Pope Siricius was Pope from December 384 to his death in 399. He was successor to Pope Damasus I and was himself succeeded by Pope Anastasius I. In response to inquiries from Bishop Himerius of Tarragona, Siricius issued decrees of baptism, church discipline and other matters; these are the oldest preserved papal decretals. Siricius was a native of Rome. Siricius entered the service of the Church at an early age and, according to the testimony of the inscription on his grave, was lector and deacon of the Roman Church during the pontificate of Liberius. Siricius was elected Bishop of Rome unanimously, despite attempts by the Antipope Ursinus to promote himself. Emperor Valentinian II's confirmation of his election stilled any further objections, he was an active Pope, involved in the administration of the Church and the handling of various factions and viewpoints within it. In response to a letter from Himerius, Bishop of Tarragona, he issued decisions on fifteen different points, on matters regarding baptism, church discipline and the celibacy of the clergy.
His are the oldest preserved decretals. According to the life in the "Liber Pontificalis", Siricius took severe measures against the Manichæans at Rome. However, as Duchesne remarks it cannot be assumed from the writings of the converted Augustine of Hippo, a Manichæan when he went to Rome, that Siricius took any particular steps against them, yet Augustine would have commented on this if such had been the case; the mention in the "Liber Pontificalis" belongs properly to the life of Pope Leo I. Neither is it probable, as Langen thinks, that Priscillianists are to be understood by this mention of Manichæans, although Priscillianists were at times called Manichæans in the writings of that age; the western emperors, including Honorius and Valentinian III, issued laws against the Manichæans, whom they declared to be political offenders, took severe action against the members of this sect. In the East, Siricius interposed to settle the Meletian schism at Antioch; the followers of Meletius elected Flavian as his successor, while the adherents of Bishop Paulinus, after the death of this bishop, elected Evagrius.
Evagrius died through Flavian's management no successor was elected. By the mediation of St. John Chrysostom and Theophilus of Alexandria an embassy, led by Bishop Acacius of Beroea, was sent to Rome to persuade Siricius to recognize Flavian and to readmit him to communion with the Church; when the Spanish bishop and ascetic Priscillian, accused by his fellow bishops of heresy, was executed by the emperor Magnus Maximus under the charge of magic, Siricius—along with Ambrose of Milan and Martin of Tours—protested against the verdict to the emperor. Although sources say that Pope Siricius was the first Bishop of Rome to style himself Pope, other authorities say the title "Pope" was from the early 3rd century an honorific designation used for any bishop in the West. In the East it was used only for the Bishop of Alexandria. Pope Marcellinus is the first Bishop of Rome shown in sources to have had the title "Pope" used of him. From the 6th century, the imperial chancery of Constantinople reserved this designation for the Bishop of Rome.
From the early 6th century, it began to be confined in the West to the Bishop of Rome, a practice, in place by the 11th century. Siricius is one of the Popes presented in various sources as having been the first to bear the title Pontifex Maximus. Others that are said to have been the first to bear the title are Pope Callistus I, Pope Damasus I, Pope Leo I, Pope Gregory I; the Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church indicates instead that it was in the fifteenth century that "Pontifex Maximus" became a regular title of honour for Popes. Siricius is buried in the basilica of San Silvestro, his feast day is 26 November. List of Catholic saints List of popes This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Pope St. Siricius". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina
Sir John Fowell, 3rd Baronet of Fowelscombe in the parish of Ugborough in Devon, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1689 to 1692. Fowell was the son and heir of Sir John Fowell, 2nd Baronet, of Fowelscombe, by his wife Elizabeth Chichester, a daughter of Sir John Chichester of Hall in the parish of Bishop's Tawton in Devon, Member of Parliament for Lostwithiel in Cornwall in 1624, he inherited the baronetcy on the death of his father in 1677. In 1689 Fowell was elected Member of Parliament for Totnes in Devon, sat until his death in 1692, he was one of the 151 MPs who voted against making the Prince of Orange king, but in favour of declaring Princess Mary queen. Fowell died unmarried at the age of 26, his heirs were his two surviving sisters, who until 1711 held the Fowell estates of Fowelscombe and Ludbrooke in co-parcenary: Elizabeth Fowell, who in 1679 married George Parker of Boringdon in the parish of Colebrook, of North Molton, both in Devon. The marriage was without progeny, but by his second wife Anne Buller, George Parker was the grandfather of John Parker, 1st Baron Boringdon, whose son was John Parker, 1st Earl of Morley of Saltram House.
