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Politics of Nepal

The politics of Nepal function within a framework of a republic with a multi-party system. The position of President of Nepal is occupied by Bidhya Devi Bhandari; the position of Prime Minister is held by Khadga Prasad Oli. Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his cabinet, while legislative power is vested in the Parliament; until 28 May 2008, Nepal was a constitutional monarchy. On that date, the constitution was altered by the 1st Nepal Constituent Assembly to make the country a republic; the Economist Intelligence Unit rated Nepal a "hybrid regime" in 2018, while the polity data series considers it to be a democracy. The Royal Massacre happened on 1 June 2001, in which members of the royal family, King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya, Crown Prince Dipendra, Prince Nirajan, as well as many others, were killed in the massacre. However, after the massacre, the Crown Prince survived for a short while in a coma. Although the prince never regained consciousness before dying, Crown Prince Dipendra was the monarch under the law of Nepali royal succession.

Two days after his death, the late King's surviving brother Gyanendra was proclaimed as a king. On 1 February 2002 King Gyanendra suspended the Parliament, appointed a government led by himself, enforced martial law; the King argued. Telephone lines were cut and several high-profile political leaders were detained. Other opposition leaders regrouped there. A broad coalition called the Seven Party Alliance was formed in opposition to the royal takeover, encompassing the seven parliamentary parties who held about 90% of the seats in the old, dissolved parliament; the UN-OHCHR, in response to events in Nepal, set up a monitoring program in 2005 to assess and observe the human rights situation thereOn 22 November 2005, the Seven Party Alliance of parliamentary parties and the Communist Party of Nepal agreed on a historic and unprecedented 12-point memorandum of understanding for peace and democracy. Nepali people from various walks of life and the international community regarded the MOU as an appropriate political response to the crisis, developing in Nepal.

Against the backdrop of the historical sufferings of the Nepali people and the enormous human cost of the last ten years of violent conflict, the MOU, which proposes a peaceful transition through an elected constituent assembly, created an acceptable formula for a united movement for democracy. As per the 12-point MOU, the SPA called for a protest movement, the Communist Party of Nepal supported it; this led to a countrywide uprising called the Loktantra Andolan that started in April 2006. All political forces including civil society and professional organizations galvanized the people; this resulted in massive and spontaneous demonstrations and rallies held across Nepal against King Gyanendra's autocratic rule. On 21 April 2006, King Gyanendra declared that "power would be returned to the people"; this had little effect on the people, who continued to occupy the streets of Kathmandu and other towns defying the daytime curfew. King Gyanendra announced the reinstatement of the House of Representatives, thereby conceding one of the major demands of the SPA, at midnight on 24 April 2006.

Following this action, the coalition of political forces decided to call off the protests. At least 14 died during the 19 days of protests. On 19 May 2006, the parliament assumed total legislative power and gave executive power to the Government of Nepal. Names of many institutions were stripped of the "royal" adjective and the Raj Parishad was abolished, with his duties assigned to the Parliament itself; the activities of the King became subject to parliamentary scrutiny and the King's properties were subjected to taxation. Moreover, Nepal was declared a secular state abrogating the previous status of a Hindu Kingdom. However, most of the changes have, as yet, not been implemented. On 19 July 2006, the prime minister, G. P. Koirala, sent a letter to the United Nations announcing the intention of the Nepali government to hold elections to a constituent assembly by April 2007. On 23 December 2007, an agreement was made for the monarchy to be abolished and the country to become a federal republic with the Prime Minister becoming head of state.

The Communist Party of Nepal became the largest party amidst a general atmosphere of fear and intimidation from all sides. A federal republic was established in May 2008, with only four members of the 601-seat Constituent Assembly voting against the change, which ended 240 years of royal rule in Nepal; the government announced a public holiday for three days, to celebrate the country becoming a federal republic. Major parties such as the Unified Communist Party of Nepal, Communist Party of Nepal and the Nepali Congress agreed to write a constitution to replace the interim constitution within 2 years; the Maoists, as the largest party of the country, took power right after the elections and named Pushpa Kamal Dahal as the Prime Minister of Nepal. CPN UML joined this government, but the Nepali Congress took the part of the main opposition party. Prachanda soon fell into a dispute with the army chief Rookmangud Katwal and decided to sack him, but the President Ram Baran Yadav, as the supreme head of military power in the country, revoked this decision and gave the army chief additional time in office.

