Port and starboard are nautical terms of orientation that deal unambiguously with the structure of vessels. Their structures are bilaterally symmetrical, meaning they have mirror-image left and right halves if divided sagittally. One asymmetric feature is that on ships where access is at the side, this access is only provided on the port side. Port and starboard unambiguously refer to the left and right side of the vessel, not the observer; that is, the port side of the vessel always refers to the same portion of the vessel's structure, does not depend on which way the observer is facing. The port side is the side of the vessel, to the left of an observer facing the bow, that is, facing forward towards the direction the vehicle is heading when underway, the starboard is to the right of such an observer; this convention allows orders and information to be given unambiguously, without needing to know which way any particular crew member is facing. The term starboard derives from the Old English steorbord, meaning the side on which the ship is steered.
The Afrikaans term stuurboord is taken from this root. Before ships had rudders on their centrelines, they were steered with a steering oar at the stern of the ship on the right hand side of the ship, because more people are right-handed. Since the steering oar was on the right side of the boat, it would tie up at the wharf on the other side. Hence the left side was called port; the Oxford English Dictionary cites port in this usage since 1543. Larboard was used instead of port; this is from Middle English ladebord and the term lade is related to the modern load. Larboard sounds similar to starboard and in 1844 the Royal Navy ordered that port be used instead; the United States Navy followed suit in 1846. Larboard continued to be used well into the 1850s by whalers. An Anglo-Saxon record of a voyage by Ohthere of Hålogaland used the word "bæcbord" for the left side of a ship. With the steering rudder on the starboard side the man on the rudder had his back to the bagbord side of the ship; the words for "port side" in other European languages, such as German Backbord and Afrikaans bakboord, Spanish babor, French bâbord, are derived from the same root.
The navigational treaty convention, the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea—for instance, as appears in the UK's Merchant Shipping Regulations 1996 —sets forth requirements for maritime vessels to avoid collisions, whether by sail or powered, whether a vessel is overtaking, approaching head-on, or crossing. To set forth these navigational rules, the terms starboard and port are essential, to aid in in situ decision-making, the two sides of each vessel are marked, dusk to dawn, by navigation lights, the vessel's starboard side by green and its port side by red. Aircraft are lit in the same way. Anatomical terms of location, another example of terms of directionality that do not depend on the location of the observer for things that are bilaterally symmetrical Direction Glossary of nautical terms Handedness Laterality Proper right and proper left Reflection symmetry Sinistral and dextral
Rodrigue Jean is a Canadian film director and screenwriter of Acadian origin. He studied biology and literature, he was a choreographer in the 1980s. He studied theatre and directing in London and Tokyo, he made his first short film, La Déroute in 1989, in the early 1990s he led a video workshop at a London centre for homeless youth. In 1995 he directed the documentary La voix des rivières and made two short video films, La mémoire de l’eau in 1996 and L'Appel in 1998, his first long feature was the award-winning Full Blast in 1999 followed by Yellowknife in 2002. His 2008 feature Lost Song was an award-winning film, he made the documentary Living on the Edge in 2005 paying tribute to his Acadian roots, focussing on the poetry of Gérald Leblanc. The documentary Men for Sale followed in 2009, his most recent film, 2014's Love in the Time of Civil War, focused on the hustler scene in Montreal. Gay, many but not all of his films address LGBT themes. Director 1989: La Déroute 1995: La voix des rivières 1996: La mémoire de l’eau 1998: L'Appel 1999: Full Blast 2002: Yellowknife 2005: Living on the Edge 2008: Lost Song 2009: Men for Sale 2014: Love in the Time of Civil War 2019: The Acrobat Producer 2002: Yellowknife 2008: Lost SongWriter 2002: Yellowknife 2008: Lost SongActor 1991: Les sauf-conduits Telefilm Canada award for Best Canadian Short for La Voix des rivières at Festival international du cinéma francophone en Acadie Won Best Documentary at the Atlantic Film Festival in Halifax, Nova Scotia Received a Special Jury Citation for the Best Canadian First Feature Film Award for Full Blast at the Toronto International Film Festival in 1999.
Won Best Canadian Feature Film for his film Lost Song at the Toronto International Film Festival Rodrigue Jean on IMDb
The Secretary of State of Indiana is one of five constitutional officers designated in Indiana's State Constitution of 1816. Since 1851 it has been an elected position; the Secretary of State oversees four divisions, is the third highest constitutional office of the state government. The Secretary serves as the State's chief election officer, enforces state securities regulations, regulates automobile dealerships in Indiana, manages the state business services division; the current office holder is Connie Lawson, appointed by Gov. Mitch Daniels to serve out the term of former Secretary of State Charlie White, removed from office due to felony convictions; the annual salary of the Secretary of State of Indiana is $74,580. The Indiana Secretary of State is a constitutional office first established in the 1816 Constitution of Indiana. Between 1816 and until 1851, the Secretary of State was nominated by the governor and confirmed by the state senate. With the adoption of the current constitution in 1851 the Secretary of State's office was filled by a public statewide election every four years.
