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Pope Eleutherius

Pope Eleutherius known as Eleutherus, was the Bishop of Rome of the Catholic Church from c. 174 to his death. According to the Liber Pontificalis, he was a Greek born in Nicopolis in Greece, his contemporary Hegesippus wrote that he was a deacon of the Roman Church under Pope Anicetus, remained so under Pope Soter, whom he succeeded around 174. He is linked to some legends, one of them being credited with receiving a letter from "Lucius, King of Britain", but is now considered to be a pious forgery The 6th-century recension of Liber Pontificalis known as the "Felician Catalog" includes additional commentary to the work's earlier entry on Eleutherius. One addition ascribes to Eleutherius the reïssuance of a decree: "And he again affirmed that no food should be repudiated by Christians strong in their faith, as God created it, however that it is sensible and edible." Such a decree might have been issued against early continuations of Jewish dietary law and against similar laws practiced by the Gnostics and Montanists.

It is possible, that the editor of the passage attributed to Eleutherius a decree similar to another issued around the year 500 in order to give it greater authority. Another addition credited Eleutherius with receiving a letter from "Lucius, King of Britain" or "King of the Britons", declaring an intention to convert to Christianity. No earlier accounts of this mission have been found, it is now considered to be a pious forgery, although there remains disagreement over its original purpose. Haddan and Wilkins considered the passage "manifestly written in the time and tone" of Prosper of Aquitaine, secretary to Pope Leo the Great in the mid-5th century, supportive of the missions of Germanus of Auxerre and Palladius of Galatia. Duchesne dated the entry a little to the pontificate of Boniface II around 530, Mommsen to the early 7th century. Only the last would support the conjecture that it aimed to support the Gregorian mission to the Anglo-Saxons led by Augustine of Canterbury, who encountered great difficulty with the native British Christians, as at the Synod of Chester.

Indeed, the Celtic Christians invoked the antiquity of their church to avoid submission to Canterbury until the Norman conquest, but no arguments invoking the mission to Lucius appear to have been made by either side during the synods among the Welsh and Saxon bishops. The first Englishman to mention the story was Bede and he seems to have taken it, not from native texts or traditions, but from The Book of the Popes. Subsequently, it appeared in the 9th-century History of the Britons traditionally credited to Nennius: The account relates that a mission from the pope baptised "Lucius, the Britannic king, with all the petty kings of the whole Britannic people"; the account, dates this baptism to AD 167 and credits it to Evaristus. In the 12th century, more details began to be added to the story. Geoffrey of Monmouth's pseudohistorical History of the Kings of Britain goes into great detail concerning Lucius and names the pope's envoys to him as Fagan and Duvian; the 12th-century Book of Llandaf placed the court of Lucius in southern Wales and names his emissaries to the pope as Elfan and Medwy.

An echo of this legend penetrated to Switzerland. In a homily preached at Chur and preserved in an 8th- or 9th-century manuscript, Timothy is represented as an apostle to Gaul, whence he went into Roman Britain and baptised a king named Lucius, who himself became a missionary to Gaul and settled at Chur, where he preached the gospel with great success. In this way Lucius, the early missionary of the Swiss district of Chur, became identified with the alleged British king of the Liber Pontificalis. Harnack suggests that in the document which the compiler of the Liber Pontificalis drew his information, the name found was not Britanio, but Britio. Now this is the name of the fortress of Edessa; the king in question is, Lucius Ælius Septimus Megas Abgar IX, of Edessa, a Christian king as is well known. The original statement of the Liber Pontificalis, in this hypothesis, had nothing to do with Britain. According to the Liber Pontificalis, Pope Eleutherius died on 24 May and was buried on the Vatican Hill near the body of Peter the Apostle.

Tradition has his body moved to the church of San Giovanni della Pigna, near the pantheon. In 1591, his remains were again moved to the church of Santa Susanna at the request of Camilla Peretti, the sister of Pope Sixtus V, his feast is celebrated on 26 May. List of popes List of Catholic saints

Hardie Gramatky

Bernhard August "Hardie" Gramatky, Jr. was an American painter and illustrator. In a 2006 article in Watercolor Magazine, Andrew Wyeth named him as one of America's 20 greatest watercolorists, he illustrated several children's books, most notably Little Toot. Hardie Gramatky was born in Dallas, the second of three sons born to Bernhard Gramatky and Blanche Gunner Gramatky. Ten years following the death of his father, his mother moved the family to the Wilmar – South San Gabriel area, a semi-rural suburb a few miles east of Los Angeles. Gramatky attended local schools in Wilmar, Alhambra High School in nearby Alhambra. Displaying a precocious artistic talent, he began submitting his sketches to a "young folks section" published in the Los Angeles Times, by the early 1920s had earned a reputation as the section's leading artist. After high school Gramatky moved to Northern California to attend Stanford University. Though he majored in English he continued to study art as well, but after two years at the university one of his professors advised him that the school's art department had no more to teach him, so he returned to Southern California where, in 1928, he enrolled in Chouinard Art Institute.

