Pope Zachary held office from 3 December or 5 December 741 to his death in 752. A Greek from Santa Severina, Calabria, he was the last pope of the Byzantine Papacy. Most he was a deacon of the Roman Church and as such signed the decrees of the Roman council of 732, succeeded Gregory III on 5 December 741. Zachary built the original church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva, forbade the traffic of slaves in Rome, negotiated peace with the Lombards. In response to an inquiry forwarded by Pepin the Short, Zachary rendered the opinion that it was better that he should be king who had the royal power than he who had not. Shortly thereafter, the Frankish nobles decided to abandon the Merovingian Childeric III in favor of Pepin, who reigned as King of the Franks from 751 to 768. Historians such as J. P. Kirsch and Peter Partner have viewed Pope Zachary as a capable administrator and a skillful and subtle diplomat in a dangerous time, his predecessor's alliance with the Lombard Duke of Spoleto put papal cities at risk when the Dukes of Spoleto and Benevento rebelled.
Zachary turned to King Liutprand the Lombard directly. Out of respect for Zachary the king restored to the church of Rome all the territory seized by the Lombards and sent back the captives without ransom; the contemporary history dwells chiefly on Zachary's personal influence with Liutprand, with his successor Ratchis. At the request of the Exarchate of Ravenna, Zachary persuaded Luitprand to abandon a planned attack on Ravenna and to restore territory seized from the city. Zachary corresponded with the Archbishop of Mainz, he counseled Boniface about dealing with disreputable prelates such as Milo of Trier. "As for Milo and his like, who are doing great injury to the church of God, preach in season and out of season, according to the word of the Apostle, that they cease from their evil ways."At Boniface's request, the Pope confirmed three newly established Bishoprics of Würzburg, Büraburg, Erfurt. In 742 he appointed Boniface as papal legate to the Concilium Germanicum. In a letter Zachary confirmed the metropolitans appointed by Boniface to Rouen and Sens.
In 745 Zachary convened a synod in Rome to discourage a tendency toward the worship of angels. He sanctioned the deposition of the last Merovingian King of the Franks, Childeric III. In order to legitimize his planned usurpation of the throne, Pepin the Short makes the Pope a compromising consultation charged in the guise of a naive search for orthodox conduct. In response to his question, the Pope said that in these circumstances, the de facto power was considered more important than the de jure authority, an endorsement Pepin was able to present to an assembly of the Frankish nobles and army. Pepin was subsequently crowned King of the Franks by Boniface at Soissons in 752. Zachary is stated to have remonstrated with the Byzantine emperor Constantine Copronymus on the part he had taken in the iconoclastic controversy. Zachary built the original church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva over an ancient temple to Minerva near the Pantheon, he restored the decaying Lateran Palace, moving the relic of the head of Saint George to the church of San Giorgio al Velabro.
In Rome, some Venetian merchants bought many slaves in the city to sell to the Muslims of Africa. Pope Zachary was buried in St. Peter's Basilica. Zachary was succeeded by Stephen, who died soon before his consecration and is not considered a valid pope, he was followed by another Stephen who became Stephen II. The letters and decrees of Zachary are published in Patrolog. Lat. lxxxix. P. 917–960. Church historian, Johann Peter Kirsch said of Zachary: "In a troubled era Zachary proved himself to be an excellent, capable and charitable successor of Peter." Peter Partner called Zachary a skilled diplomat, "perhaps the most subtle and able of all the Roman pontiffs, in this dark corridor in which the Roman See hovered just inside the doors of the Byzantine world." List of Catholic saints List of Cesare. Augustinus Theiner. Annales ecclesiastici denuo excusi et ad nostra usque tempora perducti ab Augustino Theiner.... Tomus Duodecimus. Barri-Ducis. Pp. 466–562. Davis, Raymond; the Lives of the Eighth-century Popes: The Ancient Biographies of Nine Popes from AD 715 to AD 817.
