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Pontiac Firebird

The Pontiac Firebird was an American automobile built by Pontiac from the 1967 to 2002 model years. Designed as a pony car to compete with the Ford Mustang and Mercury Cougar, it was introduced on February 23, 1967, simultaneous with GM's Chevrolet division platform-sharing Camaro; this coincided with the release of the 1967 Mercury Cougar, Ford's upscale, platform-sharing version of the Mustang. The name "Firebird" was previously used by GM for the General Motors Firebird 1950s and early 1960s concept cars; the first generation Firebird had characteristic Coke bottle styling shared with its cousin, the Chevrolet Camaro. Announcing a Pontiac styling trend, the Firebird's bumpers were integrated into the design of the front end, giving it a more streamlined look than the Camaro; the Firebird's rear "slit" taillights were inspired by the 1966–1967 Pontiac GTO. Both a two-door hardtop and a convertible were offered through the 1969 model year; the car was a "consolation prize" for Pontiac, which had desired to produce a two-seat sports car based on its original Banshee concept car.

However, GM feared this would cut into Chevrolet Corvette sales, gave Pontiac a piece of the "pony car" market through sharing the F-body platform with Chevrolet. The 1967 base model Firebird came equipped with the Pontiac 230 cu in SOHC inline-six. Based on the standard Chevrolet 230 cu in inline-six, it was fitted with a single-barrel carburetor and rated at 165 hp; the "Sprint" model six came with a four-barrel carburetor. Most buyers opted for one of three V8s: the 326 cu in with a two-barrel carburetor producing 250 hp. All 1967–1968 400 CI engines had throttle restrictors that blocked the carburetors' second barrels from opening. A "Ram Air" option was available, providing functional hood scoops, higher flow heads with stronger valve springs, a hotter camshaft. Power for the Ram Air package was the same as the conventional 400 HO, but peaked at 5,200 rpm; the 230 cu in engines were subsequently replaced in 1968 by the Chevrolet 250 cu in stroked 230 cu in engines, the first developing an increased 175 hp using a single-barrel carburetor, the other the same 215 hp with a four-barrel carburetor.

For the 1968 model, the 326 cu in engine was replaced by the Pontiac 350 cu in V8, which displaced 355 cu in, produced 265 hp with a two-barrel carburetor. An HO version of the 350 cu in with a revised cam was offered starting in that year, which developed 320 hp. Power output of the other engines was increased marginally. There was an additional Ram Air IV option for the 400 cu in V8 engines during 1969, complementing the Ram Air III; the 350 cu in HO engine was revised again with a different cam and cylinder heads resulting in 325 hp. During 1969 a special 303 cu in engine was designed for SCCA road racing applications, not available in production cars; the styling difference from the 1967 to the 1968 model was the addition of federally-mandated side marker lights: for the front of the car, the turn signals were made larger and extended to wrap around the front edges of the car, on the rear, the Pontiac Arrowhead logo was added to each side. The front door vent-windows were replaced with a single pane of glass and Astro Ventilation, a fresh-air-inlet system.

The 1969 model received a major facelift with a new front end design but unlike the GTO, it did not have the Endura bumper. The instrument panel and steering wheel were revised; the ignition switch was moved from the dashboard to the steering column with the introduction of GM's new locking ignition switch/steering wheel. In March 1969, a $1,083 optional handling package called the "Trans Am performance and appearance package", UPC "WS4", named after the Trans Am Series, was introduced. A total of 689 hardtops and eight convertibles were made. Due to engineering problems that delayed the introduction of the all-new 1970 Firebird beyond the usual fall debut, Pontiac continued production of 1969 model Firebirds into the early months of the 1970 model year. By late spring of 1969, Pontiac had deleted all model-year references on Firebird literature and promotional materials, anticipating the extended production run of the then-current 1969 models; the second generation debut for the 1970 model year was delayed until February 26, 1970, because of tooling and engineering problems.

This generation of Firebirds were available in coupe form only. Models Firebird Base Firebird Esprit Firebird Formula Firebird Trans-AmSpecial versions and appearance packages Formula Appearance Package "W50" Black-and-Gold Trans Am Pontiac 50th Anniversary Limited Edition Black-and-Gold Trans Am Special Edition Sky Bird Esprit Appearance Package "W60" Gold Trans Am Special Edition "Y88" Red Bird Esprit Appearance Package "W68" Black Trans Am Special Edition "Y84" Trans Am 10th Anniversary Edition Yellow Bird Esprit Appearance Package "W73" Trans Am Turbo Indy Pace Car Edition Trans Am Turbo NASCAR Pace Car Edition Macho Trans-Am (a package offered by the Mecham Pontiac dea

Prelude (Jack McDuff album)

