Politics of Kiribati takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Kiribati is the head of government, of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in the House of Assembly; the Judiciary is independent of the legislature. The Constitution, promulgated at independence on 12 July 1979, establishes the Republic of Kiribati as a sovereign democratic republic and guarantees the fundamental rights of its citizens. After each general election, the new Maneaba ni Maungatabu nominates three or four of its own members to stand as candidates for President; the voting public elects the Beretitenti from among these candidates. The Beretitenti appoints a Kauoman-ni-Beretitenti and up to ten other Cabinet Ministers from among the members of the Maneaba; the Cabinet is the top decision-making body in Kiribati, through which all functions of the government get their authority. Parliament can undo Cabinet decisions through a vote of no confidence.
The current Cabinet consists of the following Ministers: In Kiribati, the Attorney General is defined by section 42 of the Constitution as "the principal legal adviser to the Government." The Constitution specifies: "No person shall be qualified to hold or to act in the office of Attorney-General unless he is qualified to practise in Kiribati as an advocate in the High Court." The Attorney General of Kiribati is a member of Cabinet. According to a 2005 source, the Attorney General "is designated by the Republic of Kiribati as the Central Authority who shall have the responsibility and power to receive requests for mutual legal assistance." The unicameral House of Assembly has 46 members: 44 elected for a four-year term in single-seat and multi-seat constituencies. The elected members of the Maneaba ni Maungatabu serve four-year terms; the Speaker of the Maneaba ni Maungatabu is elected by the members of the Maneaba from outside of its membership. All citizens are eligible to vote at the age of 18.
The judicial system consists of the High Court and the Court of Appeal. Beretitenti, acting in accordance with the advice of the Public Service Commission, makes all judicial appointments; the People's Lawyer of Kiribati represents disadvantaged residents and those who are unable to access legal representation. Accordingly, the office represents clients in "Land and Criminal Matters and act for them in the Magistrates and High Court as well as the Court of Appeal." The position had long been filled by expatriate lawyers who were volunteering from either Australia or New Zealand with the "role...funded by the Australia Government through Australian Volunteers International." In 2015, the role of The People's Lawyer changed in that it was now filled by a Kiribati citizen: Raweita Beniata. Political parties are more similar to informal coalitions in behavior, they do not have official platforms or party structures. Most candidates formally present themselves as independents; the website of the House of Assembly explains that in this way: "There are four political parties in Kiribati, Boutokaan Te Koaua, Maurin Kiribati Party, Maneaban Te Mauri Party and Kiribati Tabomoa Party.
The parties are loose groupings rather than disciplined blocks, with no structure. Members may change allegiance on a number of occasions during their tenure, it is common for members to vote according to the special interests of their electorate on certain issues."Kiribati Tabomoa Party and Christian Democratic Party merged into Maneaban Te Mauri in 2003, which merged with Kiribati Independent Party into Karikirakean Te I-Kiribati in 2010, which merged with Maurin Kiribati Party to form Tobwaan Kiribati Party, the only one facing Boutokaan Te Koaua. A major source of conflict has been the protracted bid by the residents of Banaba Island to secede and have their island placed under the protection of Fiji; the government's attempts to placate the Banabans include several special provisions in the constitution, such as the designation of a Banaban seat in the legislature and the return of land acquired by the government for phosphate mining. Politics of Kiribati as of 2007: a brief overview on the official website of the Commonwealth of Nations
"Twisted" is a 1952 vocalese song with lyrics by Annie Ross, set to a tenor saxophone solo of the same name by Wardell Gray, recorded in 1949. It has been covered by Bette Midler, Joni Mitchell, many others. "Twisted" is a whimsical account of the protagonist's insanity. In 1952, Ross met Prestige Records owner Bob Weinstock, who asked her to write lyrics to a jazz solo, in a similar way to King Pleasure, a practice that would be known as vocalese; the next day, she presented him with "Twisted", a treatment of saxophonist Wardell Gray's 1949 composition of the same name, a classic example of the genre. She said of the inspiration for the song: The title was infinite possibilities. You could marry anything to it and it was the name signified, "Twisted." And it just occurred to me. The song, first released on the 1952 album King Pleasure Sings/Annie Ross Sings, was an underground hit, resulted in her winning Down Beat's New Star award. Ross released a second version with the vocalese trio Lambert, Hendricks & Ross on their 1960 self-titled album known as The Hottest New Group In Jazz.
