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Portuguese Armed Forces

The Portuguese Armed Forces are the military of Portugal. They include the General Staff of the Armed Forces, the other unified bodies and the three service branches: Portuguese Navy, Portuguese Army and Portuguese Air Force; the President of the Republic is the head of the Portuguese military, with the title of "Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces". The management of the Armed Forces and the execution of the national defense policy is however done by the government via its Minister of National Defense; the highest-ranking officer in the military is the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, which has operational control of the Armed Forces during peacetime and assumes their full control when a state of war exists. The Armed Forces are charged with protecting Portugal as well as supporting international peacekeeping efforts when mandated by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the United Nations and/or the European Union. Portugal was ranked the 3rd most peaceful country in the World in the Global Peace Index 2017, presently not having significant national security issues.

The Portuguese Armed Forces have been thus focused in non military public service activities and in external military operations. Recent external operations include anti-piracy action in the Gulf of Aden, the conflicts in the Central African Republic and in Afghanistan, the peacekeeping missions in East-Timor, Lebanon and Bosnia-Herzegovina, the air policing of Iceland and the Baltic States. Military units and other bodies are stationed throughout all the Portuguese territory, including Continental Portugal and the Azores; the Portuguese Armed Forces were opened regular for women during the early-1990's. Portugal had mandatory conscription for all able-bodies men until November 2004; the national defense is the activity whose objectives are to guarantee the State sovereignty, the national independence and the territorial integrity of Portugal, as well as to assure the liberty and security of the populations and the protection of the fundamental values of the constitutional order against any external threat or aggression.

The national defense assures the fulfillment of the international military agreements of the State, accordingly with the national interest. The Portuguese Armed Forces are responsible for the military defense, the military component of the national defense; the Portuguese Armed Forces are an essential pillar of the national defense and are the structure of the State that has as its main mission the military defense of the Republic. They obey to the competent bodies of sovereignty, accordingly with the Constitution and the law, being integrated in the State direct administration through the Ministry of National Defense; the bodies of State directly responsible for the national defense and the Armed Forces are the following: President of the Republic Assembly of the Republic Government Superior Council of National DefenseThe Minister of National Defense is the political responsible for the elaboration and execution of the military component of the national defense policy, for the administration of the Armed Forces and for the results of their employment.

The system of forces defines the set of capacities that should exist for the fulfillment of the missions of the Armed Forces. It encompasses the set of systems of forces of all branches of the Armed Forces; the system of forces includes two components: Operational component - includes the set of assets and forces to be employed operationally. It is the dynamic part of the system of forces, including deployable elements, such as frigates, infantry battalions and flying squadrons; the operational component includes some non-deployable operational command bodies. Fix component - is the set of commands, establishments and services that are essential to the organization and general support of the Armed Forces and their branches, it is the static part of the system of forces, including only non-deployable elements, such as naval facilities and air bases. The Portuguese armed forces' structure includes: the General Staff of the Armed Forces the three branches of the Armed Forces: Navy and Air Force the military bodies of command: Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, the Chief of Staff of the Navy, the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force the military bodies of advisement The Armed Forces activity is defined and oriented by the following strategic guidelines: The National Defense Law defines the general guidelines of the national defense, including the concept of national defense, the national defense policy, the responsibilities of the several bodies of State regarding national defense, the assignments and general structure of the Ministry of National Defense and of the Armed Forces, the participation of the citizens in the Homeland defense and the situation of State of War.

The LDN is updated, with the present version being the Law 21-A/2006. The Strategic Concept of National Defense is the component of the national defense policy which defines the State's priorities in terms of defense, accordingly with the national interest; the present version of the CEDN was approved by the Council of Ministers through its Resolution 19/2013. The Organic Basic Law of the Organization of the Armed Forces defines the organization of the Armed Forces; the present version of the LOBOFA is the Organic Law 1-A/2009. The Strategic Military Concept – due to the Strategic Concept of National Defense, it defines the conceptual guidelines of ac

Drewry Car Co.

Drewry Car Co speaking, was a railway locomotive and railcar sales organisation for most of its life. Only at the start and the end of its life did it build its own products, relying on sub-contractors for the rest of its time, it was quite separate from the lorry-builder and Drewry, but it is believed that James Sidney Drewry was involved with both companies. Drewry & Sons ran a motor and cycle repair business in Herne Hill and started building BSA engined inspection railcars. A ready market was found in South America and India. Drewry Car Co Ltd was registered on 27 November 1906. In 1908 BSA took over building the railcars at Birmingham. In 1911 building was taken over by Burton-on-Trent. From 1930 a lot of Drewry locomotives were built by English Electric companies. In 1962 Drewry acquired a controlling interest in what had become E E Baguley Ltd, formed Baguley-Drewry Ltd in 1962, thus once again building its own locomotives, in Burton-on-Trent; the company closed in 1984. From 1936 a number of shunting locomotives NZR TR class were supplied to the New Zealand Railways.

