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Porto-Novo

Porto-Novo is the capital of Benin. The commune covers an area of 110 square kilometres and as of 2002 had a population of 223,552 people; as the name suggests, Porto-Novo was developed as a port for the slave trade led by the Portuguese Empire. Porto-Novo is a port on an inlet of the Gulf of Guinea, in the southeastern portion of the country, it is Benin's second-largest city, although Porto-Novo is the official capital, where the national legislature sits, the larger city of Cotonou is the seat of government, where most of the government buildings are situated and government departments operate. The name Porto-Novo is of Portuguese origin meaning "New Port", it remains untranslated in the national language of Benin. Porto-Novo was once a tributary of the Yoruba kingdom of Oyo, which had offered it protection from the neighbouring Fon, who were expanding their influence and power in the region; the Yoruba community in Porto-Novo today remains one of the two ethnicities aboriginal to the city.

The city was called Ajashe by the Yorubas, Hogbonu by the Gun. Although the original inhabitants of the area were Yoruba speaking, there seems to have been a wave of migration from the region of Allada further west in the 1600s, which brought Te-Agbalin and his group to the region of Ajashein 1688; this new group brought with them their own language, settled among the original Yoruba. It would appear that each ethnic group has since maintained their ethnic idenitites without one group being linguistically assimilated into the other. In 1730, the Portuguese Eucaristo de Campos named the city "Porto-Novo" because of its resemblance to the city of Porto, it was developed as a port for the slave trade. In 1861, the British, who were active in nearby Nigeria, bombarded the city, which persuaded the Kingdom of Porto-Novo to accept French protection in 1863; the neighbouring Kingdom of Dahomey objected to French involvement in the region and war broke out between the two states. In 1883, Porto-Novo was incorporated into the French "colony of Dahomey and its dependencies" and in 1900, it became Dahomey's capital city.

As a consequence, a community that had exhibited endoglossic bilingualism now began to exhibit exoglossic bilingualism, with the addition of French to the language repertoire of the city's inhabitants. Unlike the city's earlier Gun migrants, the French sought to impose their language in all spheres of life and stamp out the use and proliferation of indigenous languages; the kings of Porto-Novo continued to rule in the city and unofficially, until the death of the last king, Alohinto Gbeffa, in 1976. From 1908, the king held the title of Chef supérieur. Many Afro-Brazilians settled in Porto-Novo following their return to Africa after emancipation in Brazil. Brazilian architecture and foods are important to the city's cultural life. Under French colonial rule, flight across the new border to British-ruled Nigeria in order to avoid harsh taxation, military service and forced labour was common. Of note is the fact that the Nigeria-Benin southern border area arbitrarily cuts through contiguous areas of Yoruba and Egun-speaking people.

A combination of the aforementioned facts, coupled with the fact that the city itself lies within the sphere of Nigerian socioeconomic influence, have given Porto-Novians a preference for some measure of bi-nationality or dual citizenship, with the necessary linguistic consequences. Benin's parliament is in Porto-Novo, the official capital, but Cotonou is the seat of government and houses most of the governmental ministries; the region around Porto-Novo produces palm oil and kapok. Petroleum was discovered off the coast of the city in the 1990s, has since become an important export. Porto-Novo has a cement factory; the city is home to a branch of the Banque Internationale du Bénin, a major bank in Benin, the Ouando Market. Porto-Novo is served by an extension of the Bénirail train system. Owned motorcycle taxis known as zemijan are used throughout the city; the city is located about 40 kilometres away from Cotonou Airport, which has flights to major cities in West Africa and Europe. Porto-Novo had an enumerated population of 264,320 in 2013.

