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Pope Urban VII

Pope Urban VII, born Giovanni Battista Castagna, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 15 to 27 September 1590. His twelve-day papacy was the shortest in history. Giovanni Battista Castagna was born in Rome in 1521 to a noble family as the son of Cosimo Castagna of Genoa and Costanza Ricci Giacobazzi of Rome. Castagna studied in universities all across Italy and obtained a doctorate in civil law and canon law when he finished his studies at the University of Bologna. Soon after he became auditor of his uncle, Cardinal Girolamo Verallo, whom he accompanied as datary on a papal legation to France, he served as a constitutional lawyer and entered the Roman Curia during the pontificate of Pope Julius III as the Referendary of the Apostolic Signatura. Castagna was chosen to be the new Archbishop of Rossano on 1 March 1553, he would receive all the minor and major orders culminating in his ordination to the priesthood on 30 March 1553 in Rome, he received episcopal consecration a month after at the home of Cardinal Verallo.

He served as the Governor of Fano from 1555 to 1559 and served as the Governor of Perugia and Umbria from 1559 to 1560. During the reign of Pius IV he settled satisfactorily a long-standing boundary dispute between the inhabitants of Terni and Spoleto. Castagna would participate in the Council of Trent from 1562 to 1563 and served as the president of several conciliar congregations, he was appointed as the Apostolic Nuncio to Spain in 1565 and served there until 1572, resigning his post from his archdiocese a year later. He served as the Governor of Bologna from 1576 to 1577. Among other positions, he was the Apostolic Nuncio to Venice from 1573 to 1577 and served as the Papal Legate to Flanders and Cologne from 1578 to 1580. Pope Gregory XIII elevated him to the cardinalate on 12 December 1583 and he was appointed as the Cardinal-Priest of San Marcello. After the death of Pope Sixtus V a conclave was convoked to elect a successor. Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany had been appointed a cardinal at the age of fourteen, but was never ordained to the priesthood.

At the age of thirty-eight, he resigned the cardinalate upon the death of his older brother, Francesco in 1587, in order to succeed to the title. Ferdinando's foreign policy attempted to free Tuscany from Spanish domination, he was opposed to the election of any candidate supported by Spain. He persuaded Cardinal Alessandro Peretti di Montalto, grand-nephew of Sixtus V to switch his support from Cardinal Marco Antonio Colonna, which brought the support of the younger cardinals appointed by the late Sixtus. Castagna, a seasoned diplomat of moderation and proven rectitude was elected as pope on 15 September 1590 and selected the pontifical name of "Urban VII". Urban VII's short passage in office gave rise to the world's first known public smoking ban, as he threatened to excommunicate anyone who "took tobacco in the porchway of or inside a church, whether it be by chewing it, smoking it with a pipe or sniffing it in powdered form through the nose". Urban VII was known for his charity to the poor.

He subsidized Roman bakers so they could sell bread under cost, restricted the spending on luxury items for members of his court. He subsidized public works projects throughout the Papal States. Urban VII was against nepotism and he forbade it within the Roman Curia. Urban VII died on 27 September 1590, shortly before midnight, of malaria in Rome, he was buried in the Vatican. The funeral oration was delivered by Pompeo Ugonio, his remains were transferred to the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva on 21 September 1606. His estate was valued at 30,000 scudi and it was bequeathed to the Archconfraternity of the Annunciation to use as dowries for poor young girls. List of popes Media related to Urbanus VII at Wikimedia Commons


Bagism is a satire of prejudice, where by living in a bag a person could not be judged on their bodily appearance. Bagism was created by John Lennon and Yoko Ono as part of their extensive peace campaign in the late 1960s; the intent of bagism was to satirize stereotyping. Bagism involved wearing a bag over one's entire body. According to John and Yoko, by living in a bag, a person could not be judged by others on the basis of skin colour, hair length, age, or any other such attributes, it was presented as a form of total communication: instead of focusing on outward appearance, the listener would hear only the bagist's message. John and Yoko introduced the idea during a well-received press conference in Vienna on 31 March 1969, explained it more in a 14 June 1969 interview with David Frost. Bagism reflected the whimsical and comedic mood of John and Yoko's other peace efforts, such as their Bed-Ins. By catching the attention of the masses with its outlandish premise, bagism presented a social and political message to the world.

