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Pope Alexander I

Pope Alexander I was the Bishop of Rome from c. 107 to his death c. 115. The Holy See's Annuario Pontificio identifies him as a Roman who reigned from 108 or 109 to 116 or 119; some believe he suffered martyrdom under the Roman Emperor Trajan or Hadrian, but this is improbable. According to the Liber Pontificalis, it was Alexander I who inserted the narration of the Last Supper into the liturgy of the Mass. However, the article on Saint Alexander I in the 1907 Catholic Encyclopedia, written by Thomas Shahan, judges this tradition to be inaccurate, a view shared by both Catholic and non-Catholic experts, it is viewed as a product of the agenda of Liber Pontificalis—this section of the book was written in the late 5th century—to show an ancient pattern of the earliest bishops of Rome ruling the church by papal decree. The introduction of the customs of using blessed water mixed with salt for the purification of Christian homes from evil influences, as well as that of mixing water with the sacramental wine, are attributed to Pope Alexander I.

Some sources consider these attributions unlikely. It is possible, that Alexander played an important part in the early development of the Church of Rome's emerging liturgical and administrative traditions. A tradition holds that in the reign of Hadrian, Alexander I converted the Roman governor Hermes by miraculous means, together with his entire household of 1,500 people. Quirinus of Neuss, Alexander's supposed jailer, Quirinus' daughter Balbina of Rome were among his converts. Alexander is said to have seen a vision of the infant Jesus, his remains are said to have been transferred to Freising in Bavaria, Germany in AD 834. Some editions of the Roman Missal identified with Pope Alexander I with the Alexander that they give as commemorated, together with Eventius and Theodulus, on 3 May. See, for instance, the General Roman Calendar of 1954, but nothing is known of these three saints other than their names, together with the fact that they were martyred and were buried at the seventh milestone of the Via Nomentana on 3 May of some year.

For this reason, the Pope John XXIII's 1960 revision of the calendar returned to the presentation, in the 1570 Tridentine Calendar of the three saints as "Saints Alexander and Theodulus Martyrs" with no suggestion that any of them was a pope. The Roman Martyrology lists them as Eventius and Theodulus, the order in which their names are given in historical documents. List of Catholic saints List of popes Benedict XIV; the Roman Martyrology. Gardners Books, 2007. ISBN 978-0-548-13374-3. Chapman, John. Studies on the Early Papacy. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1971. ISBN 978-1-901157-60-4. Fortescue and Scott M. P. Reid; the Early Papacy: To the Synod of Chalcedon in 451. Southampton: Saint Austin Press, 1997. ISBN 978-1-901157-60-4. Jowett, George F; the Drama of the Lost Disciples. London: Covenant Pub. Co, 1968. OCLC 7181392 Loomis, Louise Ropes; the Book of Popes. Merchantville, NJ: Evolution Publishing. ISBN 1-889758-86-8Pope St. Alexander IEncyclopædia Britannica: Saint Alexander I

Ingles F.C.

Ingles Football Club is a football club based in Shepshed, England. They are members of the East Midlands Counties League and the first team groundshare with Shepshed Dynamo at the Dovecote and reserves play at Little Haw Lane; the club was established in 1972, joined Division One of the North Leicestershire League. After finishing ninth in their first season, they were relegated to Division Three; the club were Division Three champions in 1973–74 and went on to win the Division Two title the following season. In 1975–76 they were runners-up in Division One, earning a third successive promotion to move up to the Premier Division. In 1978–79 the club won the league's Bonser Trophy, in 1980–81 they were runners-up in the Premier Division. A successful period in the 1990s saw Ingles win the Premier Division title in 1992–93 and 1995–96, the Cobbin Trophy in 1993-94, 1994-1995 and 1997-1998 as well as the Bonser Trophy in 1993–94, they were runners-up in the league in 1994–95, 1996–97 and 1998–99.

In 2003 -- 04 the club were relegated to Division One. However, after finishing as runners-up in Division One the following season, they were promoted back to the Premier Division. During another period of success in the late 2000s the club won the Premier Cup in 2006–07 and 2008–09 and the Bonser Trophy in 2008–09 and 2009–10. After winning the Premier Division for a third time in 2013–14, the club moved up to Division One of the Leicestershire Senior League in 2014. Ingles' first season in Division One ended with a third-placed finish, resulting in promotion to the Premier Division. A couple of solid season in the Premier division followed with 5th and 9th place finishes. In 2017–18 the club won the title on goal difference, beating a much fancied Bardon Hill side after a in different start; the comeback included an unbeaten run from January including a key 1-1 draw away at Bardon that ensured we were in the box seat entering the final game. This title win earned promotion to the East Midlands Counties League.

