The Polygonaceae are a family of flowering plants known informally as the knotweed family or smartweed—buckwheat family in the United States. The name is based on the genus Polygonum, was first used by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in 1789 in his book, Genera Plantarum; the name may refer to the many swollen nodes the stems of some species have, being derived from Greek, poly meaning'many' and gony meaning'knee' or'joint'. Alternatively, it may have a different derivation, meaning'many seeds'; the Polygonaceae comprise about 1200 species distributed into about 48 genera. The largest genera are Eriogonum, Coccoloba and Calligonum; the family is most diverse in the North Temperate Zone. Several species are cultivated as ornamentals. A few species of Triplaris provide lumber; the fruit of the sea grape is eaten, in Florida, jelly is made from it and sold commercially. The seeds of two species of Fagopyrum, known as buckwheat, provide grain; the petioles of rhubarb are a food item. The leaves of the common sorrel are eaten as a leaf vegetable.
Polygonaceae contain some of the worst weeds, including species of Persicaria and Polygonum, such as Japanese knotweed. Polygonaceae are well-defined and have long been universally recognized. In the APG III system, the family is placed in the order Caryophyllales. Within the order, it lies outside of the large clade known as the core Caryophyllales, it is sister to the family Plumbaginaceae. The last comprehensive revision of the family was published in 1993 by John Brandbyge as part of The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Brandbyge followed earlier systems of plant classification in dividing Polygonaceae into two subfamilies and Polygonoideae. Since 1993, the circumscriptions of these two subfamilies have been changed in light of phylogenetic studies of DNA sequences. Genera related to Coccoloba and Triplaris were moved from Polygonoideae to Eriogonoideae; the genus Symmeria does not belong to either of these subfamilies because it is sister to the rest of the family. Afrobrunnichia might constitute a new subfamily as well.
Brandbyge wrote descriptions for 43 genera of Polygonaceae in 1993. Since a few more genera have been erected, some segregates of Brunnichia and Persicaria have been given generic status in major works; some of the genera were found not to be monophyletic and their limits have been revised. These include Ruprechtia, Chorizanthe, Aconogonon, Polygonum and Muehlenbeckia. Most Polygonaceae are perennial herbaceous plants with swollen nodes, but trees and vines are present; the leaves of Polygonaceae are simple, arranged alternately on the stems. Each leaf has a peculiar pair of sheathing stipules known as an ochrea; those species that do not have the nodal ochrea can be identified by their possession of involucrate flower heads. The flowers are bisexual and actinomorphic, with a perianth of three to six sepals. After flowering, the sepals become thickened and enlarged around the developing fruit. Flowers lack a corolla and in some, the sepals are petal-like and colorful; the androecium is composed of three to eight stamens that are free or united at the base.
The ovary consists of three united carpels. The ovary is superior with free-central placentation; the gynoecium terminates in 1 to 3 styles. As of March 2019, Plants of the World Online accepted 56 genera: Aconogonon Rchb. – now included in Koenigia Homalocladium L. H. Bailey – now included in Muehlenbeckia Parapteropyrum A. J. Li – now included in Fagopyrum Polygonella Michx. – now included in Polygonum Rubrivena M. Král – now included in Koenigia The following phylogenetic tree is based on two papers on the molecular phylogenetics of Polygonaceae. Polygonaceae In: FNA volume 5 In: Family List In: Flora of North America At: eFloras Polygonaceae In: Genera Plantarum At: Genera Plantarum At: Search At: Botanicus.org List of Genera in Polygonaceae At: Polygonaceae At: Caryophyllales At: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website At: Missoure Botanical Garden Website List of genera in family Polygonaceae At: Dicotyledons At: List Genera within a Family At: Vascular Plant Families and Genera At: About the Checklist At: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families At: Data Sources At: ePIC At: Scientific Databases At: Kew Gardens List of genera At: Polygonaceae At: List of families At: Families and Genera in GRIN At: Queries At: GRIN taxonomy for plants non-core Caryophyllales At: Caryophyllales At: Root of the Tree At: Tree of Life web project Polygonaceae In: Flowering Plants Polygonaceae in L. Watson and M.
