A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Johnston County, Oklahoma
Johnston County is a county located in the U. S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,957, its county seat is Tishomingo. It was established at statehood on November 16, 1907 and named for Douglas H. Johnston, a governor of the Chickasaw Nation. Johnston County is part of the Texoma Region. In 1820, the U. S. government granted the land now known as Johnston County to the Choctaw tribe. Many of the Choctaws began moving to the new land in Indian Territory in 1830; the rest followed Chickasaw tribe, who were related to the Choctaw, formally separated from the Choctaw Nation in the late 1830s, relocating to the western part of the Choctaw Nation. The Chickasaw Nation named the town of Tishomingo as its capital and built a brick capitol building there in 1856. Several educational institutions were established in the Chickasaw Nation before the Civil War; the Pleasant Grove Mission School and the Chickasaw Academy were founded by the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1844. The Presbyterians, in partnership with the Chickasaw Nation, opened the Wapanucka Female Manual Labour School in 1852.
The Chickasaw government joined the Confederate States of America after the outbreak of the Civil War. The Union army ordered its troops to evacuate Fort Cobb and Fort Arbuckle; when Confederate troops occupied the area, they used the stone building at Wapanucka as a hospital and a prison. Several railroads built tracks through this area about the turn of the 20th century. In 1900–1901 the St. Louis and Southern Railway, which the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad purchased in June 1901, laid tracks north-south through the area. In 1902, the Western Oklahoma Railroad, which became the Choctaw and Gulf Railroad, built a line southwest to northeast through the present county. In 1908 – 1910 the Missouri and Gulf Railway, laid a north-south line in the far eastern portion of Johnston County. In 1911, the MO&G built a spur west to Bromide, an early-twentieth-century health resort, capitalizing on the vicinity's natural springs. Now the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe, which acquired the Frisco in 1980, is the only railroad left in the county.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles, of which 643 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water; the northern part of the county lies in the Arbuckle Mountains, which consists of rock outcroppings and rolling hills. The southern part of the county is part of the Coastal Plains region, is more suitable for farming; the county is drained by the Washita and Blue Rivers and Pennington Creek, which are all tributaries of the Red River. An arm of Lake Texoma protrudes into southern Johnston County. U. S. Highway 377 State Highway 1 State Highway 7 State Highway 12 State Highway 22 State Highway 48 State Highway 78 Pontotoc County Coal County Atoka County Bryan County Marshall County Carter County Murray County Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 10,513 people, 4,057 households, 2,900 families residing in the county; the population density was 16 people per square mile. There were 4,782 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 76.09% White, 1.66% Black or African American, 15.32% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.24% from other races, 5.38% from two or more races. 2.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 97.0% spoke English, 1.6% Spanish and 1.2% Choctaw as their first language. There were 4,057 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.50% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $24,592, the median income for a family was $30,292. Males had a median income of $25,240 versus $19,868 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,747. About 17.80% of families and 22.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.00% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over. Murray State School of Agriculture opened in Tishomingo in 1908. In 1972 the community college's name changed to Murray State College. Tishomingo Bromide Mannsville Milburn Mill Creek Ravia Wapanucka Bee Coleman Connerville Bill Anoatubby, governor of the Chickasaw Nation. Neill Armstrong, coach of the Chicago Bears. Gene Autry, American performer raised in Ravia. Te Ata Fisher, Chickasaw storyteller, born in Emet. William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray, former governor of Oklahoma. Johnston Murray, son of William H. Murray and a governor of Oklahoma. National Register of Historic Places listings in Johnston County, Oklahoma Johnston County EMS Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Johnston County Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory
Marriage called matrimony or wedlock, is a or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity; when defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding. Individuals may marry for several reasons, including legal, libidinal, financial and religious purposes. Whom they marry may be influenced by gender determined rules of incest, prescriptive marriage rules, parental choice and individual desire.
In some areas of the world, arranged marriage, child marriage and sometimes forced marriage, may be practiced as a cultural tradition. Conversely, such practices may be outlawed and penalized in parts of the world out of concerns of the infringement of women's rights, or the infringement of children's rights, because of international law. Around the world in developed democracies, there has been a general trend towards ensuring equal rights within marriage for women and recognizing the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; these trends coincide with the broader human rights movement. Marriage can be recognized by a state, an organization, a religious authority, a tribal group, a local community, or peers, it is viewed as a contract. When a marriage is performed and carried out by a government institution in accordance with the marriage laws of the jurisdiction, without religious content, it is a civil marriage. Civil marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before the state.
