Port Vila, or Vila, is the capital and largest city of Vanuatu and is on the island of Efate. Its population in the last census was an increase of 35 % on the previous census result. In 2009, the population of Port Vila formed 18.8% of the country's population, 66.9% of the population of Efate. On the south coast of the island of Efate, in Shefa Province, Port Vila is the economic and commercial centre of Vanuatu; the mayor is Mambo Albert Sandy Daniel, of the Vanua'aku Pati, elected in January 2018. On March 13, 2015, Port Vila bore extensive damage from Cyclone Pam. Locally the town is most referred to as "Vila", whether in French or Bislama or in English VEE-lə; the name of the area is Efil in the native South Efate language and Ifira in neighbouring Mele-Fila language. Vila is a variant of these names. Ifira is a small island in Vila harbour; the area occupied by Port Vila has been inhabited by Melanesian people for thousands of years. In Autumn of 2004, an archaeological expedition known as Teouma discovered a burial site of 25 tombs containing three dozen skeletons of members of the Lapita culture.
Pieces of ceramics found at the site were dated to the 13th century BC. In May 1606, the first Europeans arrived at the island, led by the Portuguese explorers Pedro Fernandes de Queirós and Luis Vaz de Torres. In the 19th century when the islands were known as the New Hebrides, the British possessed economic control of the zone, though by the end of 1880, the economic balance began to favour the French. French citizen Ferdinand Chevillard began buying and clearing land around Port Vila to be converted into the largest French plantation on the island. Instead, it was converted into the municipality of Franceville, which declared independence on August 9, 1889, though this only lasted until June of the following year, it was the first self-governing nation to practice universal suffrage without distinction of sex or race. Although the population at the time consisted of about 500 native islanders and fewer than fifty whites, only the latter were permitted to hold office. One of the elected presidents was a US citizen by birth, R. D. Polk, a relative of American president James K. Polk.
After 1887, the territory was jointly administered by the British. This was formalized in 1906 as an Anglo-French Condominium. During World War II, Port Vila was an Australian airbase. In 1987, Cyclone Uma damaged the city. A powerful earthquake in January 2002 caused minor damage in surrounding areas; the city suffered massive damage from a category 5 cyclone named Cyclone Pam in March 2015, whose eye wall passed just to the east of Port Vila. Port Vila has a tropical climate, more a tropical rainforest climate, with noticeably wetter and drier months; as the trade winds are permanent and cyclones are not rare in Port Vila, the climate is not equatorial but maritime trade-wind tropical climate. Rainfall averages about 2,360 millimetres per year, the wettest month is April; the driest month is September. There are 113 wet days in an average year; the area has south-east trade winds. Temperatures do not vary much at all throughout the year, the record high is 34 C; the coldest month, has an average high of 24 C, an average low of 18 C.
The hottest month, has an average high of 29 C and an average low of 23 C. The record low for Port Vila is 12 C. Humidity is high. Port Vila is the center of the country's trade; the international airport, Bauerfield International is located in the city. Air Vanuatu has its head office in Vanuatu House in Port Vila. Major industries in the city remain fishing. Tourism is becoming important from Australia and New Zealand. There were over 50,000 visitors in 1997. Vanuatu is a tax haven, offshore financing in Port Vila is an important part of the economy. Vanuatu is still dependent on foreign aid, most of which comes from Australia and New Zealand, although in recent years aid has come from the People's Republic of China. One example was New Zealand paying to train doctors selected from the local community paying part of their wages during the first year after qualification. Australia has paid consultants to work in Port Vila Central Hospital. 35.7% of exports leave from Port Vila and 86.9% of imports arrive in Port Vila.
