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Pope County, Arkansas

Pope County is a county in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,754; the county seat is Russellville. The county was formed on November 2, 1829, from a portion of Crawford County and named for John Pope, the third governor of the Arkansas Territory, it is dry county. Pope County is part of AR Micropolitan Statistical Area. A large Democratic majority was ardently split into a "town or country" dichotomy at the local level. Further, the county was split between Union and Confederate sympathizers, with deep grudges held by both sides for grievances committed during the opposite's rule during the war. After the war, Republicans controlled local government and the Democrats controlled the county economy; the political situation and cultural differences kept tensions high between the groups resulting in violence. The most violent episode came to be known as the Pope County Militia War, a six-month drama involving robbery and murder; the state-controlled militia arrived to enforce martial law in the county, making the local Democrats who were providing armed resistance to Governor Powell Clayton's Republican army heroes to Confederate sympathizers around the state.

According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 831 square miles, of which 813 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. Newton County Searcy County Van Buren County Conway County Yell County Logan County Johnson County Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge Ozark National Forest Centerville Dragway As of the 2000 census, there were 54,469 people, 20,701 households, 15,008 families residing in the county; the population density was 67 people per square mile. There were 22,851 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.73% White, 2.61% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, 1.39% from two or more races. 2.06 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 20,701 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.50% were non-families.

23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,069, the median income for a family was $39,055. Males had a median income of $29,914 versus $19,307 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,918. About 11.60% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over. Over The past few election cycles Pope County has trended towards the GOP; the last democrat to carry this county was Bill Clinton in 1996.

Atkins Dover London Russellville Hector Pottsville Augsburg Nogo Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Pope County are listed below. Pope County included 10 more townships. Allen Township was moved into Hogan Township around 1910, Hill Township, Galla Creek Township, Independence Township, Lee Township, North Fork Township, Sand Spring Township, Sulphur Township were formerly active townships in Pope County. Holla Bend Township, containing the Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge, has been disbanded. List of lakes in Pope County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Pope County, Arkansas Arsenault, Raymond.

The Wild Ass of the Ozarks. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press in arrangement with Temple University Press. ISBN 0-87049-569-0. OCLC 16684346. Pope County, Arkansas entry on the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture

Ponthieva racemosa

Ponthieva racemosa called the hairy shadow witch or racemose ponthieva, is a species of orchid found from the southeastern United States, Central America, the West Indies and northern South America as far south as Bolivia. US Department of Agriculture Plants Profile IOSPE orchid photos Line Drawing - Flora of Panama, Ponthieva racemosa Florida Native Orchids, Shadow Witch Orchid Go Orchids, North American Orchid Conservation Center, Ponthieva racemosa C. Mohr Hairy, Shadow Witch Ricardo's Blog, parrots and people, Ponthieva racemosa, the shadow witch, an orchid native of Puerto Rico Wildflowers of the United States, Shadow Witch Orchid, Hairy Shadow Witch, Racemose Ponthieva - Ponthieva racemosa Media related to Ponthieva racemosa at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Ponthieva racemosa at Wikispecies


Blueschist called glaucophane schist, is a metavolcanic rock that forms by the metamorphism of basalt and rocks with similar composition at high pressures and low temperatures corresponding to a depth of 15 to 30 kilometers. The blue color of the rock comes from the presence of the predominant minerals glaucophane and lawsonite. Blueschists are found within orogenic belts as terranes of lithology in faulted contact with greenschist or eclogite facies rocks. Blueschist, as a rock type, is defined by the presence of the minerals glaucophane + +/- jadeite +/- albite or chlorite +/- garnet +/- muscovite in a rock of basaltic composition. Blueschist has a lepidoblastic, nematoblastic or schistose rock microstructure defined by chlorite, phengitic white mica and other minerals with an elongate or platy shape. Grain size is coarse, as mineral growth is retarded by the swiftness of the rock's metamorphic trajectory and more the low temperatures of metamorphism and in many cases the anhydrous state of the basalts.

