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Pope Benedict IX

Pope Benedict IX, born Theophylactus of Tusculum in Rome, was pope on three occasions between October 1032 and July 1048. Aged 20 at his first election, he is one of the youngest popes in history, he is the only man to have been pope on more than one occasion and the only man to have sold the papacy. Benedict was the nephew of his immediate predecessor, Pope John XIX. In October 1032, his father obtained his election through bribery. However, his reputed dissolute activities provoked a revolt on the part of the Romans. Benedict was driven out of Pope Sylvester III elected to succeed him; some months Benedict and his supporters managed to expel Sylvester. Benedict decided to abdicate in favor of his godfather, the Archpriest of St. John by the Latin Gate, provided he was reimbursed for his expenses. Gratian became Pope Gregory VI. Benedict subsequently had second thoughts and returned, attempted to depose Gregory. A number of prominent clergy appealed to King of the Germans to restore order. Henry and his forces crossed the Brenner Pass into Italy, where he summoned the Council of Sutri to decide the matter.

Benedict and Gregory were all deposed. Henry nominated the bishop of Bamberg, Suidger von Morsleben, consecrated and became Pope Clement II in December 1046, thus clearing the way for Henry to be crowned Holy Roman Emperor by a pope recognized as legitimate. While Benedict IX has an execrable reputation as pope, R. L. Poole suggests that some of the calumnies directed against him be understood in the context that they were perpetrated by virulent political enemies. Benedict was the son of Alberic III, Count of Tusculum, was a nephew of Pope Benedict VIII and Pope John XIX, he was a grandnephew of Pope John XII. His father obtained the Papal chair for him by bribing the Romans. Horace K. Mann, writing in the Catholic Encyclopedia says Benedict IX was about 20 when made pontiff in October 1032. Other sources state 11 or 12, based upon the unsubstantiated testimony of Rupert Glaber, a monk of St. Germanus at Auxerre. Benedict IX led an dissolute life and had few qualifications for the papacy other than connections with a powerful family.

In terms of theology and the ordinary activities of the Church he was orthodox. His life was scandalous, factional strife continued; the anti-papal historian Ferdinand Gregorovius wrote that in Benedict, "It seemed as if a demon from hell, in the disguise of a priest, occupied the chair of Peter and profaned the sacred mysteries of religion by his insolent courses." Horace K. Mann calls him "a disgrace to the Chair of Peter", he was the first pope rumoured to have been homosexual. Pope Victor III, in his third book of Dialogues, referred to "his rapes and other unspeakable acts of violence and sodomy, his life as a pope was so vile, so foul, so execrable, that I shudder to think of it."According to Reginald Lane Poole, "In a time of acute political hostility accusations, as we know too well, are made and are believed, which in a calmer time would never have been suggested." He further suggests the credibility of such accusations was determined by probability rather than proof, a reaction to the Tusculum hegemony.

Poole observes that "we have to wait until he had discredited himself by his sale of the Papacy before we hear anything definite about his misdeeds. Poole considers Benedict "a negligent Pope likely a profligate man", but notes that the picture presented of Benedict is drawn at a time when the party opposed to him was in the ascendant, he had neither friends nor supporters, he was forced out of Rome in 1036, but returned with the help of Emperor Conrad II, who had expelled the bishops of Piacenza and Cremona from their sees. Bishop Benno of Piacenza accused Benedict of "many vile adulteries and murders". In September 1044, opposition to Benedict IX's dissolute lifestyle forced him out of the city again and elected John, Bishop of Sabina, as Pope Sylvester III. Benedict IX's forces returned in April 1045 and expelled his rival, who returned to his previous bishopric. Doubting his own ability to maintain his position, wishing to marry his cousin, Benedict decided to abdicate, consulted his godfather, the pious priest John Gratian, about the possibility of resigning.

He offered to give up the papacy into the hands of his godfather if he would reimburse him for his election expenses. With a desire to rid the See of Rome of such an unworthy pontiff, John Gratian paid him the money and was recognized as pope in his stead, as Gregory VI. St. Peter Damian hailed the change with joy and wrote to the new pope, urging him to deal with the scandals of the church in Italy, singling out the wicked bishops of Pesaro, of Città di Castello and of Fano. Benedict IX soon regretted his resignation and returned to Rome, taking the city and remaining on the throne until July 1046, although Gregory VI continued to be recognized as the true pope. At the time, Sylvester III reasserted his claim. A number of influential clergy and laity implored Emperor Henry III to cross the Alps and restore order. Henry intervened, at the Council of Sutri in December 1046, Benedict IX and Sylvester III were declared deposed while Gregory VI was encouraged to resign because the arrangement he had entered into with Benedict was considered simoniacal.

