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Population Registration Act, 1950

The Population Registration Act of 1950 required that each inhabitant of South Africa be classified and registered in accordance with his or her racial characteristics as part of the system of apartheid. Social rights, political rights, educational opportunities, economic status were determined by the group to which an individual belonged. There were three basic racial classifications under the law: Black and Coloured. Indians were added as a separate classification as they were seen as having "no historical right to the country". An Office for Race Classification was set up to overview the classification process. Classification into groups was carried out using criteria such as outer appearance, general acceptance and social standing. For example, it defined a "white person" as one who "in appearance is a white person, not accepted as a coloured person; because some aspects of the profile were of a social nature, reclassification was not uncommon, a board was established to conduct that process.

For example, the following criteria were used for separating the coloureds from the whites: Characteristics of the person's head hair Characteristics of the person's other hair Skin colour Facial features Home language and the knowledge of Afrikaans Area where the person lives, the person's friends and acquaintances Employment Socioeconomic status Eating and drinking habitsThis law worked in tandem with other laws passed as part of the apartheid system. Under the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act of 1949, it was illegal for a white person to marry a person of another race. With the enactment of the Immorality Amendment Act of 1950, it became a crime for a white person and a person of another race to have sexual intercourse. Under the act, as amended and Indians were formally classified into various subgroups, including Cape Coloured, Griqua, Indian, Other Asian and Other Coloured; the South African Parliament repealed the act on June 17, 1991. However, the racial categories defined in the act remain ingrained in South African culture and they still form the basis of some official policies and statistics aimed at redressing past economic imbalances.

Demographics of South Africa Pencil test Urban apartheid The full text of Population Registration Act, 1950 at Wikisource

Honka Monka

The Honka Monka was a nightclub in the Long Island City neighborhood of Queens, New York. It was opened by Marvin Gray in 1969 as a Latin club, but soon rock and soul acts were booked for the club. Acts who performed at the club include Ike & Tina Turner, Wilson Pickett, Little Richard, Aesop's Fables. Marvin Gray opened the Honka Monka on Queens Boulevard near 40th Street in January 1969. In 1970, Gray was co-founded a record company, Grande Records, which specialized in rock and soul music, he sometimes promoted acts from the label at the club. Gray spent six months designing the club whose name derived from a hotel at which he had visited in Japan, he intended the Honka Monka to be a Latin club after producing Latin shows in nearby theaters, but the audience who came were unfamiliar with Latin dances so he switched booked rock bands instead. In July 1970, Ike & Tina Turner performed at the club, they were photographed by Bob Gruen, yet to launch his career as a rock photographer. Returning to his first love of Latin music, Gray imposed a Latin policy which from Friday through Sunday, Latin bands only performed.

Eddie Palmieri's orchestra and the LeBrón Brothers orchestra are some bands that performed at the Honka Monka

Irish Transport and General Workers' Union

The Irish Transport and General Workers Union, was a trade union representing workers mainly labourers, in Ireland. The union was founded by James Larkin in January 1909 as a general union. Drawing its membership from branches of the Liverpool-based National Union of Dock Labourers, from which Larkin had been expelled, it grew to include workers in a range of industries; the ITGWU logo was the Red Hand of Ulster, synonymous with ancient Gaelic Ulster. The ITGWU was at the centre of the syndicalist-inspired Dublin Lockout in 1913, the events of which left a lasting impression on the union and hence on the Irish Labour Movement. After Larkin's departure for the United States in 1914 in the wake of the Lockout, James Connolly led the ITGWU until his execution in 1916 in the wake of the Easter Rising. In turn, William X. O'Brien became the union's leading figure, served as general secretary for many years. Throughout World War I, the ITGWU opposed Irish belligerence, staunchly supported the advanced nationalist cause.

In fact, ITGWU members, in the uniform of the Irish Citizen Army, played a leading role in the Easter Rising, while the Transport Union led a national strike that crippled an attempt to introduce conscription to Ireland in 1918. In 1923, Larkin formed a new union, the Workers' Union of Ireland, to which many of the ITGWU's Dublin members affiliated; the ITGWU remained the dominant force in Irish trade unionism outside the capital. William O'Brien and James Larkin remained bitter personal enemies, when Larkin and his supporters were readmitted into the Labour Party in the early 1940s, O'Brien engineered a split in the party, with the new National Labour Party claiming that the main party had been infiltrated by communists. A further split occurred in the Irish Trades Union Congress when that body accepted the WUI's membership in 1945; the ITGWU established the rival Congress of Irish Unions. From the 1950s on proposals to merge the two unions were floated. In 1990, the ITGWU merged with the Workers's Union of Ireland to form SIPTU.