In years Drewry offered a standard range of industrial shunting locos, from 1952 supplied 142 0-6-0 diesel shunters to British Railways, with Gardner 8L3 204 hp engines and Wilson epicyclic gearboxes. These were BR D2200 - D2341, British Rail Class 04. In 1927 the Southern Railway purchased a 50 hp petrol railcar from Drewry to test its operating cost and reliability on used branch lines, it was tested on various branch lines in Southern England but found to be too small for most purposes. It was sold to the Weston and Portishead Railway in 1934 and broken up in 1940 when that railway was sold to the Great Western Railway. In 1954-55, 35 Articulated Railcars NZR RM class were supplied to New Zealand Railways. Known unofficially as'articulateds','Drewrys', or'Fiats' or'twinsets', they were powered by troublesome FIAT diesel engines. List of early British private locomotive manufacturers "The Drewry Car Company:1906-1970". Industrial Railway Record. Industrial Railway Society. 1972. Marsden, Colin J.

The Diesel Shunter, Oxford Publishing, ISBN 0-86093-579-5 The Railway Products of Baguley-Drewry Ltd and Its Predecessors, Civil, A, Etherington, R, The Industrial Railway Society, ISBN 978-1-901556-44-5 Photo of a Drewry Railcar Photo of the First Drewry Railcar James Sidney Drewry Specifications and photos of NZR Drewry Railcar Restored NZR Drewry Railcar

Viking FM

Viking FM is a British Independent Local Radio station serving the East Riding of Yorkshire and North & North East Lincolnshire. It is owned & forms part of the Hits Radio network; as of October 2019, the station broadcasts from studios outside its broadcast area in Sheffield. The station is transmitted from the High Hunsley transmitter on the Yorkshire Wolds, near North Cave, sharing the 200 ft tower with Capital Yorkshire and BBC Radio Humberside, as well as on the Bauer Humberside DAB multiplex from three transmitters, located at High Hunsley, Buckton Barn near Bridlington and Grimsby town centre, it is streamed over the Internet via Viking FM's website, making it accessible to listeners from all across the United Kingdom. Worldwide webcasting has been suspended for licensing reasons. During the application process for the licence, the station's working title was Humber Bridge Radio; the first on-air presenter was David Fewster and the first song played was Celebration by Kool & the Gang. In Spring 1986, the frequency was changed to 96.9 FM, the residence of arch-competitor Radio Humberside.

In the Summer of 1986, the station hit the showbiz big time by signing up the pop music connoisseur Paul Gambaccini. Viking was the first commercial radio station in the UK to introduce split programming so that it could broadcast rugby league commentary on Sunday afternoons on its AM frequency, leaving FM to take The Network Chart Show. On 31 October 1988, Viking Radio split frequencies on a permanent basis and was transformed into Viking FM on 96.9 FM and Viking Gold on 1161 medium wave. The AM station became Classic Gold, Classic Gold Radio, Great Yorkshire Gold, Great Yorkshire Radio, Magic 1161 and Viking 2, it is now known as Greatest Hits East Yorkshire. In 1990, The Yorkshire Radio Network, who owned Viking as well as Radio Hallam, Pennine Radio and Classic Gold, were bought by The Metro Radio group. In 1996, the station was bought by media empire, EMAP and as a result of a group takeover in 2008, Viking is now owned by Bauer Media Group, as part of the Hits Radio network of radio stations.

In August 2019, Bauer announced Viking FM would cease broadcasting from its Hull studios and co-locate with sister station Hallam FM in Sheffield from Wednesday 2 October 2019. The station retains local news and charity staff, based in the broadcast area. In 2005, the station won its first Gold Award at the Sony Radio Academy Awards for "Happy Hour", they won a Bronze award in 2006 for their series of programmes on subjects like ASBO's and street crime. In 2005, Viking FM's Creative Team won a Vox Award for a Road Safety ad, in 2006 they won no less than 4 Vox Awards and the London International Awards for Sound Design. In 2007 they achieved a finalist place at the New York Awards and won a United Nations Award for Peace and Human Rights, one of only 4 given out worldwide; the original logo depicted the station mascot "Eric the Viking", this was phased out in the late 1980s when the logo style was shared with its sister stations. This was phased out and replaced by the Bauer City'splash'. In 2015, the logo was overhauled across the Bauer City network and Viking FM has now adopted the'Your' logo, in line with branding changes to all Bauer City stations.