The population is around 45,000. Port Vila is home to many languages, reflecting the country's high linguistic diversity; the day-to-day lingua franca in the capital city is Bislama. In addition and French are widespread. Among Vanuatu's 100 indigenous languages, many are spoken in the capital, as people from rural areas come to live in the city, either temporarily or permanently. Christianity is the predominant religion across Vanuatu, followed by more than 90% of the population; the largest denomination is the Presbyterian Church in Vanuatu, followed by one third of the population. Roman Catholicism and the Church of Melanesia are common, each about 15%. Cathédrale du Sacré-Cœur is a modern Roman Catholic cathedral in Port Vila; the seat of the Diocese of Port Vila, the church is dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. The capital of Vanuatu has various sights to offer. There are several memorials, e
Peptidyl arginine deiminase, type IV known as PADI4, is a human protein which in humans is encoded by the PADI4 gene. The human gene is found on the short arm of Chromosome 1 near the telomere, it is 55,806 bases long. The protein is 663 amino acids long with a molecular weight of 74,095 Da; this gene is a member of a gene family which encodes enzymes responsible for the conversion of arginine to citrulline residues. This gene may play a role in granulocyte and macrophage development leading to inflammation and immune response. PADI4 plays a role in the epigenetics, the deimination of arginines on histones 3 and 4 can act antagonistically to arginine methylation The protein may be found in oligomers and binds 5 calcium ions per subunit, it catalyses the reaction: Protein L-arginine + H2O = protein L-citrulline + NH3 It is found in the cytoplasm, nucleus and in cytoplasmic granules of eosinophils and neutrophils. It is not expressed in peripheral lymphocytes, it is expressed in rheumatoid arthritis synovial tissues
Guillaume Bonnafond is a French former professional road bicycle racer, who rode professionally between 2009 and 2018 for the AG2R La Mondiale and Cofidis teams. He had excelled at both basketball and cycling as a youth, but concentrated on the latter, training with Ag2r–La Mondiale's Chambéry Cyclisme Formation, subsequently joining the squad as an amateur and, in 2009 as a professional. Born in Valence, Bonnafond finished third in the general classification of the Tour de Lorraine as a junior, he won the overall rankings of the Tour du Valromey, both in 2005. In the following season he recorded two third spots in two stages of the Tour de la Réunion and in 2007 there were two second spots and two third spots (in the Grand Prix des Vins du Brulhois and in stage 1 of the Tour du Gévaudan. 2008 turned out to be his breakthrough year on amateur level. He was added to the AG2R La Mondiale team and with a second place in the Berner Rundfahrt, a third place in the Classique Sauveterre Pyrénées Atlantique and another second place in the first stage of the Tour du Chablais he started the season well.
In the Ronde de l'Isard d'Ariège he won the fourth stage of the under-23 competition finishing in front of Blel Kadri and managed to win the overall rankings that way. He went back to ride in the Tour des Pays de Savoie again, this time with more success than the year before as he managed to win stage 1, towards La Toussuire, stage 2 towards Chambéry and the general classification in front of Julien Bérard; that year he rode to the third place in the Flèche Ardennaise, the second spot in the French national amateurs road championship, a second place in the Grand Prix Cristal Energie and a third spot in the Piccolo Giro di Lombardia. In his first season as a professional he made his debut for the Ag2r–La Mondiale team in the Tour de Langkawi where he finished in 32nd spot overall. In preparation of his first grand tour Bonnafond ended up in 29th place of the Giro del Trentino and the 32nd place of the 2009 Tour de Romandie. In his first grand tour, the 2009 Giro d'Italia he managed to reach the finish line of the 21st stage in Rome to complete the race in 85th position.
His best result was a 22nd spot in the 14th stage from Campi Bisenzio to Bologna. He finished his first professional season with a 12th spot in the Route du Sud and a fifth place in the fifth stage of the Tour de l'AvenirThe 2010 season started off in January when he took part in La Tropicale Amissa Bongo, a stage race in Gabon. There he finished in fifth position in third position in stage 6 and 18th overall; this year he prepared for the Giro d'Italia in the Giro del Trentino, improving his 2009 result to 22nd. However this time he did not manage to complete the 2010 Giro d'Italia as he did not finish stage 6 towards Marina di Carrara. In the 2010 Critérium du Dauphiné he finished in 66th position overall and in 8th position in the mountains classification; the second grand tour he completed was the 2010 Vuelta a España. Late he would ride to the 22nd spot in the Giro di Lombardia to finish the season. In the 2011 pre-season Bonnafond tried his luck in some of the classic races, he started off with a 32nd spot in Paris–Camembert, but did not finish the 2011 Amstel Gold Race and the 2011 Liège-Bastogne-Liège.