Prelude' is an album by organist Jack McDuff recorded in 1963 and released on the Prestige label. Allmusic awarded the album 4 stars stating "Prelude was a successful match of McDuff's small-combo organ jazz with big band arrangements by Benny Golson. In part, because the blend was well-executed, never fighting with or drowning out McDuff's organ, but it was because the mixture made it stand out amidst the scads of organ jazz records being churned out in the early'60s". All compositions by Jack McDuff except as indicated "A Kettle of Fish" - 3:55 "Candlelight" - 2:54 "Put On a Happy Face" - 3:13 "Prelude" - 8:41 "Mean to Me" - 3:57 "Carry Me Home" - 4:30 "Easy Living" - 3:44 "Oh! Look at Me Now" - 4:28 "Dig Cousin Will" - 4:16 Jack McDuff - organ Jerry Kail, Danny Stiles - trumpet Billy Byers, Burt Collins, Tom McIntosh - trombone Don Ashworth, Bob Northern - French horn Red Holloway - tenor saxophone Marvin Holliday, George Marge - baritone saxophone George Benson - guitar Richard Davis - bass Joe Dukes, Mel Lewis - drums Benny Golson - conductor, arranger

Matilda Sharpe

Matilda Sharpe was a British teacher, educational reformer and painter. In Highgate, north London, she founded a Unitarian Chapel in Despard Road, she was the daughter of Samuel Sharpe. Sharpe was a talented painter and several of her portraits are in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery, London. Old favourites from the elder poets, with a few newer friends. A selection by M. Sharpe. Williams and Norgate, London, 1881. Second revised edition, Methuen, 1912. An anthology of nine women poets Anna Laetitia Barbauld. Never forget: A collection of precepts. Griffith & Farran, London, 1890; the journey to paradise, or, flight of the soul to its maker. A heavenly day dream set down by Matilda Sharpe. Christian Life Office, London, 1899. Sharpe, L. Memorials of Matilda Sharpe, 1830–1916


ERuby is a templating system that embeds Ruby into a text document. It is used to embed Ruby code in an HTML document, similar to ASP, JSP and PHP and other server-side scripting languages; the templating system of eRuby combines the ruby code and the plain text to provide flow control and variable substitution, thus making it easy to maintain. The View module of the rails is responsible to display the output on a browser. In its simplest form, a view can be a piece of HTML code. For most applications, just having static content may not be enough. Many Rails applications will require dynamic content created by the controller to be displayed in their view; this is made possible by using Embedded Ruby to generate templates which can contain dynamic content. Embedded Ruby allows ruby code to be embedded in a view document; this code gets replaced with proper value resulted from the execution of the code at run time. But, by having the ability to embed code in a view document, we risk bridging the clear separation present in the MVC frame.

It is thus the responsibility of the developer to make sure that there is a clear separation of responsibility among the model and controller modules of his/her application. ERuby allows Ruby code to be embedded within a pair of <% and %> delimiters. These embedded code blocks are evaluated in-place. Apart from creating web pages, eRuby can be used to create XML Documents, RSS feeds and other forms of structured text files. ERuby dynamically generates static files based on templates; these functionalities of eRuby can be found in the ERB Library. Different types of tag markers used in ERB templates are: Expression tags Execution tags Comment tags <%= %>: This indicates that the tag encloses an expression. Such a tag starts with an opening tag delimiter followed by an equal to symbol and ends with an end tag delimiter. During the rendering of the template, this piece of code gets substituted with the result of the code. If the evaluated result is not a string, it gets converted to a string. For example: The resulting text looks like this: The value of x is: 500 <% %>: Code enclosed in such tags is called as a scriptlet.

The code in such a tag gets executed and its result gets replaced in place of the scriptlet. Such tags must have a matching < % end % > tag. For example: In the above example, the text list item gets printed four times; the scriptlet produces no text on its own, it only makes the enclosed statement to run multiple times. The output of above code: list item list item list item list item <%# %>: Contents of comment tags don't get rendered in the output. Such tags start with an open tag delimiter followed by a hash symbol and end with an end tag delimiter. Example of a comment tag is shown below: <%# ruby code %> This is the same as a comment in Ruby. All Ruby code after the # generates nothing. Other things common in eRuby are common in Ruby, such as string substitution with #, similar in languages such as Perl or PHP. Newlines in eRuby can be suppressed by adding a hyphen at the beginning of the end tag delimiter. For example: In the output of the above code, the value of name gets printed twice in the same line.

There are several implementations of eRuby, namely: ERB erubis ember erb is an implementation of eRuby written purely in the Ruby programming language and included in the Ruby standard library. A template can be generated by running a piece of code written using the ERB object. A simple example is as shown below: The result looks as follows: Value of x is: 400 The same could be achieved using the below code which does not make use of an ERB object:Both of the above code snippets generate the same output, but what happens when we interchange lines 2 with line 3 in the first code snippet and line 1 with line 2 in the second code snippet? The first snippet changes to the code shown below: This still generates the same output. I.e. Value of x is: 400; the second code snippet changes to the below code:The above code will not get executed. This is. Thus, the main reason of using an ERB object is to write templates ahead of time, by binding variables and methods which may not exist at the given time.

The template gets processed. In order to get access to instance methods and instance variable of an object, ERB makes use of a binding object. Access to variables and methods of an object is given by the private binding object which exists in each ruby class, it is easy to get access to variables within the method of a class. But to access variables of a different class, that class will have to expose its binding object via a public method; the example is as shown below:As we can see in the above example, we are exposing the binding object of the class ERBExample. Furthermore, we have used the binding object to access the variables and methods of the class within one of its methods; the new method of the ERB object takes two more parameters. The second parameter specifies a safety level. By giving a number in the second parameter one can make the template run in a different thread; the value of the number determines the safety level. At the maximum isolation level, unless the binding object is marked as trusted, ERB cannot use it.