Viking's original package was produced by CBC Creative - further idents were made by Jam Creative Productions and Reelworld. Viking went through a stage starting in the late 1990s of only using voice over sweeper production produced in-house, however, in 2006 a new sung package was commissioned, produced by Wise Buddah. Local programming consists of weekday breakfast from 6-10am, produced and broadcast from Bauer's Sheffield studios. All networked programming originates from Hits Radio's Manchester headquarters. Viking FM broadcasts local news bulletins hourly from 6 am to 7 pm on weekdays, from 7 am to 1 pm on Saturdays and Sundays. Headlines are broadcast on the half hour during weekday breakfast and drivetime shows, alongside traffic bulletins. National bulletins from Sky News Radio are carried overnight with bespoke networked bulletins on weekend afternoons originating from Radio Aire's Leeds newsroom. Official website Viking FM - Public File History of local radio in Yorkshire. (Archived David's Transmitter World High Hunsley transmitter

Israel Englander

Israel Englander is an American investor, hedge fund manager, philanthropist. In 1989, he founded Millennium Management, with Ronald Shear; the fund was started with $35 million, as of 2019 had $39.2 billion in assets under management. With a personal net worth of $6.6 billion in 2020, he is the 280th-richest person in the United States. In 2018 he was the 5th-highest earning hedge fund manager. Israel "Izzy" Englander was born in 1948 and was raised in a Polish-Jewish family in the Crown Heights neighborhood of Brooklyn, he attended yeshiva. His father’s entire family was killed in the Holocaust, his Polish parents were deported to a Soviet labor camp after the war, where Englander's two older sisters were born. They immigrated to the United States in 1947. Always interested in the stock market, Englander began trading stocks while in high school. During college, he interned at the New York Stock Exchange. In 1970, he graduated from New York University with a B. S. in finance. His first full-time job was with the Wall Street firm Alsberg & Co..

He enrolled in New York University's MBA program in the evenings but never completed the degree. At Kaufmann Alsberg, Englander focused on trading convertible options; when the American Stock Exchange began to list options, he purchased a seat on the exchange. In 1977, he formed a floor brokerage house, I. A. Englander & Co. In 1985, Englander and his partner John Mulheren Jr. started an investment firm called Jamie Securities Co. with a $75 million investment from the Belzberg family of Canada. Mulheren had worked as a trader for Ivan Boesky. In February 1988, when Boesky was convicted of insider trading, agreed to testify against Mulheren in a plea deal to receive a lesser sentence, Mulheren was arrested for carrying a loaded assault rifle. Convicted of orchestrating illegal stock trades for Boesky, but the ruling was overturned. Although Englander was never implicated in the matter in any way, Jamie Securities was dissolved in 1988 due to the negative publicity in the aftermath of Mulheren's situation.

In 1989, Englander started Millennium Management with Ronald Shear - whom he knew from his time at the American Stock Exchange - with $35 million in seed money. The firm got off to a rough start and Shear left in 1990. Since Englander has grown Millennium into a $39.2 billion dollar enterprise by using investment strategies like statistical arbitrage. At any given time, Millennium holds thousands of investment positions and makes over 2 million trades on an average day. At the end of 2019, Millennium had 2,900 employees in more than 12 offices in the United States and Asia. Englander is married to Caryl Englander, they have three children. In 2014 he bought a duplex apartment on New York’s Park Avenue for $71.3 million, a record price for a Manhattan co-op. In 2006, the Englander Foundation, headed by Englander and his wife, donated $20 million to Jewish organizations and schools. Englander serves on the board of Weill Cornell Medical College and the Metropolitan Council on Jewish Poverty. In March 2019, he was named one of the highest-earning hedge fund traders by Forbes.

WorldQuant Izzy Englander interview, part 2 retrieved March 23, 2013

Jerks of All Trades

Jerks of All Trades is the title of an American television pilot released on October 12, 1949. It was The Three Stooges' first and only pilot made with Shemp Howard in the role of the third stooge. Filmed before a live studio audience, it was a pilot for a planned TV series on the then-new ABC Television Network; the pilot film is in the public domain and is available on home video. The overall concept of the series was that each week The Stooges would try a different job or trade to see if they might succeed. In the pilot they try their hand as interior decorators. In their office, they meet Mr. Pennyfeather. Just a few moments after Pennyfeather arrives, Shemp accidentally spills ink down the front of Pennyfeather's suit, who becomes enraged; the Stooges challenge Pennyfeather to mischief with them, featuring the famous "Texas" routine. After the some slapstick mayhem, they are successful in tossing Mr. Pennyfeather out of the office; the next client calls him on the phone for them to come in to manage her house.

