoot, once leaving behind 39 chalk footprints and the word "c'ya!".

Despite the reported nickname, officials said that he more wore shoes. On September 28, 2016, Moore left prison on parole. Moore was born in Mount Vernon and grew up in his mother's house in Camano Island. Neighbors said they made several calls to Child Protective Services, believing he was neglected or abused, his father, Gordon Moore, was in prison while Colton was a toddler. When Colton was twelve years old, his father walked out after an argument at a family barbecue. According to his mother, Pamela Kohler, his stepfather died when he was about seven years old, from the time Colton was in the first grade, she knew there was "something off about him" – "sort of a disconnection", he wouldn't listen to his teachers, started altercations at school, would sometimes deliberately break things around the house, Kohler said. According to a court-ordered psychiatric evaluation, Moore said that his mother drank and became mean, breaking his possessions, he started living in the wild at the age of seven, would break into vacation homes in the area, stealing blankets and water before disappearing into the forest for days.

His first conviction for stolen property came at age 12, by the time he was 13, he had three more. He has been diagnosed with depression, attention deficit disorder and intermittent explosive disorder; each conviction brought a 10-day stay in a detention community service. His mother once said, "Every time he had anything any good, everyone thought. What does that do to a kid?" In 2003, police found a neighbor's camcorder in his home. Never before sentenced to more than a month, he fled a three-year sentence by walking out of a halfway house in April 2008. Moore is suspected of being responsible for 100 thefts in Washington and Canada, including bicycles, light aircraft, speedboats, it is believed that he learned how to fly small planes by reading aircraft manuals, watching a "How to fly a small airplane" DVD, playing flight simulator computer games. One plane he stole was a Cessna 182, FAA registration number N24658, belonging to KZOK-FM radio personality Bob Rivers, valued at over $150,000; the plane was recovered from a Yakama Indian Reservation crash site.

Though badly damaged, it is in Florida. According to local sheriffs, Moore would slip into a home just to soak in a hot bath or steal ice cream from the freezer. While his thefts would escalate to increasing value in cash and property, he would steal only what he needed for living in the woods as a survivalist. Once, he used a homeowner's computer and credit card to order bear mace and a pair of $6,500 night vision goggles. On May 30 or 31, 2010, police found a handwritten note and $100 at a veterinary clinic in Raymond, Washington 95 miles southwest of Seattle; the note read: had some extra cash. Please use this money for the care of animals In late June 2010, Moore was suspected of vehicle thefts stretching as far east as Illinois; the trail of suspected thefts attributed to him passes through Idaho, South Dakota, Nebraska and Illinois. Police found a 2008 white Toyota Sequoia in Norfolk, reported stolen in Yankton, South Dakota; that day, several burglaries were reported at Karl Stefan Memorial Airport, located 1 mile south of where the SUV was abandoned.

A truck owned by the town of Ottumwa, was recovered in Dallas City, Illinois. On July 4, 2010, a Cessna 400 single-engine plane was reported stolen from the Bloomington, airport, it was found crashed in the shoreline waters of Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas, again leading to speculation that Moore was responsible. Shortly afterward, there were several break-ins reported across the island; the Royal Bahamas Police Force placed wanted posters across the island. One bartender claimed to have spotted him in a sports bar on Tuesday, July 6, 2010, stating that he drank a beer and left after five minutes, he was barefoot. On July 6, 2010, an indictment was released from a federal judge of the U. S. District Court of Western Washington, filed in December 2009; this indictment cites Moore for interstate transport of stolen property/airplane theft, related to a plane stolen from Bonners Ferry, Idaho that crashed outside of Granite Falls, Washington. The FBI placed a $10,000 bounty for information leading to his arrest, federal agents believed that he was responsible for the recent Ind

King Kong milk candy

King Kong is a Peruvian cuisine dessert. It is made of cookies, filled with Peruvian blancmange, some pineapple sweet and in some cases peanuts, with cookies within its layers, it is sold in one kilogram sizes. It is known as part of the culture of Lambayeque Region and nowadays the makers of the dessert are grouped in the King Kong and Typical desserts Producers Association of Lambayeque City. History tells us that by the famous movie King Kong, was being shown in the city. Popular citizens compared the mold and size of the sweet with the figure of the big gorilla, baptizing it since with the name of King Kong, it was known as «Alfajor de Trujillo» and had a circular shape, however the "King Kong" is rectangular but circular presentations can be found on the market. Nowadays there are many factories that specialize in making this sweet, the most recognized being the company San Roque and "Lambayeque fabrica de dulces", "Huerequeque", "Evocada", "Tumbas Reales" among others. Chiclayo Trujillo