When a marriage is performed with religious content under the auspices of a religious institution it is a religious marriage. Religious marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before that religion. Religious marriage is known variously as sacramental marriage in Catholicism, nikah in Islam, nissuin in Judaism, various other names in other faith traditions, each with their own constraints as to what constitutes, who can enter into, a valid religious marriage; some countries do not recognize locally performed religious marriage on its own, require a separate civil marriage for official purposes. Conversely, civil marriage does not exist in some countries governed by a religious legal system, such as Saudi Arabia, where marriages contracted abroad might not be recognized if they were contracted contrary to Saudi interpretations of Islamic religious law. In countries governed by a mixed secular-religious legal system, such as in Lebanon and Israel, locally performed civil marriage does not exist within the country, preventing interfaith and various other marriages contradicting religious laws from being entered into in the country, civil marriages performed abroad are recognized by the state if they conflict with religious laws.
The act of marriage creates normative or legal obligations between the individuals involved, any offspring they may produce or adopt. In terms of legal recognition, most sovereign states and other jurisdictions limit marriage to opposite-sex couples and a diminishing number of these permit polygyny, child marriages, forced marriages. In modern times, a growing number of countries developed democracies, have lifted bans on and have established legal recognition for the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; some cultures allow the dissolution of marriage through annulment. In some areas, child marriages and polygamy may occur in spite of national laws against the practice. Since the late twentieth century, major social changes in Western countries have led to changes in the demographics of marriage, with the age of first marriage increasing, fewer people marrying, more couples choosing to cohabit rather than marry. For example, the number of marriages in Europe decreased by 30% from 1975 to 2005.
In most cultures, married women had few rights of their own, being considered, along with the family's children, the property of the husband. In Europe, the United States, other places in the developed world, beginning in the late 19th century and lasting through the 21st century, marriage has undergone gradual legal changes, aimed at improving the rights of the wife; these changes included giving wives legal identities of their own, abolishing the right of husbands to physically discipline their wives, giving wives property rights, liberalizing divorce laws, providing wives with reproductive rights of their own, requiring a wife's consent when sexual relations occur. These changes have occurred in Western countries. In the 21st century, there continue to be controversies regarding the legal status of married women, legal acceptance of or leniency towards violence within marriage, traditional marriage customs such as dowry and bride price, for
Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek
The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was a treaty signed on September 27, 1830, proclaimed on February 24, 1831, between the Choctaw American Indian tribe and the United States Government. This was the first removal treaty carried into effect under the Indian Removal Act; the treaty ceded about 11 million acres of the Choctaw Nation in what is now Mississippi in exchange for about 15 million acres in the Indian territory, now the state of Oklahoma. The principal Choctaw negotiators were Chief Greenwood LeFlore and Nittucachee. S. negotiators were Colonel John Secretary of War John Eaton. The site of the signing of this treaty is in the southwest corner of Noxubee County; the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was the last major land cession treaty signed by the Choctaw. With ratification by the U. S. Congress in 1831, the treaty allowed those Choctaw who chose to remain in Mississippi to become the first major non-European ethnic group to gain recognition as U. S. citizens. On August 25, 1830, the Choctaw were supposed to meet with Andrew Jackson in Franklin, but Greenwood Leflore informed the Secretary of War, John H. Eaton, that the chiefs were fiercely opposed to attending.
The president was upset but, as the journalist Len Green wrote in 1978, "Although angered by the Choctaw refusal to meet him in Tennessee, Jackson felt from LeFlore's words that he might have a foot in the door and dispatched Secretary of War Eaton and John Coffee to meet with the Choctaws in their nation." Jackson appointed Eaton and General John Coffee as commissioners to represent him to meet the Choctaws where the "rabbits gather to dance." The commissioners met with the headmen on September 15, 1830, at Dancing Rabbit Creek. In a carnival-like atmosphere, the US officials explained the policy of removal through interpreters to an audience of 6,000 men and children; the Choctaws faced migration west of the Mississippi River or submitting to U. S. and state law as citizens. The treaty would sign away the remaining traditional homeland to the United States; the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was one of the largest land transfers signed between the United States Government and American Indians in time of peace.
