click links in text for more info

Pope Sixtus III

Pope Sixtus III was Pope of the Catholic Church from 31 July 432 to his death in 440. His ascension to the papacy is associated with a period of increased construction in the city of Rome, his feast day is celebrated by Catholics on March 28th. Sixtus was born in Rome and before his accession he was prominent among the Roman clergy, corresponded with Augustine of Hippo. Peter Brown says that prior to being made Pope, Sixtus was a patron of Pelagius, condemned as a heretic, although Butler disagrees and attributes the charge to Garnier. Nicholas Weber disputes this, " was owing to his conciliatory disposition that he was falsely accused of leanings towards these heresies."Sixtus was consecrated Pope on 31 July, 432. He attempted to restore peace between Cyril of John of Antioch, he defended the rights of the Pope over Illyria and the position of the archbishop of Thessalonica as head of the local Illyrian church against the ambition of Proclus of Constantinople. His name is connected with a great building boom in Rome: Santa Sabina on the Aventine Hill was dedicated during his pontificate.

He built the Liberian Basilica as Santa Maria Maggiore, whose dedication to Mary the Mother of God reflected his acceptance of the Ecumenical council of Ephesus which closed in 431. At that council, the debate over Christ's human and divine natures turned on whether Mary could legitimately be called the "Mother of God" or only "Mother of Christ"; the council gave her the Greek title Theotokos, the dedication of the large church in Rome is a response to that. His feast is kept on 28 March. List of Catholic saints List of popes This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Pope St. Sixtus III". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. Helmut Feld. "Sixtus III". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon. 10. Herzberg: Bautz. Cols. 583–584. ISBN 3-88309-062-X. Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes "Pope Sixtus III" in the Ecumenical Lexicon of Saints Collected works by Migne Patrologia Latina

New Bethel Presbyterian Church (Piney Flats, Tennessee)

New Bethel Presbyterian Church is the oldest Presbyterian congregation in Tennessee, according to church historian Maynard Pittendreigh, who authored a book about the congregation. It is located in the tiny hamlet of Piney Flats; the church was founded by the Reverend Dr. Joseph Rhea, the pastor of the Piney Creek Presbyterian Church in Maryland, he joined a military campaign in 1776 as chaplain. Serving in Tennessee, he fell in love with the rich clear streams, he motivated the members of his congregation to move to Tennessee with him. Rhea died en route. Charles Cummings, a visiting Presbyterian from Abingdon, encouraged the settlers to build a house of worship, which they did. Henry Massengale/Massengill wrote, "We hailed his coming with great joy for our souls were hungering and thirsting for spiritual nourishment, he urged the settlers to build a house of worship. I was to furnish logs and all timbers needed to build a large house, with a section of benches in the back side for the Massengale and Cobb negroes, numbering at this time, 151 souls, so these slaves can come out and be refreshed in body and soul.

This house of worship was completed by July 1777, was known as the Massengill House of Worship." Shortly afterward, Samuel Doak took charge of the new congregation. Doak is credited with being Tennessee's first Christian minister. There were, of course, others who preceded Doak; some were chaplains serving in Tennessee for a short time. Others were visiting preachers from Virginia serving the scattered settlers. Doak, on the other hand, made his home in Tennessee. Once here, he founded some 25 churches and several schools, including Washington Academy and Tusculum College; the young Doaks found life on the frontier difficult. At one time, Samuel Doak left his home in the Forks Community to go to nearby Abingdon, for supplies, he left his child at home. A barking dog warned Esther Doak of the approach of a group of hostile Cherokees. With the baby asleep in her arms, she left the cabin and hid in the woods, she watched. Throughout the entire ordeal, the baby slept quietly. After the Indians left, the pioneer woman walked through the forest.

