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Pope Gelasius I

Pope Gelasius I was the supreme pontiff of the Catholic Church from 1 March AD 492 to his death on 19 November 496. He was the third and final bishop of Rome of Berber descent. Gelasius was a prolific author whose style placed him on the cusp between Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, his predecessor Felix III employed him in drafting papal documents. During his pontificate he called for strict Catholic orthodoxy, more assertively demanded obedience to papal authority, increased the tension between the Western and Eastern Churches. There is some confusion regarding where Gelasius was born: according to the Liber Pontificalis he was born in Africa, while in a letter addressed to the Roman Emperor Anastasius he stated that he was "born a Roman". J. Conant opined that the latter assertion merely denotes that he was born in Roman Africa before the Vandals invaded it; the Papal election of Gelasius on 1 March 492 was a gesture of continuity: Gelasius inherited the conflicts of Pope Felix III with Eastern Roman Emperor Anastasius and the Patriarch of Constantinople and exacerbated them by insisting on the obliteration of the name of the late Acacius, Patriarch of Constantinople, from the diptychs, in spite of every ecumenical gesture by the contemporaneous Patriarch Euphemius.

The split with the Emperor and the Patriarch of Constantinople was inevitable, from the Western view, because they adopted the heresy of Jesus Christ having only a Divine nature. Gelasius authored the book De duabus in Christo naturis, which described Catholic doctrine in the matter, thus Gelasius, for all the conservative Latinity of his style of writing, was on the cusp of Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. During the Acacian schism, Gelasius advocated the primacy of the See of Rome over the universal Church, both East and West, he presented this doctrine in terms that became the model for successive Popes, who claimed Papal supremacy because of their succession to the Papacy from the first Supreme Pontiff, Peter the Apostle. In 494, Gelasius authored the influential letter Duo sunt to Anastasius on the subject of the relation of Church and state, which letter had political impact for a millennium hence. Closer to home, after a long contest Gelasius suppressed the ancient Roman festival of the Lupercalia, which had persisted for several generations among a nominally Christian population.

Gelasius' letter to the Senator Andromachus treated the primary contentions of the controversy and incidentally provided some details of the festival, which combined fertility and purification, that might have been lost otherwise. Although the Lupercalia was a festival of purification, which had given its name "dies februatus", from "februare", to the month of February, it was unrelated to the Feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary commonly denominated "Candlemas", which latter feast commemorates the fulfillment of the Holy Family's ceremonial obligations pursuant to Mosaic law 40 days after the birth of the first son. In the instance of the Holy Family, that occurred 40 days after Christmas, scire licet, on 2 February. After a brief yet dynamic ministry, Gelasius died on 19 November AD 496, his feast day is the anniversary of his interment, not his death. Gelasius was the most prolific author of the early Supreme Pontiffs. A great mass of his correspondence survives: 42 letters according to the Catholic Encyclopedia, 37 according to Rev. Philip V. Bagan and fragments of 49 others, which are archived in the Vatican and that expound to Eastern bishops the primacy of the Supreme Pontiff.

Additionally, 6 treatises are extant. According to Cassiodorus, the reputation of Gelasius attracted to his name other works not by him; the most famous of pseudo-Gelasian works is the list De libris recipiendis et non recipiendis denominated the Decretum Gelasianum, believed to be connected to the pressure for orthodoxy during his pontificate and intended to be read as a decretal by Gelasius on the canonical and apocryphal books, which internal evidence reveals to be of date. Thus the determination of the canon of Sacred Scripture has traditionally been attributed to Gelasius. In the Latin Catholic tradition, the pseudo Gelasian Sacramentary is in fact a liturgical book, derived from Roman sources and transcribed, with inclusion of native Gallican liturgical elements, near Paris in the middle of the 8th century AD. While including the texts of some prayers that Gelasius composed, he was not a principal author or compiler of the book; the manuscript is titled the Liber sacramentorum Romanae ecclesiae.

The attribution to Gelasius is premised in part at least on the chronicle of the Supreme Pontiffs, denominated the Liber Pontificalis, which states of Gelasius that he "fecit etiam et sacramentorum praefationes et orationes cauto sermone et epistulas fidei delimato sermone multas". An old tradition linked the book to Gelasius based on the ascription of Walafrid Strabo to him of what evidently is this book. List of Catholic saints List of Popes Famuli vestrae pietatis Pope Saint Gelasius I, patron saint archive The primary source for the biography of Pope Saint Gelasius I, beside the Liber Pontificalis, is a vita that Cassiodorus' pupil Dionysius Exiguus authored. Norman F. Cantor, Civilization of th