The residents are Yoruba and Gun people as well as people from other parts of the country, from neighbouring Nigeria. Population trend: 1979: 133,168 1992: 179,138 2002: 223,552 2013: 264,320 1st arrondissement 2nd arrondissement 3rd arrondissement 4th arrondissement 5th arrondissement The Porto-Novo Museum of Ethnography contains a large collection of Yoruba masks, as well as items on the history of the city and of Benin. King Toffa's Palace, now a museum, shows; the palace and the surrounding district was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on October 31, 1996 in the Cultural category. Jardin Place Jean Bayol is a large plaza; the Da Silva Museum is a museum of Beninese history. It shows; the palais de Gouverneur is the home of the national legislature. The Isèbayé Foundation is a museum of Beninese history. Adjogan music is endemic to Porto-Novo; the style of music is played on an alounloun, a stick with metallic rings attached which jingle in time with th

Hainanese chicken rice

Hainanese chicken rice is a dish of poached chicken and seasoned rice, served with chilli sauce and with cucumber garnishes. It was created by immigrants from Hainan in southern China and adapted from the Hainanese dish Wenchang chicken, it is considered one of the national dishes of Singapore and is most associated with Singaporean cuisine but is seen throughout Southeast Asia Malaysia where it is a culinary staple. Hainanese chicken rice is a dish adapted from early Chinese immigrants from Hainan province in southern China, it is based on a well-known Hainanese dish called Wenchang chicken, one of four important Hainan dishes dating to the Qin dynasty. The Hainanese in China traditionally used the Wenchang chicken, to make the dish; the original dish was adapted by the Hainanese overseas Chinese population in the Nanyang area. Every country in Asia with a history of immigration from China has a version; the San Francisco Chronicle says, "the dish maps 150 years’ immigration from China's Hainan Island...to Singapore and Malaysia, where the dish is known as Hainan chicken rice.

In Singapore, the dish was born out of frugality, created by servant-class immigrants trying to stretch the flavour of the chicken. The first chicken rice restaurants opened in Singapore during Japanese occupation in World War II, when the British were forced out and their Hainanese servants lost their source of income. One of the first was Yet Con; the dish was popularised in Singapore in the 1950s by Moh Lee Twee, whose Swee Kee Chicken Rice Restaurant operated from 1947 to 1997. Hong Kong food critic Chua Lam credits Moh with the creation of the dish. Channel News Asia's Annette Tan credits Wang Yiyuan for "bringing the dish" to Singapore in the 1920s. Hainanese chicken rice is considered one of Singapore's national dishes, it is eaten "everywhere, every day" in Singapore and is a "ubiquitous sight in hawker centres across the country". While most associated with Singaporean cuisine, the dish is seen throughout Southeast Asia and in parts of the United States; the dish is popular in Singapore and can be found in most coffee shops and food courts.

In a debate that stretches back decades to 1965, when the two countries split, both Malaysia and Singapore have laid claim to inventing the dish. In 2009 Malaysia's Tourism Minister Datuk Seri Dr Ng Yen Yen said that Hainanese chicken rice was "uniquely Malaysian" and had been "hijacked" by other countries. Ng clarified that she was misquoted on her intention to patent the foods, that a study on the origins of the foods would be conducted "and an apology conveyed if it was wrongly claimed."In 2018 Malaysian Finance Minister Lim Guan Eng joked that Singapore claimed "chicken rice is theirs if we’re not careful, ‘char koay teow‘ will become theirs" one day. Catherine Ling of CNN called Hainanese chicken rice one of the "40 Singapore foods we can't live without", it was listed as one of the "World's 50 best foods" by CNN in 2018. David Farley of the BBC called it "the dish worth the 15-hour flight" and said it was "deceptively simple –, good, because on paper it sounds awfully boring." Saveur called it "one of the most beloved culinary exports of Southeast Asia."

The chicken is prepared in accordance with traditional Hainanese methods, which involve poaching the entire chicken at sub-boiling temperatures to both cook the bird and produce the stock. The bird is hung to dry; the stock is skimmed of fat and some of the fat and liquid, along with ginger and pandan leaves, are used in the cooking of the rice, producing an oily, flavourful rice sometimes known as "oily rice". In Singapore "the most important part of chicken rice is not the chicken, but the rice."The dish is served with a dipping sauce of freshly minced red chilli and garlic accompanied with dark soy sauce and freshly ground ginger. Fresh cucumber boiled in the chicken broth and light soy sauce with a dash of sesame oil is served with the chicken, served at room temperature; some stalls may serve nonya achar as an additional side. In Malaysia, nasi ayam is "a culinary staple" and a popular street food in Ipoh, a center of Hainanese immigration; the general term nasi ayam can refer to multiple variations including roasted and fried chicken, can be served with a variety of sauces including barbecue, can be accompanied by a variety of side dishes including steamed rice rather than seasoned'oily' rice, soup, or chicken offal.