With no path to follow, she was able to locate her husband near Abingdon. Indians were not the only threat, he was involved in the Revolutionary War against the British. Late in 1780 Doak was among those; the Battle of Kings Mountain turned the tide of the Revolutionary War in the South and helped secure an American Independence. During Samuel Doak’s ministry at New Bethel, the church formed its Session, or governing body, in 1779, making the Session of New Bethel the oldest Presbyterian session in the state of Tennessee, it is the oldest continuing governing body in the state of Tennessee. The charter elders of the session were John Alison, James Gregg, Francis Hodge; the Rev. Dr. Maynard Pittendreigh served the church in the 1990s and wrote an extensive history of the congregation, "A People of Faith." New Bethel was among the first churches to have its own web page on the Internet. This page remains in operation, unchanged since 1995. See alsoW. Maynard Pittendreigh, A People of Faith: The History of the New Bethel Presbyterian Church.

Mustard Seed Books, 1996

Good Samaritan Society

The Good Samaritan Society is a Canadian Lutheran Social Service Organization that has 60 years of experience in providing continuing care, assisted living and other health and community care services. It is one of the largest voluntary care providers in Alberta and British Columbia; the Good Samaritan Society strives to provide a quality of care that will enable the elderly and the physically and mentally challenged to experience an optimum quality of life. The Good Samaritan Society serves in British Columbia; the society holds an organization-wide three-year accreditation status with Accreditation Canada through 2011. The society was created in 1949 and built its first facility, a long-term care hospital in 1955. Capital development since in the greater Edmonton area includes five continuing care centres, four assisted living facilities, an apartment building for independent seniors, many purpose-built or service-provided homes. In 2001, the society expanded outside of the greater Edmonton area into smaller communities in Alberta and British Columbia.

Since that time, GSS has opened programs in Medicine Hat, Pincher Creek, Stony Plain, Hinton and Rocky Mountain House, Kelowna, Vernon, Salmon Arm, New Westminster and Nanaimo, British Columbia. Facilities are under construction in Taber and Cardston, Alberta. A volunteer Board of Directors governs GSS as a not-for-profit health and social services organization. Registered in Alberta and British Columbia, The society is owned by members who qualify for membership status. There are 3,500 full-time, part-time, casual employees and more than 1600 volunteers; the populations served include the independent elderly, frail elderly, mentally challenged, physically challenged, chronically ill. Service areas include independent living. In 1990, the Board of Directors recommended that the society adopt strategies to meet the service demands, cultural changes, economic trends that it had forecast. One of the outcomes was the development of assisted living; the first assisted living facility in Canada, Wedman House opened April 1994.

The Good Samaritan Society has developed a cottage program for persons with Alzheimer's disease and other dementia. The society runs community programs, such as day programs and shared living that seeks to assist people in their own homes and communities, but a Samaritan, as he traveled, came. He bandaged his wounds, pouring on oil and wine, he put the man on his donkey, took him to an inn and took care of him. Luke 10: 33-34 The Good Samaritan Society The Good Samaritan Day

Kalends of February

"Kalends of February" is the twelfth episode of the first season of the television series Rome. As a result of their arena exploits and Vorenus have become heroes to the Roman rank and file, causing Caesar to reward those he would punish. Pullo's unexpected return to Vorenus' household is not appreciated by his former slave Eirene. Caesar decides to overhaul the Senate by adding some unexpected new faces, to the chagrin of the old guard, and Servilia hurdles the final obstacle at Niobe's expense. In the wake of their escapade in the arena and Pullo have become heroes to the plebeians of Rome. Pullo, recovering from his injuries in an Avernum hospital, is thrilled to learn that plays and other tributes to himself and Vorenus are all over the city; when one man comments that "there isn't a lady who wouldn't open her doors for the mighty Titus Pullo", he escapes from the hospital, steals a horse and heads for Rome to take advantage of his newfound fame. At the same time and his family have gone out with the priests of Saturn to inspect and bless the new farmland that Caesar has given him.