The third parameter specify optional modifiers. These can be used to control adding of newlines to the output. For example, to make sure that ERB does not output newlines after tag ends, we can create the ERB object as shown below To only provide the third parameter and ignore the second parameter, use 0 as the input for sec


Quinary is a numeral system with five as the base. A possible origination of a quinary system is. In the quinary place system, five numerals, from 0 to 4, are used to represent any real number. According to this method, five is written as 10, twenty-five is written as 100 and sixty is written as 220; as five is a prime number, only the reciprocals of the powers of five terminate, although its location between two composite numbers guarantees that many recurring fractions have short periods. Today, the main usage of base 5 is as a biquinary system, decimal using five as a sub-base. Another example of a sub-base system, is base 60, which used 10 as a sub-base; each quinary digit has log25 bits of information. Few calculators support calculations in the quinary system, except for some Sharp models since about 2005, as well as the open-source scientific calculator WP 34S; the Python programming language supports conversion of a string to quinary using the int function. For example, if s='101' the function print would return 26.

Many languages use quinary number systems, including Gumatj, Kuurn Kopan Noot, Luiseño and Saraveca. Gumatj is a true "5–25" language, in which 25 is the higher group of 5; the Gumatj numerals are shown below: In the video game Riven and subsequent games of the Myst franchise, the D'ni language uses a quinary numeral system. A decimal system with 2 and 5 as a sub-bases is called biquinary, is found in Wolof and Khmer. Roman numerals are a biquinary system; the numbers 1, 5, 10, 50 are written as I, V, X, L respectively. Eight is VIII and seventy is LXX. Most versions of the abacus use a biquinary system to simulate a decimal system for ease of calculation. Urnfield culture numerals and some tally mark systems are biquinary. Units of currencies are partially or wholly biquinary. A vigesimal system with 4 and 5 as a sub-bases is found in Nahuatl, Kaktovik Inupiaq numerals and the Maya numerals. Soroban Pentimal system Quibinary Yan Tan Tethera Bi-quinary coded decimal Quinary Base Conversion, includes fractional part, from Math Is Fun Media related to Quinary numeral system at Wikimedia Commons Quinary-pentavigesimal and decimal calculator, uses D'ni numerals from the Myst franchise, integers only, fan-made


Camelon is a large settlement within the Falkirk council area, Scotland. The village is in the Forth Valley, 1.3 miles west of Falkirk, 1.3 miles south of Larbert and 2.6 miles east of Bonnybridge. The main road through Camelon is the A803 road. At the time of the 2001 census, Camelon had a population of 4,508. Human activity at Camelon pre-dates the Romans as Bronze Age items have been recovered from graves in the area. Camelon is the site of a series of Roman fortifications built sometimes between 80 and 83 AD. Camelon has been suggested as the southern fort of the Roman Gask Ridge separating the Highlands from the Lowlands; the Roman fort was under a mile north of the Antonine Wall. A Roman altar was found at Bogton Farm under a kilometer west of the fort. A Samian ware platter also associated with the site was found and can now be viewed at the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow. There are a lot of mythical stories about Camelon sometimes linking it with Camelot and Arthur's O'on. Hector Boece was the first historian to mention Camelon in his History of Scotland of 1522.

Stories of a legendary Roman harbour at Camelon first appeared in 1695. The legend of Camelon's twelve brass gates was widespread albeit dubious. More mundane items like leather shoes were found. Camelon developed when the canals were built in the 19th centuries. Much of the Forth and Clyde Canal opened in the 1770s over a decade after the Carron Iron Works were established; the Union Canal opened in 1822 and brought traffic from Edinburgh to Port Downie where the canals met. A couple of decades saw the coming of the railways. In 1831 the village was described as having a population of 809 with 250 men and boys employed in nail making. Historical industries included nail making, a tar processing plant and other chemical works, a shipbuilding business near Lock Sixteen and a distillery at Rosebank. In the early 20th century W. Alexander & Sons coachbuilders in Camelon. A flight of locks which joined the Union Canal with the Forth and Clyde Canal brought business to the village; this was replaced in 2002 with a rotating boat lift.

People from Camelon are known locally as Mariners. The name is best remembered by the Mariner Leisure Centre and in Mariners' Day. Mariners' Day is an annual children's fayre held on the second Saturday in June, it includes a parade and a crowning ceremony of the Queen along with fun and games for the children of Camelon. Camelon has good access for a village of its size with Camelon railway station lying on the Cumbernauld Line and the Edinburgh to Dunblane line. Next to the station there are amenities including the Mariner Leisure Centre; the main road through Camelon is the A803 road. Camelon is home to the junior football club Camelon Juniors, founded in 1920, who compete in the East of Scotland Football League. List of places in Falkirk council area Falkirk Local History Society page on Camelon Gazetteer for Scotland webpage on Camelon