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Marek Eben

Marek Eben is a Czech actor, composer and television host. He studied drama at the Prague Conservatory, his father, Petr Eben, was a composer. Eben is considered to be one of the best TV moderators in the Czech Republic and has won many awards, he has hosted many television shows such as the Czech version of the show Dancing with the Stars. His long-term work in Czech Television includes the talk-show Na plovárně, where he invites celebrities from all over the world for a talk. With his two brothers, he formed a band "Bratři Ebenové" in 1984, Marek being the writer and singer, he participates in the preparation of the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. He is known for standing for his sense of humor and polite manners, he is a nephew of a Czech composer Ilja Hurník. Marek Eben on IMDb

Tower of San Cristóbal

The Tower of San Cristóbal is a Mudéjar tower belonging to the Church of San Cristóbal in Toledo. The missing church seemed to be associated with a mosque founded by Fathibn Ibrahim al'Umawi', known as al-Qasari. Evidence indicates the existence of a church at San Cristóbal as of1187. In the 15th century, transformations were made to adapt it to the Greco-Roman style. In 1842 the parochiality was knocked down, while the building was broken up and sold to individuals who destroyed the pieces. In 1845 the demolition of the church proceeded, in view of its ruinous state; the only remnant was the tower built on the foundations of an earlier minaret. The tower was rebuilt between the second half of the 12th century and the first half of the 13th century, when it was linked to the first phase of Toledan Mudéjar; the tower is around which revolved the stairs. It is made of taped masonry which, at the base, before its restoration, had the appearance of ashlar. To these first strings corresponded chains of stone, while in the rest of the tower these are of brick.

One wall reused a Visigothic piece. The organization of the spans is in a pointed horseshoe arch, framed in a slight protrusion by a side arranged in the manner of an alphabet; such an organization has evident Almohad links, further supported by its presence in the church of San Cipriano in Toledo. Despite this, it is an unusual model in the Toledan Mudéjar

Pike v. Bruce Church, Inc.

Pike v. Bruce Church, Inc. 397 U. S. 137, was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that power of states to pass laws interfering with interstate commerce is limited when the law poses an undue burden on businesses. An Arizona statute required that Arizona-grown cantaloupes advertise their state of origin on each package. Church was an Arizona grower of high quality cantaloupes. Instead of packing them in Arizona, it transported them to nearby California facilities, where they were not labeled as grown in Arizona. Arizona issued an order prohibiting Church from shipping uncrated cantaloupes from the Arizona ranch, requiring that the cantaloupes be packed in Arizona and identified as coming from an Arizona packer; this would have cost Church $200,000. State statutes that have a negative effect on interstate commerce are unconstitutional under the Dormant Commerce Clause. Justice Stewart used a balancing test. Where the statute regulates evenhandedly to effectuate a legitimate local public interest, its effects on interstate commerce are only incidental, it will be upheld unless the burden imposed on such commerce is excessive in relation to the putative local benefits.

If a legitimate local purpose is found the question becomes one of degree. And the extent of the burden that will be tolerated will, of course, depend on the nature of the local interest involved, on whether it could be promoted as well with a lesser impact on interstate activities. Applying this test to the Arizona statute, the court found it imposed too great of a burden to justify its benefits. List of United States Supreme Court cases List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 397 List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Burger Court Text of Pike v. Bruce Church, Inc. 397 U. S. 137 is available from: CourtListener Findlaw Google Scholar Justia Library of Congress Oyez

Paul G. Halpern

Paul G. Halpern is a retired American educator, naval historian and documentary editor, his primary focus has been the history of the Royal Navy in the period surrounding the First World War and in Naval warfare in the Mediterranean during World War I. In describing his career of achievement in publishing six volumes of edited naval documents, "The Annual Report of the Council of the Navy Records Society" noted in 2016 that "Paul Halpern has served the Society notably". "Those who have edited a similar number are a distinguished group: Sir Julian Corbett, Michael Oppenheim, Professor David Syrett, J. R. Tanner, while only Sir John Knox Laughton and the Admiralty Librarian David Bonner-Smith have outstripped him." Halpern was born in New York City on 27 January 1937 to Teresa Ritter Halpern. Paul Halpern graduated with honors with a bachelor of arts degree in history from the University of Virginia in 1958, he joined the United States Army and served from 1958 to 1960, reaching the grade of first lieutenant.