Upon their return home, Vorenus learns of Pullo's escape. Vorenus dismisses Pullo's desire to enjoy their fame, commenting that if he survives his injuries, Caesar will have them both thrown back in the arena; that same night, Eirene tries to kill him, only to find herself unable to. Once he has recovered sufficiently, Pullo goes out into Rome. However, upon returning with an eager companion, he relents. Shortly afterwards, Pullo goes to the shrine of Rusina to gain a measure of forgiveness. At the Senate the next day, Caesar discusses his plans for Rome with Mark Cicero, their meeting is interrupted by the arrival of Vorenus: Caesar is furious Vorenus disobeyed his order not to interfere with the execution, but remarks he cannot harm the pair without angering the people. Since he cannot ignore the deed, he decides he must reward making him a Senator, astounding all present. Cicero is up in arms at the suggestion, but Caesar remarks that he wishes for the Senate "to be made up of the best men in Italy, not just the richest old men in Rome!".

In private and Posca remark that Caesar's plans will make him a lot of enemies, but Caesar refuses their suggestion to double his guard. When they question this, Caesar replies that with the great hero Lucius Vorenus at his side, none will dare raise a hand against him; that night, Caesar's wife, Calpurnia has a nightmare of a flock of crows flying in the shape of a skull. She fears it is an omen, but Caesar dismisses it, remarking he has suffered similar dreams for years and no longer feels any need to fear them, disregards Calpurnia's suggestion to leave Rome, insisting he has too much work to do. At the Senate the next day and Cassius, along with Cicero and Senators Casca and Cimber disgustedly watch as the Gallic and Celtic additions to the Senate enter with Caesar. At Servilia's house that evening, they remark they must act soon before, in their view, Caesar destroys the Republic. Servilia counsels the group against harming Vorenus, since killing a hero of the people will turn them against the conspirators.

Casca and Cimber, along with Quintus Pompey propose poisoning Caesar or killing him in his bed, but Brutus angrily yells that their intention is an honourable act and must be done honourably. However, none of the group can answer the question Quintus poses them with: "How?". However, that night, Servilia remembers that she has heard of Lucius Vorenus before and tells Brutus they can use this information to remove the threat of Vorenus. On the Ides of March, Servilia sends Atia a letter, seeking to reaffirm their friendship. Atia accepts, taking Octavian with her. At the same time, Servilia's slave approaches Vorenus and tells him of Niobe's infidelity with her sister's husband and the fact the child Lucius is her son, not grandson. Furious, Vorenus storms off from the Forum as Caesar enters the Senate and returns to his house, where he angrily threatens Niobe and demands the truth; when she tells him, Vorenus reaches for a knife, but Niobe hurls herself from a balcony to her death before he can react to either attack or save her.

In the Senate, while Quintus and a number of other Senators delay Posca and Antony, the conspirators make their move. Horrified at the sight, Brutus can only watch as the man he once considered a great friend is torn apart by the mob, dropping his blade in disgust; as the mortally wounded Caesar collapses, Cassius hands Brutus a knife and tells him to finish Caesar off. As the pair stare at each other, horrified at what they have come to, Brutus stabs Caesar to the heart, putting him out of his misery collapses from shock. Mark Antony enters.

New Hazelton

New Hazelton is a district municipality on Highway 16 in northwest British Columbia, Canada. It is situated 133 km northeast of Terrace and 68 km northwest of Smithers and in 2016 had a population of 580 people, a decrease of 12.9% comparing to 2011. New Hazelton is one of the "Three Hazeltons", the other two being the original "Old" Hazelton located 4 miles to the northwest near to the confluence of the Skeena and Bulkley Rivers and South Hazelton, 3 miles to the west. New Hazelton is the service and commerce center for the Kispiox Valley, which includes several first nation communities as well as residents of South Hazelton and Old Hazelton; the population of this area is 6500 people. Due to its location on Hwy 16 and CN Rail line, New Hazelton is home to most of the shopping and accommodations in the area; the New Hazelton railway station is served by Via Rail's Jasper – Prince Rupert train. Mayor: Gail Lowry Councilors: Janet Wilson, Mike Weeber, Braunwyn Henwood, George Burns, Ray Sturney, Peter Newberry Administrator: Wendy Hunt New Hazelton is east of Kitwanga, British Columbia, British Columbia, British Columbia, Prince Rupert, British Columbia.

