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Politics of Japan

The politics of Japan are conducted in a framework of a multi-party bicameral parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy whereby the Emperor is the ceremonial head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government and the head of the Cabinet, which directs the executive branch. Legislative power is vested in the National Diet, which consists of the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors. Judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court and lower courts, sovereignty is vested in the Japanese people by the Constitution. Japan is considered a constitutional monarchy with a system of civil law; the Economist Intelligence Unit rated Japan a "flawed democracy" in 2019. The Constitution of Japan defines the Emperor to be "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people", he holds no real power. Political power is held by the Prime Minister and other elected members of the Diet; the Imperial Throne is succeeded by a member of the Imperial House as designated by the Imperial Household Law.

The chief of the executive branch, the Prime Minister, is appointed by the Emperor as directed by the Diet. He must be a civilian; the Cabinet members are nominated by the Prime Minister, are required to be civilian. With the Liberal Democratic Party in power, it has been convention that the President of the party serves as the Prime Minister. Several political parties exist in Japan. However, the politics of Japan have been dominated by the LDP since 1955, with the DPJ playing an important role as opposition several times. LDP was a ruling party during decades since 1955. Despite the existence of multiple parties, other parties were ignored. Most of the prime ministers were elected from inner factions of the LDP. Despite an unpredictable domestic and international environment, policy making conforms to well established postwar patterns; the close collaboration of the ruling party, the elite bureaucracy and important interest groups make it difficult to tell, responsible for specific policy decisions.

After a informal process within elite circles in which ideas were discussed and developed, steps might be taken to institute more formal policy development. This process took place in deliberation councils. There were about 200 shingikai, each attached to a ministry; the shingikai played a large role in facilitating communication among those who ordinarily might not meet. Given the tendency for real negotiations in Japan to be conducted the shingikai represented a advanced stage in policy formulation in which minor differences could be thrashed out and the resulting decisions couched in language acceptable to all; these bodies were established but had no authority to oblige governments to adopt their recommendations. The most important deliberation council during the 1980s was the Provisional Commission for Administrative Reform, established in March 1981 by Prime Minister Suzuki Zenko; the commission had nine members, assisted in their deliberations by six advisers, twenty-one "expert members," and around fifty "councillors" representing a wide range of groups.

Its head, Keidanren president Doko Toshio, insisted that government agree to take its recommendations and commit itself to reforming the administrative structure and the tax system. In 1982, the commission had arrived at several recommendations that by the end of the decade had been actualized; these implementations included tax reform, a policy to limit government growth, the establishment in 1984 of the Management and Coordination Agency to replace the Administrative Management Agency in the Office of the Prime Minister, privatization of the state-owned railroad and telephone systems. In April 1990, another deliberation council, the Election Systems Research Council, submitted proposals that included the establishment of single-seat constituencies in place of the multiple-seat system. Another significant policy-making institution in the early 1990s were the Liberal Democratic Party's Policy Research Council, it consisted of a number of committees, composed of LDP Diet members, with the committees corresponding to the different executive agencies.

Committee members worked with their official counterparts, advancing the requests of their constituents, in one of the most effective means through which interest groups could state their case to the bureaucracy through the channel of the ruling party. See also: Industrial policy of Japan. Left-wing organizations, such as the Japan Socialist Party and the Japanese Communist Party reestablished themselves, as did various conservative parties; the old Rikken Seiyūkai and Rikken Minseitō came back as the Liberal Party and the Japan Progressive Party. The first postwar elections were held in 1948, the Liberal Party's vice president, Yoshida Shigeru, became prime minister. For the 1947 elections, anti-Yoshida forces left the Liberal Party and joined forces with the Progressive Party to establish the new Democratic Party; this divisiveness in conservative ranks gave a plurality to the Japan Socialist Party, allowed to form a cabinet, which lasted less than a year. Thereafter, the socialist party declined in its electoral successes.