To be eligible to serve as Secretary of State, a candidate must be a registered voter, at least 30 years old on the day they take the oath of office. Secretaries of State take office on December 1 following their election and hold office for four years. Should they resign, be impeached, or die in office the governor has the power to appoint a temporary Secretary of State to serve until the next general election; the new Secretary of State, either appointed or elected, may only complete the term of the previous Secretary of State, not serve a new four-year term. A Secretary of State may be reelected any number of times, but may serve no more than eight years in any 12-year period; as of 2014, the salary for the secretary is $74,580 annually. Secretary of State elections determine party status in Indiana. A party's Secretary of State candidate must garner at least 10 percent of the vote for his or her party to be considered a major party in the state; the Indiana Secretary of State is a constitutional office in the executive branch of the Government of Indiana.
State law designates the Indiana Secretary of State as the state’s chief election officer. The Indiana Election Division assists the Secretary in receiving candidate filings and certifying election results; the Indiana Election Division receives campaign finance reports and assists the Indiana Election Commission in the administration of campaign finance laws. The Secretary of State serves as chair of the State Recount Commission which conducts recounts and contests regarding major party primary nominations and general elections for federal and state legislative offices; the Indiana General Assembly has granted the secretary additional statutory powers to maintain the state's registry of notaries. The Indiana Securities Division is placed under the leadership of the secretary; the division is statutory and is responsible for enforcing regulations on the purchase and trade of all security investments in the state. The division is responsible for granting operating licenses to collection agencies who wish to collect debts within the state.
The division investigates violations of the state securities laws, can levy fines on law violators, can request the Indiana Attorney General pursue criminal charges. As of 2007, the division regulated over their nearly 40,000 agents; the secretary heads the statutory Division of Business Services. The division is responsible for maintaining the records of all corporations operating within Indiana, which in 2007 amounted to over 250,000 active and inactive corporations. Non-profit businesses, limited liability companies, limited liability partnerships are required to register with the division; the division approves trademarks and service marks for state companies. The division maintains Indiana's Uniform Commercial Code which documents the assets and finances of businesses that fall under jurisdiction of the code. In 2007 one million records were kept in accordance with the code; the Office of Secretary of State is one of five constitutional officers designated in Indiana's State Constitution of 1816.
Sixty-one Hoosiers have served as the third highest-ranking official in state government. Early duties of the office included the maintenance of state records and preservation of the state seal, but as state government expanded, so did the responsibilities of the Secretary of State. Present responsibilities include chartering of new business, regulation of the securities industry, administering regulations relating to the registration of motorized vehicle dealers, oversight of state elections; the Executive Office, located in the Indiana Statehouse, oversees the overall policy and budgeting for the entire office. Four main divisions comprise the balance of the office: Elections, Business Services and Dealer Services. Elections - The Elections Division assists the Secretary of State in carrying out the responsibilities assigned as Indiana's chief elections officer; the bipartisan division is composed of an equal number of Republicans. The division's administrative responsibilities include overseeing the candidate declaration process, certifying election results, maintaining campaign finance reports.
The Secretary of State serves as chairperson for the Indiana Recount Commission and participates in voter outreach projects aimed at increasing voter participation. The Indiana Election Commission, as opposed to the Division, is an independently appointed Commission of two Republicans and two Democrats; the commission deals with questions associated with violations of the Indiana election laws, with the imposition of penalties. Bu
The Vodacom Challenge celebrated its 10th anniversary in 2009 with the English Premier League side Manchester City touring South Africa and playing against two local PSL clubs, Orlando Pirates and Kaizer Chiefs. Kaizer Chiefs defeated star-studded Manchester City in the final to lift the title; this was the first time. Known as the Vodacom African Challenge the competition was conceptualised and first played in 1999 as communications giant Vodacom sought to leverage their sponsorship of Soweto giants Orlando Pirates and Kaizer Chiefs; the first year of the competition saw two of the giants of the African continent invited to the pre-season tournament. Asec Mimosa, the reigning African champions were joined by Tunisia's Espérance. Orlando Pirates walked away with the trophy; the 2000 tournament started on a sour note when Morocco's Raja Casablanca, the new African champions, withdrew as it was felt that their participation was in conflict with Morocco and South Africa's battle to win the right to host the 2006 World Cup.
Power Dynamos of Zambia were added as a late replacement, joining Ivorians Africa Sport who held the African Cup Winner’s Cup. The final between Orlando Pirates and Kaizer Chiefs failed to live up to pre-match expectations, although it did provide a fascinating battle in midfield. Kaizer Chiefs walked away 1-0 winners; the 2001 Vodacom Challenge held special meaning for supporters from both South Africa. Ghanaian clubs Asante Kotoko and Hearts of Oak were invited to play; the organizers dedicated the tournament to the 43 fans who had died at Ellis Park just a few months before, as well as the 126 people who perished at the Accra Sports Stadium during a match between Hearts and Kotoko just weeks before the Ellis Park tragedy. It was a sobering occasion for all, a reminder that much was still to be done to ensure the safety of spectators across the continent; the final produced no goals and the match went to penalties with Kaizer Chiefs managing to retain the trophy they won the year before with a 3-2 win on penalties against Asante Kotoko.