Developing a deep interest in watercolor painting, he said that during this period he produced an average of five small watercolors per day. By 1929, he had become a proficient watercolorist and was recognized as one of the true innovators in the development of "California Scene" watercolor painting; these skills helped him to get a job that year as a senior animator at the Walt Disney Studios, where he remained for the next six years. In the early 1930s, he became active in the California Watercolor Society, an organization founded in 1920, it was through his efforts that the young watercolorists of the California School were able to dominate the Society and establish it as an internationally recognized organization. In 1932, he married Dorothea Cooke, his fellow student at Chouinard. In 1936, Gramatky moved to New York City. There, the Ferargil Gallery began exhibiting his watercolors and, in 1937, those of other members of the California School as well. Gramatky was among those whose work was exhibited in a major show of California artists mounted at the Art Institute of Chicago that year.

His work would be exhibited at numerous museums, including the Whitney Museum of American Art and New York City's Metropolitan Museum of Art. Examples of his work are part of the permanent collections of the Brooklyn Museum of Art, Chicago Art Institute, Frye Art Museum in Seattle, among others. By the 1940s, he was producing commercial art to be used for magazine illustrations and began writing and illustrating a series of children's books, including Hercules, Creepers Jeep and Sparky. Gramatky's most successful book was his first, Little Toot, published in 1939, it became a perennial best seller, spawning several sequels, was animated by Disney as part of the feature anthology Melody Time. During World War II, he worked in Hollywood producing training films for the United States Army Air Forces. After the war, Gramatky returned to the East Coast, settling in Westport, where he would live for the rest of the life, he continued working as a commercial illustrator producing art for Fortune, Collier’s, Woman’s Day, True and Readers Digest.

He wrote and illustrated several sequels to the original Little Toot story. Gramatky died of cancer on April 29, 1979, his last book, Little Toot and the Loch Ness Monster, was unfinished at the time of his death. Following the 50th anniversary of Little Toot it was completed by his wife and daughter, Dorothea Cooke Gramatky and Linda Gramatky Smith, published in 1989. Hardie Gramatky was an elected Academician member of the National Academy of Design, New York Watercolor Club, American Watercolor Society, the California Watercolor Society. Citations Linda Gramatky Smith, Hardie Gramatky's Story, gramatky.com (Ken and Linda Gramatky Smith. 20 pages. Retrieved 2007-03-17; the Life and Works of Hardie Gramatky American Artist - Andrew Wyeth's list of 20 artists he considered to be among the greatest watercolorists by M. Stephen Doherty. Hardie Gramatky on IMDb

Jeff Tyzik

Jeff Tyzik is an American conductor and trumpeter. He arranged pop and jazz music for orchestras. Tyzik, born in Hyde Park, New York, started playing cornet at age 9, after being inspired by the buglers in an Independence Day parade in nearby Poughkeepsie, he switched to trumpet at age 11. He attended the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, earning Bachelor of Music and Master of Music degrees. While at Eastman, Tyzik met Chuck Mangione, a flugelhornist from Rochester, teaching at the school, he worked with Mangione between 1973 and 1980 as lead trumpeter in Mangione's band and as co-producer of four albums. Tyzik began to collaborate with Doc Severinsen, when Severinsen brought him to London to work on two albums with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra. Tyzik recorded six albums as a solo trumpeter between 1981 and 1990, appearing on Capitol and Amherst Records, he performed in Rochester with his big band in early 1990s. He worked as record producer for Severinsen and The Tonight Show Band. Tyzik won a Grammy Award in 1987 for producing the 1986 album The Tonight Show Band with Doc Severinsen.

Tyzik has arranged music and produced records for Maynard Ferguson and for the Woody Herman Orchestra. The Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra approached Tyzik and Allen Vizzutti in 1983 about creating a pops program for the orchestra; the pair spent the next decade working with orchestras around the country on similar programs. In 1994, Tyzik was named Principal Pops Conductor of the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra, he has conducted the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra, Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra, the Brass Band of Battle Creek. He is the Principal Pops Conductor of the Oregon Symphony, Vancouver Symphony Orchestra, The Florida Orchestra, Detroit Symphony Orchestra and the Seattle Symphony. Publisher G. Schirmer commissioned Tyzik to arrange some of Duke Ellington's jazz suites for orchestra, including Black and Beige and The Nutcracker Suite; the Royal Philharmonic, the Cincinnati Pops Orchestra, the Summit Brass have recorded music arranged or composed by Tyzik. He premiered his Concerto for Trombone and Orchestra his wind ensemble orchestration of the same piece with the Eastman Wind Ensemble at Carnegie Hall.

A recording by the RPO, with Tyzik conducting George Gershwin's Piano Concerto in F, Rhapsody in Blue, Cuban Overture, peaked at No. 3 on the Billboard magazine classical chart. The album was released on May 2007 by Harmonia Mundi." Farthest Corner of My Mind Prophecy Radiance Jammin' in Manhattan Smile Distant Dreams Jeff Tyzik at KUTE Official site