The politics of Sweden take place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy. Executive power is exercised by the government, led by the Prime Minister of Sweden. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament, elected within a multi-party system; the Judiciary is independent, employed until retirement. Sweden is formally a monarchy with a king holding symbolic power. Sweden has a typical Western European history of democracy, beginning with the old Viking age Ting electing kings, ending with a hereditary royal power in the 14th century, that in periods became more or less democratic depending on the general European trends; the current democratic regime is a product of a stable development of successively added democratic institutions introduced during the 19th century up to 1921, when women's suffrage was introduced. The Government of Sweden has adhered to parliamentarism — de jure since 1975, de facto since 1917. Since the Great Depression, Swedish national politics has been dominated by the Social Democratic Workers' Party, which has held a plurality in parliament since 1917.
The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Sweden a "full democracy" in 2019. The Constitution of Sweden consists of four fundamental laws; the most important is the Instrument of Government of 1974 which sets out the basic principles of political life in Sweden, defining rights and freedoms. The Act of Succession is a treaty between the old Riksdag of the Estates and House of Bernadotte regulating their rights to accede to the Swedish throne; the four fundamental laws are: Instrument of Government Act of Succession Freedom of the Press Act Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression King Carl XVI Gustaf of the House of Bernadotte became king in 1973. His authority is formal and representational. Heiress apparent to the throne is Crown Princess Victoria since 1980; the Prime Minister of Sweden is nominated by the Speaker of the Riksdag and elected through negative parliamentarism. In practice, this means that the Prime Minister nominee is confirmed if fewer than 175 MPs vote'no', regardless of the number of'yes' votes or abstentions.
Following a lengthy government formation process as a result of the general election held on 9 September 2018, Stefan Löfven of the Swedish Social Democratic Party was re-elected Prime Minister of Sweden for a second term by the new parliament on 18 January 2019, after being ousted by parliament. Together with the Green Party, Löfven presides over a minority government which relies on confidence and supply from the Centre Party and Liberals; the Deputy Prime Minister is Isabella Lövin of the Green Party. The highest executive authority of the State is vested in the Government, which consists of a Prime Minister and 22 Ministers who head the ministries; the Ministers are appointed at the sole discretion of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is appointed following a vote in the Riksdag itself; the Monarch plays no part in this process. The only way to get rid of a government is through a motion of no confidence in the Riksdag; this motion must get a majority of the total number of votes in the Riksdag.
Another example of the power the legislature has given the Government is the adoption of the budget in the Riksdag. The Government's proposition to budget is adopted, unless a majority of the members of the Riksdag vote against it; this is to make it possible to govern in minority. The unicameral Riksdag has 349 members, popularly elected every 4 years, it is in session from September through mid-June. Legislation may be initiated by members of the Riksdag. Members are elected on the basis of proportional representation for a four-year term; the Riksdag can alter the Constitution of Sweden, but only with approval by a supermajority and confirmation after the following general elections. The Swedish Social Democratic Party has played a leading political role since 1917, after Reformists confirmed their strength and the revolutionaries left the party. After 1932, the Cabinets have been dominated by the Social Democrats. Only five general elections have given the centre-right bloc enough seats in the Riksdag to form a government.
This is considered one reason for the Swedish post-war welfare state, with a government expenditure of more than 50% of the gross domestic product. A general election is held alongside regional elections every four years; the last election was held on 11 September 2018. Swedish law, drawing on Germanic and Anglo-American law, is neither as codified as in France and other countries influenced by the Napoleonic Code, nor as dependent on judicial practice and precedents as in the United States. Courts: Civil and criminal jurisdiction Supreme Court or Högsta domstolen Courts of appeal or Hovrätter District courts or Tingsrätter Administrative Courts: Litigation between the Public and the Government; the Supreme Administrative Court or Högsta förvaltningsdomstolen Administrative courts of appeal or Kammarrätter Administrative courts or Förvaltningsrätt Ombudsman: The Parliamentary Ombudsman or Justitieombudsmannen The Chancellor of Justice or Justitiekanslern Sweden has a history of strong political involvement by ordinary people through its "popular movements", the most notable being trade unions, the women's movement, the temperance movement, — more — sports movement.