On leaving military service, Halpern earned a master of arts degree in history at Harvard University in 1961 and, in 1966, a Ph. D. with a two-volume thesis, "The Mediterranean naval situation, 1912-1914". Halpern spent his entire academic career as Florida State University in Tallahassee, beginning with his appointed to instructor in history in 1965 and subsequent promotions to assistant professor in 1966, associate professor in 1970, full professor in 1974, he was named emeritus professor in 2005. In the academic year 1986–87, he served as visiting professor of strategy at the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, he served on the Council of the Navy Records Society in 1968–72, 1982–86, 2010–14. In addition, he is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, a member of the American Historical Association, Naval Review, U. S. Naval Institute, Friends of the Imperial War Museum, Naval Historical Foundation, Society for Military History, Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Eta Sigma; the Mediterranean naval situation, 1908-1914.

Harvard historical studies, v. 86. ISBN 9780674564626 The Naval War in the Mediterranean, 1914-1918.. ISBN 9780049400887 The Royal Navy in the Mediterranean, 1915-1918, edited by Paul G. Halpern. Publications of the Navy Records Society, v. 126. ISBN 9780566054884 The Keyes papers: selections from the private and official correspondence of Admiral of the Fleet Baron Keyes of Zeebrugge, edited by Paul G. Halpern. Publications of the Navy Records Society, v. 117, 121, 122. ISBN 9780049421653 A Naval history of World War I.. ISBN 0870212664 Anton Haus: Österreich-Ungarns Grossadmiral. ISBN 9783222125676 The Battle of the Otranto Straits: controlling the gateway to the Adriatic in World War I.. ISBN 0253343798 The Mediterranean Fleet, 1919-1929. Navy Records Society publications, v. 158. ISBN 9781409427568 The Mediterranean Fleet, 1930-1939. Navy Records Society publications, v. 163


Antigona is an opera in three acts in Italian by the composer Tommaso Traetta. The libretto, by Marco Coltellini, is based on the tragedy Antigone by Sophocles, but there is an opera Antigona by Josef Mysliveček. Antigona received its premiere at the Imperial Theatre, Saint Petersburg, Russia on 11 November 1772; the background to the opera is the myth of Oedipus. Oedipus has been expelled from Thebes, the city where he was king, after it was revealed he had killed his father and married his mother, he left four children: Eteocles, Polynices and Ismene. Creon, Oedipus' brother-in-law, declares that the vacant throne of Thebes will now be shared by the two sons and Polynices, ruling alternately, but the two have quarrelled. To prevent a war, Creon decrees. Eteocles and Polynices kill each other. Adrastus now offers the crown to Creon, who declares that Eteocles shall be buried with full honours. Polynices, will be left unburied because he started a war on Thebes when he did not get his way. Polynices' sisters and Ismene, are distraught.

Antigone resolves to bury her brother in defiance of Creon's decree. Ismene hopes that Creon's son Haemon will be able to persuade his father to show mercy to the dead Polynices. Antigone cremates Polynices by night. Haemon comes to warn her just before his guards arrive. Adrastus realises, he believes arrests him. Creon sentences him to death, but Antigone arrives to explain that the cremation is all her own work. Creon condemns her to be walled up alive in a cave. Creon and the Thebans watch. Adrastus brings news that Haemon has committed suicide. Creon hurries back to Thebes, but Haemon reaches the cave where he intends to die with Antigone. He manages to reach her through a fissure in the rock, he shows the dagger he has brought which will enable them both to have a quick death and avoid slow starvation. At that moment there is a noise. Creon has repealed the death sentence, he asks Haemon to forgive his harshness. The opera ends with a marriage ceremony for the two rescued lovers. Antigona Maria Bayo, Anna Maria Panzarella, Carlo Vicente Allemano, Laura Polverelli, Gilles Ragon, Les Talens Lyriques, conducted by Christophe Rousset Viking Opera Guide ed. Holden Amadeus Online