Liverpool University Press. ISBN 978-0-85323-018-2. Delogu, Paolo. "Zaccaria, santo", Enciclopedia dei papi Treccani. Duchesne, Louis, Le Liber Pontificalis: texte, introduction et commentaire par L. Duchesne Tome I, pp. 426-439. Hallenbeck, Jan T.. Pavia and Rome: The Lombard Monarchy and the Papacy in the Eighth Century. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society. Pp. 39–55. Noble, Thomas F. X.. The Republic of St. Peter: The Birth of the Papal State, 680-825. University of Pennsylvania Press. Pp. 49–60. ISBN 978-0-8122-1239-6
The Stars Are Singing is a 1953 Paramount Pictures musical directed by Norman Taurog and starring Rosemary Clooney, Anna Maria Alberghetti, Lauritz Melchior. The screenplay concerns a 15-year-old Polish girl who attempts to enter the U. S. illegally, setting off a major search by immigration officials. She is befriended by a struggling group of New York performers, who try to get approval for her to remain in the country. Clooney performs her hit song "Come On-a My House" and Danish tenor Lauritz Melchior sings "Vesti la giubba" from Leoncavallo's opera Pagliacci in this Technicolor production; the film cost $1,264,337 and earned an estimated $1.6 million at the North American box office in 1953. Rosemary Clooney as Terry Brennan Anna Maria Alberghetti as Katri Walenska Lauritz Melchior as Jan Poldi Bob Williams as Homer Tirdell Tom Morton as Buddy Fraser Fred Clark as McDougall John Archer as Dave Parish Mikhail Rasumny as Ladowski Lloyd Corrigan as Miller Don Wilson as Radio Announcer Otto Waldis as Ship's Captain Goslak Henry Guttman as Ship's Mate Paul E. Burns as Henryk Freeman Lusk as Conway The Stars Are Singing on IMDb
Barbara Allan Simpson is a former TV reporter, news anchor, radio talk show host, an on-line columnist. Simpson was raised in Ocean County, New Jersey. Simpson graduated from Georgian Court College with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1958 and earned a Master of Arts degree from Michigan State University. Simpson was an assistant professor and chair of the textiles and clothing department at Mount St. Mary's College in Los Angeles and was on the faculty of a similar department at Michigan State University. Barbara Simpson was a prominent television news anchor at KTVU, Channel 2, in Oakland, KQED, Channel 9, KOFY-TV Channel 20, in Los Angeles, from the late 1970s through the 1990s, she was the Public Relations Director for The Cousteau Society where she worked with Captain Jacques Cousteau, coordinating media and the worldwide petition campaign. Simpson was notably the host of Coast to Coast AM on Saturday nights from 2000 until 2003, alternating with George Noory, she hosted on other nights as well, including substituting for the show's founder, Art Bell.
She was a long-time host of her own radio talk show on San Francisco station KSFO. Until May 3, 2014, when her show was abruptly canceled, Simpson was on Saturday and Sunday afternoons, with frequent weekday fill-in appearances as host for other shows on the station. Simpson is known for her conservative political views; as of 2006, she writes a commentary column titled The Babe In The Bunker — referring to her status as a conservative in the famously liberal San Francisco Bay Area — for the conservative online news site WorldNetDaily. Simpson is an experienced markswoman, she is a Catholic. She lives in California. 2007 Golden Microphone-Excellence in Broadcasting Award Eagle Forum of California The "Golden Medallion," from the California State Bar, for TV reports TV Woman of the Year, NoCa, American Women in Radio and Television Kudo Award for her KSFO program National Commission on Working Women, Peninsula Press Club, Oakland Business and Professional Women * B'nai B'rith Anti-Defamation League.
In its early years, the air force was engaged in immigration patrol, with occasional assistance in emergency relief. During the insurgency of 1971, the air force played a major role in restoring internal order. Following the ethnic rioting of 1983, the air force was placed on permanent active status and participated in counter insurgency activities and airstrikes on the rebel controlled areas of the Northern and Eastern Provinces; because of a severe shortage of hard currency for military expenditures in the wake of the 1971 uprising, the Number Four Squadron began operating commercial transportation services for foreign tourists under the name of Helitours. In 1987 the air force had a total strength of 3,700 personnel, including active reserves; the force had grown during its early years, reaching a little over 1,000 officers and recruits in the 1960s. Rapid growth began in the mid-1980s, when the Sri Lankan Civil War drew the service into a major, long-term security role. Between 1983 and 1987, the force grew by nearly 50 percent.