Following those results he did not participate in the Giro d'Italia, but did finish another grand tour by completing the 2011 Vuelta a España in 26th position overall. Guillaume Bonnafond at Cycling Archives
Founded in 1969 by Jasper Parrott and Terry Harrison, HarrisonParrott Ltd is an international artist and project management agency working in the field of classical music and the arts, based in London and Paris. Harrison and Parrott entered the artist management business in the 1960s as employees of London-based Ibbs and Tillett Ltd. Deciding that the Ibbs and Tillett style of operation did not allow them to'...forge relationships with individual artists, engaging with them and their ideas and ambitions', they set up HarrisonParrott Ltd, working from a domestic residence. Theirs was much a pro-active approach to developing musical careers. In 1985 the company was one of the European artist management concerns which founded the European Artists Direct consortium, having the aim of negotiating contracts directly with concert promoters in North America. Terry Harrison left HarrisonParrott in 1988 to set up Terry Harrison Artist Management, representing such names as Sir András Schiff and Mayumi Fujikawa.
The company ceased trading in 2015. Terry Harrison died early in 2017 at the age of 79. Integrated within the HarrisonParrott group is the Polyarts company, based in Paris. Polyarts works across a range of musical types of performing space. Reflecting the global nature of its business, the company has become multilingual. According to a 2012 report in Classical Music magazine, Greek, Mandarin, Spanish, French, Hungarian, Polish and Swedish were all spoken at HarrisonParrott's west London offices; the HarrisonParrott 50th anniversary was scheduled to be marked by three concerts in one day at London's Southbank Centre on 6 October 2019, featuring twenty of the company's artists. HarrisonParrott has collaborated with other artist management companies in piano and orchestral series at London's Southbank Centre. One example is the International Piano Series which for more than 30 years has presented established names and provides a London platform for young talent. Pianists appearing have included Mitsuko Uchida, Khatia Buniatishvili, Alice Sara Ott, Víkingur Ólafsson, Benjamin Grosvenor and Bertrand Chamayou, while Southbank Centre schedules for the 2019–20 IPS season feature Pierre-Laurent Aimard, Maurizio Pollini, Ingrid Filter, Stephen Hough and Daniil Trifonov.
HarrisonParrott has been active throughout the world in all territories where there is interest in classical music, including Latin America, most of Asia and the Middle East. In 1995, HarrisonParrott arranged the Pierre Boulez Festival in Tokyo in collaboration with the Kajimoto management company. In 1991, the company had been one of the managing agents for the month-long Japan Festival in the UK. Among the company's varied orchestral touring activities has been the Vienna Philharmonic's first-ever visit to Colombia and the first concert by the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra in Yerevan, conducted by Lorin Maazel in 2012. HarrisonParrott was active in the Minnesota Orchestra's visit to Cuba in 2015 – the first visit by a US orchestra since President Barack Obama took steps to normalise relations between the two countries in December 2014. HarrisonParrott-facilitated tours to China have featured strongly: the Boston Symphony Orchestra's return to the country in 2014. HarrisonParrott arranged performances of Akram Khan's production of Giselle with the English National Ballet in 2016, including in Hong Kong in 2018.