As Lennon stated, "Yoko and I are quite willing to be the world's clowns. She hoped that the bag would make the essence of their message, visible; the couple had earlier appeared in a bag, at The Alchemical Wedding, an underground artists' gathering, at London's Royal Albert Hall in late 1968. The event was put on by the Arts Lab and BIT, which sought to challenge audiences to be participants rather than passive consumers. John and Yoko climbed into a large white bag on stage, sat cross-legged, knee-to-knee, hunkered down and closed the bag, they moved only twice in 45 minutes. This was a strong challenge to the audience. "Musicians played, poets ranted, John and Yoko crept into their white sheet-like bag on the stage and stayed there out of sight for what seemed like ages. I watched a baby crawl by. And, the bag happening. All mayhem broke out when a young female member of the audience stripped off her clothes and danced in naked delight; when the police were called and attendants tried to remove her, groups of people started stripping off their clothes in solidarity.

There was a retreat and a truce was worked out, no-one was arrested. The nude girl incident, with accompanying photo, made the front pages of the London evening papers," as Lee Harris noted later. Bagism is mentioned three times in the songs of John Lennon; the first time is in "The Ballad of John and Yoko" where John refers to "eating chocolate cake in a bag", at the Vienna press conference, the second is in the song "Come Together", where he sings: "He bag production". This is a reference to Bag Productions Ltd, Lennon's public relations company, which derived its name from Bagism; the third reference is in "Give Peace a Chance", with the line, "Everybody's talkin' about Bagism, Dragism, Ragism, This-ism, That-ism, ism, ism." A website called Bagism was created c. 1994 by Sam Choukri, providing John Lennon and Beatles links, rare sound recording snippets and video. At one point, c. 1996, the precursor to, a website focused on Lennon, was sent a cease and desist request from the representatives of his estate over copyrighted John Lennon content.

After an unsuccessful appeal to Ono and the John Lennon Estate and the Dear Yoko petition campaign, Choukri decided to focus his efforts on less volatile content and the website has since been a hub for discussion, detailed discographies, articles, fan artwork and poetry, many other types of content. In 2006, Liverpool John Lennon Airport had the words "Bagism, Dragism, Ragism, Tagism" stickered along the front windows of the airport; this was done along with the branding of various John Lennon lyrics around the inside of the airport. In 2010, the studio band Strawberry Walrus recorded a song entitled "Bagism" and released it on their album This Is Not Here. Bed-In Peace movement Veil of ignorance Interview with David Frost about Bagism Bagism Lee Harris' involvement with the Arts Lab and Alchemical Wedding

2009–10 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season

The 2009–10 South-West Indian Ocean tropical cyclone season was a near average event in tropical cyclone formation. The season started on July 1, 2009, ended on June 30, 2010, after incorporating the tropical cyclone season which ran from November 1 to April 30 for all areas except for Mauritius and the Seychelles, for which it ended on May 15, 2010. In this basin which runs from 30 to 90E and is to the south of the equator, the main warning center is the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center on La Reunion Island, it was predicted by the Mauritius Meteorological service that there would be between nine and eleven named storms in the South West Indian Ocean during the season. Their further assessment that there was a good probability of a named storm forming in November was justified when Tropical Cyclone Anja formed on November 14. Early on August 17, the JTWC reported that an area of disturbed weather had formed about 1200 kilometres, to the east of Diego Garcia; the convection had a developed low level circulation center, however convection had not started to consolidate around it and was in an area of strong vertical wind shear.