The 2018/19 season saw. After a replay victory over Melton Town in the 1st qualifying round Ingles went out to higher league Rugby Town in the next round. In the league after a promising start where they were in the top 6 but slipped away from February and ended eleventh in their first season. For the 2019/20 former assistant manager and player Adam Vasey was appointed as manager. Leicestershire Senior League Premier Division champions 2017–18 North Leicestershire Football League Premier Division champions 1992–93, 1995–96, 2013–14 Division Two champions 1974–75 Division Three champions 1973–74 Bonser Trophy winners 1978–79, 1993–94, 2008–09, 2009–10 Premier Cup winners 2006–07, 2008–09 Official website

Wiener Singakademie

The Wiener Singakademie is a choir in Vienna, Austria. As the first mixed choir in Vienna, the Wiener Singakademie was founded in 1858 to establish a "Singübungsanstalt" - an institution for the training of voices, it aims to promote the works of the traditional masters, include contemporary works. In 1862, the young Johannes Brahms was invited to come to Vienna as the choir’s director. Conductors with whom the worked included Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauss and Bruno Walter, the latter becoming the choir’s director for a number of years. Composers who conducted premiere performances of their works with the Wiener Singakademie have included Edvard Grieg, Anton Rubinstein and Pietro Mascagni. After 55 years as an independent choir, the Wiener Singakademie moved in 1913 to the newly opened Wiener Konzerthausm as part of the Wiener Konzerthausgesellschaft. In the 1950s and 1960s the choir was led by Hans Gillesberger. Wilhelm Furtwängler and Paul Hindemith, Karl Böhm and Hans Svarowsky, along with the young Lorin Maazel were jointly responsible for the choir's development at that time.

In 1983, Agnes Grossmann assumed the post of artistic director, as the first woman to head the Wiener Singakademie. Alexander Pereira was Secretary General of the Wiener Konzerthausgesellschaft from the mid-1980s to the early 1990s succeeded by Herbert Böck, it has worked with artists including Georges Prêtre, Yehudi Menuhin, Claudio Abbado, Sir Roger Norrington, Sir John Eliot Gardiner, Sir Simon Rattle and Kent Nagano. Since the beginning of the 1998–99 season, Heinz Ferlesch has led the choir, which features the routine training of singers, integrates young soloists and ensembles into concert performances; the repertory of the choir has included performances of J. S. Bach's Johannespassion under Ton Koopman, Benjamin Britten's War Requiem under Simone Young, Verdi's Messa da Requiem under Franz Welser-Möst, Scelsi's Konx-Om-Pax under Ingo Metzmacher. Heinz Ferlesch has led baroque works for choir and orchestra; the fall 2006 performance of Händel's Judas Maccabaeus was recorded and produced as a CD in cooperation with the ORF.

The Wiener Singakademie includes about 100 male and female singers. In 2006 the Wiener Singakademie founded the Wiener Singakademie Kammerchor; the ensemble, made up of members of the Wiener Singakademie performs cappella music, as well as vocal works requiring a smaller ensemble. In July 2007 the Wiener Singakademie Kammerchor was awarded a second and a fourth place prize at the international choir competition at Spittal/Drau. For the jubilee season of 2008 Christian Mühlbacher was commissioned to compose a piece for the Ensemble. On 8 March 2008, for the choir's 150th anniversary at the Wiener Konzerthaus, J. S. Bach's Matthäuspassion was performed at a jubilee concert in the Großer Saal of the Konzerthaus. In 2008, a soccer match was held against the Wiener Singverein, celebrating its 150th anniversary that year. Official web site

Ercole, Marquis of Baux

Ercole Grimaldi, Marquis of Baux was a member of the House of Grimaldi. He was the first Monegasque prince and heir apparent to the first Monegasque sovereign prince, Honoré II. Dying at the age of 27, Baux was replaced as heir apparent by his son Louis who succeeded Honoré II; the only son of Honoré II of Monaco and Ippolita Trivulzio, he was the heir apparent to principality of Monaco, raised to the status of principality in 1604. Named after his grandfather Hercule, Lord of Monaco, Grimaldi was styled as the Marquis of Baux, after 1642, the title being one of the subsidiary titles, given to his father by Louis XIII of France. In fact, Baux was created Marquis by Louis XIII himself. Baux was a skilled military-man and led the attack on the Serravalle Tower, taking the sentries prisoner. Baux and his wife and their children went to visit the convent of Carnoles in Mentone. After the visit was over Baux relaxed in the gardens by shooting targets with some guards. Anxious to see how a weapon worked, Baux insisted.

Improperly handling the gun, the guard accidentally shot it towards Baux and the other guards, two of whom were injured. Baux received a gunshot wound to the spine and, however good medical care he received, he died the next day on 1 August 1651, at the age of 27, it is said that despite his wound, he insisted over and over again, as he lay on his deathbed, that the guard who shot him should not be punished as it had been an accident. Nonetheless, the man was imprisoned for a time and tried to kill himself. After his release he never returned to Monaco. Afterwards, there were reports that a local monk had predicted Baux's death and that Baux himself had seen a ghost who had told him to enjoy life for he would not be able to in a short time. Grimaldi was married on 4 July 1641 to Maria Aurelia Spinola, a daughter of Luca Spinola, Prince of Molfetta and his cousin Pellina Spinola. Spinola was a member of the House of Spinola, a powerful and wealthy family from the Republic of Genoa; the marriage produced four children.

