click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Port Hudson, Louisiana

Port Hudson is an unincorporated community in East Baton Rouge Parish, United States. Located about 20 miles northwest of Baton Rouge, it is known as the location of an American Civil War battle, the Siege of Port Hudson in 1863. Port Hudson is located at 30.678056 North and 91.268889 West, is along the east bank of the Mississippi River. In 1833, one of the first railroads in the United States was built from Port Hudson to Clinton. Clinton was the entrepôt for the produce of much of the region, sent by rail, was transferred to steamboats at Port Hudson. Old Port Hudson was incorporated as a town in 1838. During the American Civil War, the area was the scene of bitter fighting as the Confederacy and Union struggled over control of the Mississippi River. Location of the tracks and the old town can be seen at the bend of the Mississippi River; the rails and crossties of the track were removed before 1920. What were called the 1st and 3rd Regiments of the Louisiana Native Guards proved themselves in battle on the Union side.

A minority of men in the regiments were free men of color, educated before the war. Port Hudson National Cemetery was established in the area. A portion of the battlefield site is maintained by the state as a park and museum, called the Port Hudson State Historic Site. In 1930 the Louisiana Division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy erected the Confederate Soldiers monument at the site. In 2007 the monument was moved to the yard of one of Port Hudson's few surviving buildings from the time of the siege. In 1974 the Port Hudson National Cemetery was designated a National Historic Landmark by the U. S. Department of the Interior. In 2009, it was designated among the first 26 featured sites of the Louisiana African American Heritage Trail. "The Black Brigade at Port Hudson" is a poem by John A. Dorgan, anthologized in The Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Poetry and Incidents."The Black Regiment: Port Hudson, May 27, 1863", poem by George Henry Boker. was published as a broadside by the Union League, it was included in The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, Poetry.

The poem was translated into German and published as a broadside, a copy of, preserved in the Black Soldiers Collection of the Historic New Orleans Collection at the Williams Research Center in New Orleans. A Civil War reenactment is held annually at the Port Hudson State Historic Site. Map of Port Hudson and its Defences, Captain L. J. Fremaux, Chief Engineer, October 30, 1862. Photographs of Louisiana during the Civil War. Compiled by Sgt. Marshall Dunham of the 159th New York Regiment. Select Search items in this Collection and enter Port Hudson in the exact phrase option: photograph collection, Louisiana Digital Library Port Hudson Driving Tour, CivilWarAlbum.com, May 2000

21st General Assembly of Newfoundland

The members of the 21st General Assembly of Newfoundland were elected in the Newfoundland general election held in November 1908. The general assembly sat from March 30 to April 9, 1909; the seats were split evenly between the new Newfoundland People's Party. Robert Bond resigned as premier. Edward P. Morris of the People's Party was asked to form a government but the assembly was unable to choose a speaker and was dissolved. Although Morris was not able to form a stable government, as Premier, he was able to spend money which helped him gain votes for the election, to follow. Sir William MacGregor served as governor of Newfoundland; the following members were elected to the assembly in 1904: Notes: None

Lastminute.com Group

Lastminute.com Group owns several travel brands including lastminute.com, Rumbo, Jetcost, Crocierissime.it, weg.de, Hotelscan. The company operates websites and mobile apps in 17 languages and 40 countries and has 43 million monthly unique users, it was called Bravofly Rumbo Group until May 2015. Lastminute.com Group was founded in 2006 but traces its roots back to 2004, when Fabio Cannavale and Marco Corradino launched Volagratis, a search engine for low cost flights in the Italian market. In 2006, it was organized as a Group, the headquarters were moved to Chiasso and it began its international expansion by introducing localized websites in Spain, France and the United Kingdom.. In November 2012, it acquired a Spanish online travel agency. In December 2013, it acquired a French travel metasearch engine. On 15 April 2014, the company was listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange in Zurich. In March 2015, the company acquired lastminute.com, in May 2015 it changed its name to lastminute.com group. In 2016, the company launched an advertising platform.

