Pope Miltiades known as Melchiades the African, was Pope of the Catholic Church from 311 to his death in 314. It was during his pontificate that Emperor Constantine I issued the Edict of Milan, giving Christianity legal status within the Roman Empire; the Pope received the palace of Empress Fausta where the Lateran Palace, the papal seat and residence of the papal administration, would be built. At the Lateran Council, during the schism with the Church of Carthage, Miltiades condemned the rebaptism of apostatised bishops and priests, teaching of Donatus Magnus; the year of Miltiades' birth is unknown but it is known that he was of North African Berber descent and, according to the Liber Pontificalis, compiled from the 5th century onwards, a Roman citizen. Miltiades and his successor, Sylvester I, were part of the clergy of Pope Marcellinus, it has been suggested that he was a party to the alleged apostasy of Pope Marcellinus, repudiated by Augustine of Hippo. This view originated from letters, dated to between 400 and 410, written by Donatist Bishop Petilianus of Constantine, who claimed that Marcellinus, along with Miltiades and Sylvester, surrendered sacred texts and offered incense to Roman deities.
In April 311, the Edict of Toleration was issued in Serdica by the Roman emperor Galerius ending the Diocletianic Persecution of Christianity. The election of Miltiades to the papacy on 2 July 311, according to the Liberian Catalogue, marked the end of a sede vacante, the vacancy of the papacy, following the death of Pope Eusebius on 17 August 310 or 309 according to Liber Pontificalis not long after his exile to Sicily by the Emperor Maxentius. After his election, Church property, confiscated during the Diocletianic Persecution was restored by Maxentius; this order, however did not extend to all of the parts of Maxentius' jurisdiction. The Liber Pontificalis, attributed the introduction of several customs to Miltiades, such as not fasting on Thursdays or Sundays, although subsequent scholarship now believes the customs pre-dated Miltiades. Miltades prescribed the distribution of portions of the bread consecrated by the Pope at all of the churches around Rome, the fermentum, as a sign of unity.
In October 312, Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge to become emperor. He presented the Pope with the palace of Empress Fausta, where the Lateran Palace, the papal residence and seat of central Church administration, would be built. Being the first Pope under Constantine, his pontificate coincided with the peace Constantine gave to the Church. In February 313, Constantine and Licinius, emperor of the eastern part of the Roman Empire, agreed to extend tolerance of Christianity to Licinius' territory, proclaimed by the Edict of Milan. Christians not only attained the freedom of worship, but all places of Christian worship were restored and all confiscated property returned. During Miltiades' tenure as pontiff, a schism over the election of Bishop Caecilianus split the Church of Carthage; the opposing parties were those of Caecilianus, supported by Rome, of Donatus clergymen from North Africa who demanded that schismatics, heretics, be re-baptised and re-ordained before taking office, the central issue dividing Donatists and Catholics.
The supporters of Donatus appealed to Constantine and requested that judges from Gaul be assigned to adjudicate. Constantine agreed and commissioned Miltiades together with three Gallic bishops to resolve the dispute, the first time an emperor had interfered in church affairs. Miltiades, unwilling to jeopardise his relationship with the Emperor, but unwilling to preside over a council with an uncertain outcome, changed the proceedings into a regular church synod and appointed an additional 15 Italian bishops; the Lateran Council was held for three days from 2–4 October 313. The process was modeled on Roman civil proceedings, with Miltiades insisting on strict rules of evidence and argument; this frustrated the Donatists who left the council without presenting their case, which led Miltiades to rule in favour of Caecilianus by default. The council thus ended after only three sessions; the Pope retained Caecilianus as Bishop of Carthage and condemned Donatus' teachings of rebaptism of bishops and priests.
The adverse rulings failed to stop the continuing spread of Donatism across North Africa. The Donatists again appealed to the Emperor, who responded by convening the Council of Arles in 314 but it too ruled against the Donatists. By the time the council was convened, Miltiades had died on 10 or 11 January 314, he had been succeeded by Sylvester I. He was venerated as a saint. Licinius, who promulgated the Edict of Milan, violated the edict in 320 by persecuting Christians, sacking them from public offices, forbidding synods and condoning executions. A civil war broke out between him and Constantine, with Constantine defeating him in 324; the feast of Miltiades in the 4th century, according to the Martyrologium Hieronymianum, was celebrated on 10 January. In the 13th century, the feast of Saint Melchiades was included, with the mistaken qualification of "martyr", in the General Roman Calendar for celebration on 10 December. In 1969, the celebration was removed from that calendar of obligatory liturgical celebrations, moved to the day of his death, 10 January, with his name given in the form "Miltiades" but without the indication "martyr".
