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Polydorus of Troy

Polydorus or Polydoros is the youngest son of Priam and Hecuba in the mythology of the Trojan War. Polydorus is an example of the fluid nature of myth, as his role and story vary in different traditions and sources. In Homer's Greek epic the Iliad, Polydorus is depicted as a foe to Achilles. According to this source, Polydorus was the youngest son of Priam, thus his father would not let him fight. Achilles, sees him on the battlefield showing off his great speed running through the lines and spears him, ending his life. Seeing his brother Polydorus’ death causes Hector to challenge Achilles. In Euripides' tragedy Hecuba, the ghost of Polydorus is a character, his death is the cause of the main conflict of the play. Polydorus’ ghost presents the prologue of the play, explaining that he was sent to Thrace under the protection of King Polymestor in case Troy fell. With his son, Priam sent gold. Once Troy fell, Polymestor killed Polydorus by throwing him into the sea and stole the gold. Polydorus laments the fact.

In the play, a slave woman tells Hecuba that Polydorus’ body has been found washed up on shore. Hecuba explains that she saw the murderer of Polydorus in a dream and it is Polymestor. Aided by Agamemnon and the other captive women, Hecuba proceeds to avenge her son’s murder by killing Polymestor’s sons and blinding him; this same story of Polydorus is the subject of an episode in Ovid’s Metamorphoses. In Vergil's Roman epic the Aeneid, Aeneas lands in Thrace hoping to establish a colony for his people; the land is overgrown with various plants, as Aeneas begins to uproot a bush of Myrtle, which he sees growing on mysterious mound, so that he can protect an altar he has just made with the boughs. The branches begin to spout blood upon being uprooted; the plant begins to speak and explains that it is Polydorus - the spears that were used to kill him stuck into the ground and took root, transforming into plants. It is explained that Priam sent Polydorus to Thrace with payment to the Thracian king so that he would be protected if Troy fell.

When Troy did fall, the king broke his pact with the Trojans, killed Polydorus in order to ingratiate himself with Agamemnon and kept the payment. Aeneas goes on to give Polydorus a proper burial. According to the tradition of Hyginus’ Fabulae and Hecuba entrusted Polydorus’ upbringing to his sister, the wife of Polymestor. In order to ensure Polydorus’ safety, she raised him as her own son, while she raised her and Polymestor’s true son, Deipylus, as her brother. After the fall of Troy, the Achaeans offered Polymestor Agamemnon’s daughter Electra to be his wife if he killed Polydorus. Polymestor agreed; as this occurred, Polydorus went to the oracle of Apollo. Here he was told that his home city had been destroyed, his father killed, his mother captured. Upon returning home, still believing that he was the son of Polymestor and Iliona, he asked Iliona why the oracle had been wrong, at which point she tells him the truth of his ancestry, he proceeds to kill Polymestor at his sister's advice. 4708 Polydoros, Jovian asteroid named after Polydorus List of Metamorphoses characters Helen of Troy William Smith.

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology vs. Polydorus. London. John Murray: printed by Spottiswoode and Co. New-Street Square and Parliament Street. 1849. Apollodorus, R. Scott Smith, Stephen Trzaskoma, C. Julius. Hyginus. Apollodorus' Library and Hyginus' Fabulae: Two Handbooks of Greek Mythology. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. 2007. Print. Euripides, Marilyn Nelson. Hecuba. U Penn Press, 1998. Print. Homer, Stanley Lombardo. Iliad. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. 1997. Print. Ovidius, Naso Publius, Alan D. Melville. Metamorphoses. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986. Print. Virgil, Robert Fitzgerald; the Aeneid. New York: Knopf, 1992. Print Media related to Polydorus at Wikimedia Commons

Königsberg Castle

The Königsberg Castle was a castle in Königsberg and was one of the landmarks of the East Prussian capital Königsberg. The site of the castle was an Old Prussian fort known as Tuwangste near the Pregel River at an important waypoint in Prussian territory. Nearby were three Prussian villages known as Löbenicht and Tragheim. After conquering the area in 1255, the Teutonic Knights constructed a provisionary wooden and earthworks fort in place of the Prussian one. By 1257, a new stone Ordensburg castle was being constructed; the castle was enlarged and refortified in several stages between the 16th to 18th centuries. The fortress designated a castle, was the residence of the Grandmasters of the Teutonic Order and residence for Prussian rulers; the 1815 Encyclopædia Britannica refers to "the magnificent palace in, a hall 83.5 m long and 18 m broad without pillars to support it, a handsome library. The gothic tower of the castle is high and has 284 steps to the top, from where a great distance can be seen".

This extensive building, enclosed in a large quadrangle and situated in the center of the city, was a seat of the Teutonic Order. It was enlarged from the 16th to 18th centuries; the west wing contained the Schloßkirche, or palace church, where Frederick I was crowned in 1701 and William I in 1861. The arms emblazoned upon the walls and columns were those of members of the Order of the Black Eagle. Above the church was the 83 m long and 18 m high Moscowiter-Saal, one of the largest halls in the German Reich; until the latter part of World War II, the apartments of the Hohenzollerns and the Prussia Museum were open to the public daily. Among other things, the museum accommodated 240,000 exhibits of the Prussian collection, a collection of the Königsberg State and University Library, as well as many paintings by the artist Lovis Corinth. In 1926, Friedrich Lahrs led an excavation of the castle courtyard. During World War II, various pieces of captured Russian art were stored there including parts of the Amber Room.