As in the other services, a shortage of spare parts plagued maintenance efforts, forcing the service to send a number of aircraft to Singapore and elsewhere for repairs. After the purchase of equipment from Canada in 1986, the air force gained the capability to make structural repairs on its fleet of Bell helicopters, several of, damaged in operations against the Tamil separatists. Maintenance of electronic equipment was performed at the communications station at Ekala, in the north of Colombo District; the earliest aircraft were small transport airplanes and trainers, that were provided by the British and were supplemented in the late 1960s with United States Bell Helicopters. In 1959 for the first time fighter jets were acquired; these were used in combat, when for the first time Sri Lanka Air Force went into combat during 1971 Insurrection. During insurgency, the left-leaning Bandaranaike government turned to the Soviet Union for more sophisticated weaponry, received five MiG-17F fighter bombers, a MiG-15 UTI Midget trainer, two Ka-26 helicopters.
By the early 1980s, the Provosts and all of the Soviet aircraft had been taken out of active service and were relegated to long-term storage, leaving the air force without any bomber capability. After the 1983 riots, the government worked to expand the inventory, relying on sources in Italy and the United States; because of tight budget constraints, the air force was compelled to refit a number of non combat aircraft for military uses in counter-terrorist operations against Tamil terrorists. From the period 1983 to 1985, the Air Force acquired 11 Bell 212 helicopters, 4 Bell 412 helicopters, 3 Siai Marchetti SF 260s, 2 Cessna 337s, 1 AVRO HS748 and 1 Beech King. By 1985, 9 more Bell 212s were added to the fleet, along with 4 Bell 412s; the 412s along with 3 Siai Marchetti SF 260 fixed-wing turbo prop aircraft advanced the attack capabilities of SLAF. Central in the government's security efforts were six SIAI Marchetti SF.260 turboprop which were used for rocket attacks and strafing. Additionally, the air force, with the help of Heli Orient of Singapore, equipped twelve Bell 212 and Bell 412 helicopters to serve as gunships and as transport vehicles for successful commando assault operations.
The air force had a fleet of eighty aircraft, of which sixty-four were reported to be operational in early 1988. Government forces also used helicopters on bombing missions. A more effective bombing capability was provided by a small fleet of Chinese Harbin Y-12 turboprop transport aircraft; these were equipped with bomb racks, fitted to carry up to 1,000 kilograms of fragmentation and antipersonnel bombs. Transport and surveying functions were carried out by a variety of Cessna and DeHavilland aircraft. In 1987 during the Vadamarachchi Operation the air force mustered 1 AVRO, 2 Y-12s and 1 Heron, all configured as improvised bombers. On 3 September 1987 a Women's Wing was located in Colombo; the first CO was Air Cdre D. S. G. Vithana; the Women's Wing was set up to maintain and update all records pertaining to Lady Officers and Airwomen, prepare promotional schedules, annual assessments, issue identity cards, etc. In order to increase the attack capability the air force in 1991 acquired several F-7 Skybolts, FT-7s and Shenyang J-5s from China.