H. Allen Brooks was an architectural historian and longtime professor at the University of Toronto. Brooks wrote on the early years of Le Corbusier. Brooks served as an engineer in the Philippines pursued his education at Dartmouth College, Yale University, Northwestern University. After one year at the University of Illinois, Brooks joined the faculty of the Department of Fine Art at the University of Toronto, where he taught until retirement in 1986, he accepted visiting positions and lectured throughout North America and Australia. Brooks became known in the early 1970s for his research on the Prairie School. Brooks's first book, The Prairie School: Frank Lloyd Wright and his Midwest Contemporaries, received the Alice Davis Hitchcock Award of the Society of Architectural Historians, he continued to publish on Wright and the Prairie School and received the "Wright Spirit Award," the highest award granted by the Frank Lloyd Wright Building Conservancy. Brooks pursued the career of Le Corbusier.
His LeCorbusier's Formative Years: Charles-Edouard Jeanneret at La Chaux-de-Fonds, published in 1997, won a first prize from the Association of American Publishers for books in architecture and urban planning. Brooks was editor of the 32-volume LeCorbusier Archive providing thorough documentation LeCorbusier's practice. Brooks was a past board member and president, a Fellow of the Society of Architectural Historians, he was a charter member of the Society for the Study of Architecture in Canada and a life member of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain. Brooks, H. Allen, Frank Lloyd Wright and the Prairie School, New York 1984. W. Norton, New York 2006.
Miss Universe Spain 2013 was the first edition of the Miss Universe Spain pageant. It was held in the Convention Center at the Hotel Ada Palace in Madrid on 11 September 2013 for selecting the Spanish representative to Miss Universe 2013 as a result of the discontinuation of the traditional Miss Spain pageant, last held in 2011. Beating 11 other finalists, the winner was Patricia Yurena Rodríguez, a former Miss Spain 2008 winner and Miss World 2008 semi-finalist, she placed as the first runner-up at the Miss Universe 2013 pageant. Miss Photogenic - Patricia Yurena Rodríguez Miss Congeniality - Kaira Cabrera Miss Rostro - Sara Niño Best National Costume - Patricia Yurena Rodríguez
Zehra Özbey Torun is a Turkish female para-archer competing in the women's recurve bow standing event. A former wheelchair basketball player, she competed at the 2016 Summer Paralympics. Zehra Özbay Torun was born with disability on September 7, 1982, she lives in Antalya, where she moved to after her marriage. She works in the state service. Zehra Özbay Torun began her sports career with Wheelchair DanceSport, she played in the national team. She took a break in her active sports life. Nine months after giving birth to a baby, she returned to sports, she switched over to wheelchair archery. After a brief training by Vedat Erbay in the Vedat Erbay SK, she was admitted to the Turkey women's national wheelchair archery team, she competed at the 2016 European Qualifier held in Saint-Jean-de-Monts and obtained a quota spot for 2016 Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
George Francis Hugh Cambridge, 2nd Marquess of Cambridge, known as Prince George of Teck until 1917 and as Earl of Eltham from 1917 to 1927, was a minor member of the British Royal Family, a great-great-grandson of King George III and nephew of Queen Mary, the consort of King George V. He was nephew to the 1st Earl of Athlone, he was the elder son of the 1st Marquess of Cambridge the Duke of Teck, his wife, the former Lady Margaret Grosvenor. Born at Grosvenor House, the home of his maternal grandfather, the 1st Duke of Westminster, he was styled His Serene Highness Prince George of Teck from birth. On his father's side, he was descended from King George III and—morganatically—from the Royal House of Württemberg. In June 1917, at the request of George V, his father relinquished the titles and designations, "Highness", "Duke of Teck" and "of Teck" in the Kingdom of Württemberg and the German Empire, assumed the surname Cambridge by Royal Licence and Warrant; the former Duke of Teck was subsequently created Marquess of Cambridge, Earl of Eltham and Viscount Northallerton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Prince George was styled Earl of Eltham as a courtesy title. He succeeded his father as 2nd Marquess of Cambridge on 24 October 1927, he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in June 1927 and was promoted to Knight Grand Cross in June 1935. Prince George of Teck was educated at Eton College and at Magdalen College, Oxford, he joined the Reserve Regiment of the 1st Life Guards during World War I and served as an aide-de-camp on the Personal Staff in 1918–1919. In the inter-war years, he served with the Territorial Army as a lieutenant in the Shropshire Yeomanry from 1921 as captain in the 16th Battalion, London Regiment from 1929 to 1932. At the outbreak of World War II he mobilised as Captain with the Royal Army Service Corps and served in France, rising to rank of Major. In 1929, he became a director of a banking firm; this made him the second member of the British royal family to pursue a career in the City of London. He remained with the firm until his retirement in 1951.