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Methyl isothiocyanate

Methyl isothiocyanate is the organosulfur compound with the formula CH3N=C=S. This low melting colorless solid is a powerful lachrymator; as a precursor to a variety of valuable bioactive compounds, it is the most important organic isothiocyanate in industry. It is prepared industrially by two routes. Annual production in 1993 was estimated to be 4M kg; the main method involves the thermal rearrangement of methyl thiocyanate: CH3S-C≡N → CH3N=C=SIt is prepared via with the reaction of methylamine with carbon disulfide followed by oxidation of the resulting dithiocarbamate with hydrogen peroxide. A related method is useful to prepare this compound in the laboratory. MITC forms upon the enzymatic degradation of glucocapparin, a modified sugar found in capers. A characteristic reaction is with amines to give methyl thioureas: CH3NCS + R2NH → R2NCNHCH3Other nucleophiles add similarly. Solutions of MITC are used in agriculture as soil fumigants for protection against fungi and nematodes. MITC is a building block for the synthesis of 1,3,4-thiadiazoles, which are heterocyclic compounds used as herbicides.

Commercial products include "Spike", "Ustilan," and "Erbotan." Well known pharmaceuticals prepared using MITC include Tagamet. Suritozole is a third example. MITC is used in the Etasuline patent, although the compound is question is with EITC. MITC is a dangerous lachrymator as well as being poisonous. 6-MITC

Rajesh Kumar (writer)

Rajesh Kumar is the pseudonym of KR Rajagopal, a Tamil author of crime fiction. Kumar's first published story was in 1968 or 1969, in the college magazine of Government Arts College, where he earned a degree in botany, he has attributed this to a prank by another student, who used Kumar's name when volunteering to submit a story for the magazine. That year, he submitted the crime story "Unnai Vidamaatten" to a short story contest in Malai Murasu. In 1977, his work began appearing in Kumudam, starting with the short story "Idhu Nyayama", his first novel, Vaadagaiku Oru Uyir, was published in 1980. He subsequently told of how the editor of Kumudam had "seen a porter on a platform at Egmore Railway Station engrossed in one of stories; the porter had forgone customers just to finish the story. It was that decided to make write a novel."In 1986, his publisher asked him if he could produce a novel a month. As of 2019, Kumar has written over 1500 novels, he has written over 2000 short stories, scripts for over 250 television series, as well as the 2015 film Sandamarutham.

In 2019, he announced that he was negotiating with Sathya Jyothi Films regarding adaptations of his work on Amazon Prime. Prior to writing full-time, Kumar spent five years teaching, with a degree in education from Ramakrishna Vidyalaya. To avoid being confused with two pre-existing Tamil authors named "KR Rajagopal", he created a pseudonym based on the names of his sister and his sister-in-law: Rajeshwari and Ananthakumar

Reynolds Coliseum

William Neal Reynolds Coliseum is a multi-purpose arena located in Raleigh, North Carolina, on the campus of North Carolina State University. The arena was built to host a variety of events, including agricultural expositions and NC State basketball games, it is now home to all services of ROTC and several Wolfpack teams, including women's basketball, women's volleyball, women's gymnastics, men's wrestling. The university named the court in Reynolds "Kay Yow Court" on February 16, 2007 with the assistance of a substantial donation from the Wolfpack Club; that same night, the Wolfpack women upset #2 North Carolina, just two weeks after the men upset #3 North Carolina at the PNC Arena. NC State alumnus David Clark petitioned for the construction of the arena in 1940 after rain had ruined a North Carolina Farmers' Week meeting held in an outdoor facility; the North Carolina General Assembly approved plans for the coliseum. A steel shortage threatened to delay the construction of the coliseum. However, because the proposed coliseum was to be used as an armory, the "steel for the structure received a defense priority."