In her house, The Stooges not only hang wallpaper, but manage to trash their client's home. That woman is Mrs. Pennyfeather and that house is Mr. Pennyfeather's house. After Mr. Pennyfeather comes home, the Stooges cover Mr. Pennyfeather with wallpaper and both Mr. Pennyfeather and the Stooges recognize each other. In a rage, as the trio attempts to sneak out of the house, both Pennyfeathers attack the boys with their own paint and utensils. In the end, Moe and Shemp, defeated and injured, remove "interior decorators" from the long list of services they offer; the list included other comically misspelled potential occupations for the trio for future episodes: physicians, lawyers, psychiatrists, bank examiners, real estate brokers, income tax preparers and babysitters. To avert a legal hassle, Columbia instead licensed a package of 30 shorts from the film series to ABC; the Three Stooges Scrapbook - an early-1960s pilot Kook's Tour - a pilot produced in 1969-70 Jerks of All Trades on IMDb Jerks of All Trades at Jerks of All Trades is available for free download at the Internet Archive

Baseball statistics

Baseball statistics play an important role in evaluating the progress of a player or team. Since the flow of a baseball game has natural breaks to it, players act individually rather than performing in clusters, the sport lends itself to easy record-keeping and statistics. Statistics have been kept for professional baseball since the creation of the National League and American League, now part of Major League Baseball. Many statistics are available from outside Major League Baseball, from leagues such as the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players and the Negro Leagues, although the consistency of whether these records were kept, of the standards with respect to which they were calculated, of their accuracy has varied; the practice of keeping records of player achievements was started in the 19th century by Henry Chadwick. Based on his experience with the sport of cricket, Chadwick devised the predecessors to modern-day statistics including batting average, runs scored, runs allowed.

Traditionally, statistics such as batting average and earned run average have dominated attention in the statistical world of baseball. However, the recent advent of sabermetrics has created statistics drawing from a greater breadth of player performance measures and playing field variables. Sabermetrics and comparative statistics attempt to provide an improved measure of a player's performance and contributions to his team from year to year against a statistical performance average. Comprehensive, historical baseball statistics were difficult for the average fan to access until 1951, when researcher Hy Turkin published The Complete Encyclopedia of Baseball. In 1969, Macmillan Publishing printed its first Baseball Encyclopedia, using a computer to compile statistics for the first time. Known as "Big Mac", the encyclopedia became the standard baseball reference until 1988, when Total Baseball was released by Warner Books using more sophisticated technology; the publication of Total Baseball led to the discovery of several "phantom ballplayers", such as Lou Proctor, who did not belong in official record books and were removed.

Throughout modern baseball, a few core statistics have been traditionally referenced – batting average, RBI, home runs. To this day, a player who leads the league in all of these three statistics earns the "Triple Crown". For pitchers, wins, ERA, strikeouts are the most often-cited statistics, a pitcher leading his league in these statistics may be referred to as a "Triple Crown" winner. General managers and baseball scouts have long used the major statistics, among other factors and opinions, to understand player value. Managers and pitchers use the statistics of batters of opposing teams to develop pitching strategies and set defensive positioning on the field. Managers and batters study opposing pitcher performance and motions in attempting to improve hitting. Scouts will use stats when they are looking at a player who they may end up drafting or signing to a contract; some sabermetric statistics have entered the mainstream baseball world that measure a batter's overall performance including on-base plus slugging referred to as OPS.

OPS adds the hitter's on-base percentage to his slugging percentage. Some argue that the OPS formula is flawed and that more weight should be shifted towards OBP; the statistic wOBA attempts to correct for this. OPS is useful when determining a pitcher's level of success. "Opponent On-base Plus Slugging" is becoming a popular tool to evaluate a pitcher's actual performance. When analyzing a pitcher's statistics, some useful categories to consider include K/9IP, K/BB, HR/9, WHIP, OOPS. However, since 2001, more emphasis has been placed on Defense-Independent Pitching Statistics, including Defense-Independent ERA, in an attempt to evaluate a pitcher's performance regardless of the strength of the defensive players behind him. All of the above statistics may be used in certain game situations. For example, a certain hitter's ability to hit left-handed pitchers might incline a manager to increase his opportunities to face left-handed pitchers. Other hitters may have a history of success against a given pitcher, the manager may use this information to create a favorable match-up.

Broadcast commentators refer to this as "playing the percentages". Most of these terms apply to softball. Used statistics with their abbreviations are explained here; the explanations below are for quick reference and do not or define the statistic. 1B – Single: hits on which the batter reaches first base safely without the contribution of a fielding error. 2B – Double: hits on which the batter reaches second base safely without the contribution of a fielding error. 3B – Triple: hits on which the batter reaches third base safely without the contribution of a fielding error. AB – At bat: Plate appearances, not including bases on balls, being hit by pitch, interference, or obstruction. AB/HR – At bats per home run: at bats divided by home runs. BA – Batting average: hits divided by at bats BB – Base on balls: hitter not swinging at four pitches called out of the strike zone and awarded first base. BABIP – Batting average on balls in play: frequency at whi