During that day the disturbance developed further as the environment around it improved and was designated as Tropical Disturbance 01 by RSMC La Reunion early the next day. However that day they downgraded it to a zone of disturbed weather and released their final advisory on the disturbance as it had remained weak with the low level circulation center remaining weak and exposed. Over the next few days it weakened further before dissipating on August 20. During September 17, both TCWC Jakarta and the JTWC reported that an area of convection had persisted about 740 km, to the south east of Sumatra in Indonesia. Satellite imagery was showing that the convection was starting to consolidate with a well defined low level circulation centre off the western coast of Sumatra; however it was not expected to develop any further due to being in area of high vertical wind shear in excess of 40 knots. Despite this it was designated as a tropical low early the next day by TCWC Perth; the JTWC declared early the next day that the disturbance had dissipated as it crossed 90E and moved into RSMC La Reunion's area of responsibility.

TCWC Perth continued to monitor the tropical low as it developed further until early on September 20 when RSMC La Reunion designated it as the second Zone of Disturbed Weather of the 2009–10 as convection had developed over the system and the amount of vertical wind shear over the system had dropped. However they released their final advisory that day as convection had dissipated in the northern quadrants of the system. Early on November 7, the JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert on a system north of Diego Garcia; that day, RSMC La Reunion upgraded the system to a tropical disturbance. Despite forecasts that the system would strengthen to a depression, it was affected by shear, as a result, the JTWC cancelled their TCFA on November 9. RSMC La Reunion commenced advisories on Tropical Disturbance 04 on November 14, raising the status to a Tropical Depression the same day. At the time of formation, it was some 390 mi south of Diego Garcia. Throughout that day, into the 15th, Anja intensified from a severe tropical storm to a tropical cyclone on the MFR scale and a Category 3-equivalent cyclone on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, while remaining well away from land.

The system displayed annular characteristics and was small. The storm peaked at a Category 3-equivalent intensity and held its strength until November 17 when the storm weakened to a tropical storm. Final advisories were issued on November 18 as the system weakened to a depression and became extratropical. On November 22, RSMC La Reunion commenced issuing advisories for Tropical Disturbance 05 about 500 mi northeast of Madagascar; the next day it strengthened to a Moderate Tropical Storm and was named'Bongani'. On November 23–24, the system remained small sized and was undergoing a temporarily southeasterly constraint. According to CIMSS data, the dry air, to the southwest of the system interfered with circulation of the system and temporarily limited the intensification rate. On the morning of November 24, Bongani weakened into a tropical disturbance; the remnants of Bongani brought unsettled weather to the Mayotte Islands. Moderate rains affected the region between November 26 and 27. In the nearby Comoros Islands, waves were high, with the highest reaching 5 m.

On December 6, a strong tropical disturbance 06 newly formed in the central Indian Ocean. The storm was expected to strengthen however, the next day, the disturbance strengthened into a severe tropical storm while being given a designation as Tropical Cyclone 03S by the JTWC. On 8 December it strengthened to become the first Intense Tropical Cyclone of the season and a Category 4-equivalent cyclone on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, it sustained this strength for a day peaked at a Category 4-equivalent intensity and held its strength as a high strong category 4-equivalent on the 10th weakened to a category 2 equivalent cyclone. The weakening continued and the final advisory was issued on December 12 when the remnants were 370 miles north of Rodrigues; that day, the remnants of Ex-Cleo regenerated to a tropical depression, but it w

2010 Desert 400

The 2010 Desert 400 was the second event of the 2010 V8 Supercar Championship Series. It was held on the weekend of February 25 -- 27 in Manama, Bahrain; this was first time the event was held since 2008, for the first time the V8 Supercars used the full Grand Prix Circuit, as used for the Bahrain Grand Prix, rather than the Paddock Circuit the Australian sedans used from 2006–2008. Defending series champion Jamie Whincup made a clean sweep of the V8 Supercar Middle-East branch of the championship. Whincup followed his two wins at the 2010 Yas V8 400 with two more wins to hold a perfect 600 points from the first four races of the season. Mark Winterbottom was best of the rest throughout the weekend with a pair of second positions and Craig Lowndes and Shane van Gisbergen shared the third places. Results as follows: Qualifying timesheets: Race timesheets: Qualifying timesheets: Race timesheets: After race 4 of 26 Source Desert 400 website Official timing and results

