Pope Benedict XIII, born Pietro Francesco Orsini and called Vincenzo Maria Orsini, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 May 1724 to his death in 1730. A Dominican friar, Orsini focused on his religious responsibilities as bishop rather than on papal administration. Orsini's lack of political expertise led him to rely on an unscrupulous secretary whose financial abuses ruined the papal treasury, causing great damage to the Church in Rome. In the process towards sainthood, his cause for canonization opened in 1755, it was re-opened on 21 February 1931, but it was closed once again in 1940. It was opened once more on 17 January 2004, with the official process commencing in 2012 and concluding in 2017, he now has the posthumous title of Servant of God. He was born in Gravina in Puglia, the eldest of six sons of Ferdinando III Orsini, duke of Gravina, Giovanna Frangipani della Tolfa, from Toritto. A member of the Orsini of Rome, he was the last member of that family to become Pope.
At the age of eighteen he resigned his inheritance and entered the Dominican Order where he received the name of "Vincenzo Maria". He was ordained to the priesthood in February 1671. Through the influence of his family, he was named, by Pope Clement X, Cardinal-Priest of San Sisto on 22 February 1672, he lectured in philosophy at Brescia. He was bishop of Manfredonia, bishop of Cesena and archbishop of Benevento. After an earthquake in 1688 and another in 1702 he organized relief efforts for the victims, he remained a close friend of Serafina di Dio. Upon the death of Pope Innocent XIII in 1724, a conclave was convoked to elect a successor. There were four divisions in the College of Cardinals and there were no clear candidates. At the conclave, Orsini was considered one of the papabili. Orsini was proposed to be elected because he led a modest, austere life, considered to be a pastor, his lack of political expertise suggested that he would be malleable. Orsini refused to be elected prior to the final ballot.
He was persuaded to accept by Agustín Pipia, Master of the Order of Preachers and on 29 May 1724, Orsini was elected pontiff. He chose the regnal name of "Benedict XIII" in honour of Pope Blessed Benedict XI because he was of the Dominican Order. On 4 June 1724, he was crowned by the cardinal protodeacon. On the following 24 September, he took possession of the Basilica of St. John Lateran. At first, he called himself Benedict XIV, but afterwards altered the title to Benedict XIII. Not a man of worldly matters, Benedict XIII made an effort to maintain his monastic lifestyle, he endeavoured to put a stop to the decadent lifestyles of the Italian priesthood and of the cardinalate. He abolished the lottery in Rome and the Papal States, which only served to profit the neighboring states that maintained the public lottery. A man fond above all of asceticism and religious celebrations, he built several hospitals, but according to Cardinal Lambertini "did not have any idea about how to rule". In 1727 he founded the University of Camerino.
In 1728, Benedict's intervention settled a controversy, regarding the relics of St Augustine, that erupted in Pavia, Italy. He confirmed the authenticity of Augustine's bones, discovered in 1695 in the Basilica San Pietro in Ciel d'Oro; the government of the Papal States was held in Benedict XIII's stead by Cardinal Niccolò Coscia, the pope's secretary when he was archbishop of Benevento, who committed a long series of financial abuses to his own advantage, causing the ruin of the Papal treasury. Coscia and his associates isolated Benedict from other advisors. According to Montesquieu, "All the money of Rome goes to Benevento... as the Beneventani direct weakness". In foreign relations, he struggled with both John V of Portugal and the Jansenists in France. Benedict XIII beatified Bernardine of Feltre in 1728 and beatified Peter Fourier on 20 January 1730, he beatified Hyacintha of Mariscotti on 1 September 1726, Fidelis of Sigmaringen on 24 March 1729, Vincent de Paul on 13 August 1729 and John del Prado on 24 May 1728.
Through the process of equipollent canonization, Benedict XIII canonized Pope Gregory VII on 24 May 1728. He conferred sainthood upon Agnes of Montepulciano in 1726, Aloysius Gonzaga on 31 December 1726, Boris of Kiev in 1724, Francis Solano on 27 March 1726, Gleb in 1724, James of the Marches and Turibius of Mogroveio on 10 December 1726, John of Nepomuk on 19 March 1729, John of the Cross and Peregrine Laziosi on 27 December 1726, Margaret of Cortona on 16 May 1728 and Serapion of Algiers on 14 April 1728; the pope named Peter Chrysologus as a Doctor of the Church in 1729. Benedict XIII elevated 29 new cardinals into the cardinalate in a total of 12 consistories. Benedict XIII, whose orders were descended from Scipione Rebiba consecrated at least 139 bishops for various important European sees, including German, French and New World bishops; these bishops in turn consecrated bishops exclusively for their respective countries causing other episcopal lineages to die. As a result, more than 90% of present-day bishops trace their episcopal lineage through him to Cardinal Rebiba.