Octagon, Octagon, Octagon

Octagon, Octagon is the first recorded release by The Mint Chicks on Flying Nun Records, is their first released CD-EP. Recorded in Chris Nielson's bedroom, the EP led to critical acclaim and the release of a follow-up, Anti-Tiger in 2004. Two of the tracks, "Licking Letters" and "Fat Gut Strut" were re-recorded for the Mint Chicks' first full-length, Fuck the Golden Youth in 2005. "Post No Bills" - 2:00 "Octagon, Octagon." - 2:29 "The Son" - 2:35 "Licking Letters" - 2:36 "Fat Gut Strut" - 2:19 "Double Helix" - 2:10All tracks by R. and K. Nielson except Track 5 and Track 6 Paul RoperDrums Michael LogieBass Guitar Kody Nielson — Vocals Ruban NielsonGuitar Evan ShortMastering

1917 Australian federal election

The 1917 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 5 May 1917. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election; the incumbent Nationalist Party, led by Prime Minister Billy Hughes, defeated the opposition Labor Party led by Frank Tudor in a landslide. Hughes, at the time a member of the ALP, had become prime minister when Andrew Fisher retired in 1915; the Australian Labor Party split of 1916 over the conscription issue had led Hughes and 24 other pro-conscription Labor MPs to split off as the National Labor Party, able to form a minority government supported by the Commonwealth Liberal Party under Joseph Cook. That year, National Labor and the Liberals merged to form the Nationalist Party, with Hughes as leader and Cook as deputy leader; the election was fought in the aftermath of the 1916 plebiscite on conscription, narrowly defeated. The Nationalists won a decisive victory; the ALP suffered a large electoral swing against it, losing seven percent of its vote from 1914.

The swing was magnified by the large number of former Labor MPs who followed Hughes out of the party. NotesTen members were elected unopposed -- seven three Labor; the changes recorded for the Nationalist Party are with regard to the Commonwealth Liberal Party's performance in 1914. NotesThe changes recorded for the Nationalist Party are with regard to the Commonwealth Liberal Party's performance in 1914. Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election. Candidates of the 1917 Australian federal election Members of the Australian House of Representatives, 1917–1919 Members of the Australian Senate, 1917–1920 University of WA election results in Australia since 1890

The Thad Jones Mel Lewis Quartet

The Thad Jones Mel Lewis Quartet is a live album by the Thad Jones Mel Lewis Quartet recorded in 1977 in Miami and released on the Artists House label in 1978. Allmusic reviewer by Scott Yanow said "This is one of the finest small-group sessions of cornetist Thad Jones' career... Jones plays at his peak... Four of the songs are at least nine minutes long; the musicians surprise each other and there are many spontaneous moments during this brilliant outing". "But Not for Me" − 16:30 "This Can't Be Love" − 3:52 "Autumn Leaves" − 15:25 "What Is This Thing" − 4:45 "Love for Sale" − 9:24 Additional track on CD reissue "Things Ain't What They Used to Be" − 12:18 Additional track on CD reissue Thad Jones − cornet, flugelhorn Harold Dankopiano Rufus Reidbass Mel Lewis − drums

Haley Lu Richardson

Haley Lu Richardson is an American actress. Her credits include the roles of Krista in The Edge of Seventeen, Claire Benoit in Split, Maci in Support the Girls and Stella Grant in Five Feet Apart, she is known for her breakthrough role starring with actor John Cho in the movie Columbus. Haley Lu Richardson was born on March 7, 1995, in Phoenix, the daughter of Valerie, a marketing and branding professional, Forrest L. Richardson, a golf course architect. Richardson attended Villa Montessori through middle school Arcadia High School, she was a regular in theatrical productions and regional dance competitions throughout the Southwest. From 2001 to 2011 she was a leading dancer in Phoenix's Cannedy Dance Company. In 2011, she moved to California. In 2013, Richardson began a recurring role as Tess in the ABC Family series Ravenswood, she has appeared as a guest on Disney Channel's Shake It Up and was a co-star in ABC's pilot production "Adopted". She played Juliana in the Lifetime original movie Escape alongside Jack Falahee.

In 2016, she had a recurring role as Ellie in the Freeform drama series "Recovery Road". Her early film career included a leading role in The Last Survivors as well as supporting performances in The Edge of Seventeen and Split, her breakthrough came in 2017. For her work in the film she was nominated for the 2017 Gotham Independent Film Award for Best Actress. Reviewing Columbus in The New Yorker, Richard Brody praised her performance: "Richardson in particular vaults to the forefront of her generation’s actors with this performance, which sings with emotional and intellectual acuity." In 2019 Richardson starred in the romantic drama Five Feet Apart opposite Cole Sprouse. In the film she plays a cystic fibrosis patient, Stella Grant, who falls in love with a boy with the same disease. In 2009 Richardson founded Hooked by Haley Lu, a line of crocheted clothing and accessories she designs and creates. In April 2018 Richardson revealed that she was engaged to Canadian actor Brett Dier, whom she had been dating since at least 2012.