Claude Deruet

Claude Deruet was a famous French Baroque painter of the 17th century, from the city of Nancy. Deruet was an apprentice to Jacques Bellange, the official court painter to Charles III, Duke of Lorraine, he was in Rome between ca. 1612 and 1619, where - according to André Félibien - he studied with the painter and etcher Antonio Tempesta. During his stay in Rome, he painted the Japanese samurai Hasekura Tsunenaga on a visit to Europe in 1615. Deruet was made a noble by the Duke of Lorraine in 1621, was made a Knight of the Order of St Michel in 1645 by Louis XIII, who had in 1641 absorbed most of Lorraine into France, he had a luxurious residence in Nancy, named La Romaine, where Louis XIII and his Queen stayed in 1633. Claude Lorrain was an apprentice to Claude Deruet in 1623 for one year, he married and had two sons, one of whom became a painter. American architect DeWitt H. Fessenden wrote a biography of Deruet, The Life and Works of Claude Deruet, in 1952. French Renaissance

Tamsen Fadal

Tamsen Fadal is an American journalist, news anchor at WPIX in New York City and host/executive producer of Broadway Profiles. Fadal graduated from the University of South Florida in 1992 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in journalism. Fadal began her broadcasting career as a morning anchor for WHNZ Radio in Florida. In 2002, she traveled to Afghanistan with the American troops reporting on the war. Fadal reported for WPGH-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, WFTV in Orlando, Florida and WOWK-TV in Charleston, West Virginia and KYW-TV in Philadelphia. In 2004, she joined WCBS in New York City, she joined WPIX on March 24, 2008, reporting and anchoring for the Morning News five days a week, covering breaking news as well as feature stories. Fadal co-starred in the 2009 docu-series, "Matched In Manhattan" on Lifetime as a dating coach to clients. Fadal is the host of Broadway Profiles for The Broadway Channel, featuring in-depth interviews with celebrities as well as an inside look at the Broadway industry Tamsen received a Broadcast Journalism award by the National Air Disaster Foundation in 2004 post-9/11, for contributions leading to improved aviation safety.

Fadal was named the University of South Florida Outstanding Young Alumnus of 2004, University of South Florida AlumNews, October 2004. She has won several local Emmy awards. In 2016, Fadal received the Ellis Island Medal of Honor, an American award founded by the Ellis Island Honors Society (formerly known as National Ethnic Coalition of Organizations. In 2015, Fadal was named a “Power Woman”. In 2014 she was selected to receive the Soldiers’, Sailors’, Marines’, Coast Guard and Airmen’s Club Media Award for her coverage of the war in Afghanistan. Tamsen covered the history-making appearance of Hamilton in Puerto Rico in 2019 after Hurricane Maria devastated the island nation. •Why Hasn't He Called? ISBN 007154609X •Why Hasn't He Proposed? ISBN 0071614966 •The New Single ISBN 1250064007 Fadal and her cousin, actress Shannon Elizabeth, launched a jewelry line, Shansen Jewelry. Fadal is active in the fight against breast cancer. After losing her mother to the disease in 1990, she continues to be involved with the Avon 39 Walk To End Breast Cancer.

She lends her support to SHARE Cancer Support. She serves on the Shining Service Worldwide Advisory Board helping returning women veterans and their children in New York. Fadal is Honorary Vice Chair of Adapt Community Network United Cerebral Palsy of New York City. Fadal is a celebrity ambassador for Northshore Animal League Fadal works with Best Buddies International, a nonprofit organization dedicated to establishing a global volunteer movement that creates opportunities for one-to-one friendships, integrated employment and leadership development for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Fadal is of Lebanese descent. 2013 Regional Emmy award On-Camera Talent: Anchor- News Tamsen Fadal. July 17, 2013.. “Composite.” 2013 Regional Emmy award Remembering Mayor Ed Koch. February 1, 2013.. Tamsen Fadal, Anchor. 2018 Regional Emmy award for Talent: Commentator/Editorialist/Program Host/Moderator 2019 Fadal honored with the Ackerman Family Advocate Award New Yorkers in journalism Tamsen Fadal on IMDb Tamsen Fadal Official Site Tamsen Fadal PIX11 Bio Macmillan Speakers Bureau Tamsen Fadal Author Profile Shansen Jewelry