In Malacca and Muar, the rice is served in balls rather than in bowls. Steamed rice is served alongside the chopped chicken. Hainanese chicken rice is a common dish in Thailand where it is called khao man kai meaning "chicken-fat rice"; the chickens used in Thailand for this dish can be free range chickens of local breeds, resulting in a leaner and tastier dish, but meat chickens from large scale poultry farms are being used. Khao man kai is served with a garnish of cucumbers and chicken blood tofu and fresh coriander, along with a bowl of nam sup, a clear chicken broth which contains sliced daikon; the accompanying sauce is most made with tauchu, thick soy sauce, ginger and vinegar. One famous Bangkok neighbourhood for Khao man kai is Pratunam in Ratchathewi district, located near to Platinum Fashion

1920 in South Africa

The following lists events that happened during 1920 in South Africa. Monarch: King George V Governor-General and High Commissioner for Southern Africa: The Viscount Buxton. Prince Arthur of Connaught. Prime Minister: Jan Smuts. Chief Justice: James Rose Innes. January10 – The League of Nations is established as the Treaty of Versailles goes into effect. February1 – The South African Air Force is established, the second autonomous Air Force in the world after the Royal Air Force. November20 – Prince Arthur of Connaught is appointed the 3rd Governor-General of the Union of South Africa. December17 – South Africa is granted a League of Nations Class C mandate over South West Africa. 12 May – Gerald Stapleton, Battle of Britain fighter pilot. 11 June – David Millin, movie director and cinematographer 8 August – Nimrod Sejake, labour leader and activist. 11 December – Olive Schreiner and feminist, in Cape Town. The South African Railways places thirty Class 12B 4-8-2 Mountain type steam locomotives in mainline service

Bálint Bajner

Bálint Bajner is a Hungarian footballer who plays as a forward for Borussia Dortmund II. Bajner was born in Szombathely. Bajner joined West Ham United in July 2008 on a season long loan, he returned to Liberty Oradea at the end of the 2008–09 season as West Ham decided not to take up the option of a permanent transfer when his loan ended. On 14 October 2011, Bajner joined Sulmona Calcio 1921 in the Italian "Eccellenza Abruzzo" division and played his first match at Sulmona's Stadio Francesco Pallozzi on 16 October 2011 against Real San Salvo. Sulmona Calcio 1921 won 1–0. On 23 October 2011, Bajner scored his first goal for the "white-reds" in a 1–1 draw against Mosciano. On 1 September 2012, Bajner transferred to Borussia Dortmund II, he scored his first goal against Chemnitzer FC on 7 October 2012. On 24 February 2013, he made his Bundesliga debut for Borussia's first team, coming on as a substitute in an away game at Borussia Mönchengladbach in the 71st minute. On 8 January 2013, Bajner scored a goal in a training match against Albacete Balompié.

The match ended with a 3–1 victory for Borussia Dortmund. In the summer of 2014, Bajner attended a training session of Hungarian League club Ferencváros. On 30 July 2014, Bajner signed a two-year contract with Ipswich Town. Bajner made his debut on 9 August 2014 in a 2–1 home win against Fulham. Ipswich manager, Mick McCarthy admitted that during the early season Bajner had found playing in the Championship "tough", he played in several games throughout August and September and made his last league appearance in a 3–1 away defeat by Cardiff City on 21 October 2014. His only other game for Ipswich came on 14 January 2015 in a 1–0 home defeat by Southampton in the FA Cup, he made seven appearances for the club, five in the league and one in both the FA Cup and the League Cup before being transferred in January 2015. On 20 January 2015, Bajner was released by Ipswich, he signed on a contract until the end of season. On the same day he made his debut in a 0–0 draw against Doncaster Rovers. Assistant manager Greg Abbott described Bajner as being an "ideal signing" for Notts County.

