SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Polo Grounds

The Polo Grounds was the name of three stadiums in Upper Manhattan, New York City, used for professional baseball and American football from 1880 through 1963. The original Polo Grounds, opened in 1876 and demolished in 1889, was built for the sport of polo. Bound on the south and north by 110th and 112th Streets and on the east and west by Fifth and Sixth Avenues, just north of Central Park, it was converted to a baseball stadium when leased by the New York Metropolitans in 1880; the third Polo Grounds, built in 1890 and renovated after a fire in 1911, is the one indicated when the Polo Grounds is referenced. It was located in Coogan's Hollow and was noted for its distinctive bathtub shape short distances to the left and right field walls, an unusually deep center field. In baseball, the original Polo Grounds was home to the New York Metropolitans from 1880 through 1885, the New York Giants from 1883 through 1888; the Giants played in the second Polo Grounds for part of the 1889 season and all of the 1890 season, at the third and fourth Polo Grounds from 1891 through 1957.

The Polo Grounds was the home field of the New York Yankees from 1913 through 1922 and the New York Mets in their first two seasons of 1962 and 1963. All four versions of the ballpark hosted; the fourth version hosted the 1934 and 1942 Major League Baseball All-Star Games. In football, the third Polo Grounds was home to the New York Brickley Giants for one game in 1921 and the New York Giants from 1925 to 1955; the New York Jets of the American Football League played at the stadium from the league's inaugural season of 1960 through 1963. Other sporting events held at the Polo Grounds included soccer and Gaelic football; the last sporting event at the Polo Grounds was a football game between the New York Jets and the Buffalo Bills on December 14, 1963. Shea Stadium replaced the Polo Grounds as the home of the Mets and Jets; the Polo Grounds was demolished over a period of four months that year and a public housing complex, known as the Polo Grounds Towers, was built on the site. The original Polo Grounds stood at 110th Street between Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenue, directly across 110th Street from the northeast corner of Central Park.

The venue's original purpose was for the sport of polo, its name was merely descriptive, not a formal name rendered as "the polo grounds" in newspapers. The Metropolitans, an independent team of major-league caliber, was the first professional baseball team to play there, beginning in September 1880, remained the sole professional occupant through the 1882 season. At that time the Metropolitans' ownership had the opportunity to bring it into the National League, but elected instead to organize a new team, the New York Gothams — who soon came to be known as the Giants — using players from the Metropolitans and the newly defunct Troy Trojans, entered it in the National League, while bringing what remained of the Metropolitan club into the competing American Association. For this purpose the ownership built a second diamond and grandstand at the park, dividing it into eastern and western fields for use by the Giants and Metropolitans respectively. Polo Grounds I thus hosted its first Major League Baseball games in 1883 as the home stadium of two teams, the American Association Metropolitans and the National League Gothams.

The dual-fields arrangement proved unworkable because of faulty surfacing of the western field, after various other arrangements were tried, the Metropolitans and Giants alternated play on the eastern field in years until the Metropolitans moved to the St. George Cricket Grounds on Staten Island in 1886. Although the Giants would soon become the team of choice in the city, the "Mets" had a good year in 1884, they had started the season in a new facility called Metropolitan Park, which proved to be such a poor venue that they moved back to the Polo Grounds within a few weeks. Despite that bit of drama, the Mets went on to win the American Association pennant, their good fortune ran out when they faced the Providence Grays in the World Series, in which Providence pitcher Old Hoss Radbourn pitched three consecutive shutouts against them. All three games had been staged at the Polo Grounds. An early highlight of Giants' play at the Polo Grounds was Roger Connor's home run over the right-field wall and into 112th Street.

The original Polo Grounds was used not only for Polo and professional baseball, but for college baseball and football as well – by teams outside New York. The earliest known surviving image of the field is an engraving of a baseball game between Yale University and Princeton University on Decoration Day, May 30, 1882. Yale and Harvard played their traditional Thanksgiving Day football game there on November 29, 1883 and November 24, 1887. New York City was in the process of extending its street grid into uptown Manhattan in 1889. Plans for an extended West 111th Street ran through the Polo Grounds. City workers are said to have shown up one day and begun cutting through the fence to lay out the new street. With the Giants having won the National League pennant the year before, as well as the World Series there was significant sentiment in the city against the move. Governor David B. Hill, who had campaigned for office on a "home rule" pledge, vetoed it on the grounds that whatever he might think of the forced destruction of the park, the will of the city government was to be respected.

The loss of their park forced the Giants to look quick

Kaduna Polytechnic

Kaduna Polytechnic is one of the earliest polytechnics in Nigeria, located at Tudun Wada area of Kaduna South local government of Kaduna state, North-Western Nigeria. It was established in 1956 as Kaduna Technical Institute after the British Government accepted the upgrading of Yaba Higher College to a technical institute and proposed the establishment of technical institutes in Kaduna and Enugu through the recommendation of the Higher Education Commission; the polytechnic offers National Diploma and Higher National Diploma courses at the undergraduate level. In 2019/2020 academic session the institute will start awarding National Diploma in Railway Engineering Technology as approved by NBTE on 30th January 2020. College of Business & Management Studies College of Environmental Studies College of Engineering College of Science and Technology College of Administrative Studies and Social Sciences College of Technology Education Frederick Leonard, Nigerian actor. List of polytechnics in Nigeria Official website

Gmina Janikowo

Gmina Janikowo is an urban-rural gmina in Inowrocław County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland. Its seat is the town of Janikowo, which lies 12 kilometres south-west of Inowrocław, 42 km south of Bydgoszcz, 47 km south-west of Toruń; the gmina covers an area of 92.3 square kilometres, as of 2006 its total population is 13,635. Apart from the town of Janikowo, Gmina Janikowo contains the villages and settlements of Broniewice, Dobieszewice, Głogówiec, Góry, Kołodziejewo, Kołuda Mała, Kołuda Wielka, Ludzisko and Trląg. Gmina Janikowo is bordered by the gminas of Dąbrowa, Inowrocław, Pakość and Strzelno. Polish official population figures 2006