Joni Mitchell covered the song on Spark, featuring Cheech & Chong. In a 1974 interview, when asked why she covered the song, she said: "Because I love that song, I always have loved it. I went through analysis for a while this year and the song is about analysis. I figured. I tried to put it on the last record but it was inappropriate, it had nothing to do with that time period and some of my friends feel it has nothing to do with this album either. It's added like an encore." Other covers include: Mark Murphy on his 1961 album Rah! Bette Midler on her 1973 self-titled album Marlena Shaw on her 1973 album Marlena Shaw Live at Montreux Crystal Waters on her 1991 album Surprise Jane Monheit on her 2000 album Never Never LandThe song was part of the live repertoire of the New Journeymen, before they evolved into the Mamas & the Papas; the original recording of the song was used in the introduction to the 1997 Woody Allen film Deconstructing Harry
The 7th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters East is a formation in the British Army with a direct lineage to 7th Armoured Brigade and a history that stretches back to the Napoleonic Wars. It saw active service in the Crimean War, the Second Boer War and both the First and the Second World Wars. In 2014, the 7th Armoured Brigade was re-designated as 7th Infantry Brigade, thereby ensuring that the famed "Desert Rats" continue in the British Army's Order of battle; when Wellington organized his troops into numbered divisions for the Peninsular War, the component brigades were named for the commanding officer. For the Hundred Days Campaign, he numbered his British infantry brigades in a single sequence, 1st to 10th; the 7th Brigade formed part of the 7th Division under the command of Major-general Kenneth MacKenzie. It consisted of: 2nd Battalion, 25th Regiment of Foot 2nd Battalion, 37th Regiment of Foot 2nd Battalion, 78th Regiment of Foot It was assigned to garrison duty and so played no part in the Battle of Waterloo.
The 7th Brigade formed part of the 4th Division in the Crimean War. At the Battle of the Alma it was commanded by Brigadier-General Arthur Wellesley Torrens and consisted of: 20th Regiment of Foot 21st Regiment of Foot 68th Regiment of Foot The brigade was present with the 4th Division at the Battle of Balaclava and played a more major role at the Battle of Inkerman. After the Relief of Ladysmith, part of the garrison of Ladysmith were reorganized into the 7th Brigade on 10 March 1900, it consisted of 1st Battalion, Devonshire Regiment 1st Battalion, Manchester Regiment 2nd Battalion, Gordon Highlanders 2nd Battalion, Rifle Brigade Initially commanded by Colonel W. G. Knox, it was taken over by Brigadier-General Walter Kitchener on 26 March; the brigade formed part of Lyttelton's 4th Division and took part in Sir Redvers Buller's advance north. In August 1900, it took part in the Battle of Bergendal, the last set-piece battle of the war. Post-war, the brigade was reformed in January 1906 as part of the 4th Division, before joining the 3rd Division in Southern Command in 1907.
At the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914, the 7th Brigade was a regular army formation stationed at Tidworth and assigned to the 3rd Division. It mobilized with the division, crossed to France between 11 and 16 August, concentrated around Aulnoye and Avesnes, moved forward on 21 August 1914. Other than a brief period when it was reorganized in England in 1918, the brigade served with the 3rd and 25th Divisions on the Western Front throughout the war. With the 3rd Division, the brigade took part in a large number of actions in 1914: the Battle of Mons and subsequent retreat including the Action of Solesmes and the Battle of Le Cateau, it took part in the First Battle of the Marne and the Race to the Sea: First Battle of the Aisne, the battles of La Bassée, Armentières culminating in the First Battle of Ypres, notably the Battle of Nonne Bosschen. 1915 was quieter, but included the First Attack on Bellewaarde and the Second Attack on Bellewaarde. While with the 3rd Division, the brigade commanded 3rd Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment 2nd Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment 1st Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Rifles 1/1st Battalion, Honourable Artillery Company – joined from 8th Infantry Brigade on 9 December 1914.
Once there, it was extensively reorganized on 26 October: 2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Rifles transferred to 74th Brigade in exchange for 10th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment 2nd Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment transferred to 75th Brigade in exchange for 8th Battalion, Loyal Regiment On 12 January 1916, the brigade formed the 7th Machine Gun Company and was joined by the 7th Trench Mortar Battery on 18 June 1916. The brigade saw action in 1916 defending against the German attack on the Vimy Ridge but in the Battle of the Somme, including the battles of Albert, Bazentin Ridge, Pozières Ridge and Ancre Heights. In 1917 it saw action at the Third Battle of Ypres. On 13 October 1917, 4th Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment joined the brigade and on 10 November the 3rd Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment transferred to 74th Brigade. On 1 March, the 7th Machine Gun Company joined the 74th, 75th and 195th Machine Gun Companies in the 25th Battalion, Machine Gun Corps. Due to a shortage of manpower, all British divisions on the Western Front were reduced from a 12-battalion to a 9-battalion basis in February 1918.
