SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Pope Anacletus

Pope Anacletus known as Cletus, was the third Bishop of Rome, following Peter and Linus. Anacletus served as pope between c. 79 and his death, c. 92. Cletus was a Roman, who during his tenure as pope, is known to have ordained a number of priests and is traditionally credited with setting up about twenty-five parishes in Rome. Although the precise dates of his pontificate are uncertain, he "...died a martyr about 91". Cletus is mentioned in the Roman Canon of the mass; the name "Cletus" in Ancient Greek means "one, called", "Anacletus" means "one, called back". "Anencletus" means "unimpeachable". The Roman Martyrology mentions the Pope in question only under the name of "Cletus"; the Annuario Pontificio gives both forms as alternatives. Eusebius, Augustine of Hippo and Optatus all suggest that both names refer to the same individual. Cletus/Anacletus was traditionally understood to have been a Roman who served as pope for twelve years; the Annuario Pontificio states, "For the first two centuries, the dates of the start and the end of the pontificate are uncertain".

It gives the years 80 to 92 as the reign of Pope Cletus/Anacletus. Other sources give the years 77 to 88. According to tradition, Pope Anacletus divided Rome into twenty-five parishes. One of the few surviving records concerning his papacy mentions him as having ordained an uncertain number of priests, he died and was buried next to his predecessor, Pope Linus, near the grave of Peter, in what is now Vatican City. His name is included in the Roman Canon of the Mass; the Tridentine Calendar reserved 26 April as the feast day of Saint Cletus, who the church honoured jointly with Saint Marcellinus, 13 July for Saint Anacletus. In 1960, Pope John XXIII, while keeping the 26 April feast, which mentions the saint under the name given to him in the Canon of the Mass, removed 13 July as a feast day for Saint Anacletus; the 14 February 1961 Instruction of the Congregation for Rites on the application to local calendars of Pope John XXIII's motu proprio Rubricarum instructum of 25 July 1960, decreed that "the feast of'Saint Anacletus', on whatever ground and in whatever grade it is celebrated, is transferred to 26 April, under its right name,'Saint Cletus'".

Use of this calendar, included in the 1962 edition of the Roman Missal, continues to be authorized under the conditions indicated in the motu proprio Summorum Pontificum. Although the day of his death is unknown, Saint Cletus continues to be listed in the Roman Martyrology among the saints of 26 April. Donald Attwater and Catherine Rachel John, The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, 3rd edition, New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-14-051312-4. Louise Ropes Loomis, The Book of Popes. Merchantville, NJ: Evolution Publishing. ISBN 1-889758-86-8 (Reprint of the 1916 edition.. Richard P. McBrien, Lives of the Popes. ISBN 0-06-065304-3 Writings attributed to Pope Anacletus/Cletus The Society of Pope Saint Anacletus, an Independent Catholic association in the United States

The Girl from the Revue

The Girl from the Revue is a 1928 German silent film directed by Richard Eichberg and starring Dina Gralla, Werner Fuetterer and Max Hansen. The film's sets were designed by the art directors Bruno Franz Seemann. Dina Gralla as Kitty von den Taylor-Girls Werner Fuetterer as Graf Axel Holm, Attaché Max Hansen as Baron Erik Lund, Axels Vetter Albert Paulig as Mister Taylor, Impresario der Taylor-Girls Julius Falkenstein as Graf Roderich Holm, Axels Onkel Emmy Wyda as Die Gouvernesse der Girls Valerie Boothby as Georgette Laroque, Varieté-Tänzerin Else Reval as Köchin Ward, Janet. Weimar Surfaces: Urban Visual Culture in 1920s Germany. University of California Press, 2001; the Girl from the Revue on IMDb

Cargo control room

The cargo control room, CCR, or cargo office of a tankship is where the person in charge can monitor and control the loading and unloading of the ship's liquid cargo. Prevalent on automated vessels, the CCR may be in its own room. Among other things, the equipment in the CCR may allow the person in charge to control cargo and stripping pumps and monitor valve positions, monitor cargo tank liquid levels. Cargo control rooms began to appear on U. S.-flag tankers in the mid-1960s. Prior to this time, valves were operated manually on deck by reach rods and liquid levels were monitored by a roving watch consisting of the mate and seamen on watch; the use of computers in the cargo control room began in the 1980s. As technology developed, computerized systems began to centralize tasks such as cargo control per se, tank level monitoring, real-time computation of hull stress information in the cargo control room; the design and layout of an individual cargo control room is determined by the ship's design, owner's requirements and the capabilities of the shipyard in which the ship is built.

Modern cargo control rooms offer some or all of these components: main cargo pump and stripping pump control, valve control, tank level monitoring, auxiliary functions. Main cargo pumps and stripping pumps are used to discharge cargo from the ship. From the cargo control room, the person in charge of the discharge can turn pumps on and off, set pump speeds, monitor pipeline pressures on the suction- and discharge-sides of pumps. By actuating cargo valves, the person in charge can control where cargo is pumped from, where it is pumped to, in systems that use throttle valves, can control the relative flow rates of cargo through the valves. Modern cargo control rooms allow the person in charge to remotely control some or all of the valves in the cargo system and monitor the state of all valves. Valve indicators are laid out on a "mimic panel" which displays the cargo system piping and pumps in a schematic diagram. Tank level monitoring is another key functionality provided in modern cargo control rooms.

One aspect of tank level monitoring is overfill alarms, which sound throughout the ship when cargo levels exceed the ship's design specifications. Many systems allow the person in charge to monitor tank levels at all tank levels. Tank level monitoring allows the person in charge to take early action to avoid oil spills when loading the ship. Tank level information is sent to computers that calculate hull stresses such as shear forces and bending moments. Various other functions are available in some cargo control rooms. Many offer the person in charge additional monitoring and control systems, the ability to monitor inert gas systems, tank pressures. Modern cargo control rooms allow the person in charge to control ballast pumps and valves, monitor oil content of ballast water by the use of oily water separators. In cases where ships carry specialty products, specialized monitoring systems are available in the cargo control room. Oil tanker Chemical tanker Maurice, "Tanker Cargo Systems", in Benford, Harry.

A Half Century of Maritime Technology 1943–1993, Jersey City, NJ: Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, ISBN 978-0-939773-12-1, retrieved 2009-07-24. Hayler, William B.. American Merchant Seaman's Manual. Cornell Maritime Pr. ISBN 0-87033-549-9. Huber, Mark. Tanker operations: a handbook for the person-in-charge. Cambridge, MD: Cornell Maritime Press. ISBN 0-87033-528-6. International Chamber of Shipping. International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals. New York: Hyperion Books. ISBN 1-85609-081-7. Turpin, Edward A.. Merchant Marine Officers' Handbook. Centreville, MD: Cornell Maritime Press. ISBN 0-87033-056-X. In Alaska: An Oil Tanker Sails NK Rules For Centralized Cargo Monitoring and Control Systems