New Hazelton is west of Witset, British Columbia, British Columbia, British Columbia, Prince George, British Columbia. In 1911, when the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway was being constructed, there was a surge of interest in Central and Northern British Columbia along the proposed route of the railway. While the Grand Trunk Pacific built many of the towns along the line, others like New Hazelton were purchased and promoted by land speculators, who bought the properties in advance of the railway. New Hazelton was Lot 882 and was purchased by Robert Kelly in 1911, he had chosen the location well: it was close to the Rocher de Boule and Silver Standard mines, both of which were huge potential customers for the railway. The GTP's land commissioner, George Ryley, agreed that Lot 882 was a good location and wanted the railway to have a share in the profits from selling lots in the new townsite. Kelly refused, so Ryley found another property, Lot 851, whose owners were willing to share their profits, providing they were promised a station.

Ryley made the village of South Hazelton was born. When Robert Kelly learned of these new plans, he petitioned the Board of Railway Commissioners to force the GTP to build the station in New Hazelton, closer to the mines; the BRC decided in Kelly's favour after they heard evidence from the miners who said the cost of shipping the ore to South Hazelton would be $4 a ton more than to New Hazelton. The railway, ignored the directive and built the station in South Hazelton and continued to sell lots in the townsite. In 1913, to make his townsite more attractive, Robert Kelly decided to have a bridge built across Bulkley River and hired the firm of Craddock and Company to do the work; the bridge was completed that fall, but was narrow wide enough for a single vehicle. Furthermore, it had a tendency to sway in the gentlest of breezes; the bridge soon became shunned as the most courageous and expert drivers felt seasick or damaged their cars while crossing it. Despite the lack of a station, New Hazelton prospered during rail construction.

In 1913, it had 121 buildings and a population of 350 while South Hazelton had one tent and two restaurants. By that summer, the railway relented and built a station at New Hazelton in return for a share of three-sevenths of the profits. Robert Kelly offered the opportunity for the people who had purchased lots in South Hazelton to transfer to New Hazelton, but the railway had no intention of letting South Hazelton to be abandoned and they rejected the offer. South Hazelton survived and though it was never incorporated, in 2006 it had a population of 499 people. In November 1913, the Union Bank at New Hazelton was robbed by gunmen. In the commission of the crime, a young bank teller by the name of Jock McQueen was mortally wounded. Though a posse was swiftly formed to go after them, the bandits got away with $16,000, a great deal of money in those days; the second robbery occurred on April 7, 1914 a red letter day for the area as the last spike of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway was being driven 180 miles away in Fort Fraser.

New Hazelton was a busy little town that morning and excitement was high over the completion of the railroad. Many residents and some visiting dignitaries were planning on taking the train to Fort Fraser to watch the ceremonies associated with the driving of the last spike. John Oliver, who would one day become premier and have the town of Oliver named after him, was one of the visitors on that historic day. Little did anyone know that an historic event was about to happen right there in New Hazelton, one that would be remembered in hundreds of Canadian history books. Luckily, someone was there with a camera; those pictures would become among the most famous of that era in British Columbia. At 10:30 that morning seven men walked up the street towards the bank, all of them were wearing long coats, but so many people were out and about that these men went unnoticed. Six of them entered the bank while the seventh stayed in front and pulled a rifle out from underneath his coat and began firing shots up the street and people dashed for cover.

Inside the bank, the other six had drawn rifles and were demanding money from the teller, Robert Bishop. Ray Fenton, the bookkeeper was behind the counter working on the books; when the robbers demanded the money and Bishop weren't able to oblige them. Barrie Tatchell, the bank manager, had no

Federalist Party

The Federalist Party was the first political party in the United States. Under Alexander Hamilton, it dominated the national government from 1789 to 1801, it became a minority party while keeping its stronghold in New England and made a brief resurgence by opposing the War of 1812. It collapsed with its last presidential candidate in 1816. Remnants lasted in a few places for a few years; the party appealed to businesses and to conservatives who favored banks, national over state government, manufacturing, an army and navy, in world affairs preferred Great Britain and opposed the French Revolution. The Federalists called for a strong national government that promoted economic growth and fostered friendly relationships with Great Britain in opposition to Revolutionary France, it controlled the federal government until 1801, when it was overwhelmed by the Democratic-Republican opposition led by Thomas Jefferson. The Federalist Party came into being between 1792 and 1794 as a national coalition of bankers and businessmen in support of Hamilton's fiscal policies.

