Pope Leo XI, born Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 1 to 27 April 1605. His pontificate is one of the briefest in history having lasted under a month, he was from the prominent House of Medici originating from Florence. Medici's mother opposed his entering the priesthood and sought to prevent it by having him given secular honours, but after her death he was ordained a priest in 1567. In his career he served as Florence's ambassador to the pope, Bishop of Pistoia, Archbishop of Florence, papal legate to France, as the cardinal Prefect for the Congregation of the Bishops and Religious, he was served as pope for 27 days. Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici was born in Florence as the son of Francesca Ottaviano, he was the great-nephew of Pope Leo X. Alessandro's father died when he was a child and he was home schooled by a Dominican priest, Vincenzo Ercolano. Medici felt the call to the priesthood but his mother opposed his vocation since he was the only male in the family.
To discourage this, she sent him to the court of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, who knighted him as a knight of San Stefano. He travelled to Rome in 1560 where he commenced a lifelong friendship and collaboration with Philip Neri, future saint, it was Neri. Medici's mother died in 1566; this led to his ordination on 22 July 1567. Alessandro served as the Florentine ambassador to Pope Pius V from 1569 to 1584 and was appointed by Pope Gregory XIII as the Bishop of Pistoia in 1573. In March 1573 after the appointment he received episcopal consecration in Rome, he was made the Archbishop of Florence in 1574. Medici was elevated into the cardinalate in 1583 and Pope Sixtus V made the Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quirico e Giulitta: a title he received on 9 January 1584, it was a titular church reverted from its previous name of San Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane. In the period after this, he would opt for other titular churches. In 1596 Pope Clement VIII sent him as the papal legate to France, he remained there until 1598 when he received word of his appointment as the Prefect of the Congregation of Bishops and Regulars.
On 14 March 1605, eleven days after the death of Clement VIII, 62 cardinals entered the conclave. Prominent among the candidates for the papacy were the great historian Cesare Baronius and the famous Jesuit controversialist Robert Bellarmine, future saint, but Pietro Aldobrandini, the leader of the Italian party among the cardinals, allied with the French cardinals and brought about the election of Alessandro against the express wish of King Philip III of Spain. King Henry IV of France is said to have spent 300,000 écus in the promotion of Alessandro's candidacy. On 1 April 1605, Cardinal Alessandro de' Medici was elected as pope, he chose to be called Leo XI in honor of his uncle Pope Leo X. He was crowned on 10 April 1605 by the protodeacon, Cardinal Francesco Sforza and he took possession of the Basilica of Saint John Lateran on 17 April 1605; when he was elected, Leo XI was 70 years of age, he died 27 days later. His death came as a result of fatigue and cold in the ceremony of taking possession of the Basilica of St John Lateran on 17 April.
He was called Papa Lampo. List of popes List of popes from the Medici family List of popes by length of reign Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Leo XI". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Catholic Hierarchy, Pope Leo XI Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Medici Leo XI at St Peter's Basilica
The Tarlac class is a ship class of landing platform docks, based on the Indonesian Navy's Makassar class, commissioned under the Philippine Navy. Two ships were ordered and constructed by the Indonesian state-owned shipbuilder PT PAL; the lead ship was launched on 17 January 2016 as BRP Tarlac. The second ship was named as BRP Davao del Sur; the class was called the "Strategic Sealift Vessel" before the class was formally named. Construction of the first unit started in January 2015 and was delivered in July 2016, while the second unit started a few months after and delivered by 2017 after going through sea trials; these ships would be the first of its kind to be operated by the Philippine Navy, are meant to be used for amphibious operations and transport duties in support of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, but will double as a support platform for Humanitarian and Disaster Relief and Search & Rescue operations. The original strategic sealift vessel project was based on a proposal to acquire a converted Ro-Ro vessel from Japan as recommended by the Center of Naval Leadership & Excellence in 2009.
Purchase and technical assistance was to be provided by the DBP Maritime Leasing Corporation Inc.. It was one of the priority items in the wish list for purchase between 2012 and 2016 presented by the armed forces to the House of Representatives' committee on national defense and security on 26 January 2011, but this project did not push through due to delays in budget allocation and with the ship being offered and sold to another buyer. A separate project from the Strategic Sealift Vessel, the Department of National Defense was rushing the acquisition of one or two multi-role vessels for the Philippine Navy through government-to-government contract at a cost of 5 to 10 billion pesos; the reported source of the said ships is either South Korea or Singapore. Previous statements and news reports indicate that the multi-role vessels are comparable to landing platform docks operated by foreign navies like the Singaporean Endurance class or the Spanish Galicia class, it was confirmed that the ship would be from South Korea and is a variant of the Indonesian Navy Makassar class LPD, is packaged with four units Samsung Techwin KAAV-7 amphibious assault vehicles, two units Daesun 23-meter landing craft utility LCU-23, four units 9.8-meter rigid-hulled inflatable boats, one unit truck-based mobile hospital, two units Kia KM-250 21⁄2-ton troop trucks, two units Kia KM-450 11⁄4-ton troop trucks, two units Kia KM-450 ambulances, two units Kia Retona 1/4-ton utility vehicles, one unit forklift/cargo handling equipment.