However, porphyritic varieties do occur. Blueschists may appear blue, gray, or blue-green in outcrop. Blueschist facies is determined by the particular temperature and pressure conditions required to metamorphose basalt to form blueschist. Felsic rocks and pelitic sediments which are subjected to blueschist facies conditions will form different mineral assemblages than metamorphosed basalt. Thereby, these rocks do not appear blue overall in color. Blueschist mineralogy varies by rock composition, but the classic equilibrium assemblages of blueschist facies are: Basalts: glaucophane + lawsonite and/or epidote + albite + titanite +/- garnet +/- quartz jadeite + quartz - diagnostic of pressures ~> 10 kbar Ultramafic rocks: serpentinite/lizardite +/- talc +/- zoisite Pelites: Fe-Mg-carpholite +/- chloritoid +/- kyanite + zoisite +/- pargasite or phengite +/- albite +/- quartz +/- talc +/- garnet Granites: kyanite +/- paragonite +/- chlorite +/- albite +/- quartz +/- pargasite or phengite Calc-silicates: Various Limestones and marble: calcite transforms to aragonite at high pressure, but reverts to calcite when exhumedBlueschist facies is considered to form under pressures of >0.6 GPa, equivalent to depth of burial in excess of 15–18 km, at temperatures of between 200 and 500 °C.

This is a'low temperature, high pressure' prograde metamorphic path and is known as the Franciscan facies series, after the west coast of the United States where these rocks are exposed. Well-exposed blueschists occur in Greece, Japan, New Zealand and New Caledonia. Continued subduction of blueschist facies oceanic crust will produce eclogite facies assemblages in metamorphosed basalt. Rocks which have been subjected to blueschist conditions during a prograde trajectory will gain heat by conduction with hotter lower crustal rocks if they remain at the 15–18 km depth. Blueschist which heats up to greater than 500 °C via this fashion will enter greenschist or eclogite facies temperature-pressure conditions, the mineral assemblages will metamorphose to reflect the new facies conditions, thus in order for blueschist facies assemblages to be seen at the Earth's surface, the rock must be exhumed swiftly enough to prevent total thermal equilibration of the rocks which are under blueschist facies conditions with the typical geothermal gradient.

Blueschists and other high-pressure subduction zone rocks are thought to be exhumed by flow and/or faulting in accretionary wedges or the upper parts of subducted crust, or may return to the Earth's surface in part owing to buoyancy if the metabasaltic rocks are associated with low-density continental crust. It has been held that the absence of blueschist dating to before the Neoproterozoic Era indicates that exhumed rocks never reached blueschist facies at subduction zones before 1,000 million years ago; this assertion is arguably wrong because the earliest oceanic crust would have contained more magnesium than today's crust and, would have formed greenschist-like rocks at blueschist facies. In Minoan Crete blueschist and greenschist was used as to pave floors of streets and courtyards between 1650 and 1600 BC; these rocks were quarried in Agia Pelagia on the north coast of central Crete. In 1962, Edgar Bailey of the U. S. Geological Survey introduced the concept of "blueschist" into the subject of metamorphic geology.

His constructed definition established the pressure and temperature conditions which produce this type of metamorphism. Metamorphism List of rock types List of minerals Blueschist facies - Rock Library Glossary, Imperial College London

Midnight Ramblers

The Midnight Ramblers are an award-winning TTBB a cappella group based at the University of Rochester. Since their founding in 1998, they have been student organized and directed, they are made up of members of Rochester's undergraduate community. The Ramblers finished third in the 2005 International Championship of Collegiate A Cappella. In April 2008, they celebrated their tenth anniversary, with nearly every alumnus of the group in attendance. Following the show, they became the first undergraduate organization to sponsor a scholarship for incoming students at the university; the Midnight Ramblers were founded in 1998 by Jon Huang a sophomore at the University of Rochester, to focus on crowd-pleasing pop and rock styles instead of the classic a cappella repertoire. The ensemble gave its first performance on April 1998 in the University's Rush Rhees Library, their premiere set included "Some Kind of Wonderful", "Good Lovin’", "Truly Madly Deeply", "Everybody Wants to Rule the World". Since their inception, they have released eight full-length studio albums, including Ça C'est Bon, which garnered critical acclaim.