His signing provoked a stream of messages from Hungary on Notts County's Facebook page, which led to the whole country being blocked from interacting with the page. On 10 February 2015, Bajner scored his first goal for Notts County against Leyton Orient in a 0–1 away win. On 8 October 2015, Bajner was signed by the Nemzeti Bajnokság I club Paksi FC. In Hungary's opening match of the 2008–09 Under-19 European Championship qualifying against San Marino, Bajner scored a 16-minute hat-trick as his side won 6–0 on 20 October 2008. Bálint Bajner at Soccerway Bálint Bajner at Soccerbase

Alluri

Alluri is the stage name of Shriram Alluri, an indie rock musician and songwriter from Hyderabad, India. He resides in the United Kingdom. Alluri was raised in India, hearing local classical music and Tollywood music, some Western popular music as a child, although he had no exposure to rock until his teens, at which point he began playing guitar, he relocated to the UK first as a student and again in 2015 to record the album Man of Truth at Brighton Electric Studios. Alluri cites The Smiths, Joy Division, David Bowie, The Doves, Nick Cave as influences on his work. Following the positive critical reception of Man of Truth, Alluri worked with the Grammy winning producer Tommaso Colliva on the single Evari Kosam, his first recording to feature vocals performed in his native tongue, Telugu, his 2018 single Don't Lose Touch was recorded with Glen Matlock of the Sex Pistols after Matlock saw and tweeted a video of Alluri's live Telugu language cover version of Anarchy in the UK. When asked by Indian press as to what got him working with Alluri, Matlock said, "I think he's got all.

I find him interesting." Matlock produced the single, working with Tommaso Colliva in Italy. In interviews supporting the release of his 2018 Telugu language album O Katha: Tales of This Telugu Man, Alluri has stated that following the release of his 2015 album he experienced an identity crisis. Feeling he couldn't share his English language songs with his friends and family in India, he began to write songs in Telugu to re-inforce that aspect of his identity, with the songs coming to him in a creative burst. On writing Telugu language songs, Alluri has said, "When the British came to India they heard Telugu and called it'the Italian of the east', because all words end with a vowel, not a consonant; these new songs, they’re influenced so much by the language". Alluri recorded the album in Italy working again with Muse producer/mixer Tommaso Colliva along with Italian musician Massimo Martelotta, of the cinematic Italo-funk band Calibro 35. Alluri has made several notable live appearances in 2018 at events such as a stadium concert in Hyderabad, Talinn Music Week, a show with Glen Matlock at the Hard Rock Cafe in Mumbai.

He has stated he has renewed his focus on songwriting and is working with producer Adrian Hall on new English language songs to form a series of EPs and his third album. Alluri's debut album Man of Truth received favourable UK reviews and coverage in 2016 from notable sources including Q magazine, the NME, alongside features articles in major papers, favourable reviews and interviews appearing on various music websites. In India, he has been praised in many of the country's largest newspapers for making authentic cross-cultural indie music, with feature articles and interviews having been published in media including The Times of India, The Hindu, The New Indian Express and the Deccan Chronicle. Studio Albums 2018 O Katha: Tales of This Telugu Man 2015 Man of Truth Singles 2018 Baalyam 2018 Don't Lose Touch 2018 Naato Vastavaa 2016 Texture Composure 2016 Evari Kosam

Manchester Academic Health Science Centre

The Manchester Academic Health Science Centre is an academic health science centre based in Manchester, United Kingdom. It is partnership, based on a federal model, between The University of Manchester and six NHS organisations in Greater Manchester, it was formally established in June 2008. MAHSC intends to act as a focus point to develop an effective shared vision and strategy for health research in Greater Manchester. One of the partnership's main objectives is to develop a system for rapid dissemination and translation of research findings into routine public health practice, enabling research outputs to directly benefit the patients and residents of Greater Manchester; the creation of Manchester Academic Health Science Centre was announced by the health secretary Alan Johnson in March 2009. Manchester Academic Health Science Centre comprises: The University of Manchester Central Manchester and Manchester Children's University Hospitals NHS Trust The Christie NHS Foundation Trust Manchester Mental Health and Social Care Trust Salford Clinical Commissioning Group Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust University Hospital of South Manchester NHS Foundation Trust Manchester Academic Health Science Centre is the first Academic Health Science Centre in the UK to cover the full spectrum of care: Acute care Specialist care Mental health care Primary care Commissioning care Healthcare in Greater Manchester www.mahsc.ac.uk, the website of Manchester Academic Health Science Centre