Construction began in 1942. The foundation work and structural steel support system was completed by 1943 but construction was stopped due to US involvement in World War II. After the war the university was preoccupied with the building of housing and classroom facilities and the unfinished coliseum was left untouched until construction resumed in 1948; the arena was completed the following year and named in honor of William Neal Reynolds of Winston-Salem. The arena was intended to seat 10,000 people, but while the building was still under construction, newly hired head basketball coach Everett Case urged the administration to add an additional 2,400 seats, bringing capacity to 12,400; this was accomplished by expanding the structure at each end. It was the largest arena in the Southeast for many years; the first men's basketball game was played on December 1949, against Washington & Lee University. NC State defeated Washington and Lee, 67-47. Not all the seats had been installed at that time and many fans had to sit on the "cement tiers."

The first women's basketball game was played on December 7, 1974. Men's basketball moved to the Raleigh Entertainment and Sports Arena in 1999; the Wolfpack men have played a December regular-season "heritage" game at Reynolds Coliseum in recent years, the arena hosted 2019 NIT first and second-round games against Hofstra and Harvard on March 19 and March 24. Reynolds was the original site of the ACC men's basketball tournament from 1954 to 1966, the Dixie Classic tournament from 1949 to 1960, the Southern Conference men's basketball tournament, it has hosted the NCAA men's basketball tournament as a Regional site eight times, as a subregional four times. It has hosted the women's basketball tournament eleven times, only one of, a regional site; the ACC Women's Basketball Tournament was held there twice, in 1979 and 1982. March 1982, in fact, was a busy month for the arena: it hosted the ACC women's tournament, NCAA men's subregional, NCAA women's regional all in succession, it was considered to be one of the toughest places to play in the Atlantic Coast Conference.

When ESPN asked contributors who played college basketball to identify the toughest arena they played in, Jay Bilas and Hubert Davis chose Reynolds. Jay Bilas: "To me, the toughest places to play had more to do with the quality of the opposing team than anything else, but Reynolds Coliseum at NC State was the toughest place I played while in college. Reynolds was configured much the same way as Cameron Indoor Stadium, but the end zones were much deeper and the sides were right on top of you. Reynolds was loud and intense; the Wolfpack under Jim Valvano were a tough out and the games were always fistfights, but the thing I remember most is coming back to a huddle and seeing lips move, but not being able to hear what was said. It was so loud that your head would spin. Of course, having to guard guys like Thurl Bailey, Lorenzo Charles, Cozell McQueen and Chris Washburn had something to do with my head spinning." Hubert Davis: "The toughest place I played was Reynolds Coliseum, former home of the NC State Wolfpack.

Cameron Indoor Stadium and Cole Field House don't come close. I remember the long walk from the locker room to the floor. You had to enter under the bleachers and had to sprint to the floor so that the fans wouldn't throw soda on us; the end zone seating went back as far as I've seen – the sea of red just never seemed to end. In the four years I played there as a Tar Heel, I never scored on the opposite basket away from our bench in the first half. I calmed down, but was always flustered in those first 20 minutes, it was that intimidating." In May 2005, the arena was damaged by a small fire. Damage was minimal, crews repaired the structure. Renovations were completed in 2005 that added new lighting, a new sound system, new separate floors for basketball and volleyball; the new sound system proved to be inadequate, was reworked in 2008. Because of the unusually long floor area, the volleyball court was able to fit in the north end of the coliseum perpendicular to the basketball court; the basketball area of the coliseum was curtained off or blocked off with temporary bleachers during volleyball matches.

During basketball games temporary bleachers were rolled out over the volleyball floor, as well as over the open area on the south end of the court. The arena was closed in March 2015 for extensive remodeling; the project moved the competition floor to the south end of the arena while lowering the seating capacity to 5,500 (it can be a bit h