Their music has been featured on numerous a cappella compilations including Sing 3, Sing 4, Voices Only 2007, Voices Only 2009, Best of College A cappella 2008. They placed third in the nation at the 2005 International Championship of Collegiate A Cappella finals held at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City; each year the Ramblers perform on the university campus, throughout the Rochester community, across the country. Their largest concerts occur bi-annually towards the end of each fall and spring semester in the university’s 1,031 seat Strong Auditorium, the River Campus’s main performance venue; each show traditionally has a "theme", played out over the course of concert through a series of videos and skits interspersed between sets of songs. These themes revolve around a common element of pop culture and/or TV and cinema, humorously rewritten to include the members of the group. Recent titles include "Midnight Ramblers of the Caribbean", "Midnight Ramblers and the Chocolate Factory", "Midnight Ramblers Horror Show", "The Midnight Ramblers Host Saturday Night Live".

Certain elements have made recurring appearances in these shows though the interstitial short videos, including a stock footage clip of a building imploding and shots of River Campus food service workers Wilson Commons cashier Dawn Marshall-Hosier. In 2006, a DVD compilation of these video shorts, as well as live concert footage, was released as Midnight Ramblers: The DVD. In recent years, the advertising for these major Ramblers performances has changed to include different activities connected to the show intended to provide additional entertainment for the University community; these activities have taken the form of a scavenger hunt, with clues posted on the concert fliers leading to hidden prizes around campus, or at nearby Rochester landmarks, such as the University of Rochester Medical Center. In addition, the Ramblers have been joined on stage by various professional guest artists from around the world, including FORK from Helsinki, Finland in Fall 2008 and, most multi-platinum 80s Latin pop star Alondra.

Beginning in 2003, the Ramblers have gone on their annual Spring Break Tour each March. Specific destinations vary from year to year, though the group has performed up and down the east and west coasts, as well as in London, England in 2007; these tours consist of workshops and performances at local schools, but have featured National Anthem renditions for professional sporting events, live radio concerts, as well as other, less conventional, such as serving as the headlining entertainment act at the Microsoft Corporation’s annual St. Patrick’s Day party. Highlights from these tours make their way into subsequent performances, such as in 2004 when the group performed a 10-minute musical about their encounter with a deer on U. S. Route 17 Alternate in South Carolina; the 2005 Spring Show, "The Real World", based on the popular MTV reality show, featured video from the recent tour to Los Angeles. One of the most recognizable traditions of the Midnight Ramblers is their unique performance garb, which consists of jeans, a T-shirt, a grey baseball jersey featuring the word "Ramblers" on the front and the singer’s name and number on the back.

In most cases, the singer’s last name is used, but certain members of the group have featured nicknames instead. The jerseys are regularly integrated into the Ramblers performances, being removed and repurposed as pants, turbans, or, when twisted up and used like a whip, weapons. Wearing the jerseys in public has caused the Ramblers to be mistaken for members of a baseball team, rather than a vocal ensemble. Critics of the jerseys have pointed out their similarity to those worn by the LA Dodgers; the Ramblers made their recording debut with their 1999 release Now Playing. Since they have produced an additional twelve studio albums, including their most recent full-length CD, Déjà Blue. To commemorate their tenth anniversary in the Spring of 2008, the Ramblers re-released specific tracks from the seven previous albums on Anthology. All proceeds from sales of this disc were used to sponsor a new University of Rochester scholarship for incoming students with musical backgrounds. Now Playing E=MR2 All Sales Final Alternate Route the blue album Transistor Radio Midnight Ramblers: The DVD Manifesto!