In 1993 the first of 3 Mi-17 helicopter transports were acquired along with four FMA IA 58 Pucarás for ground attack. These proved to be effective but three of the Pucara's were lost, two due the SAMs launched by the LTTE; the sole remaining Pucara was retired in 1999 due to lack of spare parts. In 1995 Mi-24 gunships were acquired for close air support for the army and by 2001 Mi-35s were added to the fleet. In 1996 Sri Lankan Air Force acquired six Kfir C.2s and a single TC.2 from Israel and further more nine aircraft had been added to the inventory by year 2005. This included four C.2s and four C.7s in 2001. The SLAF operates two TC.2s, two C.7s and eight C.2s. The SLAF is using these Kfirs to attack against Tamil separatist targets in rebel controlled areas of the island. In 2000 new aircraft were acquired apart from the additions of Kfir C.7's & Mi-35s, these included six Mikoyan MiG-27 of ground attack, a MiG-23UB trainer and two C-130 Hercules for heavy transport. Six K-8 Karakorum trainers were soon added cre
The Ming–Turpan conflict were a series of conflicts between the Ming Dynasty and Khanate of Turpan that erupted due to disputes over borders and internal succession to the throne of Turpan. The Ming Dynasty turned it into Hami Prefecture. In 1406 it defeated the ruler of Turpan. In 1443, 1445 and 1448 the Mongol Oirats under Esen taishi occupied Qara Del. Turpan, under Ali seized Hami from the Mongol Esen in 1473. Ali was driven by the Ming Dynasty into Turfan. Esen taishi's Mongols recaptured Hami twice in 1482 and 1483. In 1491 the Ming dynasty installed a Yuan dynasty heir to the position of Prince of Qumul, they appointed overseers of each ethnic group residing in Qumul, the position being called tu-tu. The son of Ali, reconquered it in 1493 and captured the Hami leader Prince Champa and the resident of China in Hami. In response, the Ming Dynasty imposed an economic blockade on Turpan and kicked out all the Uyghurs from Gansu. Conditions became so harsh for Turpan; the Chinese army marched on Qumul.
Ahmad Alaq retreated, released Prince Champa, acknowledged his inferior position to the Chinese Emperor and agreed that Champa would take the throne of Qumul. One of the Ming overseers, Sayyid Husain, was the Muslim overseer in July 1494 and fled to China when Turpan invaded Qumul, but he plotted with Turpan to be appointed as prince under the rule of Turpan, he was arrested in 1516 and sent to Beijing, but bribed his way into the Zhengde Emperor's inner circle becoming his homosexual lover. In the 16th century, the Ming Dynasty defeated a series of raids by the Turpan Kingdom under Ahmed's son Mansur and the Oirat Mongols, over disputes on tribute. Fighting broke out in 1517, 1524 and 1528 when the Ming Dynasty rejected tribute missions from Turpan. Mansur took over Qumul in 1517. Mansur invaded China in 1524 with 20,000 men through Suzhou District, but was repulsed by Ming Chinese forces, including Mongol troops; the Chinese refused to lift the economic blockade and restrictions that had led to the fighting and continued restricting Turpan's tribute and trade with China.
Turfan annexed Qumul. ROSSABI, M.. 1972. “MING CHINA AND TURFAN, 1406-1517”. Central Asiatic Journal 16. Harrassowitz Verlag: 206–25. Https://www.jstor.org/stable/41926952. Morris Rossabi. "Ming China and Turfan 1406-1517". From Yuan to Modern China and Mongolia: The Writings of Morris Rossabi. BRILL. Pp. 39–. ISBN 978-90-04-28529-3
At Latl is a band based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Members include Kent Watson, Dan Mahony, Kevin Christensen, their music has been described as a mixture of genres. Milwaukee's developing music scene is being stylistically built up based on alternative genre's and unconventional instrumentation; the release of their Atlanta Atlanta E. P. was held at The Cactus Club in Milwaukee on March 29, 2008. They have received vast support from Milwaukee fans and radio stations including the Milwaukee campus newspaper, The UWM-Post. At Latl is a frequent artist to play at the Cascio Groove Garage at Milwaukee's music festival, Summerfest; the Cascio Groove Garage stage is best known for sponsoring the best local bands at one of the world's larger music festivals. The band's debut full-length album, Safe Sound & Temporary, was released in 2010. Smiling Circles Hey Man City Sleeps My Devils Evangelical Trains Freighted Hired Deliverance Evidence How Can I Get Out? Goodbye Goodbye Silly Sparrow Soft Violence Jesus Won't Wait Painted Chalk