The Choctaw ceded their remaining traditional homeland to the United States. Article 14 allowed for some Choctaw to remain in the state of Mississippi, if they wanted to become citizens: ART. XIV; each Choctaw head of a family being desirous to remain and become a citizen of the States, shall be permitted to do so, by signifying his intention to the Agent within six months from the ratification of this Treaty, he or she shall thereupon be entitled to a reservation of one section of six hundred and forty acres of land, to be bounded by sectional lines of survey. If they reside upon said lands intending to become citizens of the States for five years after the ratification of this Treaty, in that case a grant in fee simple shall issue. Persons who claim under this article shall not lose the privilege of a Choctaw citizen, but if they remove are not to be entitled to any portion of the Choctaw annuity; the Choctaw were the first of the "Five Civilized Tribes" to be removed from the southeastern United States, as the federal and state governments desired Indian lands to accommodate a growing agrarian American society.
In 1831, tens of thousands of Choctaw walked the 800-kilometer journey to Oklahoma and many died. Like the Creek, Cherokee and Seminole who followed them, the Choctaw attempted to resurrect their traditional lifestyle and government in their new homeland; the Choctaw at this crucial time became two distinct groups: the Nation in Oklahoma and the Tribe in Mississippi. The nation retained its autonomy to regulate itself, but the tribe left in Mississippi had to submit to state and U. S. laws. Under article XIV, in 1830 the Mississippi Choctaws became the first major non-European ethnic group to gain U. S. citizenship. The Choctaw sought to elect a representative to the U. S. House of Representatives; the preamble begins with, A treaty of perpetual, friendship and limits, entered into by John H. Eaton and John Coffee, for and in behalf of the Government of the United States, the Mingoes, Chiefs and Warriors of the Choctaw Nation and held at Dancing Rabbit Creek, on the fifteenth of September, in the year eighteen hundred and thirty...
The following terms of the treaty were: 1. Perpetual peace and friendship. 2. Lands west of the Mississippi River to be conveyed to the Choctaw Nation. 3. Lands east of the Mississippi River to be ceded and removal to begin in 1831 and end in 1833. 4. Autonomy of the Choctaw Nation and descendants to be secured from laws of U. S. territories forever. 5. U. S. will serve as protectorate of the Choctaw Nation. 6. Choctaw or party of Choctaws part of violent acts against the U. S. citizens or property will be delivered to the U. S. authorities. 7. Offenses against Choctaws and their property by U. S. citizens and other tribes will be examined and every possible degree of justice applied. 8. No harboring of U. S. fugitives with all expenses to capture him or her paid by the U. S. 9. Persons ordered from Choctaw Nation. 10. Traders require a written permit. 11. Nav
Seminole County, Oklahoma
Seminole County is a county located in the U. S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,482, its county seat is Wewoka. Before Oklahoma's admission as a state, the county was the entire small portion of Indian Territory allocated to the Seminole people, who were removed from Florida in the 1820s. Seminole County is notable for the Greater Seminole Field, one of the most important oil fields found, still producing, it extends into nearby counties. In the early years of the oil boom and adventurers flooded into the county tripling the population; as oil production declined and residents left. Seminole County has been an important part of the Oklahoma and United States petroleum industry for over 80 years; the Greater Seminole Field was one of the most important oil fields found and is still producing. Discovered one field after another in 1926, it contained an estimated 822,000,000 barrels of oil. To group the fields together, the oil companies decided to come up with a name, this was suggested by Paul Hedrick, oil editor of the Tulsa World.
Other important oil fields in the area were the Cromwell oil field, discovered in 1923, the Maud oil field. The Maud field, discovered in 1927 by Amerada Petroleum, was the first discovery using reflection seismology; this marked the beginning of the use of modern geophysical methods in the petroleum industry. The Seminole County Courthouse was built in 1927. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 640 square miles, of which 633 square miles is land and 7.6 square miles is water. The county is bounded on the north by the North Canadian River and on the south by the Canadian River. Okfuskee County Hughes County Pontotoc County Pottawatomie County As of the census of 2000, there were 24,894 people, 9,575 households, 6,788 families residing in the county; the population density was 15/km². There were 11,146 housing units at an average density of 7/km²; the racial makeup of the county was 70.74% White, 5.59% Black or African American, 17.39% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, 5.28% from two or more races.
