Porridge is a food eaten as a breakfast cereal dish, made by boiling ground, crushed or chopped starchy plants—typically grain—in water or milk. It is cooked or served with added flavorings such as sugar, fruit or syrup to make a sweet cereal, or it can be mixed with spices or vegetables to make a savoury dish, it is served hot in a bowl, depending on its consistency. Oat porridge, or oatmeal, is one of the most common types of porridge. Gruel is a thinner version of porridge; the term "porridge" is used for oat porridge, eaten for breakfast with salt, fruit, cream or butter and sometimes other flavorings. Oat porridge is sold in ready-made or cooked form as an instant breakfast. Other grains used for porridge include rice, barley, corn and buckwheat. Many types of porridge have their own names, such as polenta and kasha. Porridge was a staple food in much of the world, including Europe and Africa. Porridge remains a staple food in many parts of the world; the dish has traditionally been associated with Scotland because oats can be cultivated on marginal upland soils.

In 1775, Dr. Samuel Johnson wrote. Oats were introduced to Scotland in about 600 AD, but traces of barley porridge have been found in pots excavated in the Outer Hebrides which have been dated to 2,500 years ago; as well as a breakfast cereal, porridge is used in many cultures as a common snack, is eaten by athletes. Unenriched porridge, cooked by boiling or microwave, is 84% water, contains 12% carbohydrates, including 2% dietary fiber, 2% each of protein and fat. In a 100 gram reference amount, cooked porridge provides 71 Calories and contains 29% of the Daily Value for manganese and moderate content of phosphorus and zinc, with no other micronutrients in significant content. A 2014 review found that daily intake of at least 3 grams of oat beta-glucan lowers total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by 5-10% in people with normal or elevated blood cholesterol levels. Beta-glucan lowers cholesterol by inhibiting cholesterol production, although cholesterol reduction is greater in people with higher total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in their blood.

In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration issued a final ruling in 2015 stating that food companies can make health claims on food labels for products containing soluble fiber from whole oats, noting that 3.0 grams of soluble fiber daily from these foods may reduce the risk of heart disease. To qualify for the health claim, the food that contains the oats must provide at least 0.75 grams of soluble fiber per serving. Maize porridge: Atole, a Mexican dish of corn flour in water or milk. Champurrado, a Mexican blend of sugar, milk and corn dough or corn flour; the Philippine dish tsampurado is similar, with rice instead of maize. Cir, păsat or mămăligă are all Romanian maize porridges. Cornmeal mush, a traditional dish in southern and mid-Atlantic US states. Gachas, a Spanish porridge of maize or grass peas. Garnished with roasted almonds and croutons of bread fried in olive oil. Gofio, a Canary Islands porridge of toasted coarse-ground maize. Made from roasted sweetcorn and other grains, used in many ways in parts of the world from which Canary Islanders have emigrated.

Grits, ground hominy, is common in the southern United States, traditionally served with butter and black pepper. Sometimes, it is served with cheese. Kachamak, a maize porridge from the Balkans. Kānga pirau, a fermented corn porridge dish, made and consumed by the Maori of New Zealand Mazamorra, a maize porridge from Colombia. Polenta, an Italian maize porridge, cooked to a solidified state and sliced for serving. Rubaboo was a staple food of the Voyageurs. Shuco, a Salvadoran dish of black, blue or purple corn flour, ground pumpkin seeds, chili sauce and red cooked kidney beans, traditionally drunk out of a hollowed-out gourd at early morning coming from a hunting or drinking trip. Suppawn called, better known as, hasty pudding, was common in American colonial times and consisted of cornmeal boiled with milk into a thick porridge. Still eaten in modern times, it is no longer corn-based. Uji, a thick East African porridge made most from corn flour mixed with sorghum and many other different ground cereals, with milk or butter and sugar or salt.

Ugali, a more solid meal, is made from maize flour often mixed with other cereals. These two, under various names, are staple foods over a wide part of the African continent, e.g. pap in South Africa, sadza in Zimbabwe, nshima in Zambia, tuwo or ogi in Nigeria, etc. though some of these may be made from sorghum. Žganci, a maize porridge prepared in the Kajkavian countries and Slovenia. Mielie pap is a maize porridge staple in South African cuisine. Millet porridge: Foxtail millet porridge is a staple food in northern China. A porridge made from pearl millet is surrounding regions of the Sahel. Oshifima or otjifima, a stiff pearl millet porridge, is the staple food of northern Namibia. Middle Eastern millet porridge seasoned with cumin and honey. Munchiro sayo, a millet porridge eaten by the Ainu, a native people of northern Japan. Milium in aqua was a millet porridge made with goat's milk, eaten in ancient Rome. A ragi porr