Through his son Louis he is a direct ancestor of the reigning Albert II of Monaco and through his youngest daughter he is an ancestor of the pretending Carlos, Duke of Parma, Crown Princess Margareta of Romania and reigning Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg. Louis Grimaldi, Prince of Monaco as Louis I. Maria Ippolita Grimaldi married Carlo Emanuele Filiberto de Simiane, Prince of Montafia and had issue. Giovanna Maria Grimaldi had issue. Teresa Maria Grimaldi had issue. List of heirs to the Monegasque throne

Capo dell'Armi Lighthouse

Capo dell'Armi Lighthouse is an active lighthouse in Reggio Calabria, southern Italy. Located along the cliffs of the headland, in the comune of Motta San Giovanni, it is an important reference for ships coming into the Strait of Sicily from the south; the lighthouse, built in 1867 and renovated in 1959, consists of an octagonal masonry tower, 12 metres high, with balcony and lantern rising from a 2-storey brick keeper's house. The tower is painted white and the lantern dome in grey metallic; the light is positioned at 95 metres above sea level and emits two white flashes in a 10 seconds period, visible up to a distance of 22 nautical miles. The lighthouse is automated and managed by the Marina Militare with the identification code number 3380 E. F. List of lighthouses in Italy Servizio Fari Marina Militare


The Möhlintal is a 10-kilometre long valley running between Möhlin and Wegenstetten in the Rheinfelden district of Canton Aargau, Switzerland. The five municipalities in the valley have a total population of around 14,000 people; the upper part of the valley is known as the "Wegenstettertal". This name was used by associations and groups related to the upper Möhlintal municipalities. In Habsburg times the area was known as Landschaft Möhlinbach; the valley was sometimes known as the "Chläfflital". The official name of the valley given by Canton Aargau is "Möhlintal"; the valley lies in the North Eastern Tabel Jura, part of the Swiss Jura Mountains which are distinct from the Faltenjura because the strata are not folded. The Möhlintal runs in a straight line from Southeast to Northwest, surrounded by high table plateaux through which the valley cuts; the Möhlinbach flows from its source at the top of the valley between the municipalities of Wegenstetten and Hemmiken, through the valley to join the Rein near Möhlin.

Like most other Jura valleys in the Fricktal region, the Möhlintal has a narrow valley floor. Because of its climatic circumstances, the valley experiences up to 40 days more sunshine than the Swiss Plateau and is fog-free. On 5 August 2003 the private weather service Meteomedia recorded a temperature of 40.3 °C in Möhlin, a record for Switzerland. Thanks to the mild climate and the wind shielded location, the Möhlintal is suitable for vineyards. On the south side of the Zeinigerberges near Zeiningen the Spätburgunder and Müller-Thurgau vineyards are located. On the valley floor and flat hill summits intensive farming is performed. Important for the Möhlintal is the production of Kirsch from cherries; the "Chriesiberg" near Zuzgen derives its name from the cherry trees. "Fricktaler Kirsch" is a known product. On the Northeastern side of the valley lies the Looberg-Wabrig-Hersberg high plateau, bordered on the other side by the parallel running Fischingertal. On this high plateau the Fricktal-Schupfart Aerodrome is located where each year the Schupfart Festival is held.

The small winter sports area of Föhrlimatt in Wegenstetten lies on the west flank of the Tiersteinberg has one ski lift and attracts high numbers of visitors from the region through the winter season. Statistical data Area: 5,272 Hektars, of which: 51 % Farmed 37 % Forest 11 % Housing Population: 14,194 Population Density: 269 people/km² The Landschaft Möhlinbach was, like the rest of Fricktal a beneficiary of affiliation with Vorderösterreich through a lower administrative unit, the Kameralherrschaft Rheinfelden which in turn was affiliated to the Oberamt Breisgau; the Landschaft Möhlinbach encompassed the villages of Hellikon, Magden, Möhlin, Olsberg, Wegenstetten and Zuzgen. The villagers of the Landschaft Möhlinbach were the trigger for the Rappenkkrieg; the Möhlintal shows a religious anomaly: Mohlin has the highest Swiss-wide population of Christ Catholics and Hellikon has the highest proportion of Christ Catholics. Christ Catholic churches and/or chapels are found in Möhlin and Zuzgen.

The Möhlintal can be travelled in half an hour using the PostAuto Nordschweiz line 89. In Wegenstetten the bus line 101 terminates, connecting the Möhlintal with the neighbouring Canton Basel Land. An infrequent bus route connects Wegenstetten with the Fischingertal. Möhlin railway station stands on the Basel-Zürich line; the station is served by the S1 route of the Regio S-Bahn Basel that runs from Mulhouse in France, through Basel and terminates in either Frick or Laufenburg. The A3 motorway crosses the Möhlintal on a viaduct at Zeiningen; the nearest interchanges are located at Eiken. Along the high plateau between Möhlintal and Fischingertal runs part of the Fricktaler Höhenweg, a regional walking route