The Porsche 924 is a sports car produced by Porsche AG of Germany from 1976 to 1988. A two-door, 2+2 coupé, the 924 was intended to replace the Porsche 914 as the company's entry-level model. Although the water-cooled, front-engined 928 gran turismo was designed first, the 924 was the first road-going Porsche to have a front engine rear wheel drive configuration, it was the first Porsche to be offered with a automatic transmission. The 924 made its public debut in November 1975, it was criticised by enthusiasts for its mediocre performance, but was a sales success with just over 150,000 produced during a 1976–1988 production run, an important profits generator for the company. The related 944 introduced in the U. S. market in 1983 was meant to replace the 924, but 924 production continued through 1985, followed by a 944-engined 924S through 1988. The 924 was a joint project of Volkswagen and Porsche created by the Vertriebsgesellschaft, the joint sales and marketing company funded by Porsche and VW to market and sell sports cars.
For Volkswagen, it was intended to be that company's flagship coupé sports car and was dubbed "Project 425" during its development. For Porsche, it was to be its entry-level sports car replacing the 914. At the time, Volkswagen lacked a significant internal research and design division for developing sports cars. In keeping with this history, Porsche was contracted to develop a new sporting vehicle with the caveat that this vehicle must work with an existing VW/Audi inline-four engine. Porsche chose a rear-wheel drive layout and a rear-mounted transaxle for the design to help provide 48/52 front/rear weight distribution; the 1973 oil crisis, a series of automobile-related regulatory changes enacted during the 1970s and a change of directors at Volkswagen made the case for a Volkswagen sports car less striking and the 425 project was put on hold. After serious deliberation at VW, the project was scrapped after a decision was made to move forward with the cheaper, more practical, Golf-based Scirocco model instead.
Porsche, which needed a model to replace the 914, made a deal with Volkswagen leadership to buy the design back. The 914 was discontinued before the 924 entered production, which resulted in the reintroduction of the Porsche 912 to the North American market as the 912E for one year to fill the gap; the deal specified that the car would be built at the ex-NSU factory in Neckarsulm located north of the Porsche headquarters in Stuttgart, Volkswagen becoming the subcontractor. Hence, Volkswagen employees would do the actual production line work and that Porsche would own the design, it made its debut at a November 1975 press launch at the harbour at La Grande Motte, Camargue in the south of France rather than a motor show. The relative cheapness of building the car made it both profitable and easy for Porsche to finance. While criticised for its performance, it became one of Porsche's best-selling models; the original design used an Audi-sourced four-speed manual transmission from a front wheel drive car but now placed and used as a rear transaxle.
It was mated to VW's EA831 2.0 L I4 engine, variants of which were used in the Audi 100 and the Volkswagen LT van. The Audi engine, equipped with a Weber/Holley carburetor, was used in the 1977–1979 AMC Gremlin and Spirit, as well as the AMC postal jeeps; the 924 engine used producing 95 horsepower in North American trim. This was brought up to 110 horsepower in mid-1977 with the introduction of a catalytic converter, which reduced the need for power-robbing smog equipment; the four-speed manual was the only transmission available for the initial 1976 model this was replaced by a five-speed dog-leg unit. An Audi three-speed automatic was offered starting with the 1977.5 model. In 1980, the five-speed transmission was changed to a conventional H-pattern, with reverse now on the right beneath fifth gear. In 1980, the model received some minor changes including a three-way catalyst and higher compression, which brought power up to 110 hp. Nonetheless, the strong Deutschemark and US inflation hampered sales, as a well equipped 924 now could cost twice as much as the more powerful Nissan 280ZX.
European models, which did not require any emissions equipment, made 123 hp. They differed visually from the US spec model by not having the US cars' low-speed impact bumpers and the round reflectors plus side-marker lamps on each end of the body; the 924 was sold in Japan at Mizwa Motors dealerships that specialize in North American and European vehicles, with left hand drive for its entire generation. Sales were helped by the fact that it was in compliance with Japanese Government dimension regulations with regards to its engine displacement and exterior dimensions. A five-speed transmission, available in aspirated cars starting in 1979 and standard on all turbos, was a dog-leg shift pattern Porsche unit, with first gear below reverse on the left side; this was robust, but expensive due to some 915 internal parts, was replaced for 1980 with a normal H-pattern Audi five-speed on all non-turbo cars. This lighter duty design was not used on the more powerful 924 Turbo; the brakes were drums at the rear.