HarrisonParrott acts as a creative partner – including artistic planning, project management and sponsorship – for cultural institutions. These have included the London Chamber Orchestra, Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Tiroler Festspiele Erl, Marvão International Music Festival, Estonian Festival Orchestra, Gothenburg Symphony and Le Balcon. Previous partnerships include Harpa Hall, Britten in Japan and Polska! Year. HarrisonParrott's relationship with Turkey goes back to the 1990s: in 2004, the company co-presented Şimdi Now – a festival of Turkish culture in Berlin, in 2010 was consultant to La Saison de la Turquie, celebrating Turkish culture across France. In 2015, HarrisonParrott executive chairman Jasper Parrott received the Association of British Orchestras/Rhinegold Artist Manager of the Year award'...in particular HarrisonParrott's work both with the Philharmonia Orchestra on a complex tour of South America and with the London Chamber Orchestra, whose management has been brought in-house'.
To mark HarrisonParrott's 50th anniversary, the company created the HarrisonParrott Foundation in April 2019. The Foundation's aim was to support and champion diversity and inclusivity within the arts and ’challenge the idea that ethnicity, gender and social background are impediments'; the Foundation comprises two programmes: ‘Artists for Inclusivity’ and ‘Apprenticeship Scheme’. ‘Artists for Inclusivity’ was created to organise workshops in schools near the HarrisonParrott London office, operating in partnership with the Tri-borough Music Hub. An initial series of educational workshops and performances featured three HarrisonParrott artists engaging with students and music teachers in the West London area; the ‘Apprenticeship Scheme’ was set up to work alongside the London-based Creative Access organisation. The partnership supports diversity in the workforce, recruiting two participant
This is a list of Leaders of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. Note, due to historical circumstances first hierarchs of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church carried titles without mentioning of Kyiv. Although sometimes being referred to as primates out of all hierarchs only Mykhailo Levitsky carried the title of primate, granted by the Austrian Emperor as the Primate of Galicia and Lodomeria, but not approved by the Pope of Rome. Following the Union of Brest, in the 16th century the Eastern Orthodox Metropolitan of Kiev and all Ruthenia located in the Polish-Lithuania Commonwealth broke relations with the Patriarch of Constantinople and placed themselves in communion with the Patriarch of the West, thus establishing what was known as "Ruthenian Uniate Church" or "Ruthenian Catholic Church". Certain dioceses in the Carpathian region including Galicia and Subcarpathian Ruthenia stayed loyal to the Patriarch of Constantinople for another 100 years. In 17th century dioceses in Galicia joined the Union of Brest, while the Orthodox diocese in Subcarpathian Ruthenia came under communion with the Pope of Rome through the Union of Uzhhorod and was temporarily placed under the Latin bishop of Eger.
Following the partitions of Poland, the Russian Empire occupied most of the territory of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Carpathian region with Galicia and Subcarpathian Ruthenia was passed to the Habsburg Monarchy; the Russian Emperor refused to have primates of the Uniate Church to be approved by the Pope. The Uniate Church under Habsburg Monarchy was forced to reorganize. After losing its main archdiocese in Kyiv, the Uniate Church had its historical metropolis of Galicia reinstated, centered in the archdiocese of Lemberg. At the same time, the diocese of Munkacs was ceded from the jurisdiction of the Latin bishop of Eger, but instead of rejoining the Uniate Church it was given a self-rule on demand of the Rákóczi family. In 19th and 20th centuries the Church lost most of its dioceses, most of which were taken over by the Russian Orthodox Church. During this time, some emigrants of Austria-Hungary established the Ruthenian Catholic Church in the United States. In 20th century dioceses were created in various parts around the globe.
Metropolitans of Kyiv and all Ruthenia: Isidore of Kyiv Gregory the Bulgarian Misail Pstruch Metropolitans of Kyiv and all Ruthenia: Mykhailo Ipatii Josyf Rafajil Antin Havryil Kyprian Lev Yurij Lev II Atansy Florian Feliks Lev III Yason Teodor In 1807 the Russian Empire continued to appoint its own primates for the Ruthenian Uniate Church without confirming them with the Pope. Metropolitans of Kiev: Irakliy Hryhoriy Josafat Following the Synod of Polatsk, the Ruthenian Uniate Church was forceably abolished on the territory of the Russian Empire, its property and clergy transferred to the Russian Orthodox Church. Upon the partition of Poland, Eparchies that ended up within the Habsburg Monarchy were reorganized; the Eparchy of Lviv was converted into archeparchy and its bishop became a Metropolitan bishop governing the rest of the eparchies of the former Ruthenian Uniate Church. The new Metropolia received name of Galicia and in way became a successor of the 14th century Metropolia of Galicia.