Mirwart Castle

Mirwart Castle is situated in Mirwart in Saint-Hubert, in the province of Luxembourg, Belgium. The castle is built on a rock rising above the "Vallée de la Lomme"; the oldest parts of the castle date back to the 11th century. It was a stronghold belonging to the duchy of Lorraine; the lords of Mirwart had many bloody conflicts with other feudal lords of the region, such as the lords of Bouillon and Orchimont. The lords of Mirwart came into conflict with the monks of the powerful Saint-Hubert Abbey, supported by the Prince-Bishop of Liège, who wanted to extend his power in this region to the disadvantage of the Dukes of Lorraine; the castle was reinforced, sometime between 1077-1082, by Henry of bishop of Liege. Following complaints from the abbey of Saint-Hubert, the castle was to be destroyed; this act, was not approved by the bishop. In 1099, after regaining control over the fief, Bishop Otbert ordered the reconstruction of the castle, which he granted to Bavon de Waha. In 1293, against the bishop's wishes, the castle and its estates was acquired by Jean d'Avesnes.

This resulted in a conflict between the Prince-Bishop of Liège and his new vassal, who sought support from the Counts of Hainaut, Luxembourg and Loon, from the Dukes of Brabant. Control of the castle changed until it was held by Prince-Bishop Adolph II of the Marck. During the numerous conflicts between Spain and France in the 17th and 18th centuries, the castle was damaged several times, it was only at the beginning of the 18th century that a long undisturbed period began when extensive renovations and embellishments could be undertaken. During this process the castle lost its fortified character. At the beginning of the 19th century, the castle was acquired by Aimé-Gabriel d'Artigues, the founder of the famous "Cristallerie de Vonêche", or Vonêche glassworks. Successive proprietors—the families Van der Linden d'Hoogvorst, d'Arrigade and von der Becke—further embellished the castle and turned it into a beautiful country residence. In the middle of the 19th century it was renovated by Alphonse Balat, architect to King Leopold II of Belgium.

After World War II the castle was acquired by the province of Luxembourg. The building was renovated but the province failed to find a use for it; as a result, little by little, the castle was neglected and was subsequently looted by burglars who removed valuable furniture and decorative fittings from the interior. List of castles in Belgium Weber, Jean-Pol, 1992: Mirwart. Château et Alentours. Saint-Hubert, a.s.b.l. Château de Mirwart Gislebertus. Chronicle of Hainaut. Translated by Napran, Laura; the Boydell Press.

Dawn (rapper)

Kim Hyo-jong, better known as Dawn and E'Dawn, is a South Korean rapper and songwriter under P Nation. Dawn is best known as a former rapper and songwriter of the South Korean boy band, for three years, releasing nine EPs in both Korean and Japanese before his departure from Cube Entertainment in 2018. Dawn participated in the group, Triple H, alongside bandmate and labelmate, for the release of two EPs. Dawn made his solo debut on November 5, 2019, releasing the single, "Money." Dawn debuted on July 10, 2016, under the name of E'Dawn, with the group, Pentagon under Cube Entertainment as one of the group's rappers. The group was formed through a variety show called Pentagon Maker. Despite E'Dawn being eliminated from the program, he was added to the group's final lineup alongside Yan An and Shinwon. E'Dawn contributed to the group's debut EP, Pentagon, as a songwriter, writing lyrics for the tracks "Lukewarm", "Organic Song", as well as contributing music to the latter, he would continue to write songs and music for the group until his departure.

On April 4, 2017, it was announced that E'Dawn would be debuting in a new group called "Triple H", alongside bandmate and labelmate Hyuna and would be starring in a new show called Triple H Fun Agency. The group made their debut on May 1, 2017, with the EP, 199X. E'Dawn once again contributed songwriter, writing all tracks including the lead single, "365 Fresh"; the album reached # 10 on the Billboard World Albums Chart. The group released a follow-up EP, Retro Futurism, in 2018. E'Dawn had contributed to the lyrics and music lead single, "Retro Future", alongside the other three tracks on the album. After E'Dawn announced his relationship with Hyuna in August 2018, Cube Entertainment announced E'Dawn would be absent from Pentagon's EP, Thumbs Up!, though he would still be credited as songwriter for "Naughty Boy" and "Skateboard". On September 13, it was announced that Cube had terminated E'Dawn and Hyuna's contracts, citing that they were unable to maintain trust with them. E'Dawn's departure from Cube and Pentagon was confirmed on November 14, 2018.

On January 23, Psy announced via Instagram that E'Dawn had signed a contract with his new label, P Nation, alongside Hyuna. On October 18, it was announced that E'Dawn would be redebuting as a soloist under the name "Dawn", with new single, "Money", on November 5. On August 2, 2018, Dawn revealed that he has been dating Hyuna since May 2016