With the papal bull Pretiosus dated May 26, 1727 Bened
Vaccinium arboreum is a species of Vaccinium native to the southeastern and south-central United States, from southern Virginia west to southeastern Nebraska, south to Florida and eastern Texas, north to Illinois. Vaccinium arboreum is a shrub growing to 3–5 m 9 m) tall, with a diameter at breast height of up to 35 cm; the leaves are evergreen in the south of the range, but deciduous further north where winters are colder. Sparkleberry grows on sand dunes, dry hillsides, in rocky woods, it grows on a variety of moist sites such as wet bottomlands and along creek banks. The flowers are white, bell-shaped, 3–4 mm in diameter with a five-lobed corolla, produced in racemes up to 5 cm long; the fruit is a round dry berry about 6 mm in diameter, green at first, black when ripe, edible but bitter and tough. They are eaten by various wildlife. "Vaccinium arboreum". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Missouri Plants: Vaccinium arboreum Virginia Tech Dendrology: Vaccinium arboreum United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile of Vaccinium arboreum
Todd Wiseman Jr is an American filmmaker and entrepreneur. Wiseman is the co-founder of Hayden5, New York based production company with credits to projects such as Knucklehead and The Exit Room, the latter of which Wiseman directed, he has directed and produced music videos for several artists, such as Juelz Santana, Mariah Carey, Benny Benassi, Jussie Smollett. Wiseman has been responsible for the production of video content for General Electric and other major brands. Wiseman was born in Hollywood, the son of Todd Alan Wiseman, a television executive and inventor, Robin, a school teacher, his parents both graduated from Florida State University. In 2005, Wiseman graduated from high school and enrolled in New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, where he began making short films, including Manifesto about the Iraq War, he received his Bachelor of Arts in Film and Television in 2009. Wiseman wrote and produced the sci-fi short film, The Exit Room starring Christopher Abbott, about a journalist who faces government execution during a future American Revolution.
It was nominated for Best Narrative Short at the Tribeca Film Festival in 2013. In 2015, Wiseman helped produce the American drama film, starring Gbenga Akinnagbe, Alfre Woodard, Amari Cheatom; the story of a man who attempted to cure himself of his mental disorders, earned Wiseman multiple awards including recognition at the American Black Film Festival. Long Shot is a Netflix short documentary about a man building a case against accusations that he committed murder; the film was released in 2017 and features Larry David. Sports Illustrated called the film a "must watch." Long Shot earned several film nominations, including an Emmy Nomination for Best Short Film. Lightningface, a short film starring Oscar Isaac, was produced by Wiseman; the film debuted. Wiseman co-founded the production company Hayden5 with Milos Silber in 2009; the video production company has produced prolific viral and commercial videos, including award winning films and various television series. In 2013, Hayden5 produced the acclaimed Camp Gyno commercial for Hello Flo, a subscription company delivering feminine hygiene products.
Hours after the commercial went online, Adweek named it "Ad of the Day" and HuffPost called it the "Best Tampon Ad in the History of the World." Fast Company said the ad "adorably busts through the period, vagina barrier." Another commercial produced by Hayden5 for Hello Flo's First Moon Party, won two Webby Awards and was recognized at Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity in 2015. In 2014, Hayden5 produced; this campaign received four medals among other accolades. We Live This, a 2015 documentary short produced by Hayden5 was won first prize for Best Documentary Short at the Rhode Island International Film Festival, was a Special Mention winner for Documentary Short at the Tribeca Film Festival. Fred Armisen starred in the 2015 short drama and the Vacuum in 2015; the film was nominated for Best Narrative Short at the Tribeca Film Festival and was produced by Hayden5. List of music videos directed or produced by Todd Wiseman Jr. Todd Wiseman Jr. on IMDb Hayden5 Official Website