Margaret Fowell, who in 1679 married Arthur Champernowne of Dartington and was the mother of Arthur Champernowne of Dartington, MP for Totnes. In 1711 a division of the estates took place, with Fowelscombe going to the Champernowne family, which held it until 1758
Today is the twenty-fourth studio album by American country music group The Statler Brothers. It was released in 1983 via Mercury Records; the album peaked at number 193 on the Billboard 200 chart. It is the first Statler album to feature Jimmy Fortune, who replaced Lew DeWitt as the group's new tenor singer due to the latter's failing health. " I Get So Lonely" – 2:29 "Some Memories Last Forever" – 3:24 "Promise" – 2:12 "I'm Dyin' a Little Each Day" – 2:51 "There Is You" – 2:17 "Guilty" – 3:01 "Elizabeth" – 3:26 "Right on the Money" – 3:00 "I Never Want to Kiss You Goodbye" – 2:23 "Sweet By and By" – 2:45
The Broad Town White Horse is a hill figure of a white horse located in the village of Broad Town, England. One of eight canonical hill figures in Wiltshire depicting a white horse, it is carved into a 45° slope above Little Town Nursery Farmhouse and is visible for 20 miles; the horse is composed of fine compacted chalk with well defined edges. Although its origin is uncertain, according to Rev. Plenderleath, writing in 1885, it was cut in 1864 by a William Simmonds, who held the farm then. Simmonds claimed that it had been his intention to enlarge the horse over the years, but he had to give up the farm and so did not have the opportunity; the white horse serves as an icon for the village of Broad Town and is regarded as one of the most animated white horse figures in Wiltshire, has been noted for being both conspicuous, due to its being visible for many miles, the "secret white horse," due to its rural location away from main roads. The horse fell into neglect over time, scouring and maintaining the horse was a problem until 1991, when the Broad Town White Horse Restoration Society was formed by local villagers to scour and maintain the horse, which they have continued to do since.
Broad Town White Horse is carved facing west on a long, grass-laden, 45° steep slope above the Little Town Farmhouse, situated half a mile outside the village of Broad Town. The hill that the horse is cut on used to belong to the farm, is located on the most western limit of the same escarpment where Uffington White Horse is cut, overlooking the farthest end of the Vale of the White Horse; the horse is 60 feet in height and 80 feet in length, is "composed of fine compacted chalk." It is the third smallest of the eight canonical white horses in Wiltshire. The horse ties "neck-and-neck" with Hackpen White Horse as the closest white horse to Swindon; the horse is considered the most animated of all the white horse figures in Wiltshire, has been described by writers as a lively, "trotting horse." Although best viewed from the Little Town farm track, the B4041 and the village of Broad Town itself, the horse is visible for some 20 miles, being cut onto a 45° slope, it can be seen "to fine effect" from the Great Western Railway line through Swindon.
Writer Paul Newman describes the horse as a "conspicuous landmark," although some consider the horse obscure, with one writer referring to it as "the secret white horse, difficult to find and harder to see." Barry Leighton of the Swindon Advertiser claimed: "Broad Town could have laid a decent claim to being the most enigmatic of our magnificent mares – because you had to be quick just to catch a glimpse of her – flitting in and out as she does from behind bushes and trees along the Wootton Bassett to Marlborough B401."Visiting the Broad Town white horse can be problematic for visitors. One writer claims that, as there are no designated parking spaces for the horse, it is best for tourists to park their vehicles in the village and walk to the horse from there. A footpath from the farmhouse leading up to the white horse features dangerous steps, the Broad Town White Horse Restoration Society asks visitors not to use them; the society only use the steps for maintenance of the horse, being private land, cannot accept responsibility for accidents.