Giuseppe Ticli

Giuseppe Ticli is an Italian footballer who plays as a midfielder. He spent his whole professional career at lower division in Serie C1 and Serie C2. Born in Vizzolo Predabissi, The Province of Milan, Ticli started his career at Internazionale. In mid-1999, he left on loan to Padova of Serie C2 Arezzo of Serie C1, along with Nello Russo, Giovanni Passiglia and Cristian Lizzori. In 2001-02 season, he played for Reggiana of Serie C1, which the club signed him in a co-ownership deal for 1,000 million lire, San Marino Calcio of Serie C2. In June 2002 Inter bought back Ticli and he signed for Monza of Serie C2, the only club he played for two seasons. In summer 2003, he was involved a swap deal with A. C. Milan, which Ticli, Alessandro Livi, Salvatore Ferraro, Marco Varaldi moved to AC Milan; the deal was criticized by press as made false profit to balance sheet, as the transfer fees was paid via player exchange, but in balance sheet, the nominal value could be adjusted by two clubs. The tactics is used to make the transfer fees larger in Italian football.

He stayed at Monza, by part of the Province of Milan for another season. In 2004-05 season, he left on loan to Lanciano of Serie C1 in 2005-06 season for Serie B club Catanzaro. In January 2006, he left for Pro Patria of Serie C1 on loan. In June 2007, the co-ownership agreement ended with AC Milan contracted with Ticli, but he was released. In January 2008, he returned to Lombardy for Pavia of Serie C2 before retired from professional football. Giuseppe Ticli at TuttoCalciatori.net Profile at FIGC

Office on Missing Persons

The Office on Missing Persons' is a Sri Lankan government department tasked with bringing closure to suffering victims and their relatives by determining the status of all missing persons in Sri Lanka. It is the first pillar of four "Transitional Justice mechanisms" proposed by the Sirisena–Wickremesinghe administration in the aftermath of the Sri Lankan Civil War; the Office On Missing Persons Act, No. 14 of 2016 provides for" "...the establishment of the office on missing persons. Anywhere between 16,000 and 20,000 people are thought to be missing in Sri Lanka. After the end of the Sri Lankan Civil War, recommendations of the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, included investigations into the disappearances and abductions of persons to ensure accountability and responsibility on them; the Presidential Commission of Inquiry Into Complaints of Abductions and Disappearances known as the Paranagama Commission, after its head Maxwell Paranagama, investigating missing persons Sri Lanka, found close to 19,000 persons confirmed to have gone missing during the Sri Lankan Civil War.

23,586 complaints were received including 5,000 from families of security forces personals. A United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, during the period from 1980 to 2010 related to the 1987–1989 JVP insurrection and Sri Lankan Civil War, recorded 12,000 cases of enforced disappearances; the government first introduced a bill to establish the Office on Missing Persons on the 22 May 2016. The Office was established 15 September 2017, operations commenced on 28 February 2018 with the appointment of members to the commission; the office's first step will be to investigate missing persons in conflict affected areas of the North and East of the country including victims and members of the armed forces and the police. As of March 2018 13,294 completed. A database has been developed to maintain records of missing persons. In the context of the office, a missing person is defined as "one whose fate or whereabouts are reasonably believed to be unknown"; such as the following: 1. "in the course of, consequent to, or in connection with the conflict which took place in the Northern and Eastern Provinces or its aftermath, or is a member of the armed forces or police, identified as “missing in action”.

2018-2021There are 7 members of the commission. Each member can only serve a maximum of two terms. All commissioners are nominated and approved by the Constitutional Council and are appointed by the president; the commissioners are to not only be qualified professionals on human rights, humanitarian Laws and with investigative skills but representative of the Sri Lankan society as a whole. The Office on Missing Persons is not law enforcement or Judicial agency, but a truth and investigative one; the findings of the OMP will not give rise to any civil liability. The commission has the power to recommend compensation and to clear the way for next of kin to take legal action against those responsible for the disappearance of their loved ones. According to Part II Section 10 of the Office on Missing Persons Act, No. 14 of 2016, the office was established: to search for and trace missing persons and identify appropriate mechanisms for the same and to clarify the circumstances in which such persons went missing.

Office for Reparations Sri Lanka and state terrorism Human rights in Sri Lanka Alleged war crimes during the final stages of the Sri Lankan Civil War Secretariat for Coordinating Reconciliation Mechanisms - Office of Missing Persons Paranagama Report