An extensive collection of provincial archives was housed there. The Blutgericht, a wine selling tavern, was situated within the castle. An image of Hans von Sagan was used as the castle's weathervane. Following the bombing of Königsberg by the Allies in the Second World War in 1944, the castle burnt down. However, the thick walls were able to withstand both the aerial bombing and Soviet artillery, as well as urban fighting in April 1945, allowing the ruins of the castle to stay standing; the demolished Königsberg became part of the Soviet Union and was renamed Kaliningrad in 1946. Kaliningrad was to be rebuilt as a model town on the remains of Königsberg, without reminders of the German past left standing. Leonid Brezhnev ordered that the remains of the castle be disposed of so they would no longer stand as a reminder of "Prussian militarism." Despite protests from students and intellectuals from Kaliningrad, the ruins of the castle were blown up on Brezhnev's personal orders in 1968. However, the ruins of the nearby Königsberg Cathedral, which included the tomb of Immanuel Kant, were left standing, in the late 1990s and early years of the 21st century were rebuilt and restored.

Today Kaliningrad is still part of Russia. The centre square of Kaliningrad resides on the site of the castle, which despite its name lies to the southeast of the town centre. Adjacent to the centre square on the filled-in moat is the "House of Soviets", which in 1960 was intended to be the central administration building. Continuation of development was stopped in the 1980s as the massive building sank into the structurally unsound soil stemming from the collapse of tunnels in the old castle's subterranean levels. Many people call this the "Revenge of the Prussians" or "The Monster"; the outside of the building was completed pending a visit by President Putin in 2005. The inside remains unfinished; the current Kaliningrad city administration debated whether to rebuild the castle with the financial assistance of the Russian Department of Culture. In contrast to the Königsberger Dom, there would be the difficult task of erecting the castle from scratch, so plans were dropped for the time being.

Instead, the centre square is cobbled. In June 2010, the regional Minister of Culture, Mikhail Andreyev, announced that a referendum on the reconstruction of the castle would be held in the city of in March 2011, it had been intended to hold the referendum in October 2010, but budgetary pressures caused a delay. Since September 2001, the German magazine Der Spiegel has financed the excavation of parts of the castle's cellar, carried out with the Kaliningrad Art History Museum, it is hoped that various buried treasures of the previous castle museum are uncovered, the rest of the Amber Room. During the Second World War the Amber Room was transferred by Germany to Königsberg where it was installed in one of the halls of the Castle. Here its traces were lost. So far, thousands of articles have been discovered. In June 2005, an occult silver casket with medals and amulets was found, causing a sensation among experts, it is planned that after completion of the excavation, parts of the castle's vaults will be made accessible as an open-air museum.

Potsdam Agreement Heart of the City An illustrative account of the castle

Rose Fostanes

Rose "Osang" Fostanes is a Filipina caregiver and singer living in Israel, who on January 14, 2014, won the first season of The X Factor Israel On April 10, 2014, she signed a record contract with Star Records to release her music material in the Philippines. Her debut album My Way was released on June 8, 2014. Rose Fostanes was born in Philippines. At the age of 23, she left the country to work as a foreign caregiver. Fostanes arrived in Israel in 2008 to work for an ailing woman in her 50s, she is lesbian. Fostanes was the lead vocalist of a band that performs in a small bar in Tel Aviv. Fostanes auditioned for X Factor on October 26, 2013, singing the Shirley Bassey song, "This Is My Life", she received a "yes" vote from all four judges. Fostanes attracted international attention after appearing as a contestant on the show. Fostanes performed again during bootcamp, she was assigned Shiri Maimon as a mentor. On November 23, 2013, Fostanes performed at a charity event, "Concert For A Cause For Typhoon Yolanda" in Haifa, organized by the OFW in Israel Organization.

The event raised money for Typhoon Yolanda victims in the Philippines. Due to the conditions of her visa, Fostanes was not able to perform for pay in Israel; this was changed on January 2014 when she was granted singing license in Israel. After her win, through her contract with Aroma Music, she performed during Israeli Independence Day shows in Acre and Tiberias; the company released her debut single "Walk Away". It was composed by Ofer Meiri, she had three shows in Australia. She was awarded "Global Entertainer of the Year" at the Gawad Amerika Awards in Los Angeles, she appeared in a role in the film It's Just the Wind directed by director Amity Zmora. On April 10, 2014, she signed a record contract with Star Records to release her music material in the Philippines, her Philippine debut album, My Way, was released on June 8. In December 2015, Elijah Sparks released the single "Baby Love" that featured vocals by Rose Fostanes. 2014: My Way 2014: "Walk Away" The X Factor Israel Season 1 The X Factor Israel Music in Israel Facebook