In September 2016, the company acquired a social travel network, for £ 1 million. In November 2017, it acquired a hotel metasearch engine. In December 2017, the company acquired German Comvel GmbH, founded 2004 in Munich, which operates weg.de. In April 2019, the company created a media company. Lastminute.com is an online leisure retailer. The company was founded by Martha Lane Brent Hoberman to offer late holiday deals online. Volagratis.com was launched Italy in 2004. It offers a range of services including hotels, city breaks, holidays and car rentals. Rumbo, launched in Spain in 2000, operates websites in other European countries as well as in South America. Rumbo is a full-service travel website, with its offering comprising hotels, city breaks, package holidays and cruises. Jetcost is a metasearch engine. Hotelscan is a metasearch engine for lodging, its daily updated database of around 1.3 million properties with data from over 100 online booking website. Bravofly is a full-service travel website.

Founded in 2006, Bravofly websites are available in 17 languages in 40 countries.weg.de is a German travel website operated by Comvel GmbH, founded 2004 in Munich. Weg.de focuses on all-inclusive vacations. Crocierissime.it is an Italian travel website. Official website

Kettlebell swing

Kettlebell swing is a basic ballistic exercise used to train the posterior chain in a manner similar to broad jumping. It involves moving the bell in a pendulum motion from between the knees to anywhere between eye level to overhead and can be performed either two-handed or using one hand. There are three versions of kettlebell swing: American Swing and Sport Style Swing; the kettlebell is swung from just below the groin to somewhere between the upper abdomen and shoulders, with arms straight or bent, the degree of flexion depends on the trajectory of the kettlebell. The key to a good kettlebell swing is thrusting the hips, not bending too much at the knees and sending the weight forwards, as opposed to squatting the weight up, or lifting up with the arms; this requires an intense contraction of the gluteal and latissimus muscles. The swing can be performed with a release and catch of the kettlebell, which helps train the proper swing pattern where the arms aren't pulling up at the top; this can be done with two hands switching to a supinated catch.

The one-arm swing presents a significant anti-twisting challenge, can be used with an alternating catch switching between arms. Further variations include the walking swing taking a step forward at the apex of each swing, the outside swing where the kettlebell swings outside the leg, the kneeling swing, swinging between the legs in a one-leg half-kneeling position. There is controversy within the kettlebell world about whether a swing can only be performed with a hip hinge, not with a squat. Within the kettlebell sport world, employing knee flexion during the swing is more common. There are two types of kettlebell swings: Hardstyle kettlebell swing – a hinge pattern which utilizes the muscles of the posterior chain, it should be practised with a good ground connection for power production. Kettlebell sport swing – the motion of the kettlebell sport swing is double knee bend compared to the focused hip hinging motion of the hardstyle swing; this allows for stretch reflex from hamstrings to help scoop the bell up, ensures upward trajectory.

There are many variations of the kettlebell swing, some are, but not limited to: single arm swing one kettlebell double arm swing two kettlebells double arm swing suitcase swing swing squat style high swingWithin those variations there are plenty more variations, some are, but not limited to: pace movement speed power grip direction of thumb elbow flexion knee flexion Kettlebell swing benefits include: Increased Power Increased Muscular Endurance Increased Aerobic Capacity Increased Anaerobic Capacity

Abbots of Shrewsbury

The recorded abbots of Shrewsbury run from c 1087, a scant four years after Shrewsbury Abbey's foundation, to 1540, its dissolution under Thomas Cromwell. The abbey was large and well-endowed and the abbots were important political figures as well as ecclesiastical leaders, they varied over the centuries in ethnic and social origins, intellectual attainments and holiness of life. The first two and Godfred, were imported from Normandy; the remainder seem to have been born in Britain and most, but not all, were elected, or at least selected, from the chapter of the abbey. As important territorial magnates, the abbots were always called to take part in the sessions of Parliament from its beginnings as an institution in 1265; as important figures in the Western Catholic Church, abbots were permitted by the Pope to wear the pontifical ring from 1251 and the mitre from 1397. For the earlier abbots and detail are uncertain as most of the evidence comes from chroniclers, whose focus lay elsewhere, although Orderic Vitalis was close to events in the first few decades.

