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Pope Pelagius II

Pope Pelagius II was Pope from 26 November 579 to his death in 590. Pelagius was a native of Rome, but of Ostrogothic descent, as his father's name was Winigild. Pelagius appealed for help from Emperor Maurice against the Lombards, but the Eastern Romans were of little help, forcing Pelagius to "buy" a truce and turn to the Franks, who invaded Italy, but left after being bribed by the Lombards. Pelagius labored to promote the celibacy of the clergy, he issued such stringent regulations on this matter that his successor Pope Gregory I thought them too strict, modified them to some extent. During his pontificate, the bishop of Milan, who had broken communion with Rome in the Schism of the Three Chapters, returned to full communion around 581, while other bishops in Northern Italy remained in schism. Pelagius ordered the construction of the Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura, a church shrine over the place where Saint Lawrence was martyred. During his reign, the Visigoths of Spain converted, but he faced conflict with the See of Constantinople over the adoption of the title of "Ecumenical Patriarch," which Pelagius believed to undermine the authority of the papacy.

Pelagius fell victim to the plague that devastated Rome at the end of 590. List of Catholic saints List of popes

Counts of Castell

The House of Castell is a German noble family of mediatised counts of the old Holy Roman Empire. As such, it ranks with the reigning dynasties of Europe. In 1901, the heads of the two family branches, Castell-Castell and Castell-Rüdenhausen, were each granted the hereditary title of Prince by Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria; the family appears in 1057 with Robbrath de Castello. The County of Castell was created in 1200, in the modern region of Franconia in northern Bavaria, Germany. Rulership of Castell was shared between the brothers Louis and Rupert II in 1223, with the brothers Albert II, Frederick II and Henry I in 1235; the County was partitioned into Elder and Younger lines in 1254, which were reunited in 1347 with the extinction of the Elder branch. Castell was repartitioned in 1597 into Castell-Rüdenhausen; when Count Wolfgang Theodoric of Castell-Castell died in 1709, the County of Castell was recreated as a partition. Castell was annexed to Castell-Castell in 1772. Rupert I Louis with...

Rupert II Albert II with... Frederick II and... Henry I and... Frederick III Partitioned between Elder and Younger lines Henry II Rupert II Henry III Line extinct and inherited by the Younger line which renames itself to Castell Albert II Herman II Frederick IV Line inherited the Elder branch and was renamed to Castell Frederick IV, Count of Castell from the younger line Herman IV with... Frederick VII 1349–76) and... John I and... William I Leonard William II Frederick IX George I with... John III and... Wolfgang I Conrad II with... Frederick XI and... Henry IV and... George II Partitioned into: Castell-Remlingen and Castell-Rüdenhausen Louis Frederick with... Christian Adolph Frederick Inherited by Count Christian Frederick Charles of Castell-Castell; the family was mediatized in 1806 and 1815, however without the loss of its equal-to-royal rank, the two states were incorporated into Bavaria. In 1901, both branches received the Bavarian rank of Prince, with the title of Prince for the heads of the branches and the title of Count/Countess for all other members of the House

Rana Mubashir

Rana Mubashir is a Pakistani television news journalist, talk show host and Analyst, known for his current affairs show'Aaj Rana Mubashir kay sath' on Aaj news pakistan. He focuses on Pakistani politics and has interviewed a number of high-profile personalities, both within and outside of Pakistan. A professional journalist with over 28 years experience, Rana has specialized in investigative reporting and has worked as a current affairs consultant and news director. Mubashir used to live in Pakistan's capital, where he completed his early education, joined Quaid-e-Azam University Islamabad for his Master's degree in Defence & Strategic Studies. Mubashir has been a journalist for over twenty nine years, he started his career in journalism as a trainee with the'Pakistan Observer' and the Jang Group of newspapers as a staff reporter from 1990 to 2006. During his career he wrote various investigative stories, he has worked in PTV as consultant and with Current Affairs and Business Plus TV as news director.