All primates were approved by the Pope. Metropolitan of Galicia and Archbishop of Lemberg: Antin II Mykhailo II served as a Primate of Galicia and Lodomeria Hryhoriy II Spyrydon Josyf II Sylvester Julian Andrei leading bishop Josyf Slipyj In 1945 Josyf Slipyj as leading bishop of the Greek Catholic Church was arrested by the Soviet authorities. Following the Lviv Council, the Greek Catholic Church was forcibly abolished on the territory of the Soviet Union, its property and clergy transferred to the Russian Orthodox Church. Josyf III In 1963 the Archbishop of Lviv was elevated to the rank of Major archbishop. With fall of the Soviet Union, in 1989 the Metropolitan of Galicia was revived. Myroslav Lubomyr In 2005 Exarch of Kyiv-Galicia was transformed into a diocese and converted into an archdiocese; the new archdiocese was turned into the Major Archbishop's see and reinstating the Kyiv see since the 1838 Synod of Polotsk. Lubomyr Sviatoslav Religious Leaders Major Archdiocese of Kiev–Galicia
Steven Andrew "Stevi" Ritchie is an English singer and reality television star, known for his appearances on The X Factor and Celebrity Big Brother. In 2014, Ritchie auditioned for eleventh series of The X Factor, singing "Dance with Me Tonight". Mentored by Simon Cowell, he was not selected for the live shows, but Cheryl Fernandez-Versini chose him to be the Over 25s wildcard. After the eliminations of Overload Generation in week 1 and Jack Walton and Lola Saunders in week 4, Ritchie was the last wildcard left in the competition. In week 6, Ritchie was in the bottom two with fellow Over 25s contestant Jay James. Cowell and Louis Walsh voted to send Ritchie home, but Mel B and Fernandez-Versini who chose him as a wildcard act and had the casting vote, voted to send James home; this meant Fernandez-Versini sent the vote to deadlock and James was eliminated. The following week, he was in the bottom two again with Andrea Faustini and was eliminated by the judges with only Cowell voting to send Ritchie through to the quarter-final, Mel B, Fernandez-Versini and Walsh voting to send Faustini through to the quarter-final, he was eliminated, finishing in 6th place.
However Ritchie had received more votes than Faustini meaning if Walsh sent the vote to deadlock, Ritchie would've advanced to the quarter-final and Faustini would've been eliminated. Ritchie participated in the sixteenth series of Celebrity Big Brother with fiance, Chloe Jasmine Whichello. On 24 September, they placed 5th. In August 2015, Ritchie and Whichello appeared in an episode of Keep It in the Family, he appeared in a celebrity edition of Channel 4 game show Benchmark in October 2015. He has made appearances on Good Morning Britain, This Morning and Loose Women, he has taken part in the CBBC game show Ultimate Brain. On 15 August 2016 Essex County Standard reported that Essex TV had commissioned a show hosted by Ritchie dubbed'Stevi Ritchie Takes On Essex.'Stevi performs with Park Resorts Holiday Parks at their Cambersands Beach location. Stevi made a guest appearance at the ChrichMelex 2016 Awards Ceremony, joined by other X Factor Finalists from past seasons. On Saturday 4 November 2017 Stevi performed alongside Britain’s Got Talent star Paul Manners at Bridgwater Carnival.
Ritchie and fellow contestant Chloe Jasmine Whichello began dating during their participation on The X Factor, announced their engagement on 12 July 2015. Ritchie has a daughter, from a previous relationship. In 2007 Stevi trained as professional wrestler, having a few professional matches using the name "Steve Straight"