It is possible to reach the horse using footpaths on top of the hill. The origin of the Broad Town White Horse is uncertain, although there are multiple stories concerning its origin; the most common story, originating from Reverend Plenderleath, writing in 1885, is that the horse was cut in 1864 by William Simmonds, who at the time owned the land and Littletown Farm, whose land the horse was a part of. According to this story, the horse measured 86 feet long and 61 feet tall, but this size were not intended to be the horse's final proportions, as Simmonds had intended "to enlarge it by the degrees" each time he scoured the horse, so that each time he scoured and maintained the horse, the horse's size would grow until it "assumed a impressive aspect." He intended to do this by increasing the size of the horse's outline, according to writer Esther Smith, author of White Horses of Wiltshire & Uffington, "this would not have been a effective way of enlarging the horse. However, Simmonds did not keep the farm land long enough for him to see the horse's size grow to a different size.
"We have been spared the sight of a distorted figure with a short neck and thick legs," Smith wrote. However, in 1919, the Curator of the Imperial War Museum claimed in a local newspaper that he visited the horse as a schoolboy in 1863, when he and a friend spent four or five hours on the hill scouring the horse, adding that an elderly relative told him that the horse had been on the hill for at least fifty years, it is possible he confused Broad Town horse with another horse, but if his account is accurate Simmonds would "merely have been a renovator rather than an innovator." A more vague story of the horse's origin is that it was cut in 1896 by a Mr Hussey, Horsey or Horsley, although Smith concedes that this was a case of recutting the horse after a period of neglect. According to another account, the horse's design "suggests greater antiquity" than 1864, while suggesting that it could have been carved in 1865 to celebrate the birth of Prince George, given as how "church bells were rung across the country and salutes fired in 1865."
During World War II, the horse was successful
The 1980 Champion of Champions was a professional non-ranking snooker tournament held from 2–12 October 1980 at the New London Theatre in Drury Lane, London. 10 players contested the event, divided into two groups of 5. Within each group everyone played all the others in a round robin format; the winners of the groups played in the 19-frame final. In the round-robin stage matches were over 9 frames with all frames played after the match had been won; the New London Theatre had hosted the Masters between 1976 and 1978. Group B was completed first. Terry Griffiths needed to win his last two matches by good margins to finish ahead of Doug Mountjoy, he led Graham Miles 5–1 but only won 6–3. This result left him having to beat Mountjoy by at least 6 -- 3. Mountjoy took a 4–3 lead and, although Griffiths won the match 5–4, Mountjoy qualified for the final. In group A, John Virgo won all his matches 5 -- 4. In the final Virgo took a 3–0 lead but Mountjoy fought back to be just 5–4 behind after the afternoon session.
In the evening session the match was level at 8–8 before Mountjoy won the next two frames to win the match in front of a crowd of 700. The playing of "dead" frames was not popular with the players. In the first match of the tournament Steve Davis beat Dennis Taylor 5–0 but lost the last 4 frames, he complained that it was difficult to motivate himself after winning the match. The tournament was not broadcast. In October the same venue was used for the 1980 edition of the State Express World Challenge Cup, covered on BBC television. With no TV coverage and no sponsor the Champion of Champions was dropped from the schedule; the following 10 players competed in the tournament:Group A Ray Reardon Steve Davis Kirk Stevens Dennis Taylor John VirgoGroup B Terry Griffiths Alex Higgins Graham Miles Doug Mountjoy Cliff Thorburn John Virgo won all four of his matches 5–4 to qualify for the final. Kirk Stevens did not turn up for his match against Dennis Taylor. Taylor played an exhibition match against Perrie Mans.