On 10 April 1923, he married Dorothy Isabel Westenra Hastings, daughter of The Hon. Osmund William Toone Westenra Hastings, a younger son of the 13th Earl of Huntingdon; the couple had Lady Mary Cambridge. Lord and Lady Cambridge attended major royal occasions, although they did not carry out royal duties. Lord Cambridge participated in the coronations of George V, George VI, Elizabeth II. For many years he served as Royal Trustee of the British Museum. Lord Cambridge died on 16 April 1981 in Little Abington, was buried in the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore, his peerages became extinct. His brother, Lord Frederick Cambridge, had died while fighting in Belgium during World War II
Holy Family is a Roman Catholic church in Toronto's west end neighbourhood of Parkdale and within the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Toronto. It has been served since 1979 by clergy of the Oratory of St Philip Neri who run a seminary from the location. Although a village since 1879 with two Anglican churches, the wealthy Toronto suburb of Parkdale had few Catholic residents until after amalgamation with Toronto. Holy Family would serve the local Catholic institutions on Queen Street, created in St. Helen's Parish in the 1870s during Parkdale's first period of growth as an independent village. From 1900, Holy Family existed as a mission church of St. Helen's, with the pastor there, Fr. Walsh, travelling to Parkdale on Sundays to celebrate mass. Holy Family Roman Catholic Church was created out of St Helen's, Archbishop O'Connor laying the cornerstone for the new church on June 22, 1902; when the church was built, plans were underway for new parishes to be carved out of Holy Family. Shortly after, in 1914, St. Vincent de Paul parish was created to serve the growing Howard Park neighbourhood to the north of Parkdale.
For many years the parish was led by Monsignor Coyle who oversaw the growth of the parish during a time when Parkdale was urbanising with a continuing influx of Catholic residents as the first high-density apartments were built. Prominent in the parish was long time organist Evaleen O'Donoghue Ferguson, daughter of politician Daniel John O'Donoghue as well as Parkdale MPP Lloyd Fell. A history of the parish was written for its 50th anniversary an occasion when the parish celebrated the ordination of one of the many parishioners to receive the sacrament of Holy Orders. After the death of Msgr. Coyle, Monsignor Brennan was appointed pastor. In the post war years Parkdale lost much of its affluence while it redeveloped as a high density immigrant reception neighbourhood, leading to an exodus of many older residents and the closure of many Protestant churches because of declining membership. Holy Family weathered the changes which brought a great shift in the ethnic composition of the parish as older families moved out.
Today the parish has a large Filipino community. Recent HistoryIn 1979, the three priests of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri in Montreal, led by Fr. Jonathan Robinson, were invited by Toronto's Archbishop to move to Holy Family parish; the fathers of the Oratory opened a seminary, purchasing many homes along King St to create a complex of connected buildings. Holy Family parish works with the needy in Parkdale, opening St. Philip's Centre in the 1980s. In 1995 the Oratorians at Holy Family were given the additional care for the declining St Vincent de Paul parish to which some of them moved for a time. In 1997, a fire destroyed the original Holy Family church and in the following years funds were raised to build a new church on the site as the congregation worshipped at Holy Family School; the Oratorian priests of Holy Family, having maintained a tradition of the weekly celebration of the mass in Latin since their arrival, in 2007 made the parish one of a small number of churches in the Archdiocese of Toronto to begin celebrating a daily Tridentine Mass.
Fr. David Roche, C. O. Fr. Martin Hilbert, C. O. Priests in the parish Fr. Jonathan Robinson, C. O. Fr. Daniel Utrecht, C. O. Fr. Juvenal Merriell, C. O. Fr. Paul Pearson, C. O. Fr. Thomas Trottier, C. O. Fr. Marco Guillen, C. O. Fr. Derek Cross, C. O. Fr. Michael Eades, C. O. Fr. Philip Cleevely, C. O. St. Leo's St. Vincent de Paul Holy Family Elementary School and Community Centre Founded 1902 Parkdale Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Toronto