In May 2011, reports surfaced on the possible acquisition of three landing platform docks from Indonesian shipbuilder PT PAL. This would be of indigenous design and will have no resemblance to the constructed model for the Indonesian Navy, the Makassar class, of South Korean origin; this would represent another option as South Korea has been pushing for the sale of at least one platform based on the Indonesian Navy Makassar class. As of December 2011, the Philippine Navy was cleared to start negotiations for the ship/s from any friendly nations with a budget of Php 5 billion. With the cancellation of the original SSV project, the two projects were combined as the strategic sealift vessel, based on the original multi-role vessel parameters and requirements. Based on the "Philippine Fleet Desired Force Mix" strategy concept publicly released in May 2012, the Philippine Navy requires at least four strategic sealift vessels to be available by 2020. On 24 May 2013, the DND announced the proposed acquisition of two service support vessels worth P2 billion each, describing the ships as vessels smaller than the original MRV requirement but still capable of moving a battalion of troops with their armored vehicle complement, equipped with helipad and a platform for search and rescue operations which could be fitted with hospital facilities.
On 29 August 2013, the DND declared PT PAL of Indonesia as the winner of the two SSVs and considered as the "lone eligible bidder" with a bid price of Php 3,963,999,520.00. Other firms never pursued their interest in the actual bidding procedures; the design is based on the Makassar class of Landing Platform Dock used by the Indonesian Navy, which in turn were based on a low-cost LPD design from Korean shipbuilder Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering / Daesun Shipyard. The communication equipment is supplied by the Portuguese company EID Naval Communications the ICCS5 communications control system, Harris RF Communications VLF-HF and V/UHF radios; the ships have a Combined Diesel and Diesel layout and will be using similar engines as those used by their Indonesian counterparts, the MAN 9L28/32A medium speed engines. Combined power from the two engines will produce 7,830 brake horsepower transferred to two controllable pitch propellers. PT PAL confirmed that the SSVs will be designed to support one 76 mm gun on the foredeck as the main armament.
Two stern-facing 25 mm guns will be fitted, one each on the port and starboard sides. The weapons systems are supposed to be installed separately by the Philippine Navy after delivery; as of 25 October 2019, both existing vessels are only armed with six manually operated.50-caliber machine guns. The ships were designed with a hangar and helicopter landing deck for two medium-sized helicopter, with the specifications emphasizing the US-made Sikorsky Black Hawk helicopter as basis, but changes in the Philippine Navy's requirement on changed the design to have a hangar for two medium helicopt
Encyclopedia of Mathematics is a 2005 encyclopedic reference work by American author James Tanton, published by Facts-on-File of New York. The book has over 1000 entries, which discuss various concepts, definitions and theorems that pertain to mathematics; the book contains six essays that discuss the various branches of mathematics and their history. Booklist praised the book as a useful "basic resource for students who wish to have a better understanding of simple or not-so--simple mathematical concepts" and the School Library Journal called the encyclopedia "comprehensive". "Thinking Mathematics! A resource for teachers and students". "About the founder". St. Mark’s Institute of Mathematics. St. Mark's School. Archived from the original on 2012-09-02
The 2017 Ohio Valley Conference Men's Basketball Tournament was the conference tournament for the Ohio Valley Conference. The tournament was held March 1 -- 2017 at Nashville Municipal Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee. Jacksonville State defeated UT Martin, 66–55, in championship game to win the tournament and earn the conference's automatic bid to the NCAA Tournament. Only the top eight teams in the conference qualified for the Tournament; the No. 1 and No. 2 seeds went to the division champions. The No. 1 and No. 2 seeds received double byes to the semifinals under the merit-based format. The No. 3 and No. 4 seeds received a single bye to the quarterfinals. Teams were seeded by record within the division and conference, with a tiebreaker system to seed teams with identical conference records. * denotes number of overtime periods 2017 Ohio Valley Conference Women's Basketball Tournament
The Dunbar Armored robbery is the largest cash robbery to have occurred in the United States. In 1997 five men robbed the Dunbar Armored facility in California of US$18.9 million. The robbery was masterminded by Allen Pace. While on the job, Pace had time to photograph and examine the company's Los Angeles armored car depot, he recruited five of his childhood friends, on the night of Friday, September 12, 1997, Pace used his keys to gain admittance to the facility. Pace had determined how they could be avoided. Once inside, they waited within the staff cafeteria, ambushing the guards one by one as they took their lunch breaks at 12:30 A. M. Pace knew that on Friday nights, the vault was left open, due to the large quantities of money being moved. Rushing the vault guards, the robbers managed to subdue them. In half an hour, the robbers had loaded millions of dollars into a waiting U-Haul. Pace knew which bags contained the highest denominations and non-sequential bills, he knew where the recording devices for the security cameras were located and took them.