In the table above a 9–0 result is used for this match. Doug Mountjoy lost his final match to Terry Griffiths 5–4 but qualified by winning more frames overall. 128, 100 Steve Davis 119, 100 John Virgo 114 Alex Higgins 101 Doug Mountjoy 100 Kirk Stevens
Widows is a British primetime television crime drama, broadcast in 1983 and 1985, produced by Euston Films for Thames Television and aired on the ITV network. Two six-part series were written by crime writer Lynda La Plante; the executive producer for the series was Verity Lambert. In 1984 it was nominated for the British Academy Television Award for Serial. Three armed robbers — Harry Rawlins, Terry Miller, Joe Perelli — are killed during an armed robbery, they are survived by their widows, Dolly Rawlins, Shirley Miller, Linda Perelli. With the police applying pressure, a rival gang intending to take over Harry Rawlins' crime business, the widows turn to Dolly for leadership, she uses Harry's famous "ledgers", a cache of books detailing all his robberies over the years, to find the details of the failed robbery, enlisting the help of a fourth woman, Bella O'Reilly, they resolve to pull off the raid themselves. At the same time, they discover the "fourth man" in the raid escaped—leaving their husbands for dead.
Dolly must contend with the police and the gang, as well as her fellow widows, agitating for vengeance. The first series of Widows concluded with the widows pulling off the raid, escaping to Rio. In the final scenes, they discovered that the "fourth man" was in fact Harry Rawlins, Dolly's husband. A second series followed in 1985; this series saw the widows return from Rio to track down Harry Rawlins, revealed at the conclusion of the original Widows to be the surviving "fourth man" from the original raid. Harry is determined to pay back the widows for staging his raid, the widows have a score to settle with him for running out on their husbands. For this second series, Debby Bishop took over the role of Bella, after Eva Mottley had died from a drugs overdose. A sequel series, She's Out, set ten years after the events of Widows, was produced in 1995. Ann Mitchell as Dolly Rawlins Maureen O'Farrell as Linda Perelli Fiona Hendley as Shirley Miller Eva Mottley as Bella O'Reilly Debby Bishop as Bella O'Reilly Kate Williams as Audrey Withey Maurice O'Connell as Harry Rawlins David Calder as D.
I. George Resnick Paul Jesson as D. S./D. I. Alec Fuller In 2002, the first series was re-made for the American market, but the plot was changed. Instead of a traditional armed robbery, this version united the three widows and the fourth woman in a plan to steal a famous painting; this version starred Mercedes Ruehl as Dolly Rawlins, Brooke Shields as Shirley Heller, Rosie Perez as Linda Perelli, N'Bushe Wright as Bella O'Reilly. The miniseries aired on ABC between August 6th and August 27th 2002 and is produced by Patchett/Kaufman Entertainment, in association with Greengrass Productions and distributed by Buena Vista Television. Steve McQueen directed a film adaptation, co-wrote the screenplay with Gillian Flynn. New Regency produce the film. In September 2016 Viola Davis was announced as starring as Dolly Rawlins. In January 2017, André Holland and Cynthia Erivo were announced as starring in the film. Elizabeth Debicki was in talks to join the film in February 2017; the same month, Michelle Daniel Kaluuya were named among the cast.
In March 2017, Liam Neeson was in discussions to star as Viola Davis' husband, subsequently joined the cast. Robert Duvall joined the cast in April, as did Garret Dillahunt, Jacki Weaver, Manuel Garcia-Rulfo and Lukas Haas in May 2017. Carrie Coon was cast in June 2017, with Michael Harney and Jon Bernthal announced as cast members a month later. Principal photography began on May 8, 2017; the complete series of Widows is available on DVD from Fremantle Media. Widows at the Internet Movie Database Widows 2 at the Internet Movie Database Encyclopedia of Television