The ITGWU should not be confused with the British-based Transport and General Workers Union, which organised in Ireland under the name Amalgamated Transport and General Workers Union and is now Unite the union. The union absorbed numerous smaller trade unions: 1914: Dublin Coal Factors' Association 1915: Kilkenny Brewery Labourers' Trade Union 1917: Irish Glass Bottle Makers' Society and District Workers' Union 1919: Brewery Workers' Association, Carpet Planners of the City of Dublin, Dublin Saddlers and Harness Makers' Trade Society, Irish Land and Labour Association, Irish National Agricultural and General Workers' Union, Mullingar Trade and Labour Union and District Government Labourers' Union 1920: United Building Labourers and General Workers of Dublin Trade Union 1921: Amalgamated Society of Pork Butchers 1922: Meath Labour Union 1923: Irish Automobile Drivers' Society 1925: Irish Mental Hospital Workers' Union 1938: Dublin Coal Factors' Association, Dublin United Tramway and Omnibus Inspectors' Association 1941: Limerick Corporation Employees' Union 1943: Tipperary Workingmen's Protective and Benefit Society 1950: Cumann Teicneori Innealoireachta 1953: Clothing Workers' Union 1976: National Union of Gold and Allied Trades 1977: Irish Shoe and Leather Workers' Union 1979: Irish Actors' Equity Association 1981: Irish Racecourse Bookmakers' Assistants' Association 1982: Irish Federation of Musicians and Associated Professionals 1909: James Larkin 1924: William X. O'Brien 1946: Tom Kennedy 1948: Frank Purcell 1959: Fintan Kennedy 1969: Michael Mullen 1983: Christy Kirwan 1909: Thomas Foran 1939: Tom Kennedy 1946: William McMullen 1953: John Conroy 1969: Fintan Kennedy 1981: John Carroll 1924: Tom Kennedy 1940: William McMullen 1947: John Conroy 1953: Edward Browne 1969: John Carroll 1981: Tom O'Brien 1982: Christy Kirwan 1983: Edmund Browne

Anthony Allom

Anthony Thomas Carrick Allom was an English cricketer who played first-class cricket for Free Foresters, Marylebone Cricket Club and Surrey between 1959 and 1961. His highest score of 34 not out came when playing for Free Foresters in the match against Oxford University in 1959, his first-class debut, his best bowling of 5/79 came in the same match. He played three Second XI Championship matches and seven Minor Counties Championship games for Surrey Second XI, his solitary first-team county appearance occurred in a high-scoring draw against Warwickshire at The Oval in July 1960, failing to capture a wicket as Norman Horner and Khalid Ibadulla compiled an unbroken first-wicket partnership of 377. One of the tallest county cricketers of all time, his height was measured at 6 feet 9 inches or maybe an inch taller; when he was a schoolboy cricketer at Charterhouse, where he played in the first XI from 1954 to 1957, Wisden gave his height as 6 feet 10 1/2 inches. His father was the England Test player Maurice Allom.

Cricket Archive Profile "Vital statistics" - Cricketer magazine article about the biggest and smallest cricketers

Tumba Peak (Belasica)

Tumba is a peak in the Belasica mountains in the region of Macedonia. The peak, 1,880 metres in height, lies on Belasica's main ridge, west of Lozen Peak and east of Sechena Skala Peak. A dome-shaped mountain with steep southern and northern slopes, Tumba is covered with low subalpine vegetation and is made of metamorphic rock. Tumba is notable as the point where the national borders of Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia meet, it is one of the southwesternmost point of Bulgaria and one of the southeasternmost point of the Republic of North Macedonia. In Bulgaria, favourable starting points of an ascent are the villages Klyuch and Gabrene. In the Republic of Macedonia, these are Sharena Cheshma. In Greece these are Platanakia and Kastanoussa; every August since 2001, an international excursion to the peak is organized under the motto "Balkans Without Borders". Божилов, Иван Ангелов. Енциклопедия Пирински край. том 2. Благоевград: Община Благоевград. P. 351. ISBN 978-954-90006-2-7. Travel notes of a Tumba ascent by Yoana Yancheva

Czech Republic football league system

The Czech Republic football league system is a series of interconnected leagues for club football in the Czech Republic. Below shows. For each division, its English name, official name or sponsorship name and number of clubs is given; each division promotes to the division that lie directly above them and relegates to the division that lie directly below them. Two clubs are relegated and promoted from the Czech First League and Czech 2. Liga each season. One club is promoted from both the ČFL and the MSFL to replace the two relegated teams from Czech 2. Liga. Winners of Czech Divisions A, B and C are promoted to the ČFL and winners of Czech Divisions D and E are promoted to the MFSL. Depending on the regional locations of the teams relegated from Czech 2. Liga the number of teams promoted and relegated from the ČFL and MFSL can vary from season to season. Below the five 4th Divisions, there are 14 regional divisions, the winners of which are promoted to the corresponding 4th division. Promotion from 5th to 4th level not follows the path in the table below, teams are placed to particular divisions according to their location/FA decision.

Clubs from Bohemia can't play with clubs from Moravia-Silesia though. Regions of the Czech Republic Districts of the Czech Republic Clubs at the top four levels are eligible for cup competitions. Czech Cup Czech Supercup Official Czech FA website League321.com - Czech Republic football league tables, records & statistics database. Czech Republic football league ratest scores,scheduled