Any chronicles of the abbey itself are lost. It is impossible to be sure. From the reign of Henry III of England key dates become easier, as the abbey was under royal patronage and the published Patent Rolls record key events in the succession of abbots; these are: Licence to elect a new abbot. This could only be issued after the previous abbot had died and been buried or had formally resigned in a letter to the local bishop. Licences were issued in response to a petition from the monks of the abbey. For example, when John de Drayton died in 1292, two monks had to travel to Northumberland to petition the king and they obtained a licence on 27 May, they had to get take this back to Shrewsbury before the chapter could be gathered and an election held. Notification of royal assent to the election of an abbot; this was sent to the diocesan bishop so that he could arrange to consecrate the abbot. For example, when William of Muckley was elected as successor to John of Drayton the news had to be taken all the way back to the Scottish border, where the king notified his assent on 20 June 1292.

The notification had to be taken back to the bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, wherever he might be, so that he could arrange the consecration. If available, he would do this in person. Mandates to restore the temporalities; the abbey's assets fell into the king's hands during a vacancy and were exploited through the county or regional escheator, who paid the king for the farm of the revenues, might sub-let them. The lands and privileges of the abbey were restored only after the king was informed by the bishop that the abbot had been confirmed; as the abbey acquired lands in several counties, there might need to be a mandate for each of them. The mandates could only be issued when the king heard from the bishop that the abbot had been duly consecrated; as the king was still conducting operations against the Scots, it is not surprising that it took until 2 July for the king to hear from the bishop and to issue the mandate to restore temporalities to William of Muckley, much longer for the escheator and tenants to hear of it and take action.

As examples below will demonstrate, the mandate could be deliberately delayed, on a variety of excuses, to prolong lay exploitation of the abbey's substantial estates. The writ de intendendo. Issued with the mandate to restore temporalities, this informed the abbey's many tenants that they had a new landlord, a tenant-in-chief of the king and that they should show due obedience to him; these events only give clues to the dates of abbots' successions, although they are helpful. Actual election dates, the dates of deaths and resignations, are sometimes in the records of the Diocese of Lichfield, but these are far less full than the royal records in the Patent Rolls. There was an obvious temptation for kings in need of money to prolong the process at any point in order to milk the abbey's resources, as Henry VII seems to have done. Shrewsbury Abbey was founded in 1083 by Roger de Montgomery, on the instance of Ordelirius, one of his clerks, using the site of St Peter's church, which Roger had granted to Ordelirius.

The founding colony consisted of two monks brought from St Martin's Abbey in Séez, southern Normandy: these were Reginald and Frodo. The first abbot,Fulchred, is not mentioned as present before the organised conventual life of the abbey was inaugurated; this was late in 1087, as Orderic Vitalis, son of Ordelirius the clerk, likely an eye-witness of the events, attests that this was in the reign of William Rufus. Orderic quotes at length an important specimen of his oratory. A monk of Gloucester Abbey had vision, in which a divine prediction of the imminent death of William Rufus was delivered. Abbot Serlo wrote to the king. On the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula, 1 August 1100, Fulchred was a guest preacher at Gloucester and mounted the pulpit to deliver a diatribe against the state of the country under Rufus; the king was killed while hunting in the New Forest the next day, creating an impression of Fulchred's prophetic insight and power. The succession of the new king Henry I was accompanied by a period of turbulence and the revolt of Earl Roger's son, Robert of Bellême, in 1102 resulted in his expropriation, leaving the abbey without the powerful local protection it had enjoyed.

The king himself became patron and he was slow to vindicate the abbey in disputes, except when near the scene. He did, for example confirm Robert's gift of land at Baschurch to Fulchred while the campaign against Robert in

Fort of the Maré

The Fort of the Maré, ruins of a 16th-century fortification located in the civil parish São Mateus da Calheta, in the municipality of Angra do Heroísmo, along the southern coast of Terceira, Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. Its construction remotes from the Portuguese succession crisis of 1580, sometime between 1579 and 1581, when attacks by pirates in the mid-Atlantic threatened the safety and security of New World treasure ships; the Corregedor of the Azores, Ciprião de Figueiredo e Vasconcelos initiated the construction of several forts that ringed the coasts of Terceira, using the plans of Italian military engineer Tommaso Benedetto as its basis. The fortification dominated the coastal stretch of São Mateus. By the end of the 20th century there little more than ruins of this fortification, the remains of its foundations. Vierira, Alberto, "Da poliorcética à fortificação nos Açores: introdução ao estudo do sistema defensivo nos Açores nos séculos XVI-XIX", Boletim do Instituto Histórico da Ilha Terceira, XLV, tomo II, Instituto Histórico da Ilha Terceira