2.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 94.7% spoke English, 2.9% Muskogee and 1.7% Spanish as their first language. There were 9,575 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.30% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.10% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.05. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,568, the median income for a family was $30,791. Males had a median income of $25,954 versus $18,285 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $13,956. About 16.70% of families and 20.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.90% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over. National Register of Historic Places listings in Seminole County, Oklahoma
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
Hughes County, Oklahoma
Hughes County is a county located in south central U. S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,003, its county seat is Holdenville. The county was named for W. C. Hughes, an Oklahoma City lawyer, a member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention; the area now occupied. The Creeks settled in the northern part. In 1834, Camp Holmes was used as a base for the Dodge-Leavenworth Expedition, it was near Edwards' Store on one of the first settlements in this area. When the Choctaw and Gulf Railroad built in 1895, the Edward's settlement was moved north for access to the railroad; the town established there was named Holden, for a railroad official. However, the Post Office Department would not accept that name because it was too similar to the name Holder; the town was renamed Holdenville. The post office opened November 15, 1895. Holdenville incorporated in 1898. Hughes County was created at statehood and named for W. C. Hughes, an Oklahoma City lawyer, a member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 815 square miles, of which 805 square miles is land and 10 square miles is water; the county is located in the Sandstone Hills physiographic region. It is drained by the North Canadian River, Canadian River, Little River; the county includes Wetumka lakes. U. S. Highway 75 U. S. Highway 270 State Highway 9 State Highway 27 State Highway 48 Okfuskee County McIntosh County Pittsburg County Coal County Pontotoc County Seminole County As of the census of 2000, there were 14,154 people, 5,319 households, 3,675 families residing in the county; the population density was 18 people per square mile. There were 6,237 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 72.77% White, 4.48% Black or African American, 16.18% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, 5.36% from two or more races. 2.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 94.3 % spoke 2.5 % Spanish as their first language.
There were 5,319 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.50% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.90% were non-families. 28.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 18.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 105.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $22,621, the median income for a family was $29,153. Males had a median income of $22,337 versus $18,029 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,687. About 16.70% of families and 21.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.40% of those under age 18 and 17.60% of those age 65 or over.
Agriculture and cattle raising have long been important to the county economy. Primary crops have been cotton, corn, oats and soybeans; the most important other employers in the county are: Davis Correctional Center, Tyson Foods, Wes Watkins Technology Center, Aquafarms, which has since gone out of business. Hughes County has one level 4 hospital, Holdenville General Hospital, a city-owned hospital under the Holdenville Public Works Authority, opened in 1969 as a 55 licensed bed general medical-surgical hospital; the hospital experienced a fire on May 18, 2002. On June 30, 2002, the renovated hospital reopened with 25 licensed beds, on July 1, 2002, was re-designated by CMS as a Critical Access Hospital; this designation effects the way. In 1998, the city formed the Holdenville Hospital Authority. In July 2011, the hospital became a Tier 1 Affiliate with St. Anthony Hospital; this allows collaboration between the hospitals to improve services and support for patient transfers to higher levels of care when needed.
In 1979 Hughes County Commissioners established a 522 Ambulance Service Board, Opened Hughes County EMS. Hughes County EMS is an ALS level service licensed by the State of Oklahoma, with Paramedics on every unit; the system operates 4 units, 2 out of Holdenville and Horntown during certain times of the year, Horntown functions as a posting point with the crews in Calvin and Wetumka. The following sites are in Hughes County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Dustin Agricultural Building, Dustin Holdenville Armory, Holdenville Holdenville City Hall, Holdenville Levering Mission, Wetumka Moss School Gymnasium, Holdenville Spaulding School Gymnasium--Auditorium, Spaulding Stuart Hotel, Stuart John E. Turner House, Holdenville Wetumka Armory, Wetumka Wetumka Cemetery Pavilion and Fence, Wetumka Womack, Rosemary McCombs Maxey, Southern Spaces staff. "Fife Family Cemetery", Southern Spaces, September 15, 2008. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Hughes County Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory