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Porta Macedonia

Porta Macedonia is a triumphal arch located on Pella Square in Skopje, North Macedonia. Construction started in 2011 and was completed in January 2012; the arch is 21 meters in height, cost EUR 4.4 million. Its author is Valentina Stefanovska, sculptor who made several other grandiose monuments from Skopje 2014 project, including the statue dedicated to Alexander the Great named "Warrior on a Horse." During the opening ceremony, the Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski admitted that he is the instigator of the Skopje 2014 plan. The arch is dedicated to 20 years of Macedonian independence and its outer surface is covered in 193 m2 of reliefs carved in marble, depicting scenes from the history of Macedonia, it contains interior rooms, one of which has a function of state-owned souvenir shop, as well as elevators and stairs providing public access to the roof intended as space for weddings. The arch is facing criticism for its high cost, it is designed to match the equally tall statue of "Alexander the Great", erected in the capital's central square in summer 2011.

Both constructions are part of the government-funded project named "Skopje 2014" with an estimated unofficial price tag €500 million. This considered, many Macedonians believe; the Greek Foreign Ministry has lodged an official complaint to authorities in the Republic of Macedonia following the inauguration of the arch which features images of historical figures including Alexander the Great

Hekmat E Shirazi

Hekmat-e Shirazi حکمت شیرازی or Mirza Ali-Asghar Khan Hekmat-e Shirazi was an Iranian politician and author who served as the Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Justice, Minister of Culture under the government of Reza Shah and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shahs of Iran. Hekmat wrote multiple books about Indian history and culture. After the Islamic revolution in Iran, his books and works were ignored and he was labelled as a Freemason, but one of his books, Persian Inscriptions on Indian Monuments, was reprinted and introduced to Iranians. Persian language in South Asia History of Iran History of India Academy of Persian Language and Literature List of English words of Persian origin Persian name Persian phonology Persianate Persian Romanization schemes Mughal architecture ArchNet, MIT/UT Austin's archive of Iranian architectural documents Indian architecture Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran Aḥmad Eqtedāri, Kārvān-e ʿomr: ḵāṭerāt-e siāsi-farhangi-ehaftād sāl ʿomr, Tehran, 1993, pp. 25–26, 205.

Ḥasan-ʿAli Ḥekmat, "Moḵtaṣari dar šarḥ-e zendegi-e ostād ʿAli-Aṣḡar Ḥekmat", unpublished pamphlet, Tehran, 1981. Hormoz Ḥekmat, interviewed by A. Milani, 23 April 2002. Bāqer Kāẓemi, in Iraj Afšār, ed. Nāmahā-ye Tehrān, Tehran, 2000, pp. 416–27. Komisiun-e melli-e Yunesko dar Īrān, Īrān-šahr, 2 vols. Tehran, 1963–64. Reżā Moʿini, ed. Čehrahā-yeāšnā, Tehran, 1965. United States Department of State, Foreign Relations of the United States, 1958–1960, Washington, D. C. 1993. Mehdi Walāʾi, "Fehrest-e nosaḵ-e vaqfi-e ʿAli-Aṣḡar Ḥekmat be Āstān-e qods-e rażavi,"ṟ Nosḵahā-ye ḵaṭṭi V, 1967, pp. 1–7. Iran and India relations span centuries marked by meaningful interactions, according to renowned Iranian Scholar,Dr. Mohammad Ajam. "History of Persian or Parsi Language" — Iran Chamber Society — First steps of Hekmat: the diary of Mirza Ali-Asghar Khan Hekmat-e Shirazi Catalogue of Persian manuscripts in the library of the India office, Volume 1


Knjaževac is a town and municipality located in the Zaječar District of the eastern Serbia. As of 2011, the municipality has a population of 31,491 inhabitants, while the town has 18,404 inhabitants; the town is situated between three mountains, in the geographical region of the Timočka Krajina bordering Bulgaria. In the Roman period, Timacum Minus existed within the present municipality. In 1833, the town known as Gurgusovac, was liberated from the Ottoman Empire and was administrated into the Krajina nahija of the Principality of Serbia in 1834. In 1859 the official name was changed to Knjaževac. From 1929 to 1944, Knjaževac was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1944, a train tunnel was built in the town, depicted in the town's coat of arms. During the Ottoman period, the fortress, known as the Gurgusovac Tower, after the name of the town, was built with a purpose to control the Niš-Vidin road. Strategically located, encompassed by the rampart and a deep trench, the fort hosted the company of 100 soldiers.

The tower with two floors and a basement was square shaped and the rampart surrounding it was 13 m long, 10 m wide and 2.5 m tall. After the liberation from the Ottomans, the fort lost its strategic importance and was turned into a dungeon-type prison. Numerous adversaries of Prince Alexander Karađorđević and the Defenders of the Constitution regime were jailed in the tower. Due to its notoriety because of the torture and abuse, it became a symbol of suffering and was nicknamed the "Serbian Bastille". After Prince Miloš Obrenović returned to Serbia in 1858 and replaced Alexander Karađorđević, he visited Gurgusovac and ordered for the tower to be burned to the ground; the tower was razed, with only one wall and an entry gate remaining, while in order to commemorate the prince's decision, the name of the town of Gurgusovac was changed to Knјаževac on 17 January 1859. In the 2010s, the area of the former tower was adapted into the open-air cultural venue, including the summer stage; the wall and the gate were kept while the additional walls were rebuilt on the remaining foundations.

The municipality extends over an area of 1202 km2 and is the sixth largest in the Republic of Serbia. Its countryside is hilly and mountainous; the highest point in the territory of the municipality is Midžor on Stara Planina, the second highest peak in the Republic of Serbia. The lowest point is situated in the Knjaževac valley. There are 86 inhabited places in the municipality; the town itself is situated at the confluence of the Trgoviški Timok and the Svrljiški Timok which become the Beli Timok. It flows on towards Zaječar, merges with the Crni Timok and becomes Timok, it is this river. Knjaževac is connected with other towns by railroad traffic, it is found between the latitudes of 43°20' and 43°45' north and between the longitudes 22°11' and 22°41' east. Knjaževac has an oceanic climate, that's close to a humid continental climate; the warmest month is July with an average temperature of 21.1 °C, whereas the coldest month is January with average temperature of 0.1 °C. Average annual rainfall is 605 mm/m2.

There are 306 30 days with snow in a year. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Knjaževac has 31,491 inhabitants, of which 18,404 inhabitants live in urban area; the average population density is 26.2 inhabitants per square kilometer making it a sparsely populated municipality. The ethnic composition of the municipality: The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity: Knjaževac, with its Babin Zub ski center offers opportunities for tourism and sports events, its picnic areas are set in areas of places for rest and recreation. The 14th-century Church of the Holy Mother of God lies in the nearby village of Donja Kamenica. In 2014, Knjaževac was chosen as the outstanding destination in Europe. Nenad Marinković, footballer Milos Milos and bodyguard of Alain Delon Aleks Milosevic, Director of Photography Tihomir Đorđević, folklorist, cultural historian and professor at the University of Belgrade Knjaževac is twinned with: Belogradchik, since 2011.

Novi Bečej, Serbia List of places in Serbia Official website

Baháʼí Faith in Azerbaijan

The Baháʼí in Azerbaijan crosses a complex history of regional changes. Through that series of changes the thread of the Baháʼí Faith traces its history in the region from the earliest moments of the Bábism religion, accepted by Baháʼís as a predecessor religion, in that one of its most prominent figures, was an Azerbaijani. Followers of the religion formed communities in Nakhichevan before 1850. By the early 20th century the community, now centered in Baku, numbered 2000 individuals and several Baháʼí Local Spiritual Assemblies and had facilitated the favorable attention of local and regional, international leaders of thought as well as long-standing leading figures in the religion; however under Soviet rule the Baháʼí community was ended though it was reactivated as more than 30 years when perestroyka loosened controls on religions. The community rallied and re-elected its own National Spiritual Assembly in 1992; the modern Baháʼí population of Azerbaijan, centered in Baku, may have regained its peak from the oppression of the Soviet period of about 2000 people, today with more than 80% converts, although the community in Nakhichevan, where it all began, is still harassed and oppressed.

The Association of Religion Data Archives estimated some 1638 Baháʼís in 2005. The history of the religion in Azerbaijan covers a time of power struggles between Russian and Iranian, regional independence movement both early Pro-independence movements in Russian Civil War, continuing Prometheism efforts and more since the Dissolution of the USSR; the region of Azerbaijan remains divided between an independent state including the semi-autonomous state of Nakhchivan, of northern-western provinces of Iran. In the beginning of the earliest phase, among the most notable fact is a woman of Azerbaijani background would play a central role in this history of Babism - she would be named Tahirih though her story would be in the context of Iran, she was among the Letters of the Living of the Báb. A group of members of the Bábí religion formed in Nakhichevan and spread before 1850 of Persian expatriates who were fleeing persecution in Persia; the Russian army, under the command of General Vasili Bebutov, attacked the new community which formed so and is thought to have included more than ten thousand people.

From 1850 on small communities established themselves in Ordubad, Balakhani, Barda, Salyan, Shaki, Shamakhy. Soon the community of Baku counted the largest number of believers in the region and in 1860 obtained official recognition from the authorities; the community recognized. Soon there was more public awareness and some favor from leaders of the broader community and at the same time the Baháʼí community of Baku broadened its communication with other Baháʼí communities in Russia and Ashkhabad and did much work printing materials in Turkish; the most publicly recognized member of the community approaching 1900 was Musa Nagiyev, one of Azerbaijan's richest citizens of the times though there were many public figures before and after who seem to have admired the religion or been members of it. Circa 1902 relations with the government were good but with the general population "…we have no satisfactory tranquility on account of the people." And the Baku assembly was now in contact with Baháʼí communities in the United States.

Baháʼí Local Spiritual Assemblies were elected in Balakhani, Ganja and Salyan. Charles Mason Remey describes the community briefly; the community may have peaked at about 2000 people, second only to that of Ashqabad - see Baháʼí Faith in Turkmenistan. The Nakhjavani family played many and major roles in the Baháʼí Faith before and in the coming decades; the father of the family, Mirza ʻAli-Akbar Nakhjavani, translated communications to and from Leo Tolstoy c. 1890s and assisted ʻAbdu'l-Bahá in his travels to the United States in 1911-12. The children of Ali-Akbar included Jalal, born in 1917, Ali in 1919. After his death c. 1920-1, the family was invited to take up residence in Haifa and Ali-Akbar's wife and sister worked as attendants in the house of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá after his death, assisting the many pilgrims who came there. Both children grew up attending Beirut University and moved to a variety of places to help spread the religion. Both moved back to Iran and Africa. Jalal went to Dar-es-Salaam and years in Hamburg West Germany and helping to found the assembly of Neumuenster and finally in Selkirk Canada where he soon died, though he traveled and spoke to groups until his last days.

Ali helped spread of the religion across from Uganda through central Africa to Cameroon and in 1963 would be elected to the Universal House of Justice and was re-elected and served 40 years before retiring. From 1922 Soviet officials launched their initial campaigns against the Baháʼís including deportation of Baháʼí Iranian citizens to Iran and the exile of others to Siberia and schools were banned, as well as collective meetings. Regardless, a new wave of national organization was achieved with the election of the regional National Assembly of the Baháʼís of the Caucasus and Turkistan in 1925. However, in 1928 orders were dispersed among the Baháʼí communities suspending all meetings, suppressing all local and national administration. Prohibitions were placed on the raising of funds, Baháʼí youth and children's clubs were ordered closed. By about 1937 only the assembly of Baku and Ashgabat were still functioning


Iam8bit, Inc. is a production company, creative policy institute and art exhibition based in Los Angeles, California. The company works in many entertainment industries including video games, film and music, they have produced many projects including exclusive taste-maker mailers, large scale community events and short films. In 2011, iam8bit rebranded their identity to be more broadly focused, launching with a new logo and website. Iam8bit was conceived by videogame/tech journalist Jon M. Gibson in the summer of 2004. Gallery Nineteen Eighty Eight in Los Angeles served as the show's venue for three years, but after the first opening, it was obvious that iam8bit needed a more spacious home. Nearly 1,500 people attended the opening night reception on April 19, 2005, with thousands frequenting the show during its month-long run. "To see that kind of stretch along sidewalks, weaving in and out of back alleys, leaning into traffic," Gibson told Kotaku in July 2010. "It was so fucking cool."However, the company has since expanded its focus, delving into both gaming and non-gaming arenas, but always with a slant towards artistry and innovation.

Since expanding its focus from the inaugural group art show, iam8bit has matured as a company, becoming a full-on artist collective with the addition of a partner, Amanda White, who owns an equal stake in the organization. "It was just me before, by my lonesome for so many years," Gibson said to Joystiq. "And now I have a partner and we're taking charge." The two partners are: Jon M. Gibson is the Founder of iam8bit, with a focus on writing and directing the collective's various commercial and in-house projects, including the live-action/animation hybrid trailer for Capcom's Mega Man Universe. Amanda White is iam8bit's co-owner and in-house producer, hailing from the movie industry where she produced the Joaquin Phoenix mockumentary, I'm Still Here, as well as the executive producing the documentary Long Gone about six tramps hopping trains across America. Since its inception as an art event, iam8bit has become a full-fledged lifestyle brand, focused on the artistic side of gaming—whether it's old-school or not.

It began with a collection of "limited edition" T-shirts, adorned with popular images from the exhibition, but branched off from there. Chronicle Books published an official collection of pieces from the inaugural show in April 2006 entitled, iam8bit: Art Inspired by Classic Videogames of the'80s, was promptly carried in stores like Urban Outfitters and Nobles, Giant Robot, many other museum and boutique shops, it is one of the best-selling videogame-themed books of all time. A sequel to the book, called SUPER i am 8-bit: More Art Inspired by Classic Videogames of the'80s is to be published by Insight Editions in June 2010. An alliance with Blik, a manufacturer of vinyl wall decals, was formed in 2005 after the company created a custom, large-scale window installation for the iam8bit; the result was a series of high-end, removable Space Invader-style wall stickers that, after several years, have been a consistent seller for Blik. In 2007, iam8bit formed another partnership with Couch Guitar Straps, a vegan-friendly manufacturer of designer guitar straps, to create an exclusive line of straps created for use with Guitar Hero and Rock Band.

Each strap numbered. The straps themselves are cut shorter than normal guitar straps to more comfortably fit the gaming peripherals. For New Line's 2008 DVD release of The King of Kong: A Fistful of Quarters, iam8bit produced numerous supplemental features, including the "iam8bit Music & Gallery," which featured Donkey Kong-inspired art from the first three years of the show, as well as an accompanying soundtrack by renowned micro-musicians like 8 Bit Weapon, ComputeHer, several others. Director Gabe Swarr and writer/producer Jon M. Gibson created an original, one-minute animated short entitled, A Really, Really Brief History of Donkey Kong, which received both critical and fan praise and featured music by 8 Bit Weapon. Gibson, along with IGN Entertainment Editorial Director Chris Carle provided a full-length commentary track recounting the cultural and historical significance of the 80's arcade scene. Iam8bit is a full-service production company, event house, boutique marketing firm having created marketing and promotional materials, live events, commercial and film projects for a wide range of companies, including 20th Century Fox, Capcom Entertainment, Inc.

Electronic Arts, New Line Cinema, Nintendo of America, Universal Interactive, Spike Digital Entertainment, Walt Disney Consumer Products and many others. Two of the studio's most notable projects are A Really, Really Brief History of Donkey Kong, featured on The King of Kong: A Fistful of Quarters DVD, as well as a one-minute Radiohead music video for "Bodysnatchers" created in conjunction with the band to inspire animators to enter a "Create Your Own Radiohead Video" contest on, an animation community website. Both videos were produced by Jon M. Gibson. In July 2008, over nine months from planned release of Street Fighter IV, Capcom hired iam8bit to produce a series of underground community-targeted events called Street Fighter Club themed around their legendary player vs. player franchise. In conjunction with PR firm fortyseven communications, the events received a tremendous amount of mainstream media coverage, including Sports Illustrated for Kids, AOL, G4, Entertainment Weekly, many more.

In the summer of 2008, iam8bit was hired by Capcom Entertainment to create the cover artwork for Mega Man 9, a sequel to the best-selling videogame franchise. The painting

Mona Shattell

Mona Shattell is an American professor of nursing. She is best known for her contributions to improving the mental health of vulnerable populations, developing psychiatric treatment environments, promoting the voice of nursing in public dialogue. Shattell earned her BS in nursing and her MS in nursing at Syracuse University, she earned her doctorate in 2002 from the University of Tennessee. Prior to joining the faculty at Johns Hopkins University, where she is the inaugural Associate Dean for Faculty Development, Shattell was the Chair of the Department of Community and Mental Health Nursing at Rush University, she served as the associate dean for research and faculty development in the College of Science and Health at DePaul University. In 2013, Shattell was inducted as a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing, in 2017 she was appointed Editor of the Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services. Shattell is a pioneer in the use of psychosensory therapy within the field of nursing.

She documented the importance of establishing and maintaining therapeutic relationship between nurse and patient, including the importance of demonstrating understanding and employing empathy to reinforce a positive psychological balance for a patient as a means of combating the social stigma of mental illness. Shattell further demonstrated the importance of providing support through joining in activities, including the importance of physical touch, such as a placing a hand on the shoulder, as a tangible means of demonstrating support, she reported on the value of nurses sharing emotion with patients, including tearfulness, blunt feedback, straight talk, as importance to developing a sense of genuine relationship. From 2012–2013, Shattell participated in the Op-Ed Project Public Voices Thought Leadership Fellowship where she promoted the importance of nurses writing op-ed articles. Since 2012, she has co-authored more than 50 op-eds appearing in The New York Times, The Atlantic, The Hill, among others.

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