Election turnout in Sweden has always been high
La Plata County is one of the 64 counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 51,334; the county seat is Durango. The county was named for the La Plata Mountains. "La plata" means "the silver" in Spanish. La Plata County comprises CO Micropolitan Statistical Area; the county is home to Durango Rock Shelters Archeology Site, the type site for the Basketmaker II period of Anasazi culture. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,700 square miles, of which 1,692 square miles is land and 7.6 square miles is water. San Juan County - north Hinsdale County - northeast Archuleta County - east San Juan County, New Mexico - south Montezuma County - west Dolores County - northwest As of the census of 2000, there are 43,941 people in the county, organized into 17,342 households and 10,890 families; the population density is 26 people per square mile. There are 20,765 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county is 87.31% White, 5.78% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.31% Black or African American, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.90% from other races, 2.25% from two or more races.
10.40 % of the population are Latino of any race. There are 17,342 households out of which 29.60% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.90% are married couples living together, 8.70% have a female householder with no husband present, 37.20% are non-families. 24.80% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.10% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.43 and the average family size is 2.92. In the county, the population is spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 13.90% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, 9.40% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 103.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 103.10 males. The median income for a household in the county is $40,159, the median income for a family is $50,446. Males have a median income of $32,486 versus $24,666 for females; the per capita income for the county is $21,534. 11.70% of the population and 6.70% of families are below the poverty line.
Out of the total population, 9.30% of those under the age of 18 and 7.70% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Durango Bayfield Ignacio Southern Ute Greysill Mines La Plata Parrott City In its early years La Plata County leaned towards the Democratic Party. Only Benjamin Harrison in 1888, the three landslide victories of Theodore Roosevelt, Warren G. Harding and Herbert Hoover saw the county vote Republican before World War II. In the period between 1940 and 1988, the county – like Colorado – took a turn towards supporting the Republican Party, with the result that between 1940 and 2000 the only Democrat to obtain a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964. Since John Kerry became the first candidate in sixteen years from either party to gain a majority in La Plata county in the 2004 election, the county has tended towards the Democratic Party: Barack Obama’s 2008 share of the vote was the highest for a Democrat since Woodrow Wilson's 92 years prior. San Juan National Forest Weminuche Wilderness Durango-Silverton Narrow-Gauge Railroad National Historic District Colorado Trail Old Spanish National Historic Trail Great Parks Bicycle Route San Juan Skyway National Scenic Byway Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles Colorado census statistical areas Durango Micropolitan Statistical Area National Register of Historic Places listings in La Plata County, Colorado La Plata County Government website La Plata County State Register properties Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck Colorado Historical Society La Plata County Central Reservations Access Durango, Colorado Community Portal
State Road 533 is a 4.03-mile-long unsigned state road in northern Connecticut. It runs from U. S. Route 6, US 44, Route 85 in the town of Bolton to Route 30 in the town of Vernon. SR 533 begins at US 6/US 44/Route 85 in the northwestern portion of the town of Bolton. In Bolton it is known as Cindermill Road, it runs north for about 0.6 miles before intersecting with Lake Street and entering the town of Manchester. At the Lake Street intersection, the road becomes Lake Street, it runs north for about 0.7 miles before entering the town of Vernon, passing the Risley Reservoir to the east. For a mile the road runs north before coming to a fork in the road. Route 533 heads northeast. At this fork, the road becomes Tunnel Road; the road runs northeast for 0.9 miles before entering a short tunnel to go under the Hop River State Park Trail. The road heads north again, passing over the Tankerhoosen River and passing under Interstate 84. I-84 is accessible from SR 533 via a pair of frontage roads– SR 541 provides access to I-84 west and SR 542 provides access to I-84 east.
About 0.3 miles after passing under I-84, the road ends. In 1963, Cider Mill Road, Lake Street and Tunnel Road were given the highway designation of SR 533. Part of SR 533 was part of SR 481 before being transferred to Route 533
Elsie Lee was an American author of over 35 fiction and non-fiction books. Elsie Williams was born in Brooklyn, New York to Helen and Samuel Byron Williams, Jr. Samuel was a telephone engineer born in Ohio, who worked for Western Electric in New York City. Helen was a housewife; when Elsie was 13 years old a brother, David G. Williams, was born. Elsie began cooking at age 8, attended Swarthmore College in Swarthmore, PA from 1928-1932, attended the Pratt Institute from 1932-33. Elsie married Morton Lee on December 27, 1941, she was a member of the Society of Friends, the Authors Guild of Authors League of America, Mensa. Her interests included cats, music, two-pack solitaire games, word games, jigsaw puzzles. Elsie worked as a librarian for Price, Waterhouse & Company 1937-1942, she mentions in Elsie Lee's Book of Simple Gourmet Cookery that she lived in Washington for six years, Hollywood for three. Elsie began selling her first stories to the Ladies Home Journal, she described her writing this way: "I write fairy tales for grownups, principally women...