He is working as news director for the Pakistani TV Channel. He is the only journalist in Pakistan who has studied at National Defense University in 2004, he has graduated from the prestigious institute. He has served as Director News and Anchor/Host at Newsone channel Pakistan, he works for Aaj news. News One as well as hosting two current affair programs, "Rana Mubashir at Prime Time" and "Pakistan Chowk". During his career in investigative journalism he faced some hardships while highlighting social and human rights issues in Pakistan, he was manhandled by doctors and other hospital staff when he tried to highlight patient issues in Rawalpindi's state-run Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Hospital. Rana Mubashir's Talk Shows on News One www.twitter.com/ranamubashir01

List of diplomatic missions of Suriname

This is a list of diplomatic missions of Suriname, excluding honorary consulates. Ghana Accra Brazil Brasília Belem Cuba Havana Guyana Georgetown Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain United States Washington, D. C. Miami Venezuela Caracas China Beijing India New Delhi Indonesia Jakarta Belgium Brussels France Paris Cayenne Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni Netherlands The Hague Amsterdam Willemstad, Curaçao Brussels New York Washington, DC Foreign relations of Suriname List of diplomatic missions in Suriname Visa policy of Suriname Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Suriname Embassy of Suriname in Washington DC, USA

Member of the National Assembly for Wales

The National Assembly for Wales is composed of 60 members known as Assembly Members or AMs. Forty are chosen to represent each individual constituency, 20 are chosen to represent the five electoral regions in Wales; each person in Wales is represented by five AMs – one AM for their constituency, another four AMs covering their region. Wales' five electoral regions are: Mid and West Wales, North Wales, South Wales Central, South Wales East and South Wales West. AMs are elected in one of two ways: First past the post constituency AMs or; this additional member system produces a form of proportional representation for each region. All AMs positions become vacant for elections held on a four-year cycle. If a vacancy arises at another time, due to death or resignation it may be filled in one of two ways, depending on whether the vacancy is for a first-past-the-post constituency AM or for an additional-member AM. A constituency vacancy may be filled by a by-election. An additional-member vacancy may be filled by the next available candidate on the relevant party list.

In a written statement by Elin Jones AM, the Chair of the Assembly Commission, entitled "Assembly Reform Programme" she confirmed that in July 2016, the Welsh Assembly agreed unanimously that the name of members should change from Assembly Members to Welsh Parliament Members or WPMs. The change should be legislated for before the end of the current Assembly in May 2021. Members elected to the National Assembly for Wales List of female Members of the Welsh Assembly List of Plaid Cymru AMs Members of the 1st National Assembly for Wales Members of the 2nd National Assembly for Wales Members of the 3rd National Assembly for Wales Members of the 4th National Assembly for Wales Members of the 5th National Assembly for Wales 2016 National Assembly for Wales election National Assembly for Wales constituencies and regions Member of Parliament Member of the Legislative Assembly Member of the Scottish Parliament

Trams in Rockhampton

Rockhampton Council Tramways was a steam tram service, operated by Rockhampton City Council from 1909 until 1939 in the Central Queensland city of Rockhampton, the only regional city in Queensland to have had a tram service. The line has since been rebuilt and is operated as a tourist attraction by the Archer Park Rail Museum; the idea of a tramway service in Rockhampton had long been discussed prior to the official opening of the city's tramway in 1909. As early as 1881, the idea had been discussed in the but. In 1883, the idea of a horse-drawn tramway was proposed to link the north side of Rockhampton with the south, from Charles Street to the railway station in Stanley Street via Rockhampton City. In September 1883, the Rockhampton and Northside Tramway Company Ltd was formed. A construction order was granted to the company in June 1884, trackwork commenced in Yaamba Road near Charles Street in August 1884; the work was abandoned in 1885 and the rails, laid were buried. Further proposals for a Rockhampton tramway were put forward in 1897, 1900 and 1901 which included a proposal for an electric tramway system.