The German Bishop Suidger was crowned as Gregory's successor, Pope Clement II. Benedict IX did not accept his deposition; when Clement II died in October 1047, Benedict seized the Lateran Palace in November, but was driven away by German troops


Cyatholipidae is a family of spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1894. Most live in moist, montane forests, though several species, including Scharffia rossi, live in dry savannah regions, they occur in Africa, including Madagascar, New Zealand and Australia, one species in Jamaica. Most members of this family hang beneath sheet webs. Fossil species occur in the Eocene aged Bitterfield and Baltic Ambers, suggesting a wider geographic distribution in the past; as of April 2019, the World Spider Catalog accepts the following genera: In addition, 5 fossil genera are known. †Balticolipus Wunderlich, 2004 †Cyathosuccinus Wunderlich, 2004 †Erigolipus Wunderlich, 2004 †Spinilipus Wunderlich, 1993 †Succinilipus Wunderlich, 1993 List of Cyatholipidae species

Channel 22 virtual TV stations in the United States

The following television stations operate on virtual channel 22 in the United States: K13UL-D in Hillsboro, New Mexico K21CD-D in Ukiah, California K22CU-D in Cortez, etc. Colorado K22FC-D in Grants Pass, Oregon K22HS-D in Eureka Springs, Arkansas K22JK-D in Moses Lake, Washington K22JM-D in Gunnison, Colorado K22JN-D in Grand Junction, Colorado K22JQ-D in Ardmore, Oklahoma K22JS-D in Ashland, Oregon K22JU-D in Rapid City, South Dakota K25CH-D in North Bend, Washington K25MP-D in Bonners Ferry, Idaho K28GJ-D in Hatch, New Mexico K28QE-D in Caballo, New Mexico K29ED-D in Everett, Washington K30QI-D in Alamogordo, New Mexico K36KH-D in Alexandria, Minnesota K40GH-D in Truth or Consequence, New Mexico K51JG-D in Yakima, Washington KAWB in Brainerd, Minnesota KDCG-CD in Opelousas, Louisiana KEQI-LP in Dededo, Guam KFCT in Fort Collins, Colorado KFTS in Klamath Falls, Oregon KFXF-LD in Fairbanks, Alaska KLCW-TV in Wolfforth, Texas KLFB-LD in Salinas, California KLTJ in Galveston, Texas KPXG-TV in Salem, Oregon KQFX-LD in Columbia, Missouri KRCB in Cotati, California KRID-LD in Boise, Idaho KRWG-TV in Las Cruces, New Mexico KSKN in Spokane, Washington KSQA in Topeka, Kansas KTVP-LD in Phoenix, Arizona KUMY-LD in Beaumont, Texas KWBJ-CD in Morgan City, Louisiana KWHY-TV in Los Angeles, California KZJO in Seattle, Washington KZMM-CD in Fresno, California KZVU-LD in Chico, California W22EN-D in Manteo, North Carolina W22EW-D in Port Jervis, New York WBMM in Tuskegee, Alabama WCBZ-CD in Marion, Ohio WCLF in Clearwater, Florida WCTE in Cookeville, Tennessee WDQB-LD in Wilmington, North Carolina WEQA-LD in Florence, South Carolina WFVX-LD in Bangor, Maine WFXQ-CD in Springfield, Massachusetts WGPS-LP in Fort Myers, Florida WHLT in Hattiesburg, Mississippi WIVD-LD in Newcomerstown, Ohio WJCL in Savannah, Georgia WKEF in Dayton, Ohio WKPI-TV in Pikeville, Kentucky WLEK-LD in Concord, New Hampshire WLFL in Raleigh, North Carolina WLWK-CD in Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin WMEC in Macomb, Illinois WMNS-LD in Charlotte Amalie, U.

S. Virgin Islands WMPT in Annapolis, Maryland WOVA-LD in Parkersburg, West Virginia WPFN-CD in Panama City, Florida WPNT in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania WSBS-CD in Miami, etc. Florida WSBS-TV in Key West, Florida WSBT-TV in South Bend, Indiana WSKC-CD in Atlanta, Georgia WSST-TV in Cordele, Georgia WSWH-LD in Tuscaloosa, Alabama WTNO-LP in New Orleans, Louisiana WTVU-CD in Syracuse, New York WVDO-LD in Carolina, Puerto Rico WVNY in Burlington, Vermont WVUT in Vincennes, Indiana WWLP in Springfield, Massachusetts WYOU in Scranton, PennsylvaniaThe following television stations, which are no longer licensed operated on virtual channel 22: KWWF in Waterloo, Iowa WQDS-LD in Athens, Georgia

Chairman of the Central Military Commission

The Chairman of the Central Military Commission is the head of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China and thereby the commander-in-chief of the People's Liberation Army. The officeholder is General Secretary of the Communist Party of China or Chairman of the Communist Party of China. According to Chapter 3, Section 4 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, "The Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China directs the armed forces of the country; the Central Military Commission is composed of the following: The Chairman. The term of office of the Central Military Commission is the same as that of the National People's Congress. Two people serve as Vice-Chairmen; the CMC Chairman is the supreme commander of the world's largest military forces, People's Liberation Army, People's Armed Police and People's Liberation Army militia. Furthermore, the officeholder is vested with the command authority over the nuclear arsenals. According to the principle of "Party Commands the Gun", the officeholder of this post would assume the responsibility of the state counterpart.