I am better at characterizations than plots, best with cats who are unanimously adored by my readers... I will not compromise on the quality of vocabulary and grammar in my books... it is a writer's responsibility to TEACH subtly through entertainment..."Her pseudonyms included Elsie Cromwell, Jane Gordon, Lee Sheridan. Elsie Williams Lee died February 1987 at the age of 75 while living in New York City. ∞Novelizations of a television show or screenplay How to Get the Most Out of Your Tape Recording More Fun with Your Tape Recordings and Stereo The Exciting World of Rocks and Gems The Bachelor's Cookbook Easy Gourmet Cooking At Home with Plants: A Guide to Successful Indoor Gardening Second Easy Gourmet Cookbook Elsie Lee's Book of Simple Gourmet Cookery Elsie Lee's Party Cookbook
The Soviet Empire is an informal term that has two meanings. In the narrow sense, it expresses a view in Western Sovietology that the Soviet Union as a state was a colonial empire; the onset of this interpretation is traditionally attributed to Richard Pipes's book The Formation of the Soviet Union. In the wider sense, it refers to the country's perceived imperialist foreign policy during the Cold War; the nations said to be part of the Soviet Empire in the wider sense were independent countries with separate governments that set their own policies, but those policies had to remain within certain limits decided by the Soviet Union and enforced by threat of intervention by the Warsaw Pact. Countries in this situation are called satellite states. Although the Soviet Union was not ruled by an emperor and declared itself anti-imperialist and a people's democracy, critics argue that it exhibited tendencies common to historic empires; some scholars hold that the Soviet Union was a hybrid entity containing elements common to both multinational empires and nation states.
It has been argued that the Soviet Union practiced colonialism as did other imperial powers. Maoists argued that the Soviet Union had itself become an imperialist power while maintaining a socialist façade; the other dimension of "Soviet imperialism" is cultural imperialism. The policy of Soviet cultural imperialism implied the Sovietization of culture and education at the expense of local traditions; the history of relationship between Russia and these Eastern European countries helps to understand the reactions of the Eastern European countries to the remnants of Soviet culture, namely hatred and longing for eradication. Poland and the Baltic states epitomize the Soviet attempt at the uniformization of their cultures and political systems. According to Noren, Russia was seeking to constitute and reinforce a buffer zone between itself and Western Europe so as to protect itself from potential and future attacks from hostile Western European countries, it is important to remember that the country lost between 26 and 27 million lives over the course the Second World War, if we combine the men provided by all 15 socialistic republics.
To this end, the Soviet Union needed to expand their influences so as to establish a hierarchy of dependence between the targeted states and itself. Such a purpose could be best achieved by means of the establishment of economic cronyism; the penetration of the Soviet influence into the "socialist-leaning countries" was of the political and ideological kind as rather than getting hold on their economic riches, the Soviet Union pumped enormous amounts of "international assistance" into them in order to secure influence to the detriment of its own economy. The political influence they sought to pursue aimed at rallying the targeted countries to their cause in the case of another attack from Western countries and as a support in the context of the Cold War. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia declared itself successor and recognized $103 billion of Soviet foreign debt while claiming $140 billion of Soviet assets abroad; this does not mean that economic expansion did not play a significant role in the Soviet motivation to spread influence in these satellite territories.