Rockhampton Municipal Council endorsed a proposal in 1903 to construct a tramway system using steam cars burning coke. But this proposal stalled. Following a council tramway committee being established in 1906, Queensland's chief railway engineer Henry Charles Stanley was commissioned by the Rockhampton Council in 1907 to investigate the feasibility of a steam tramway system in Rockhampton. Despite debates on whether an electric system would be preferable to a steam tramway, it was recommended the self-propelled steam cars with small enclosed steam engine be used, namely the French Purrey steam cars designed by acclaimed Bordeaux manufacturer and civil engineer Valentin Purrey. Having observed the Purrey steam cars in Paris, Stanley gave assurances the Purrey steam cars were clean and comfortable compared to the Sydney Steam Motor Trams which ran in Sydney which Stanley described as "highly objectionable, noisy and dangerous"; the service was opened by Queensland Premier William Kidston on the morning of 5 June 1909 with the inaugural tram service departing from a decorative arch at the intersection of Bolsover and William Street in Rockhampton City and making its way to the Rockhampton Botanic Gardens on The Range.

On its first day of operation, 7,666 passengers were transported by the new tramway service. The trams ran around a belt line of William, East and Canning Street with routes extending out to the Rockhampton Showgrounds in Wandal, the South Rockhampton Cemetery in Allenstown and up to the Rockhampton Botanic Gardens on The Range; the gauge of the track was 1067mm. Throughout the three decades in which the trams ran, the service struggled to be financially viable when it faced competition from a new bus service in the 1920s. In 1937, Rockhampton City Council made a unanimous decision to replace the tramway system with new diesel buses. Rockhampton Council Tramways' final service was at 11 pm on 24 June 1939. During its existence, the tramway service carried over 40 million passengers and travelled over 4.5 million miles while collecting over £350,000 in fares. Following the closure of the Rockhampton tramway, the council decided to bitumen over the tram tracks, burying them due to the cost involved in removing them.

During the thirty years of operation, the trams in Rockhampton became notorious for accidents resulting in casualties – the first of which occurred just two days after the official opening in 1909 when a track worker was struck and killed by a tram. The most notorious incident occurred on 28 September 1913 when three people were killed when a tram car capsized on a sharp bend at the corner of Ward Street and Dagmar Street after departing the Rockhampton Botanic Gardens following an afternoon performance by the Lakes Creek Brass Band, it was reported that the same tram had left the rails and crashed into a fence at the same location on an earlier occasion. Another serious incident occurred on 8 January 1919 when a tram collided with a train at the intersection of Denison Street and Archer Street where the tram tracks intersected with the main railway line in Denison Street. Although 15 passengers were injured, there were no fatalities. However, there were further fatal accidents involving the steam trams in 1928, 1929 and 1933.

Interest was sparked in Rockhampton's Purrey steam trams in the early 1970s following articles published in the Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin and Trolley Wire. The 18–35-year-old group of the Rockhampton branch of the National Trust of Australia began searching for parts of the original steam trams to reconstruct a new Purrey steam tram at the old Canning Street tram depot, in time for the Australian Bicentenary celebrations in 1988. From 1982, Rockhampton City Council coordinated the restoration project, using grants made available to the Bicentennial Scheme and launched the project in June 1984 at a ball to mark 75 years of council-operated public transport in Rockhampton. Although various parts of the original trams were relocated including the collapsed body of one of the old trams, other parts were sourced from elsewhere including the steam engine unit from the Antique Machinery Society in Brisbane, a Purrey boiler steam feedwater pump from the Ipswich railway workshops.

Two public open days were held during the steam tram's reconstruction. Following some setbacks, the tram was completed on 10 May 1988 at a cost of $212,000. On 5 June 1988, Rockhampton mayor Jim Webber declared the steam tram restoration complete 79 years since William Kidston had declared the city's first