Haley Lu Richardson on IMDb


Teppu is a Japanese manga written and illustrated by Moare Oota. The manga was serialized in Kodansha's seinen manga magazine Good! Afternoon from 2008 to 2015; the plot revolves around a freshman in high school. She has a natural talent for everything she does, as a result becomes bored with doing anything, she is praised for her incredible talent, but in reality she feels lonely, so she is looking for more and more things to occupy her time. As she fails to find anything, sufficiently challenging, her loneliness and boredom reach a bottomed-out state. One day, after a volleyball practice, she meets Yuzuko Mawatari advertising for the mixed martial arts club, although at the time she is uninterested, the idea stays with her for the rest of the day, she learns that Yuzuko and one other girl are the sole members of the club, as such isn't an official club yet, so she decides to investigate. She meets the two members and challenges Yuzuko to a spar, in which the two of them exchange glancing blows.

When Sanae Sawamura, the captain of the karate team, shows up, Natsuo decides to leave. After she has left, she realises her nose and lip are bleeding, she resolves that she hates Yuzuko, returns to challenge her to another spar, she loses the spar, but gains a solid interest in MMA to the point where she quits the volleyball team. From that point the story follows her as she overcomes various challenges in order to become good enough to face Yuzuko again in a public match; this culminates in an 8-person qualifying tournament for a tournament G-girl. Over the course of her second round fight with Sanae Sawamura, Natsuo's backstory is delved into and she faces up to the abuse dealt to her by her older brother; the manga comes to an end after a close but cathartic loss to Yuzuko in the finals and the readers finding out that Natsuo was considered good enough to earn a spot as a stand in fighter at G-girl. Natsuo Ishido Natsuo Ishido is the series' main protagonist, she is talented at everything she does.

Having lived with this ability her whole life, she cannot understand why other people cannot do things which she can do. This has given her a condescending attitude against her opponents, who she goads and teases during their match and after Natsuo's inevitable victory, she is ruthless when fighting, whether or not the fight is a serious one. Natsuo has come to the realization that people with the ability to be the best without trying have the hardest time, since they don't have anyone to bond with and their whole life is one big competition, she is lonely and yearns for someone who can defeat her and give her something to work for. Yuzuko Mawatari Yuzuko is Natsuo’s main rival throughout the manga. Born in Japan, she moved with her parents to Brazil. While there she became an exceptional MMA fighter under the training of Mario Cordeiro, she is the captain of the budding MMA club at the Natsuo’s high school and is close friends with Mario Cordeiro daughter, Ringi. It is two early fights with Yuzuko.

Yuzuko has no talent, but makes up for this limitation with pure tenacity and a single-minded focus on moving forward. As a result, Yuzuko comes off as "creepy" by others, who are disturbed by the level of enjoyment she derives from MMA. Sanae Sawamura Sanae is the captain of the karate team. In the year previous to the events of the series, she went to the National Karate Competition and placed second, raising the near-defunct karate team into recognition, she has declared an unofficial war on the MMA club, has convinced the other karate team members to do the same. She and Natsuo were childhood friends, but since Natsuo left the karate team on the basis that no one on the team was good enough, she has acted cold toward Natsuo; this feeling accentuated after she saw Natsuo fighting with Yuzuko and drew the conclusion that Natsuo had joined the MMA club. Ringi Cordeiro Ringi is the daughter of world-renowned MMA champion Mario Cordeiro, she has lived in Brazil for most of her life, but returned to Japan to visit Yuzuko, her childhood friend.

She is an amazing fighter to the point that Yuzuko suggested that Natsuo would be a good match for her. When fighting, she maintains an air of naivete, blurting false weaknesses to get her opponent into an opportune position, she oversaw the sparring rematch between Nasuo and Yuzuko seeing Natsuo's natural talent in the sport. Ringi has been eager to have her sparring match with Natsuo since. Mario Cordeiro Mario is the father of Ringi Cordeiro, he is a legendary MMA champion. He considers Yuzuko to be his surrogate daughter. Risuke Takenaka Takenaka is a former pro MMA fighter and owner of the gym that Natsuo and Karin practice at. At the beginning of the manga he loses a televised match to Ringi to generate interest in G-girl, his stated goal is to one day have a match with Mario Cordeiro. He has one daughter. Meika Takenaka Risuke's daughter, together her and Ringi make up the three members of the high school MMA club, she goes unnamed until the last chapter of the manga having gone by the nickname "shrimp," in reference to her poor, or at least underdeveloped and skills.

Mai Ganeko Mai is a member of the karate team. She claims to be the only person who knows Sanae's dark past, she hates Natsuo