Neri per Caso are an Italian a cappella musical group. The group formed in Salerno in 1991 and consisted of six elements, two couple of brothers who are cousins to each other, two childhood best friend. In 1995 they won the newcomers section at the Sanremo Music Festival with the song "Le ragazze", their debut album became platinum after just one week and sold over 700,000 copies. In 1996 they came back to the Sanremo Festival, this time entering the main competition with the song "Ti senti sola", ranked fifth; the subsequent album, sold over 250,000 copies. In 2014 Diego Caravano left the group. Ciro Caravano Gonzalo Caravano Domenico Pablo "Mimì" Caravano Mario Crescenzo Massimo de Divitiis Daniele Blaquier Diego Caravano Albums1995 - Le ragazze 1996 - Strumenti 1996 -... And so This Is Christmas 1997 - Neri per caso 2000 - Angelo blu 2002 - La raccolta 2007 - Solo grandi successi 2008 - Angoli diversi 2010 - Donne 2016 – Neri per Caso 2.0 Neri per Caso discography at Discogs
Kelly/Shorts Stadium is an American football stadium in Mount Pleasant, Michigan. It serves as the home field for the Central Michigan University Chippewas; the stadium opened in 1972 and holds 30,255 spectators, making it the largest on-campus stadium in the Mid-American Conference. It is located on the southeast part of campus, along with most of the other athletic facilities; the stadium was named Perry Shorts Stadium in honor of R. Perry Shorts, a Saginaw banker, a 1900 graduate and a generous donor; the stadium, which seated 20,000 spectators, was dedicated on November 4, 1972, when the Chippewas defeated Illinois State University, 28–21, before a Homecoming crowd of nearly 17,000. In June 1983, the CMU Board of Trustees voted to rename the facility Kelly/Shorts Stadium in honor of Kenneth "Bill" Kelly, who coached the Chippewa football team to a 91–58–2 record from 1951 to 1966. A $28 million expansion project following the 1997 season added 10,000 seats to the stadium, increasing its capacity to 30,199.
A two-tiered press box, locker room, nine guest suites were included in the expansion project. The original artificial turf, the first to be used in the state of Michigan, has been replaced three times, most in 2016 when it was changed from Astroturf to FieldTurf. Permanent lights were installed before the 2006 season, making it the last stadium in the Mid-American Conference to do so. CMU's locker room, training room and equipment room are located in the stadium's north end zone, the locker room is connected to the Indoor Athletic Complex via a tunnel; the IAC houses the Dick Enberg Academic Center, coaches' offices, weight room, meeting rooms, CMU's Hall of Champions and indoor practice field with a wall-to-wall FieldTurf surface. The stadium has been used as a site for other events, including high school football playoff games and graduation ceremonies. List of NCAA Division I FBS football stadiums CMU Football Facilities
The Compendium of Materia Medica is a Chinese herbology volume written by Li Shizhen during the Ming dynasty. It is a work epitomizing the materia medica known at the time; the Compendium of Materia Medica is regarded as the most complete and comprehensive medical book written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine. It lists all the plants, animals and other items that were believed to have medicinal properties; the text consists of 1,892 entries, each entry with its own name called a gang. The mu in the title refers to the synonyms of each name; the British historian of Chinese science Joseph Needham calls Li Shizhen "the'uncrowned king' of Chinese naturalists", his Bencao gangmu "undoubtedly the greatest scientific achievement of the Ming". The title, translated as "Materia Medica, Arranged according to Drug Descriptions and Technical Aspects", uses two Chinese compounds. Bencao combines cao. Gangmu combines mu; the characters 綱 and 目 were used as'class' and'order' in biological classification.
Li Shizhen completed the first draft of the text in 1578, after conducting readings of 800 other medical reference books and carrying out 30 years of field study. For this and many other achievements, Li Shizhen is compared to Shennong, a god in Chinese mythology who gave instruction on agriculture and herbal medicine; the Compendium of Materia Medica has 53 volumes in total: At the beginning is the table of contents, containing a list of entries included and 1,160 hand drawn diagrams to serve as illustrations. Volume 1 to 4 – an index and a comprehensive list of herbs that would treat the most common sickness. Volume 5 to 53 – the main content of the text, containing 1,892 distinct herbs, of which 374 were added by Li himself. There are 11,096 side prescriptions; the text is written in 2 million Chinese characters, classified into 16 divisions and 60 orders. For every herb there are entries on their names, a detailed description of their appearance and odor, medical function and side recipes etc.
With the publication of Compendium of Materia Medica, not only did it improve the classification of how traditional medicine was compiled and formatted, but it was an important medium in improving the credibility and scientific values of biology classification of both plants and animals. The compendium corrected many misapprehensions of the nature of herbs and diseases. Li included many new herbs, adding his own discoveries of particular drugs and their efficacity and function, as well as more detailed descriptions of the results of experiments, it has notes and records on general medical data and medical history. Compendium of Materia Medica is more than a mere pharmaceutical text, for it includes a vast amount of information on topics as wide-ranging as biology, geography, geology and mining and astronomy, which might appear to have little connection with herbal medicine, it has been spread all over the world. Now it is still in print and used as a reference book. Compendium of Materia Medica contains information that has since been proven to be erroneous due to the contemporary limited scientific and technical knowledge.
For example, it is claimed. It is claimed that otters are "always male", that the Moupin langur is ten feet tall, has backwards feet and can be caught when it draws its upper lip over its eyes. "Compendium of Materia Medica" is the title of a song performed by the Taiwanese singer Jay Chou in his album Still Fantasy. The lyrics make references to aspects of Chinese herbal medicine. Chinese herbology Mellified Man Pharmacognosy Yaoxing Lun Chinese source text at zh.wikisource.org Bencao gangmu 本草綱目, ChinaKnowledge article Bencao Gangmu Materia Medica, ChinaPage article Li Shizhen: Icon of Chinese medicine, Association for Asian Research article Pen ts'ao kang mu, page from 1672 edition, National Library of Medicine