In fact, these new territories would ensure an increase in the global wealth which the Soviet Union would have a grasp on. If we follow the theoretical communist ideology, this expansion would contribute to a higher portion for every Soviet citizen through the process of redistribution of wealth. Soviet officials from the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic intertwined this economic opportunity with a potential for migration. In fact, they saw in these Eastern European countries the potential of a great workforce, they offered a welcome to them upon the only condition that they work hard and achieve social success. This ideology was shaped on the model of the 19th-century American foreign policy; these countries were the closest allies of the Soviet Union and were members of the Comecon, a Soviet-led economic community founded in 1949, as well as the Warsaw Pact, sometimes called the Eastern Bloc in English and viewed as Soviet satellite states. These countries were occupied or had a period occupied by Soviet Army and their politics, military and domestic policies were dominated by the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Empire is considered to have included the following states: People's Socialist Republic of Albania People's Republic of Bulgaria Czechoslovak Socialist Republic German Democratic Republic Hungarian People's Republic Polish People's Republic Socialist Republic of Romania These countries were Marxist-Leninist states who were allied with the U. S. S. R, but did not belong to the Warsaw Pact. Democratic Republic of Afghanistan People's Republic of Angola People's Republic of Benin People's Republic of China People's Republic of the Congo Republic of Cuba Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia/People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia People's Republic of Kampuchea Democratic People's Republic of Korea Lao People's Democratic Republic Mongolian People's Republic People's Republic of Mozambique Somali Democratic Republic Tuvan People's Republic Democratic Republic of Vietnam /Socialist Republic of Vietnam Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia People's Democratic Re
Marus was a Palestinian village in Upper Galilee, 7 km northeast of Safad. In the Roman and medieval period it had Jewish population, by the 16th century it became Muslim. After a period of desertion, it was resettled by Algerian Arabs, it was depopulated in 1948 during the Operation Hiram by the Israeli attacking brigade Sheva' Brigade. In 1875, Victor Guérin found major ruins here, he described the place as a destroyed Arab village. In 1881 the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine found here: "ancient ruins; some rock-cut tombs and many caves in hills around."Starting in 1981 Zvi Ilan excavated in sites next to the 20th century village in different directions. Excavations revealed signs of a long-standing community, Jewish presence at some periods. An ancient synagogue built in the late 4th or early 5th century, a related Beth midrash of the 7th century, a cache of coins ranging from the 5th to 9th centuries, a necropolis of the 1st century CE, sherds from Roman to early Ottoman period. There are remains of a defensive wall of large stones, a hewn moat.
Based on the archaeological findings and the name Marus, archaeologist Zvi Ilan suggested Marus is to be identified with the town Meroth. Meroth is mentioned by Josephus as a border town between Jewish Galilee and Tyre in the First Jewish–Roman War, a place fortified early in the war. Previous suggestions as to its location included Maroun al-Ras, Meiron, which show less archaeological parallels; the name derives from מערות. Marus is mentioned in a Samaritan medieval manuscript, again as the border of Tyre, in a pilgrimage guide of the 14th century. In 1596, Marus was part of the Ottoman Empire, a village in the nahiya of Jira under the liwa' of Safad, with a population of 176, it paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat and fruits as well as on goats. All the villagers were Muslim. In the second half of the 19th century Algerian followers of Abdelkader El Djezairi have been defeated by the French in Algeria, sought refuge in another part of the Ottoman Empire, they were given lands in various locations in Ottoman Syria, including Marus, the close-by Dayshum, Ammuqa, Al-Husayniyya and Tulayl.
In the British mandate period the village was classified as a hamlet by the Palestine Index Gazetteer. In the 1922 census of Palestine, Marus had a population of 45. In the 1945 statistics, the population was 80 Muslims, the total land area was 3,183 dunums. Of this, 108 dunums were plantations and irrigable land, 903 used for cereals, while 8 dunams were built-up land; the village was occupied by the Israeli Defense Force's Sheva' Brigade, during the Operation Hiram at the close of 1948 Arab-Israeli war. According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, describing the village land in 1992: "The site contains some olive and fig trees as well as stones from ruined homes; the surrounding land is used for grazing." List of Arab towns and villages depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War Welcome to Marus Palestine Remembered Marus, Zochrot Marus, Dr. Khalil Rizk. Survey of Western Palestine, Map 4: IAA, Wikimedia commons Marus, from the Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center Zvi Ilan. "The Synagogue and Study House in Meroth".
Ancient Synagogues: Historical Analysis and Archaeological Discovery. By Dan Urman. BRILL. P. 261ff. ISBN 90-04-11254-5. "Hoard from the Meroth synagogue". The Israel Museum. "Amulet of Yosi son of Zenobia". The Israel Museum