The following have held the position of Chair of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China: Zhang Guotao, December 1925 – September 1926 Zhou Enlai, September 1926 – October 1928 Yang Yin, October 1928 – September 1929 Zhou Enlai, September 1929 – March 1930 Guan Xiangying, March 1930 – August 1930 Zhou Enlai, August 1930 – June 1931 Li Fuchun, June 1931 – January 1932 Xiang Ying, January 1931 – October 1931 Zhu De, October 1931 – December 1936 Mao Zedong, December 1936 – October 1949 Abolished, October 1949 – September 1954 Mao Zedong, September 1954 – September 1976 Hua Guofeng, October 1976 – June 1981 Deng Xiaoping, June 1981 – November 1989 Jiang Zemin, November 1989 – September 2004 Hu Jintao, 19 September 2004 – 15 November 2012 Xi Jinping, 15 November 2012 – Present The following have held the position of Chair of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China: Mao Zedong, October 1949 – September 1954 Mao Zedong, September 1954 – April 1959 Liu Shaoqi, April 1959 – October 1968 Vacant, October 1968 – January 1975 Abolished, January 1975 – December 1982 Deng Xiaoping, June 1983 – April 1990 Jiang Zemin, April 1990 – March 2005 Hu Jintao, March 2005 – 14 March 2013 Xi Jinping, 14 March 2013 – Present List of leaders of the People's Republic of China Supreme Military Command of the People's Republic of China Paramount leader

Dorothy Carter

Dorothy Carter was an American musician. Carter performed contemporary, traditional and experimental music with a large collection of stringed instruments such as the hammered dulcimer, zither and hurdy-gurdy, she is regarded as an important figure in the genres of psychedelic folk music and medieval music revival. Carter studied classical piano at age six, she attended Bard College in New York, the London Royal Academy, Guildhall School of Music in France. In early the 1970s Carter was a member of the Central Maine Power Music Company with Robert Rutman and Constance Demby, she moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts where she continued to collaborate with Rutman, who played his sound sculptures on her second album. She played concerts with Rutman's Steel Cello Ensemble, a collaboration that persisted for decades. In the 1990s Carter returned to London and founded the all-female revival group Mediæval Bæbes with Katherine Blake of Miranda Sex Garden; the group's 1997 debut album, Salva Nos reached #2 on the classical music charts.

Carter settled in New Orleans, residing in a live-in studio on the third floor of a warehouse building where she hosted salons. She died in 2003 of an aneurysm, she is survived by a son and daughter, Justin Carter of Los Angeles and Celeste Carter of Picayune, Mississippi and a grandson, Damien Helgason. 2000, Vancouver, BC. Dorothy Carter played hurdy-gurdy at the Vancouver Folk Music Festival. A recording can be heard on the Soundscapes 2000 album. Troubadour Waillee Waillee Lonesome Dove Dorothy Carter Salva Nos Worldes Blysse The Best of the Mediæval Bæbes Undrentide The Rose Dorothy Carter on Last FM


C7orf38 is a gene located on chromosome 7 in the human genome. The gene is expressed in nearly all tissue types at low levels. Evolutionarily, it can be found throughout the kingdom animalia. While the function of the protein is not understood by the scientific community, bioinformatic tools have shown that the protein bares much similarity to zinc finger or transposase proteins. Many of its orthologs and neighboring genes have been shown to possess zinc finger domains; the protein contains. This domain is conserved in transposase enzymes. C7orf38 is located on chromosome 7 at q22.1. Its genomic sequence contains 5,612 bp; the predominant transcript is 2,507 bp in length. The translated protein contains 573 amino acids; the 573 amino acid protein has a molecular weight of 66,280.05. The isoelectric point was found to occur at a pH of 5.775, about 1.6 pH lower than that of the average human pH. Two deviations from prototypical human proteins are evident; the protein contains a less than expected number of glycine residues, is rich in leucine residues.

There are not sections of strong hydrophilicity. Thus, it is not predicted to be a transmembrane protein; the four genes in closest proximity to C7orf38 on chromosome 7 exhibit similar function, many of which are transcription factors. Eight paralogs are found in the human proteome. Similar to the neighboring genes, many of the paralogs function as zinc fingers, or transcription factors. Orthologs to C7orf38 can be traced back evolutionarily through plants; the following is not an extensive list of orthologs. It is intended to provide an evolutionary overview of the conservation of C7orf38. CBLast was used to determine a structurally related protein with experimentally determined structure; the protein Hermes DNA transposase, of the Hermes DBD superfamily, was shown to be structurally similar. The hAT dimerization domain is found at the C-terminus of transposase elements belonging to the Activator superfamily; the isolated dimerization domain forms stable dimers in vitro. The MFOLD program available at Rensselaer BioInformatics Server was used to predict secondary structure of the mature mRNA sequence.

The primary sequence of the mRNA secondary structures displayed high levels of conservation in orthologs, suggesting structural importance. The gene appears to be expressed in most tissue types. Low levels of expression were observed through est profiles, no deviation was observed between health or developmental states