An angry Prachanda and his party quit the government, majorly citing this reason and decided to operate as the main opposition to the governm

Stefan G. Rasmussen

Stefan G. Rasmussen is a Danish former pilot who captained the crash-landing SAS flight 751 on 27 December 1991. There were no fatalities in the crash, Rasmussen received much recognition for his handling of the incident, he entered politics, served in the Danish Folketing parliament from 1994 to 1996. He was born in Randers, trained as a pilot in the Royal Danish Air Force and graduated from Williams Air Force Base, Arizona in 1973. On 27 December 1991, he was the Captain of Scandinavian Airlines Flight 751, a McDonnell-Douglas MD-81 registered OY-KHO which crash-landed at Gottröra in Sweden. In the initial climb both engines ingested ice which had built up on the two wings, which had not been properly deiced before departure, the engines surged. Both engines were destroyed. After a controlled low-altitude glide, the aircraft broke into three parts. No fire broke out and all aboard the plane survived. Rasmussen was decorated by Queen Margrethe II of Denmark for his outstanding and professional performance.

He received several recognitions, such as: IFALPA Polaris Award, IAPA Outstanding Service Award, Aviation Week & Space Technology Laurels Award and Hall of Fame recognition and The Golden Medal from King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden. Rasmussen was a member of the Danish Folketing parliament for the Conservative People's Party from 1994 to 1996. Today he is a author. Profile interview by Berlingske Tidende

Texts from Bennett

Texts from Bennett is a blog created by Mac Lethal, purportedly based on text messages exchanged between Lethal and his "cousin" Bennett. As Gawker reported in late 2011, "The Tumblr displays iPhone screenshots of text message conversations between the site's creator and Bennett, his 17-year-old cousin who'thinks he's a Crip, works at Amoco, has a girlfriend named Mercedes, is one of the most unintentionally funny and brilliant souls on the planet.'" While The Smoking Gun reported that Bennett was purely an invention, Lethal maintained the veracity of his creation, telling The Huffington Post, " is 100 percent inaccurate." Texts from Bennett, the novel, was released on September 3, 2013. The book proposal was sold to Gallery Books, an imprint of Simon & Schuster, in May 2012, by Lethal's William Morris Endeavor agents; the book is described as " family story for the twenty-first century, based on the phenomenally popular Texts from Bennett Tumblr blog, this epistolary novel chronicles the year that Bennett and the rest of his freeloading family moved into his cousin Mac's household."

According to the author, "the book is an ode to how I met my wife and it's a love story."Texts from Bennett was a Library Journal "pick of the month" for "African American Fiction". Writing for the journal, Rollie Welch notes "The author’s portrayal of poverty, drug use, the working poor white folks’ struggle to get by has serious street cred." According to Welch, although "lengthy sidebars drag down the story," "it's an interesting and impressive debut."Booklist, a trade publication "from the trusted experts at the American Library Association", calls Lethal's book a "well-intended, albeit a little uneven, first novel... the heart of the novel is pure." Reviewer Mark Eleveld says, "This is a necessary novel that follows the phenomenon of poor white teens diving into black cultural stereotypes. The language is rough but true, tough issues are addressed with care and understanding." On November 4, 2013, it was announced that FX had purchased the rights to produce a Texts From Bennett TV show.

Texts from Bennett on Tumblr


Dharharwa is a village in Parihar Tehsil in Sitamarhi District in Bihar State, India. In Hindi: धरहरवा Dharharwa is 4 km from the main Tehsil town Parihar, 24.9 km from the district city Sitamarhi and 135 km from the state capital Patna. Nearby towns include Sursand and Choraut. Nearby villages include Parihar,Sirsia Bazar,Pipra, Betaha, Banauli. Other villages in Parihar Tehsil include Baburban,Baya,Machhpakauni,Bherrahiya and Dhanaha. Other villages in 843324 are Bela,Machhpakauni, Mahadeopatti,Parsa and Parihar. Dharharwa's PIN Code is 843324. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Rama was in Treta killed Ravana releasing his loving wife, the Goddess Sita. According to hearsay, Dharharwa exists since the birth of Sita. Janak King of Mithila, was advised to plough with his own hands to free the country from a long period of barrenness. Where King Janak held the great plough it was Dharharwa. King Janak ended his ploughing. Where King Janak found Sita in a pot, it has been known as Sitamarhi now in Bihar.