The car was criticized in
The Mountain West Conference Women's Basketball Tournament is the conference championship tournament in women's basketball for the Mountain West Conference. It is a single-elimination tournament involving all of the 11 league schools, seeding is based on regular-season records with head-to-head match-up as a tie-breaker; the winner receives the conference's automatic bid to the NCAA women's basketball tournament. In the first round, the #8 seed plays the #9 seed, the #7 seed plays the #10 seed, the #6 seed plays the #11 seed, with the 3 top seeds play the winners of those respective games, while the #4 and #5 seed play each other; the winners of the four games play each other in the Semifinals, the winner of those two games play off against each other to determine the champion
The Lex Licinia Mucia was a Roman law which set up a quaestio to investigate Latin and Italian allies registered as Romans on the citizen rolls. It was established by consuls Lucius Licinius Crassus and Quintus Mucius Scaevola Pontifex in 95 BC; this law is regarded as a cause of the Social War. The emerging trend of xenophobia in the 2nd and 1st centuries BC led to the increasing marginalisation of Italians who, as Rome's primary fighters and tax payers, sought partnership and not subjection. Attempts to grant rights to surrounding allies had been continually thwarted in the past. In the mid-2nd century Gaius Gracchus had attempted to grant rights to Latin allies: “He called on the Latin allies to demand the full rights of Roman citizenship, since the Senate could not with decency refuse this privilege to men who were of the same race. To the other allies, who were not allowed to vote in Roman elections, he sought to give the right of suffrage, in order to have their help in the enactment of laws which he had in contemplation.
The Senate was much alarmed at this.”The result of this attempt was the active opposition of the aristocracy and Gaius's subsequent suicide and the mutilation of his body. Alongside the Gracchi's revolutionary re-evaluation of land ownership, which sought to take land over 500 jugera out the hands of the Roman elite and into those of the urban poor, this new use of the Tribunate raised questions about citizens' rights. What did it mean to be a citizen? What was the relationship between citizenship and elite power? Lucius Appuleius Saturninus and Gaius Servilius Glaucia tried to reintroduce the Gracchi legislation but their acts were shut down and they were lynched; the clear difference in rights between the Romans and the allies were brought to the forefront of social and political debate after the Cimbrian War where Italian allies contributed to the Roman victory. In the aftermath, Gaius Marius granted citizenship to those Italian soldiers leading to a surge of new questions regarding national identity.
Plutarch provides an account of Marius's leadership in the Cimbrian Wars and his attitude towards the Italians: “And yet we are told that when he had bestowed citizenship upon as many as a thousand men of Camerinum for conspicuous bravery in the war, the act was held to be illegal and was impeached by some. However, he appeared to be in greater terror of the shouting in the popular assemblies. At any rate, while in war he had authority and power because his services were needed, yet in civil life his leadership was more abridged, he therefore had recourse to the goodwill and favour of the multitude, not caring to be the best man if only he could be the greatest; the consequence was that he came into collision with all the aristocrats.”This is yet another instance in which the rising debates surrounding the rights of the Italians to Roman citizenship had come to cause dissent amongst aristocrats who disregarded a successful general's attempt to represent the rights of his soldiers. There were legal precedents for the creation of the Lex Licinia Mucia.
One such example was the Lex Cornelia of Sulla. The Lex Claudia of 177 BC took Roman rights from Latin groups by declaring that anyone who was, or his parents were, citizens of an allied community in the censorship of M. Claudius and T. Quinctius must return to that community before the first of November:"Then C. Claudius, with the authorization of the senate, proposed a law concerning the allies and decreed that all allies of the Latin name, who themselves or whose ancestors had been registered among the allies Latin name in the censorship of M. Claudius and T. Quinctius or thereafter should all return, each to his own state, before the Kalends of November; the investigation of those who should not have returned was decreed to L. Mummius the praetor."Cicero in his De Oratore, references a particular event which caused the direct creation of the law:“Often a verse is thrown in humorously, either as it is or changed, or part of a verse, as a verse of Statius was by Scaurus when he was angry.
Quiet! What is this row? You who have neither mother nor father, such assurance? Be off with that pride of yours.”Here, Cicero is saying that there are some who believe that the consul Lucius Licinius Crassus was inspired by Marcus Aemilius Scaurus who quotes Statius. The cause of Scaurus's angry quotation was the trial of Gaius Norbanus when a crowd of non-citizen allies had gathered at Rome to watch his trial, at which point Scaurus snapped at the crowd to quiet down using Statius's oration. Tweedie argues that the mere annoyance of these allies would not have been enough to inspire the creation of the Lex Licinia Mucia. Additionally, the law would not provide an immediate remedy to the problem of the rowdy ally crowd, as the law was not one of expulsion but one of investigation; this mention of the creation of the Lex Licinia Mucia by Cicero demonstrates that the law was directed at a specific group of non-citizens who disrupted an aristocrat's public speech, something which Scaurus felt to be an intrusion on his rights as an elite Roman citizen.