These supporters worked in every state to build an organized party committed to a fiscally sound and nationalistic government. The only Federalist President was John Adams. George Washington was broadly sympathetic to the Federalist program, but he remained non-partisan during his entire presidency. Federalist policies called for a national bank and good relations with Great Britain as expressed in the Jay Treaty negotiated in 1794. Hamilton developed the concept of implied powers and argued the adoption of that interpretation of the Constitution, their political opponents, the Democratic-Republicans led by Jefferson, denounced most of the Federalist policies the bank and implied powers. The Jay Treaty passed and the Federalists won most of the major legislative battles in the 1790s, they held a strong base in New England. They factionalized when President Adams secured peace with France, to the anger of Hamilton's larger faction. After the Jeffersonians, whose base was in the rural South and West, won the hard-fought presidential election of 1800, the Federalists never returned to power.

They recovered some strength through their intense opposition to the War of 1812, but they vanished during the Era of Good Feelings that followed the end of the war in 1815. The Federalists left a lasting legacy in the form of a strong Federal government with a sound financial base. After losing executive power, they decisively shaped Supreme Court policy for another three decades through Chief Justice John Marshall. On taking office in 1790, President Washington nominated his wartime chief of staff Alexander Hamilton to the new office of Secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton wanted a strong national government with financial credibility. Hamilton proposed the ambitious Hamiltonian economic program that involved assumption of the state debts incurred during the American Revolution, creating a national debt and the means to pay it off and setting up a national bank, along with creating tariffs, with Madison playing major roles in the program. Parties were considered to be harmful to republicanism.

No similar parties existed anywhere in the world. The Federalist Party supported Hamilton's vision of a strong centralized government and agreed with his proposals for a national bank and heavy government subsidies. In foreign affairs, they supported neutrality in the war between Great Britain; the majority of the Founding Fathers were Federalists. Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and many others can all be considered Federalists; these Federalists felt that the Articles of Confederation had been too weak to sustain a working government and had decided that a new form of government was needed. Hamilton was made Secretary of the Treasury and when he came up with the idea of funding the debt he created a split in the original Federalist group. Madison disagreed with Hamilton not just on this issue, but on many others as well and he and John J. Beckley created the Anti-Federalist faction; these men would form the Republican Party under Thomas Jefferson. By the early 1790s, newspapers started calling Hamilton supporters "Federalists" and their opponents "Democrats", "Republicans", "Jeffersonians", or—much later—"Democratic-Republicans".

Jefferson's supporters called themselves "Republicans" and their party the "Republican Party". The Federalist Party became popular with businessmen and New Englanders as Republicans were farmers who opposed a strong central government. Cities were Federalist strongholds whereas frontier regions were Republican. However, these are generalizations as there are special cases such as the Presbyterians of upland North Carolina, who had immigrated just before the Revolution and been Tories, became Federalists; the Congregationalists of New England and the Episcopalians in the larger cities supported the Federalists while other minority denominations tended toward the Republican camp. Catholics in Maryland were Federalists; the state networks of both parties began to operate in 1794 or 1795. Patronage now became a factor; the winner-takes-all election system opened a wide gap between winners. Hamilton had many lucrative Treasury jobs to dispense—there were 1,700 of them by 1801. Jefferson had one part-time job in the State Department, which he gave to journalist Philip Freneau to attack the Federalists.

In New York, George Clinton won the election for governor and used the vast state patronage fund to help the Republican cause. Washington tried and failed to moderate the feud between his two top cabinet membe