J. Dallwitz; the families of flowering plants: descriptions, identification, information retrieval. Http://delta-intkey.com Family Polygonaceae Flowers in Israel Polygonaceae of Mongolia in FloraGREIF
A neurolytic block is a form of nerve block involving the deliberate injury of a nerve by freezing or heating or the application of chemicals. These interventions cause degeneration of the nerve's fibers and temporary interference with the transmission of nerve signals. In these procedures, the thin protective layer around the nerve fiber, the basal lamina, is preserved so that, as a damaged fiber regrows, it travels within its basal lamina tube and connects with the correct loose end, function may be restored. Surgical cutting of a nerve, severs these basal lamina tubes, without them to channel the regrowing fibers to their lost connections, over time a painful neuroma or deafferentation pain may develop; this is why the neurolytic is preferred over the surgical block. The neurolytic block is sometimes used to temporarily eliminate pain in part of the body. Targets include the celiac plexus, most for cancer of the gastrointestinal tract up to the transverse colon, pancreatic cancer, but for stomach cancer, gall bladder cancer, adrenal mass, common bile duct cancer, chronic pancreatitis and active intermittent porphyria the splanchnic nerve, for retroperitoneal pain, similar conditions to those addressed by the celiac plexus block but, because of its higher rate of complications, used only if the celiac plexus block is not producing adequate relief the hypogastric plexus, for cancer affecting the descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum, as well as cancers of the bladder, prostatic urethra, seminal vesicles, uterus and vaginal fundus the ganglion impar, for the perinium, anus, distal rectum, distal urethra, distal third of the vagina the stellate ganglion for head and neck cancer, or sympathetically mediated arm and hand pain the intercostal nerves, which serve the skin of the chest and abdomen and a dorsal root ganglion may be treated by targeting the root inside the subarachnoid cavity, most effective for pain in the chest or abdominal wall, but used for other areas including arm/hand or leg/foot pain
Felipe Machado is a Brazilian journalist and musician. He is the Communications Director for Worldfund, a nonprofit organization with educational projects, his journalistic career includes leading positions at a few of Brazil's most relevant media companies, such as ‘O Estado de S. Paulo’, ‘R7’ and ‘Diário de S. Paulo’; as a writer, he produced 2 non-fiction works and an award-winning children's book. In music, he started in 1985 as the guitarist and co-founder of the heavy metal band Viper, playing in all the band's releases and concerts until recent days. In 2016, he released his first solo album as singer and guitar player named FM Solo. In 1993, he graduated in communications at the Faculdade Cásper Líbero, concluded his master's degree in digital communication in 2009 in the University of Navarra. Due to his high musical activity during his graduation time, he postponed working in the area until 1996, when he worked as redactor at DPZ, an advertising agency for two years. In 2000 he joined the late Jornal da Tarde, a newspaper owned by Grupo Estado, where he was a reporter and editor.
After that, he was the first Multimedia Editor of Grupo Estado and being responsible for the creation of TV Estadão. During this period, Machado has directed two documentaries for O Estado de S. Paulo; the first, Mordaça no Estadao, delves into the history of censorship and authoritarian power in Brazilian media during the 1970s. The second, Um Paraíso Perdido, recounts the trip of the famed Brazilian writer Euclides da Cunha into the Amazon one hundred years ago. In 2011, he left Grupo Estado and moved to a news company called Diário de S. Paulo, where he was responsible for the management of all the crews for digital media, commercial projects and strategic partners. After that, in 2013, he was bureau chief for R7, where he was responsible for managing journalist crews in different regions of Brazil, like São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte and Salvador; as a freelancer, Machado has written for publications such as Citizen K, Double and for some Brazil's well-known publishments. Machado is the Editor-at-Large in Brazil for Fair Observer, a digital Think Thank and website with contributors and leaders from all over the world.
Among its sponsors are global names such as John Bruton, Ireland's former Prime Minister, Kanwal Sibal, India's former Secretary of Foreign Affairs. He is the communications director for Worldfund, a nonprofit organization with educational projects, he has a blog called'Palavra de Homem'. Machado has released two novels, Olhos Cor de Chuva, O Martelo dos Deuses, a children's book Um Lugar Chamado Aqui, two works of non-fiction – Bacana Bacana: As Aventuras de um Jornalista na África, Ping Pong Chinês por Um Mês; as Aventuras de Um Jornalista Brasileiro Pela China Olímpica, this last one nominated for Prêmio Jabuti, one of the most prestigious Brazilian literary awards. As a musician, Machado is the founder and lead guitar player for Viper, one of Brazil's most influential hard rock acts; the band has played worldwide tours in the 90s and was one of the most popular bands in the country, with high radio airplay and MTV presence. They were the Brazilian open act for bands such as Black Sabbath, Metallica and Slayer, as well as Brazilian headliner for the local Monsters of Rock festival.