Another example of the growing tensions between elite Romans and non-Romans. This passage is cited as a possible event in which the creation of the law was inspired; the Lex Licinia Mucia was enacted in the year 95 BC. The Consuls for the year 95 were Lucius Licinius Crassus and Quintus Mucius Scaevola and it was they who gave their names to the Lex Licinia Mucia; these two had serve
Frankie Miller's Double Take is the eleventh studio album by Scottish singer-songwriter Frankie Miller. It was released on 30 September 2016 by Universal Music. Frankie Miller suffered a brain haemorrhage in 1994 which resulted in him being unable to speak or sing; the album's producer David Mackay began working on the album after Rod Stewart asked if he was in possession of any of Miller's unreleased songs. Mackay contacted Miller's wife, who sent him "two sacks full of demos". On 12 August 2016, a trailer for the album was published on Miller's Facebook page. In the video, David Mackay states that his idea to invite other artists to feature on the album came from the fact that Miller would not be able to promote the album himself as he cannot perform. "I found more and more artists loved Frankie Miller, they were just ready to drop everything and come and sing on a track." On 9 August 2016, "It Gets Me Blue" with Paul Carrack was released as the lead single
Leonard Stanisław Danilewicz was a Polish engineer and, for some ten years before the outbreak of World War II, one of the four directors of the AVA Radio Company in Warsaw, Poland. AVA designed and built radio equipment for the Polish General Staff's Cipher Bureau, responsible for the radio communications of the General Staff's Oddział II. Beginning in 1933, after the Cipher Bureau's mathematician-cryptologist Marian Rejewski reconstructed the German military Enigma rotor cipher machine, AVA built Enigma "doubles" as well as all the electro-mechanical equipment subsequently designed at the Cipher Bureau to expedite routine breaking and reading of Enigma ciphers. AVA's other directors were Edward Fokczyński, Antoni Palluth, Leonard Danilewicz's elder brother, Ludomir Danilewicz; the company took its name from the combined radio callsigns of Palluth. When the company was being formed about 1929, the Danilewicz brothers were short-wave "hams" and students at the Warsaw Polytechnic. Leonard Danilewicz early showed remarkable creativity as a radio designer, coming up with a concept for a frequency-hopping spread spectrum: In 1929 we proposed to the General Staff a device of my design for secret radio telegraphy which did not win acceptance, as it was a barbaric idea consisting in constant changes of transmitter frequency.
The commission did, see fit to grant me 5,000 złotych for executing a model and as encouragement to further work. AVA Radio Company Spread spectrum Frequency-hopping spread spectrum List of multiple discoveries Biuro Szyfrów Marian Rejewski Enigma machine Cryptanalysis of the Enigma Ultra Lacida Władysław Kozaczuk, Enigma: How the German Machine Cipher Was Broken, How It Was Read by the Allies in World War Two and translated by Christopher Kasparek, Frederick, MD, University Publications of America, 1984, ISBN 0-89093-547-5. Laurence Peter, How Poles cracked Nazi Enigma secret, BBC News, 20 July 2009
Francino Rousseu Francis is a Jamaican footballer, player-manager for West Midlands League Premier Division side Wolverhampton Sporting, his position is defender. Born in Kingston, Francis began playing for Tamworth, in the club youth academy, before being spotted by Stoke City in 2004, he never made the grade with the club, after one season playing in the youth and reserves, he was released. Francis joined Watford's Academy in July 2005. Whilst still an Academy scholar, he made his first team debut in a League Cup victory against Wolverhampton Wanderers on 20 September 2005, made substitute appearances against Leeds United and Wigan Athletic, he was an unused sub a further two times that season, as Watford gained promotion to the Premier League by winning the Championship play-off final against Leeds United at the Millennium Stadium. In February 2006, he was sent on work experience to Kidderminster Harriers. While with The Harriers, Francis made six league appearances, including three starts, before returning to Vicarage Road.
Following the expiry of his contract he was released by Watford manager Adrian Boothroyd after failing to impress in his first season with the club. Francis went on to join Halesowen Town, but was released on 15 January 2008, by manager Morell Maison, he joined Southern Division One Midlands outfit Willenhall Town. Francis joined Barwell in 2008, where he was employed as a striker. However, with the club facing a defensive crisis, manager Marcus Law asked Francis to play a centre half in a match, following an injury to their current centre half, Francis played the role, he continued to play in the position and spent three seasons with the club, making 151 appearances and scoring 30 goals. Francis re-joined his former Barwell manager Marcus Law at his new club Tamworth on 16 June 2011. Francis became the first casualty in Tamworth's rebuilding for the 2012–13 season, after being released on 9 May 2012. Francis started Hednesford's pre-season friendly against former club Tamworth on 28 July 2012, impressing enough to earn a contract.
In December 2014, Francis returned the club following his release from Hednesford Town. Francino was confirmed as manager of West Midlands League Premier Division side Wolverhampton Sporting on 26 September 2019. Francino Francis at Soccerbase