The capital of Raja Janak is Janakpur, known as Janakpur Dham, now in Nepal. Dhar stands for in local language to hold, while Har stands for plough. Since it has been called Dharharwa. Janakpur Dham is known as the capital of Mithila. Mithila Kingdom was ruled by King Janak and by his predecessor and successor. Many people believe, they present four temples of Shiva like Jaleshwar, Kalnaneshwar and Kshireshwar out of existing Janaki Mandir or Sita Palace lies in Janakpur. Jaleshwar is near Dharharwa. Population distribution of village Dharharwa as per'Census of India 2011' Male Population 2439Female Population 2235Total Population 4674Source- Population Of Dharharwa There have two government school in Dharharwa. Sri Raghuwansh Rajkiya Middle School, Dharharwa. Primary School, Dharharwa. Nearest high school placed at Parihar, Vishnupur, Bhiswa, etc.... Nearest college placed at Barahi, Sitamarhi, etc..... Ram Janki Temple, Brahman Chowk, Dharharwa. Hanuman Temple, Roy Tola, Dharharwa Shiva Temple, Vidyapati Chowk, Dharharwa Lakshmi Narayan Temple, Pipal Ghat, Dharharwa.

Raza masjid Dharharwa. Maa Maharani Temple, Bhagwati Sthan, Dharharwa. Bramha Baba Temple, Bramha Sthan, Dharharwa Kali Puja Saraswati Puja Chhath Puja Dipawali Holi Bhaiya Duj Parshuram Jayanti Raksha Bhandhan Population of Dharharwa Villages In Dharharwa Panchayat PIN Code of Dharharwa Maps of Dharharwa Dharharwa


QuestBridge is a national nonprofit based in Palo Alto, California that connects the nation’s most exceptional students from low-income backgrounds with leading institutions of higher education and further life opportunities. By recruiting and motivating these students — beginning in high school through college to their early career — QuestBridge aims to help these students attend the nations’ best colleges and to support them to achieve success in their respective careers and communities. QuestBridge started in 1987 as the Stanford Medical Youth Science Program, it evolved into the QuestBridge Program in 2004 after the founder of QuestBridge, Michael McCullough, realized that the Internet was a great tool to recruit promising low-income students. Amherst College, Rice University, Grinnell College, Wheaton College, Trinity College joined as the first QuestBridge partner schools. Twelve years the pool of partner schools has increased to 40 of the nation's leading universities and liberal arts colleges.

In the last seven years, over 7500 low-income students have been admitted and offered financial aid to these partner schools. The College Prep Scholarship is a pre-college scholarship program offered by QuestBridge for qualifying high school juniors; the application is a condensed version of the National College Match application, asks students to list their interest in each of the partner schools. The awards offered by the College Prep Scholarship include: 40 full scholarships to the Brandeis University High School Summer College Program for Fein Fellows, Emory University Pre-College Program, Harvard University Secondary School Program, University of Notre Dame Pre-College Programs, University of Pennsylvania: Leadership in the Business World Summer Program, University of Pennsylvania: Management & Technology Summer Institute, University of Pennsylvania: Summer Academy in Applied Science & Technology, University of Pennsylvania: Wharton Sports Business Academy, Stanford University High School Summer College Program, Yale University Summer Session.

60 individualized college admissions counseling awards, in which a current Questbridge staff member or college student mentors a student through all stages of the college admission process 2000 invitations to QuestBridge's College Admissions Conferences, which in 2013 will be held at Northwestern University, Stanford University, Yale University. All expense paid trips to visit Questbridge partner colleges 300 telementoring awards with Amherst College, which will pair low-income and first-generation Amherst students to the award winners; the students will answer questions about the college process and provide support and encouragement Quest For Excellence Awards, offered in a variety of categories, which offer promising students laptops, iPads, or all expense paid trips to the partner collegesIn 2012, 3,098 students were named College Prep Scholars for winning one or more of the above awards. 74% of these students were among the first generation in their family to attend college, 85% ranked in the top 10% of their class.

The National College Match is an alternative binding, free application process for high-school seniors. It helps students apply to and be selected for admission at partner colleges with full four-year scholarships. Students may use the program's application materials to apply for admission through partner colleges' regular decision processes; the National College Match application opens up in August. Students fill out the QuestBridge application, a counterpart to the Common Application and includes several 30-word short-answers and three full-length essays; the application is catered towards highlighting the specific needs and backgrounds of low-income, first-generation students. The application is due late September. Students have until October 10 to rank their school preferences if they want to continue with the National College Match process, they can rank up to twelve colleges. QuestBridge recommends students to begin preparing additional requirements for each of the partner colleges around this time.

Each partner school asks for different materials, such as the Common Application, particular financial aid documents, or college supplements. On October 16, students find out; this means. November 1 marks the deadline for specific partner college requirements. Through the month of November, each partner college receives the application of every student who ranked them for the National College Match and was named a QuestBridge Finalist, they do not know. The partner schools choose among their applicants and send a list of desired students to QuestBridge. QuestBridge matches the colleges' rankings with the students' rankings, hence the name. Students are matched to the top school on their list that matched them. Around late November to early December, QuestBridge announces whether or not the students receive a College Match Scholarship, which covers at the minimum the full cost of tuition and board, student fees. If the student receives a College Match Scholarship to a binding school, he or she is prohibited from applying to any other college.