Asante Kotoko returned for the 2002 event. The final was settled by a single spectacular goal from Musasa and Asante Kotoko became the first foreign side to lift the Vodacom Challenge trophy. St Eloi Lupopo were joined by compatriots TP Mazembe. Kaizer Chiefs claimed their third title in the final after winning 3-2 on penalties after a goalless match, it was after this tournament. As had been the growing trend over the years, the 2004 Vodacom Challenge was dominated by shoot outs. TP Mazembe were back, this time joined by newcomers AS Vita; the final that pitted Kaizer Chiefs against AS Vita Club was disappointing until the dying minutes of the game when a goal from each side saw the match go to penalties. AS Vita went on to win the shoot-out 4-3. Defending champions AS Vita and Green Buffaloes of Zambia were invited the next year and both fell at the first hurdle setting up a dream final between Pirates and Chiefs; the final in Durban was a cracking match. Pirates held on to claim their second trophy after a long six-year wait.
2006 saw a change in format with Pirates now taking on a European giant. Manchester United was named as the competition. Chiefs and Pirates each took on Man United in an exhibition match followed by a derby clash to determine who would play the visiting team in the final. Kaizer Chiefs represented South Africa in the final and after a nail-biting penalty shoot out, Kaizer Chiefs raised the new-look trophy in glory. Tottenham Hotspur, hoping to emulate Manchester United by visiting South Africa and winning the Premier League the next season were the international team in 2007. Spurs walked away with the Vodacom Challenge Final. Manchester United returned in 2008 to avenge their loss to Kaizer Chiefs in 2006. In a hard fought final, the Manchester United team with big names like Rooney and Tevez lifted the trophy and once again the Vodacom Challenge trophy travelled to distant shores; the 2010 Vodacom Challenge was skipped, due to the World Cup being organised in South Africa, during the months of June and July.
Four cities served as the venues for the 2009 Vodacom Challenge. Premier League team Manchester City announced on the 15 July 2009 that they will be bringing a full-strength squad to South Africa for the 10th anniversary of the Vodacom Challenge where they will tackle Soweto giants Orlando Pirates and Kaizer Chiefs. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. * Will only be available for the final on July 25. Vodacom Challenge.com
The Shopping City Süd is a shopping centre located in Vösendorf and Wiener Neudorf, south of Vienna, Austria. With a leasable area of 235,000 m2, it is the biggest shopping mall in Austria, it has around 5,000 employees. In December 2007, the SCS was sold for €607 million to French real estate company Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield, which owns the Donauzentrum. Opened 22 September 1976 The first IKEA store in Austria opened at SCS in 1977 Complete renovation and rebranding in 2012 The light rail station Vösendorf SCS of the Badner Bahn is located right in front of SCS. In addition, SCS is located just beside the junction of the Süd Autobahn and the Wiener Neustädter Straße. List of the world's largest shopping malls Media related to Shopping City Süd at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Sandro Hit is a 1993 Oldenburg stallion, successful in dressage competition and as a sire of numerous top foals. He stands 17 hands. In 1999 Sandro Hit became the six-year-old dressage horse World Champion, won the German Federal Championships in Warendorf, he was named the Best Young Stallion of 2000. Ten licensed sons came out of his first foal crop alone, his daughter, Poetin 2, was the winner of the 3 year old mare and gelding section at the German Federal Championships in 2000, after which she sold for a record 2.5 million euros. In 2001, 5 of the top 10 foals in Germany were by Sandro Hit, including a Federal Champion and two Vice Champions. One of his progeny, Show Star, was the National Young Horse Champion in 2001 and a Vice-Champion in 2002. In 2002, he produced Stedinger, two Champion stallions. Sandro Hit has the highest index in Germany for his descendant's performance, at 153, the highest security rating at 88%. Many of his progeny have sold for record prices. In 2000, his filly, sold for DM 140,000, making her the top priced broodmare and top priced Schatzinsel at the Vechta spring auction in 2000.
In the 2002 Vechta spring auction his son, Super Star, sold for over 250,000 euros. In 2003 his filly, Sandritana Olympia was the most expensive foal in the Netherlands when she sold for 31,000 euros. In 2006 when a Sandro Hit foal sold for a record 103,000 euros at the Verden Elite Hanoverian Mare and Foal sale. One of his daughters Hot Summer won a dressage tournament at the age of 7 with 9.8 points. Sandro Hit is approved for breeding by the Oldenburg, Hanoverian and Westphalian studbooks, along with all southern German, Swedish and French breeding associations