Anthology Ça

Kitale Airport

Kitale Airport is an airport in Kitale, Kenya. Kitale Airport is located in the town of Kitale, Trans-Nzoia County, in northwestern Kenya, close to the International border with the Republic of Uganda, its location is 336 kilometres, by air, northwest of Nairobi International Airport, the country’s largest civilian airport. The geographic coordinates of this airport are:0° 58' 30.00"N, 34° 57' 36.00"E. Kitale Airport is a small airstrip referred to as kambi miwa airstrip by the local people, the airstrip serves the town of Kitale and surrounding communities. Situated at 6,070 feet above sea level, the airport has a single asphalt runway which measures 4,757 feet in length and 57 feet in width. Kenya Airports Authority Kenya Civil Aviation Authority List of airports in Kenya Location of Kitale Airport At Google Maps Website of Kenya Airports Authority Airkenya Flight Routes Airport information for HKKT at Great Circle Mapper

Mid-Hudson Bridge

The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Mid-Hudson Bridge is a toll suspension bridge which carries US 44 and NY 55 across the Hudson River between Poughkeepsie and Highland in the state of New York. Governor and local resident Franklin D. Roosevelt and his wife Eleanor attended the opening ceremony on August 25, 1930; the bridge was renamed the "Franklin D. Roosevelt Mid-Hudson Bridge" in 1994 though the span is referred to by its official name; the bridge is 3,000 feet long with a clearance of 135 feet above the Hudson. At opening, it was the sixth-longest suspension bridge in the world; the chief engineer was Polish immigrant Ralph Modjeski, who had engineered the strengthening of the nearby Poughkeepsie Railroad bridge. Primary contractor was the American Bridge Company of Ambridge, Pennsylvania with steel from Carnegie; the span is unusual in that stiffening trusses were intentionally constructed on top of, not below, the deck. The toll for passenger vehicles is $1.25 for eastbound traffic only. Proposals for the Mid-Hudson span were made by state legislature in 1923.

Although the Bear Mountain Bridge in Orange County, New York and the Holland Tunnel in Manhattan were under construction, there were no fixed highway crossings south of Albany. Governor Alfred E. Smith signed the bill in June 1923. Construction would be undertaken by the New York State Department of Public Works. Construction began in 1925. Caissons weighing 66,000 tons were sunk into the riverbed; the 315-foot-tall Gothic steel towers were constructed in April 1929. Three years after opening, ownership was transferred to the New York State Bridge Authority in 1933, shortly after the Authority was created; the toll plaza was located on the eastern side of the bridge, but was moved to the western side in Ulster County when a new highway approach was opened in December 1967. Tolls were collected in both directions. In August 1970, the toll was abolished for westbound drivers, at the same time, eastbound drivers saw their tolls doubled; the tolls of eleven other New York–New Jersey and Hudson River crossings along a 130-mile stretch, from the Outerbridge Crossing in the south to the Rip Van Winkle Bridge in the north, were changed to eastbound-only at that time.

Today, the bridge carries three lanes of US 44 and NY 55 and a pedestrian/bicycle walkway over the Hudson. The bridge allows connections to US 9 on the east side, US 9W to the west; the center lane is closed, except for rush hour traffic eastbound from 6am to 9am, westbound from 3pm to 6pm. The center lane is occasionally opened when work is being done on either side of the bridge. Five lane signals indicate. Approaches on either side of the bridge are four lanes, causing a bottleneck going onto the one- or two-lane span; the bridge has a computer-controlled LED decorative lighting system attached to the suspension cables, allowing the bridge to be decorated for Christmas or the Fourth of July, for other holidays. In 2009, composer Joseph Bertolozzi completed Bridge Music, a project which allows listeners to hear the Mid-Hudson bridge played like a musical instrument; the work was created for New York's 400th anniversary observance of Henry Hudson's voyage up the Hudson. Intended to be a live performance piece, this "audacious plan" to compose music for a suspension bridge using the bridge itself as the instrument brought Bertolozzi wide international attention.

A recording of the results, the 2009 CD "Bridge Music", entered the Billboard Classical Crossover Music Chart at #18, has been released globally. Transport portal Engineering portal New Jersey portal New York portal List of fixed crossings of the Hudson River List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in New York Historic American Engineering Record No. NY-160, "Mid-Hudson Suspension Bridge" NYCroads Historic overview New York State Bridge Authority site - Mid-Hudson Suspension Bridge Mid-Hudson Bridge at Structurae