The police realized it was an inside job and examined Pace, but could find nothing. The gang worked hard to conceal their new wealth, laundering it through property deals and phony businesses. One of the gang members, Eugene Lamar Hill, erred when he gave a real estate broker friend a stack of cash bound together with the original currency straps. Arrested, Hill soon named his co-conspirators. Allen Pace was arrested and sentenced to 24 years in prison on April 23, remains incarcerated at a Federal Correctional Institution in Safford. Less than half of the money was recovered, with some US$13.9 million still unaccounted for. List of large value US robberies
Tom Kelley Sr. was an American photographer who photographed Hollywood celebrities in the 1940s and 1950s. He is best known for his iconic 1949 nude photographs of Marilyn Monroe, which were distributed as calendar art—one of, featured in the inaugural issue of Playboy magazine in 1953, he paid Marilyn Monroe only $50 dollars for the shoot. Kelley was born in Pennsylvania, he learned photography as an apprentice in a New York photo studio, worked for the Associated Press and Town & Country magazine. After coming to California in 1935, Kelley established a photography studio in Hollywood and produced promotional photographs of motion picture stars. David O. Selznick and Samuel Goldwyn retained Kelley to take promotional photos of their stars and starlets for magazine covers and advertising. Kelley's business shifted to commercial and advertising photography; some of Kelley's most famous photo subjects have included Gary Cooper, Greta Garbo, James Cagney, Clark Gable, Winston Churchill, Bob Hope, Marlene Dietrich, Joan Crawford, Jack Benny, David Bowie, John F. Kennedy, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Yma Sumac and, of course, Marilyn Monroe and without clothes.
Tom Kelley had a way of making his subjects feel comfortable behind the camera. He would bring his wife with him to his shoots to create a more relaxed atmosphere. Kelley served on the panel of judges at the Miss Universe Miss Universe 1956 pageants. Kelley was one of the judges for the famed annual Cavalcades of Jazz beauty contests from 1955 to 1958, held at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles and the last one at The Shrine Auditorium; these concerts and beauty pageants were produced by an African-American Leon Hefflin, Sr. Kelley appeared in the 1966 documentary film The Legend of Marilyn Monroe; when Kelley approached Marilyn about the nude shoot, she turned him down. Monroe was concerned about the potential negative effects that such publicity could bring her young career, she was aware. Nonetheless a few days she gave in and decided to pose for the photos, signing them' Mona Monroe'. Kelley believed that it was in part because she owed him a favor, having lent her a few bucks for a cab ride home.
But Monroe herself said several times that she just needed the money when she was hungry and needed to make a payment on her vehicle. She joked, that she was glad she wasn’t eating much at the time because it gave her "a real washboard stomach" in the photos. Upon doing the shoot, Kelley stated "all of her constraints seemed to vanish with her clothes", that she seemed to be more "herself" in the nude, he went as far as to say that she was "graceful as an otter". Kelley gave Marilyn fifty dollars for the shoot and, despite its aggressive popularity, she never received any additional remuneration; the photos of Monroe succeeded in building a relationship between Tom Kelley and Hugh Hefner. In 1953 Hefner was getting serious about introducing his new sexually charged magazine, Playboy. Featuring Kelley's now-classic photo of Marilyn Monroe on the cover of its first issue factored in Playboy's launch into popularity, selling over 50,000 copies. Continuing to partner with Hefner for future editions, Kelley always seemed to make his models more relaxed in order to obtain uniquely appealing and popular photos.
One model, Neva Gilbert, Miss July 1954, remembered the experience in a 2016 Associated Press interview, again recalling how he would always bring his wife with him to the shoots. Kelley had her lay on a tiger rug with red painted nails for $20 an hour. Neva said. I felt. I thought nudes were lovely." Tom Kelley Jr. attempted to auction off, not only his father's photographs of Marilyn Monroe, but their intellectual property rights such that the buyer could remarket them in any way they so chose. Kelley Jr. set the price high. Tom Kelley Studio Tom Kelley at archive of celebrity photography Tom Kelley on IMDb