Viper played three international tours, with live concerts in Europe and South America and recorded albums in Germany, United States, a live album in Japan. In 2013, The band played in the Rock in Rio Festival, one of the biggest and most important music festivals on the planet. Machado participated in the following albums: Soldiers of Sunrise, Theatre of Fate, Viper Live: Maniacs in Japan, Coma Rage, Tem Pra Todo Mundo, All My Life, Viper Live in Sao Paulo. In 2015, Machado released his first solo album as singer and guitar player: FM Solo, available in all digital platforms; the album has 8 original tracks written by Machado, plus versions of Morrissey’s Speedway and Athlete’s Tourist. The singles were "Speedway", with a popular video filmed in Valle Nevado, "The Shelter", a groovier version from his band, Viper. Olhos Cor de Chuva O Martelo dos Deuses Bacana Bacana: As Aventuras de um Jornalista na África Ping Pong Chinês por Um Mês; as Aventuras de Um Jornalista Brasileiro Pela China Olímpica Um Lugar Chamado Aqui Solo albumFM Solo 20 Years Living for the Night Mordaça no Estadao’ Um Paraíso Perdido Palavra de Homem – Blog Worldfund Official Website FM Solo Official Website Interview with Michel Temer when he was still vice-pre
Is that a Monster, Alfie Atkins? is a 1978 children's book by Gunilla Bergström. Translated by Robert Swindells, it was published in English in 1988; as an episode of the animated TV series it aired over SVT on 5 January 1980 as "Odjuret och Alfons Åberg". It's Saturday evening and Alfie has problems falling asleep; the passed day and his friends were playing soccer with Alfie's new soccer ball. Alfie kicked the ball, which flew far away; when a little guy acting as ball boy couldn't find it, Alfie blamed the ball boy for stealing the ball and hit him. Alfie now thinks; the upcoming week, Alfie tries to ask him for forgiveness. The first days, he can't find it and Alfie continues to imagine there's a monster. One day, as he watches the other friends playing soccer, he discovers the missing ball boy; the upcoming Saturday, they meet in the grocery store and Alfie ask for forgiveness. They become friends again, Alfie's imaginary monster under the bed is gone
Anne Solway Hegerty is an English television quiz personality and one of the "chasers" on the ITV game show The Chase. She was a contestant in the 2018 ITV reality show I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here!. Hegerty is one of the chasers on the ITV game show The Chase, alongside Mark Labbett, Shaun Wallace, Paul Sinha and Jenny Ryan; as well as being in the UK version, she is a chaser on the Australian version of the show on the Seven Network with fellow UK chasers Mark Labbett and Shaun Wallace. In the Chase episode aired on 15 April 2019, Hegerty went through the whole show without getting an answer wrong. Hegerty has made appearances on a number of other quiz shows, including Mastermind, Fifteen to One, Today's the Day, Are You an Egghead? and Brain of Britain. As of October 2016, she was ranked 55th in the World Quizzing Championships. In November 2013 she competed in the Bolton Premier Quiz League to become Brain of Bolton for the second time. Hegarty appeared as the "phone a friend" for a competitor, Lisa Harman from Ecclesfield, on Who Wants to be A Millionaire in 2010.
Hegerty answered the question about the author of Twilight. In December 2014, Hegerty appeared in the pantomime Cinderella as the wicked stepmother at the Grange Theatre in Northwich. In December 2015 she appeared as Fleshcreep in the pantomime Jack and the Beanstalk at the Civic Hall, Ellesmere Port, booked for performance at Heywood and Radcliffe. At Easter 2016, Hegerty appeared as the Enchantress in the pantomime Beauty and the Beast, alongside Keith Chegwin and Basil Brush, at the Palace Theatre, which sold out, other venues. From 6 December 2016 to 1 January 2017, she appeared as Blackweed in the pantomime Jack and the Beanstalk at the Kings Theatre, Portsmouth. From 8 to 31 December 2017, she appeared as The Empress of China in the pantomime Aladdin at the Princess Theatre. From 18 December 2018 to 6 January 2019, she appeared as Queen Rat in the pantomime Dick Whittington at the Theatre Royal. Get Me Out of Here. From 5 December 2019 to 5 January 2020, she appeared as Carabosse in the pantomime Sleeping Beauty at Middlesbrough Theatre.
On 19 October 2017, Hegerty appeared alongside fellow chaser Mark Labbett on an episode of Celebrity Juice. She guested on an edition of BBC Radio 4's I'm Sorry I Haven't a Clue, broadcast in December 2017. Since January 2018, Hegerty has presented Britain's Brightest Family on ITV. Hegerty came in 75th place in the World Quizzing Championship of 2018. On 12 November 2018, she participated in that year's series of I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here!, where she finished 7th. Hegerty started her journalistic career in the 1980s as a reporter and feature writer at the South Wales Argus, based in Newport, South Wales, before moving to Manchester, England. Hegerty has worked as a ghostwriter. Anne Hegerty on IMDb
Talíria Petrone Soares is a Brazilian politician. She has spent her political career representing Rio de Janeiro, having served as federal deputy representative since 2019. Petrone is the daughter of a teacher, she graduated with a degree in history from the Rio de Janeiro State University and with a master's degree in social work from Fluminense Federal University. Prior to entering politics she worked as a public school teacher, she identifies as an Afro-Brazilian, socialist and supported of LGBT rights. She was inspired by late politicians and activists Marielle Franco. Petrone was the most voted candidate in the 2016 election for the council of Niterói, receiving 5,121 votes. In the 2018 election Petrone was the eighth most voted candidate in the state of Rio de Janeiro, with 107,317, being elected to the federal chamber of deputies. Petrone said. In June 2019 Brazilian civil police made arrest in a plot to assassinate Petrone, being hatched and planned from a dark web platform starting in 2018