Students who do not receive the College Match Scholarship move onto QuestBridge Regular Decision, though some utilize Early Decision II or Early Action offered at various schools. Students who were not named QuestBridge Finalists can still receive free applications from a variety of the partner colleges, they are eligible to forward their National Match Application to schools which will accept it for QuestBridge Regular Decision; the National College Match is a restrictive early process.

Urkiola Natural Park

Urkiola Natural Park is a protected area located in the southeastern corner of Biscay and Álava in the northern Basque Country, Spain. It is a protected area of 5,958 hectares, it was declared a Natural Park on 29 December 1989. The Park's highest mountain summit is Anboto at 1,337 metres; this mountain has a strong mythological significance. Is the main dwelling of Mari, a figure of Basque mythology. Urkiola Natural Park and Gorbea Natural Park form an important environmental unit. Landscape features and easy access have been fundamental to sports use. Urkiola Natural Park has a perimeter of 83.8 km. The Natural Park is located in seven in Biscay and one in Álava; the landscape of Urkiola Park consists of limestone masses. These rocks have steep slopes, with cliffs. Karst plains support a diverse and rugged landscape consisting of different proportions of shrubs, rocks and pine forests. Mining activity is important in its vicinity. While mineral extraction has been a traditional activity within the land that makes up the Urkiola Natural Park, the mines were closed long ago.

LImestone quarries, opencast mines that have a great impact on the landscape, have remained active since the formation of Urkiola Natural Park. The abundance of limestone and rainfall in the area has led to a rich karstic relief, with many caves with prehistoric remains of human occupation and fissures; the climate is warm oceanic, with high rainfall with a clear decrease in the summer. Most of the park is about 600 metres above sea level; the annual rainfall is around 1,500 millimetres. The temperature is mild, with a marine influence, a range between 7 °C mean minimum and maximum average 15 °C, with an annual average of 11 °C; the vegetation of Urkiola Natural Park presents typical features of the Cantabrian-Atlantic provinces of the Euro-Siberian region, with features of the Mediterranean region. The vegetation is: Altitudes above 1,000 metres, where there is presence of boreal-alpine floral elements. Large area of limestone rock mass which favour the development of sub-Mediterranean floral elements.

The park's vegetation has been influenced by human exploitation through centuries of occupation. The height and geology determine the type of vegetation. Have cataloged a total of 694 taxa, among which 156 are classified as being of special interest because of their special endemism. In the Urkiola Natural Park there aren't own unique species; the fauna of Urkiola Natural Park consists of typical Euro-Siberian species. Others are Mediterranean origin, Ethiopian Eastern and cosmopolitan; the distribution is the following: Euro-Siberian: 83%. Mediterranean: 13%. Cosmopolitan 3%. Ethiopian Eastern: 1%.126 species of vertebrates have been catalogued, excluding Chiroptera, The following table shows the distribution according to their class: In the park are a number of protected species, 64 are included in the "National Catalogue of Endangered Species". There are 12 that can be hunted; the Birds Directive of the European Community protects 19 species while the Habitats Directive protects the other 15. There are 106 species that are protected by the Berne Convention, 30 for the Bonn Convention and 15 by the Washington Convention.

The "Basque Catalogue of Threatened Species" includes 36 species. Urkiola Natural Park contains traces of human occupation since prehistoric times; the caves in the gorge of Atxarte, in the massif of Anboto attest to this. Some ceramic fragments from the Roman Empire and Middle Ages are to be found in the remains of walls in the park. Logging in Urkiola Natural Park has taken place since time immemorial, in particular beech pollard used for making charcoal, oaks used for firewood, pine plantations for the production of paper pulp. Between 1990 and 2006 185 hectares of forest have been planted in different species, including 148 hectares of hardwood beech and oak, 37 hectares of conifers Douglas fir, radiata pine and Sitka spruce. Livestock and pastoral activity has contributed to the formation of the current landscape of the park. Livestock consists of sheep and horses; the sheep are for producing milk for cheese and curds. The cattle and horses are raised for meat. Hunting and fishing activities have little relevance within the Urkiola Natural Park.

Around the park hunting is provided in some specific areas where it is for migratory species like woodcock and thrush. Hunted species include hares, which maintain a high population, there is some wild boar and partridge. Fishing is non-existent within the Park area. Urkiola Natural Park Official Website Parque Natural de Urkiola en la web de la Diputación Foral de Bizkaia Parque Natural de Urkiola, Información sobre Urkiola Escalada en Atxarte